General Advertiser (Newspaper) - August 13, 1846, London, Middlesex
The General Advertifer. Numb. 368h WEDNESDAY, August 13, 1746. Deal, stuguji 11. AIL'D the Succefs, Thompfen, for Georgia. -Remain the �Panther Arm'd-Veffel, with the Outward-bound Ship5, as in my laft. Wind S.W. Gravejend, Aug. 11. Pafs'd hy IfabeUa, Sutton; and Tryton, Sloe, from Guernzey j and the Exeter, Baylii, from Naples. u V > u 0 H J Leghorne, July 29. Letters of the 23d Inftant from Genoa mention, that upon the News received there of the late King of Spain's Death, Councils had been call'd-three Times in a Day, in one of which it had been refol-ved to elect M. Auguftin Lomellino, and M. John Frances Doria, the firft as Envoy Extraordinary from the Repub-lick to his prefent Cacholick Majefty, and the other to go with the like Character to the Court of Vienna. It isad-1Q ded, that the Republick continue their Levies, and inlift all Deferters, except thofe who are Subjects of his Sardiaian Majefty; who are inlifted by Spanifh and Neapolitan Officers, and fent to Barcelona and Naples. They likewife continue fending Regular Ttoaps and Militia, Arms, &c. toSargana, Porto Spetia, Levanto, and Chiaveri, npon Notice that an Edict had been publifbed, in her Hungarian Majefty's Name, that .the Deputies of the feveral Communities fhould repair to Forriglia to fettle the Contributions. They have fent Brigadier Andergauzehn, and an Ingineer called Medoni, to the Confines, to infpect the Fortifications and Paffes, and Orders have been given to render the RoaSs impaffible, that lead into any Part of the Republick : They have likewife marked out the Ground for an Encampment at St. Stefiano. By Letters of the 19th Inftant from St. Remo, the Garrifon of Villa Franca, confining of three Battalions of the Regiment of Sales, one Battalion of the Regiment Viccardis, one of the Queen's Regiment, and one of Militia* had paiTed thro' that Place, snaking forced Marches to get into the Marquifate of 'Finale, they having been replaced by other Troops drawn out of Provence. Letters of the 2 2d from Parma jmention the Junction of his* Satdinian Majefty's Troops with the Aoftrians, add that they had paiTed the Pb the 19th and 20th, having tuft blown up the College of St. Lazaro, which was founded by Cardinal Alberonij to prevent the Enemies fortifying it any more, and left a considerable Corps undejr the Command of General Nadafti to watch the Motions of the Enemy ill Placentia. Some Letters from Codogno of the 21ft mention, that the Enemy have amafled upwards of 40*000 Sacks of Corn and Barley, be-fides other ProyifiOnsj and Fortified'their Camp with double Intrenchments. Letters from Naples* of the*i7th-Inftant, give an Account of two Infurrections in Calabria" arid the -Abruzzo ; thofe in the latter had bsat and cut to-pieces a i�all Body of Sbirri, and retired to the Mountains; the Oqurt had ordered a Detachment of 200 Men to fubdue them, but as their Number incrwfed daily, it was thought it would require a greater Force to reduce them to Obedience., The Court has publifhed a Pardon to all Deferters^ upon Condition that they enter into the King's Service. The following Tallage, extracted from Governor Shirley's Letter to his Grace the Dakeof Newcaftle, will , givefome Idea of what therefclute and brave New-England Men went thro' in the Reduction of Louif-burgh. u 1 ' /~\UR Troops, within theCompafs of 23 Days from * \J their firft Landing, erected h\v� Fafcme Batteries ' agamil the Town, confuting of Cannon,*fome of 42 lb. * Shot, others of 22 lb. and other* 0/9 lb. Mortars of "* 13, u and 9 Inches Diameter, wifh^omaCohorns ; all ' which were tranfported by Hand, with incredible La-' hour and Difficulty, and moft of them abdve two*Miles, ' all the Ground over which they were drawn, except ' fmall Patches or Hills of-Reeks, being a deep Morafs, ' ifl which, while the Cannon, were, upon Wheels, they ' feveral Times funk fo deep, aj not only to bury the Car- * "ages, but the whole Body of the Carmen likewife. ' Horfes and Oxen could not be. emptoy'd in this Service, ' but allmuft be drawn by Men themfelves, up to the ' Knees in Mudatithe fame Time j" the Night in whiah * the Work was to be done, cold and'foggy ; their Tents * bad, there being no: proper Materials to be had for * Tents at NawrHoglapd, *t the Outfet of this Expedi-' tion. But notwithftanding thefe Difficultand many * of the People being bare-footed, andalmoft deftitute of ' Cbaths, by m,eans of this Service, in which they were * worn out, and: theif being taken' down with Fluxes, fo that at one Time there were 1500 Men incapable of Duty, occasioned by their Fatigue, they went cheerfully without being difcouraged or murmuring, and, by the Help of Sledges, tranfported the Cannon and Mortars over thofe Places, which the French had always thought impalpable for fuch heavy Weights, and was indeed impracticable to any People of left Refolution and Perfeye-rance, or lefs Experience in removing heavy Bodies. And beiid.es this, thfey had all t&ir Proviiions and heavy Ammunition, which they daily ioade Ufe of, to bring From the Camp over the fame Way upon their Backs.' To what we inferted laft Week concerning the Importance of Cape-Breton, it may not be improper to add this fhort hiftory of the French Settlement there. * Since the Colony has been eftaUifh'd at Loufiurgb, the VefTels which go to Canada touch there in their Return, and load with the Commodities of the Ifland, especially Cod, which they pay for in. ready Money, Corn, or fome of the Products of Quebec and Europe. Ships alfo arrive herefrom Normandy, Nantes, and Rochelle, who bring hither moft of the European Goods for the Ufe of Canada and the Ifles. And the King likewife fends hither regularly fome Ships every Year, who carry , Stores for his Majefty's Magazines, and whatever is ne-ceffary for the Suppert of the Troops and Officers in Garrifon. By the fame Means the Inhabitants are fur-nifhed with whatever they want in the Colony. * The Eftablifhment ef IJle Roy ah being fo principal an Object of the French Commerce fince the Ceflion of Ne%v-England and Placentia to the Englijh, nothing has been omitted that might not only contribute to its Support, but that might tend to raife and improve its Fi-fhery, and make it exceed the Advantages that were formerly drawn from the two Settlements that have been given up. Among a great Number cf Inftances that his Majefty has been pleafed to give of his Attention to make this new Colony flourifh, one of the principal, without Queftion, was the general Exemption, for a Time, from all Cuftoms at Importation, both for frefh and -dry Cod, and for all the Oils drawn from Fifh in and about this Ifland, and coming from thence into the , Kingdom in Ships belonging to his Majefty's Subjects. * The Arret of the Council of State, which grants this J Exemption, jis, dated May x3 1723. ' His Majefty ordains �y�, that far the Space of Ten * Years, to begin from the |rft of Jufy next, aB, Cod Fifh, t green or dry, the Oils prOBeedisg-firom the Fifhery � of; his Subjects at IJle Royalty called formerly Cape Breton, (hall be-and remain Duty-free in all the Ports of ' the Kingdom, both in the Ocean and the Mediterranean. This Exemption fpecifies all the Rights of Entry belonging to the five great Farms; thofe of Landing and Confumption, in the Ports of Normandy; thofe of the Provoftfhip of Nantes, thofe of Beurdeaux, Bayonne, Lyons, Arkt, 13c. and the Ports and Havens of all the Places that have fpecial Privileges. ' All this, however, upon Condition, that at the Departure of Ships from the Ports of the Kingd om, the Matters and Captains of the VefTels fhall make their Declarations at the Office of his Majefty's Farms, and the Regifter Office of the Admiralty, of the Burthen of their Ships for the Cod-Fifhery at IJle Royale; of which Declaration an Extra& fhall be delivered by the Receiver of the Farm-Office, without Expence : And that at their Return from the Fifhery, arriving in the Ports of the Ocean, Languedoc, Provtncei or the River Loire, after having made their Declaration at the Farm-Office, in the ufdal Manner* of the Quantity of Fifh they have -on board, and of the Oils arifing from the Fifhery of the faid IJle Royale, they fhall give in the Extract of their Declaration Departure, which Extract fhall be kept and filed by the Receiver, who fhall fuppjy him with a Duplicate alfo without Charges, for him to make-ufe of on every Occafion. * On the 13th of September the fame Year, a lik� Exemption was granted, for the Fifh and Oils of the Ifle of St. Jobi, which is reforted to fince bis Majefty's Subjects have made the Eftablifhment at IJle Royal.-Thus far Savary and his Dictionary of Commerce. * In the Year 1732 the Trade of Cape Breton was fo increafed, that when the Fleuron and Brilliant, two French Men of War, were ordered upon that Station, to crniae on the Banks, examine into the State of the Fifhery, and give the Fifhermen any neceffary Affiftance and Protection ; and from thence to Canada, and fo back to the Fifhery again j and then to convoy thofe Ships that had made their Voyage, and were, ready to depart for Europe rjjjThe Marquis de la Mai/on Fort; who w^s on board one of thofe Ships, remarks thus on his Journal. * Lonijburgh is a good Port, and a ftfe Harbour, and will be fufficiently fecured againft all Infu'.ts, when the Fortifications, which they are now diligently at work on, come to be compleatly finifh'd. More than a hundred VefTels arrive here every Year from France to fiih for Cod, and employ the People of the Country to fifh for them io fmall Craft of their own. Thofe Fifh they fait ana dry from the Beginning of June till 0<3ober, when they all get ready to depart, every Veflel for its-ref-peclive Port. This Ifland produces fome Grain like-wife : But, tho' the Inhabitants ate mote than 4000, they find their Account much better in Fifhery thaa Hufbandry ; and confequently the Land lies vvafte, they procuring all Neceifaries in Exchange for Fifh. . Extracl of a Letter fiom Dover) Augsjl 10. � Yefterday after Poft iailed, the Exprefs.Packet, Pe� ter Fleming, Mafter, with Difpatches for Flufhing} the Pretty Polly, of and for Oporto, Capt. Robins, from London j the Endeavour Privateer, Capt. Kennet, from a Cruize ; the Dolphin of Weymouthi Capt. Grey, from London ; the Hopewell of Dover, Capt. Stringer, from London. Extract of a Letter from Gojport, Augnfl 7. ' A Court Martial was held at Spithead, on board the Kent, Commodore Windham, Prefident, on Capt. Beli-tha, of the Scipio, un a Complaint made againft him by the Surgeon, Gunner and Boacfwain^ but upon a full hearing, the Complaint appeared groundlefs, and the Captain was honourably acquitted; upon which the Warrant Officers (the Evidence againft him) were tried and broke. ' His Majefty's Ship the Sunderland arrived at Spithead on Thurfday laft. * Yefterday failed from Spithead, his Majefty's Sloop theViper. ' Several Gangs of Shipwrights, Caulkers, Labourers, ice. are gtine) to Dock this Day, in order to expedite the Ships intended for Sea. * Yefterday Vice-Admiral Anfon hoifted the Blue Flag at the Fore-top-matt-head of his Majeft/s Ship the Yarmouth in the Harbour. Yefterday his Majefty went to the Honfe of Peers, in the ufual Sfate, accompanied by his Grace the Duke of Rich-' mood, Mafter of the Horfe, and Lord Cowper, Lord of the Bedchamber in waiting 1 and being in his Royal Robes feated on the Throne, with the Prince of Wales on his Right Hand, add the Duke of Cumberland on the Left, and the Gentleman Ufher of the BlackRod having receiv'd his Majefty's Commands; to fignify to the Commons that it was his Pieafnre tbey fhould attend him in the Houfa of Peers, and being come accordingly, the Right Honourable Arthur Onflow, Efq; Speaker of the Hon. the Houfe-of Commons* made an elegant and learned Speech to his Majefty. After which the. Royal Aflent was given to the Bills mention'd in our Paper Yefterday. And to Five Private Bills. Then his Majefty was pleafed to make a moft gracious Speech to both Houfes. After which the Right Hon. the Lord Chancellor; having received his Majefty's Command from the Throne, and being returned to his Place, proroga'd both Houfes toTuefday the 30th of September next. Ik is nexf to irapoflible to defcribe the Joy that the People exprefs'd on feeing his Royal Higbnefs the Duke of Cumberland, in his paffing to the Jrioufe; his Coach was furrounded by Crowds, crying but with loud Huzza's, Long live the Duke, God preferve the Duke, &c. &c. The Clerk of the Crown has received Orders to iflue ont a new Writ for Electing a Member for the City of Chi-chefter in SufTex, in the room of the Hon. James Srude-nell, Efq; deccafed, Alfo a new Writ, for Electing a Member for the Borough of Kown|on in Wiltfhife, in the room of Jofeph Windham Afhe, Efq; deceas'd. We are informed that Benjamin Keene, Efq; will ftt out in a fcWpays for Lifbon; from whence he will be ready to proceed to the Court of Spain. We are alfo infarm'd, that the King of Denmark has wrote a xhsft obliging Letter to his Majefty with his own Hand, which his Majefty has fince anfwef'd. Yefterday their Graces the Duke and Dutchefs of Marlborough fet out with a Grand Retinae*for Blenheim in Oxf6rdfhire, for the Remainder of the Summer Seafon. We hear, that the Right Hon. the Lord Hobart will be created an Earl of this Kingdom. On Sunday laft died at Kentifh-Tewn, Jonathan GUi-phant, Efq; a Gentleman of a eonftderable filiate in Bed-fordfhire. to w 4 w <� -i A D V E RTISE M EN TS are taken in tor this Paper, at Lloyd's Cqffke-Hovse, vn Lombard-Street. Cape Breton for Ever.