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Galveston Opera Class Newspaper Archives Aug 3 1907, Page 1

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Galveston Opera Class (Newspaper) - August 3, 1907, Galveston, Texas For a Quarter of a Century the opera Glass has worked in the interest of the 8ea Waw City. The sea Wam the Grade raising and the opera Glass Wil amp make Galveston the South s largest Best City and port. Established 1879galveston, Texas saturday aug 3, 1907. Vol. Xxix no. 2 of Sam. M.155 strode Bornuk Jozif. Was amp Rev Jess �ratsi3tate� is Bact new to the last census report on women at a work Tfir Tny a United states it Lias been Learned that they number almost 5,000,000, or. To be very exact 4,833,-630, such at least were the figures at the time of the collecting of the last census in 1900, and in the ensuing seven years it is generally computed that they have increased their Humbers fully 2,000,000 i in the reports of the twelfth census the detailed classification of bread winners with respect to the it ind of work in which they were engaged distinguishes 303-, occupations. Women Are represented in All but nine of these occupations. Naturally no women were reported As United a states soldiers sailors or marines nor wore any reported As members of the fire department or �13 car Drivers though two were reported As Ino Tormentor As. Telegraph or Telephone linemen or As apprentices or helpers to roofers or slaters or As helpers to steam by Iler makers. But the Reader May note with interest As Well As Surprise that there Are already within these United states five women pilots that of the steam railroads Are ten. Girl a baggage smashers a 31 fair brakeman seven conductors -45 engine Drivers 26 switchman yardman and flagman that we have 43 Carriage and. Hack Drivers. As to new York women. These figures represent the status of working women of the United states generally. Liat about the working women of new York City particularly what Are they working at they work Are they entirely dependent upon themselves or Are they working for pin Money or to have a Good time or line clothes As is so often charged an Ltd last of All but not less interest ing Are they married of the thousand women asked these questions by the new York Herald 25 were nurses ?5 milliners 50 seamstresses and dressmakers 100 were paper Box makers 50 Cigar makers 300 department Itoro Saleswoman go tailor Essex 50 shirtwaist Niak ors 50 la undresses a Hundred typewriters and stenographers a Hundred teachers a Hundred workers on Novelty goods and workers in factories of various sorts such As tin can making Bonnet making artificial Flower making Etc. Nine Hundred and Twenty five answers were received from which the following facts Are deduced a the working women of now York City Arona a general thing working not for pin Money or to give them an increase in the luxuries of life but because they Honvo to work to keep Eliom solves and perhaps others from starvation working women of new York City do not look upon marriage As the in Mlod Blessing Ilio Groat and Only end of woman. Lillo not a Verso to it of Soberai Polh Bples Sho does not accept it either with Trio eagerness or the complacency which the working women of a. Generation ago did in Dor the Samo conditions. Testimony of women. No better or sure proof of these generalizations could by offered than the words of the women and girls themselves upon the subject. Quot i am a laundress a writes one woman in a two Page communication accompanying the Blank report sent to her. A i am a laundress and x am not on the Job for. My health. To piece. Out other Inco Irie Well i guess Noe i am working because if i did no to in y three kids would be. In Trio protector and i d be god knows where. Yes in a mar led. \ in a married to it Man who Lias never been Able to get along very Well though he ainu to a drinking Man and he has no and habits except he a Quot i am a paper boxy maker and i work a because i have to support Myr self and Ziy Sicly Mother and two younger children which i manage to do by a owing nights on special work for a department store a writes a girl who further appends at the Bottom of the Blank a statement of her age 23, Many love their work. Answers such As these were received not by the score but by the Hundred As in almost every instance the women not Only took the trouble to answer the questions put to them but to elaborate their replies with a Rich embroidery of personal a detail that had been quite a hoped for and which proves of special value in gathering a table of statistics of this kind. In the Case of 210 of the replies the correspondents express themselves vigorously on the question of Why they Are at work. Twenty two of this number declare in considerable detail that they work because they love to work and they would do so anyway whether they had to or not. The other 188 express the very opposite sentiment. They Are Workings their letters reveal often from Stern and bitter necessity and not at All from Choice. All but 37 of the 210 Are supporting other people besides themselves. Of the total 925 who answered the question 807 supported either entirely or in part either a father or a Mother younger Brothers or Sisters or where married children or children and husband. Of the 925, ten confessed to supporting Lazy husbands and 15 were married to men either invalids or Semi invalids whom they supported either entirely or during certain portions of the time. There. Were 240 married women altogether and outside of Elioso who supported their husbands either entirely or in part All the rest stated that their earnings were essential to piece out the husbands and fathers wage a of the 4,833,630 women reported As engaged in gainful occupations at the Turno of Tho twelfth census 1,124,383, or almost one fourth of the total number were returned As servants. The Liott most important occupation is that of farm labourer mid the number of women reported As following this occupation was 456,405. It is pointed out that 442,006 of these female farm labourers were reported from the Southern states and that 361,804, or 79.3 per cent of the total number were of the negro race also 277,727, or 60.9 per Cerit of the total number were members of the Farmers families representing the wives and grown up daughters assisting in the work on the Home farms by Gertrude Barnum. It organizer of woman a Trade Union league. Tho Herald is doing an excellent work in endeavouring to find out facts about working women from Tho women themselves. Usually the last person consulted on the subject Quot of Industrial conditions is the worker the one who by All rights knows most about it. When i hear a of an investigation i tremble. People collect such one sided evidence and proceed to Issue reports which Are accepted As gospel the moment they Are nicely set up in Type and bound in Light Green with a few prominent names on the title Page. Meanwhile the situation of the unnamed workers who Are holding up the platform for us to strut on remains As before. A1 most striking Point. One thing strikes me at once Lri looking Over the reports and that is that with a pitifully few exceptions the women Are. Working without Joy in their labor and working. Not from Chelce but from Stern necessity. I believe Liat these returns too represent state of. Mind of the vast majority of working women of America a that we have in this land of the free fully 5,000,000 women to Day in gainful occupations driven and bound to work from which they shrink with All their souls. That is Why i am accustomed to speak of it As slavery. It is not necessary to produce figures to show that the average wage earned by women and girls in new Yorlli is not sufficient for them to live on properly. What sense is there in spending a years work in finding out what sort of a life a working girl can live on six dollars per week when there is such a crying need of spending that year in some Effort to raise that wage a wage which is Breeding conditions dangerous alike both to this and succeeding generations now As to the statistics of the government experts we have nothing later than 1900, and even at that time they were inadequate. We Are not to have another full report until 1912. According to the last census report taken seven years ago 4,833,630 women Over 1c years were employed in gainful occupations. This number does not include girls under 16, who crowd even Trade a ind line of work and it does not include the women and Young girls and children Quot who work in their own Homes. About 6,000,000 women a and girls or is per cent of the total female population in 1900 including girls under 16, worked for pay and i believe that at least a third again As Many would be found to Day there is a vast and Ever increasing army of women and girls practically enslaved by our present Industrial conditions. The largest number of women in 1900 employed for pay were in. Domestic and personal service or More than 2,000,000. Figures on industries. The manufacture of cloth and clothing employed the second largest number or nearly 1,500,000. Agriculture came next employing nearly 1,000,000 women outnumber men in dressmaking millinery and the unclassified sewing trades which occupied two thirds of a million workers. The Only other trades properly so called that show any such proportion of women Are the shirt Collar and cuff making the Ove Liall and overcoat Industry and paper Box making. Since nearly everything we buy from hats to shoes comes to us in paper boxes the. Importance of the latter Trade can be easily estimated 82 per cent of its workers Are women. The other industries show smaller proportions of women in 1900.--however,.among tobacco and Cigar a operators. Two thirds Are women and of the bookbinders More than half. Of those engaged in Tho nursing profession 90 per cent were women in laundering 85 per cent., and in Domestic service 82.per cent. The Only remaining important occupations Given Over largely to women were stenography and typewriting with 77 per cent., and teaching with 73 per cent women. Married women who work now about women who work after marriage. Roughly we might say that in 1900 two thirds of the dressmakers and seamstresses remained at work after marriage As. Well As nearly half of the Cotton Mill and tobacco factory operatives Boot and shoe workers Tailo resses and milliners. As conditions Are now with Low wages these cannot afford Topay for the proper care of their children while they themselves a re at work and the condition of the children of married working women is often deplorable such As will Breed disease vice and crime when Lioy re cd maturity reforms suggested. Quot a it May seem very materialistic but to me it seems of first importance that wages should be High enough to make it possible to keep the race upon the Earth with proper food and sufficient clothing. In 1900 one Fourtly of All women in bakeries and an equal number in Glass factories though Jaworo than 16 years old received Only an average of $3.50 a week the year round while in Tho manufacturing of clothing the same proportion were paid less than three dollars a week. And yet to wonder that women Are tempted by the comforts and luxuries with which vicious men Aro Ever ready to . What is to be done we must get at the facts by scientific investigation make those facts familiar to the Public encourage legislation oven constitutional amendments if need be and last and most important and essential of Al help the organization of women into trades unions. To the argument so often offered Liat women cannot be unionized i can Only reply that women Are organized to Day an Ltd organized most successfully riot in one or two but in a score or More trades and professions. I believe it is not exaggerating to say that More than 50,000 Are paying dues to trades organizations today. Indeed the women a trades Union has ceased to to a Novelty and it must be Only a matter few years before the trades Union woman will be the Rule rather than the exception among the millions of her sex who toil for their daily bread and to lat of their children. A. Ltd a Hare a laments old Days. A a you can fool some of the people All of the time and All of the people some of the time a began the Man who is fond of moral reflections a Quot Well what More do you want Quot interrupted his political Friend. A any better Gamo than that would be too Stock companies splendid opportune a ties says English actor. John Hare the Veteran English comedian has been reviewing his youth and lamenting the loss of the Stock companies. A what splendid opportunities a he says a a Young Man had in those Days i it i know that i played three or four different parts every week. Nowadays a Young actor goes on a tour in a piece and has to play perhaps the Small part for years. He has to Opportunity of showing what he can the touring system he thinks is a bad one. A a an actor is chosen for a particular part and after he has done playing it he has to get another engagement. Formerly actors remained under one management for years. They worked together and they got a certain set of traditions. Look at the come die Frank aise go and Peele malade Imaginal re or a be bourgeoise you will see it played exactly As it was in the reign of Louis. Xiv. Tho traditions Are handed Down even to the minutest detail and As the company Are always playing together the ensemble is perfect. Here if we want to revise a the school for scandal we have to do it More or less by Guesswork at the Comelle Frank aise you can see not Only the plays of Moliere but those of the moderns Dumas fils and angler1, for instance played exactly As they were on their original production. Here a Good play has a run and then it is put away. In France such a play would remain in the repertory. We do nothing to keep alive the literature of our stage there is want of concentration at some particular no player in Hall of Fame. Frederick Truesdell leading Man of a Tho three of us a is one of the Only a three graduates of Yale a University who have found their Way on to Quot Tho stage. While there Are a number of men who have ,the diff rent schools if Tho University holding More of less prominent positions on the stage there Are Only three who have woh the distinction of a master of plays and players. The Ono act play a Smarse Covington a written Bys George Ade which has been a successful vaudeville offering for Edward j. Connelly is being elaborated into a three act comedy drama in which form it will be seen next year. Elsp Amy Ricard has engaged by or. Wright Lorimer for an important role in his new play. She is at present a member of the Edwin Arden Stock company playing to summer season in Washington. Miss Mabel Taliaferro who is to appear next a season in a Polly of the circus a together with her husband Frederic Thompson i touring with the Elk gling circus in order to got proper Colora for her new part. Justifies the . Y. Press. Name a of Charlotte Cushman will probably soon be enrolled. No actors name was among those inscribed in Tho Hall of Fame at new York University As the result of the last vote of the jury of ninety live electors made up of leading College presidents professors publicists and jurists of the country. But five votes were lacking however to place the name of Charlotte Saunders Cushman on one of the memorial tablets. A this actress received 39 out of s6 votes and 44 were required to place a woman a name in Tho Hall of Fame. Inasmuch however As miss Cushman s name has gained 26 votes in five years there is a Strong probability that in 1910 her name will be enrolled. The vote for miss Cushman was As follows ten out of 23 College presidents eleven out of 22 publicists editors and authors and seven out of 23 jurists. According to localities mls Cushman a Fame bras strongest in the Middle states sphere she got 15 out of 23 votes. New England also gave her a majority 11 out of 21. In the South she received five out of 18, in the Middle West four out of 19, and in ther West four out of 14. The Only other representative of the stage considered was Edwin Forrest who obtained but six votes out of 95, the same number which he received five years ago. An Apt criticism. Quot the Best dramatic criticism i Ever heard was made by a Man who was in his cups a repeated Thomas Jefferson recently. A not that i advise dramatic critics to get Hilario us before they attempt to review a play not at All. The piece i refer to was an English comedy. You know the English idea of what is entertaining often differs widely from the american. The play was dragging awfully. The cur Tain had been up nearly half an hour and nothing had happened to Check the yawns that were seen of the faces of the audience. At this Point our slightly intoxicated Friend straightened up., yawned looked at his watch and said in a voice heard through the theater on the stage a say what time does that show begin a a Friend in need rewarded. Frances Starr Here Favorito novel Quot vanity. I favorite play Quot Romeo and favorite actor David Warfield. Favorite playwright David Belasco. Favorite poet a Shakespeare. Favorite author Dickens. Favorite composer Clintin. Favorite song Godard a Quot Chanson de favorite a Flowers geraniums and Apple blossoms. Favorite sports canoeing and Riding. Favorite fads Spanish shawls and laces. R % favorite corns corals. Picnic party helped out of dilemma ungrateful to no purpose. A big picnic Wagon loaded with to dozen men numerous hampers and Basic Etc of eatables and several kegs of Beer was moving South on Troat Avenue just after Midnight sunday morning says Tho Kansas City times. It was raining in torrents. They were beyond the City limits when the sleepy horses Drew the Wagon to the Side of the Street into a rut and it toppled Over. Tho hampers baskets kegs and merry party wore piled into a Heap without injury to anything except a few pies and sandwiches. The horses stopped and the merry party held a Council to determine How tot right the overturned vehicle. Just then the Good Samaritan appeared. He lived across Tho Street. Tile picnickers appealed to Lilia for help. He harnessed his team procured a Long Chain and after a Long puh in the mud and rain succeeded in drawing the Wagon from Tho ditch and righting it. 1-ie helped Tho once merry party Load their impediments and then suggested compensation. A what a the party cried in chorus a i think the time of myself and team is Worth something Here in the Middle of a Rainy night a the Samaritan said. A go to grass a is a free translation of Trio picnickers individual and collective replies As they clambered Inta their Wagon and drove away. The. Samaritan thought a great Deal a id Fjald a few tilings. Then to saw a Keg of Beer lying in the ditch which had been overlooked by its owners. A a a virtue 1b its own Reward a who quoted and added a but the Keg of Beer will help a Ait he fastened a Chain about the Kepr and hitching his team to it drove to his barn. A Man and Hie Wyo. Ask any hostess who is sensible minded and who wishes to in manner what she thinks of the manner of the men who come to her dinner dance parties says a writer the London world. She Wilt a to �-�li0olutely,-.ca�-Ual, that they will often tji Row her overt the last moment if they get what they fancy is a a better offer that they think nothing of keeping a whole dinner party waiting for half an hour after the appointed time that their Demeanour and bearing seem to imply that they have done a great favor in coming Quot at All and that in Many cases when they get to the dance they ignore the daughters of the House at which they have dined altogether unless they happen to be in their particular set. These one May say arb the lighter Accusato lofts that Are Dally being brought against the spoiled Young men of fashion. But there Are others and More unpleasant. Alc some really Nice girl and there Are some a in London even in these Days of bad influences what the conversation of her dance partners is like. She will Divide them into three classes the idiotic the really Good Fellows and. Those whom you must pretend not. To hear or not to understand when they talk to you. It is a most regrettable reflection that this third a class Hab decidedly increased in the last few Yeats on second thought. Quot Don t you remember you said your would drown yourself if i did no to marry you a a yes i. Remember How foolish i was a. Quot do you consider that it was foolish a a a yes i should have threatened to drown myself if you did marry Houston Post. More fashionable. A when she was a girl she used to walk in her yes but she married a very wealthy Man.�?�. A what difference does that make Quot a she autos mirrors As detectives. A it is not solely to please the lady patrons a said an Interior decorator a that mirrors so abound in shops. They serve another and a More important purpose. They detect shoplifters. A if you should study Tho various watch Liefl in the employ of big retail stores you would find that they done to watch Tho patrons directly phey watch their reflections in the mirrors. Quot of course their watching done that Way is unperceived. The shoplifter glances at Tho watcher sees that his Back is to her and secretes a pair of silk stockings in her Blouse. Quot Aias the next moment Sho fee6 an unfriendly he terrifying tap on. Tho shoulder and the watcher who. Has caught her by the mirrors Aid bids her sternly to accompany him to the not appreciated. A do you keep anything from your wife a Quot Well Quot answered or. Megaton �?o1, try to Tell her everything. But she finds my conversation so Dull that she generally goes to sleep before i am half
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