Page 1 of 5 Jan 1859 Issue of Fort Wayne Weekly Republican in Fort-Wayne, Indiana

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Fort Wayne Weekly Republican (Newspaper) - January 5, 1859, Fort Wayne, Indiana It volume 1.fgr Inma no Weims ism 5,1859. Number 30a Rizzs Torr i Ine Republican. Peter a Quot Bauby b Altor i a Blip Lier and i it Rop Inetor. In so silly Weom Sosay Job Sake office on Calhoun St. Opposite the Public Square terms�?%2 per year in Advance. Rates of advertising. One Square 12 lines or less one in3�rtion $1,00 each subsequent insertion. .50 same one year.10,00 Quot six months ,"0 Quot three months.5,00 a one column one year.80,00 Quot six months.50,00 a three months.35,00 half column one year.50,00 Quot six months.30,00 Quot three Ujj one fourth column one year.30,00 a Quot a a six , Ltd a Quot three months.15,00 announcing candidates for office a. A a for double column Advt a Price and a half All kinds of Job printing done at reasonable rates and executed with neatness and dispatch. We wish it distinctly understood at the beginning that our terms of subscription Are Cash. We do not propose to publish a newspaper on any other conditions we mean exactly what this language expresses and not As Lias been practice in Many other instances to pay at the Middle or end of the year notwithstanding the terms stated were Cash. Our determination to pursue this course is the result of Many years experience in the business affairs of life. The same lessons of experience have taught Many of our Best commercial men to change their whole course and instead of a mixed system of credit and Cash to adopt exclusively the Cash principle in All their fun lure business affairs. Newspapers in the Large cities of the Union have Long since abandoned the credit and adopted the Cash plan As the Only one to ensure Success. The people of our part of the West Are now in a prosperous condition of life and do not want the trifling accommodation of credit on their newspaper subscriptions which May Hare been and doubtless was very desirable in the first settlement of the country. But the if Eason for this having passed away the practice should be intelligence. Correspond enc of the Cincinnati Gazette. Religious my veme ots. Post office fort Wayne ind.,? May 8th 1858. J a Milvala pc depart uses of the mails. From and after monday May 10th 1858 the mails will arrive and depart from this office As a follows to wit Cleveland Pittsburgh Philadelphia Washington City Columbus and Cincinnati mails per Pittsburgh fort Wayne and Chicago rail Toad will arrive daily except sundays at 8 30 p. A ipe parts a a Quot Quot Quot 1100a.m. Great Northwestern mail through Chicago Jer Pittsburgh fort Wayne and Chicago rail to amp a. Arrives except sundav3 at 11 00 a. M. Departs Quot Quot Quot a a 9 00 a. M. Eastern letter mail from new York Boston and new England stat Fly. Per Toledo Wabash and Western Railroad. Arrives daily except sundays at 6 00 a. M departs Quot Quot Quot 11 00 a. A Indianapolis Central Illinois Saint Louis a and southwestern mail generally per Toledo. Wabash and Western Railroad. Arrives daily except sundays at 11 00 a. M. Departs Quot Quot Quot Quot 6 00.. Sturt if Michigan. Arrives daily except sundays at 8 y. M. Jpe parts Quot Quot Quot Quot a. M. Saint Mary a Ohio. Arrives tuesdays tluir<ilay5 Anil Satin rays at 8 v. M. I it part $ Montaj i and i Vida sat 7 a. M. Bluffton ind. Arrive a Mondavi wed no Days and fridays at 12 noon. I kpart8 Tuo iday the fridays and at 8 a. A. Auburn ind. Arrives mondays wednesdays and fridays at 8 p. Get. Of part tuesdays thursdays and saturdays at 7 am. Goshen ind. Prives tuesdays and Sator jays at f p. M a parts mondays and fridays at 7 a. M Winchester ind. Horse mail tuesdays and saturdays at 8 p. M. Al get arts mondays and fridays at 7 a. M. Saint Joe Ohio. Horse mail arrives safer Day at 8 p. M. Sie parts fridays at 7 a. M. Liberty Mills ind. Horse mail arrived saturdays at 8 . Depart fridays at 7 a. M. Hicksville Ohio. Horse mail arrives time Days at ii . Departs same Day at 1 . Marion ind. Horse mail arrives fridays at 2 p. M. Departs same Day at 3. P. M. All mails which leave in the morning will lose the previous evening and Railroad mails which leave during office hours will be closed 40 minutes before time for departure. Office open during the week from 7 o clock n the morning to 8 o clock in the evening it except while separating and distributing the fast pm or Western mails at which time the boxes will be closed for delivery and on sunday from 9 to 91-2 o clock in the morning and from 1 to 2 o clock in the afternoon. John g. Maier p. M. The Young men s Christian association hold their re Lar meetings the first and Thirl and de. Notional meetings the second and fourth tuesday even. Ngy in each month in the third Story of Evan s building Comer of main and Calhan Eis. Meetings of masonic amp Odd fel1/ w bodies a a a Rayne Lodge no 25.�?tues. We Day evening on or next preceding if Tifuh Meon each meet Ingi tuesday opening of each week. Summit cite Lodge to. 170.�?Friday evening on of after the fall on Friday of each week. Tort Wajna chapter to. 19.�?first wednesday in each month. Tort Warne Coane to. saturday night of a cd month. Fort Wayne Encampment to. 4.�?second Satar. A in fits of each month. Sommi City Lodge and Encampment meets at Stew it fall pm meet thursday d. W. Maples n. . C. Green a . A. Fletcher Sec y. A a n fort Warne it Odis to. 14.�?meeu monday Niche w. T. Mickun n. G. B. P. Bostick v. G. Geo. Mes. A Ermith Sec y. So unit Sitf Boneu ulment to. 16.�?meets it and of sat Day night of each Montbl a. P. Bostick c. P. Geo. Him prey h. P. H. Diu s. W. W. Fox Sci Ibe. K. P. Stockbridge a Reanu mail in h Ckon a and books in Mai a immig i a to Job ice. Ica or Ihu m ool Amma 8tr�e Ai to Mowll i ill. A at to if a Mim in 4mwu Iowa Cal. Ii a cd it to be Lowum Price Fer i Maures a a a Hovis Nubi Diec. 27,1858. A def station of tie Toung men s Christian Union of Cincinnati left on Christmas Day for a visit to Louisville Portland Jeffersonville new Albany Madison Indianapolis and Lafayette. The mail company in the most generous manner tendered a free passage to the members of the deputation and the trip to this City was made exceedingly pleasant by the kind attentions of the officers of the boat. During the afternoon the servants of the boat having a Leasure hour a meeting was held for their special convenience in that portion of the boat known As the Quot Texas Quot and those for whom the exercises were held listened with deep interest to the remarks of the various gentlemen. In the evening a prayer meeting was held in the ladies Cabin which was attended by the passengers and officers. A gentleman from new England participated in the services of this meeting making interesting statements of the work in the Eastern states. Yesterday morning a Quot children s meeting Quot was held in the presbyterian Church in Portland which was Well attended notwithstanding a pouring rain Quot messes. Wrenn and Hardy of Louisville Mcculloch and Rev. Or. Taylor of Portland aided the delegates in this meeting. At 11 o clock the adults of the congregation were addressed by judge Storer and prof. Say ice. In the afternoon the first presbyterian Church of Louisville Rev. Or. Brocken Ridge s was filled with children and the exercises were of a similar character to those held in Smith amp Nixon s Hall a few weeks since. Or. Williams of Louisville read a selection of the scriptures on this occasion and the congregation was dismissed with the Benediction by the Rev. Or. Halsley pastor of the Chestnut St. Presbyterian Church. A Large congregation crowded the Walnut Street Babtist meeting House in the evening and the services were commenced by the president of the Louisville Union Reading the the scriptures which was followed by remarks from j Edge Storer and prof. Sayler interspersed with congregational singing. The interest manifested on the part of the citizens generally in this new movement is of the most Gratifying character. Nor is this interest manifested alone in words for a number of Active zealous christians join the deputation to Day in conducting the meetings to be held this afternoon and evening in new Albany and Jeffersonville. The y. M. Association have a daily prayer meeting in the Library of the mechanics Institute which is held from s i to 9 o clock in the by morning. It was very fully attended to Day a d was continued for one by request judge Storer conducted the this Corning and All Felt it Good to be there. Some of the gentlemen from Cincinnati leave to Day for Madison where they will be joined to Morrow by those who remain at this place to Day. M. Poydence. I team that seven Soffio 9$, Tfaye of try Whlig Ukey to Broi to before a coir mar tied by Jer a prefer tit Tik we Farac lately to in Reid to Theise charges grow but of testimony Given before the naval courts of inquiry. The statement of the claims of american citizens just Mexico is Complete. The amount is nearly $11,000,000. The Sute ment of other claims Are in course of preparation. The reported revolutionary movement in Cuba has been anticipated by the. Government Here for two months past two of the wanderer negroes arrested Savannah dec. 30.�?the Republican of this morning says that two of the recently imported africans have been arrested at Macon and brought to Savaniah. They were in route to South we Steni Georgia. Last night s report. Central american affairs. New York dec. 29.�?the Central american news by the Illinois is generally unimportant. A letter from Realejo says that general Lamar has stated that there is not the least necessity for a naval Force in the Waters of Nicaragua. It is understood that Trissari has been dismissed amp that his letters of recall go by this mail. An Idle Rumor is afloat in Nicaragua that the Herman is to bring Down from California 500 filibusters and that Walker and his friends Are to join her at Panama. The government has called on new Grenada to prevent the filibusters from crossing the isthmus. Advices from Carthagena state that the legislature has passed a Law authorizing the laying of a contribution on All persons for the support of the roman Catholic Church. It has caused much excitement. New York items. New York dec. 29�?the new York of fice of the Pittsburgh it. Wayne amp Chicago Railroad closes on the 1st. Prox. And the business will be transferred to some banking office. The Transfer office of the Lacrosse co. Goes to Albany on the same Day. Advices from California state that the Steamer Herman has been labelled to the amount of sixty thousand dollars and she would be sold by the court. George Blis or. A native of Springfield mass. Has been appointed private Secretary of governor Morgan. A French prisoner in the Toombs named Leport was nearly Cut to pieces last evening by a fellow prisoner named Busquet. Or. Douglas was visited this morning at the Irving House by speaker Orr Reverdy Johnston. John b. Haskin and other prom nent poli lotions. Alderman Bradley on presenting the resolutions of our common Council to or. Douglas remarked that the members endorsed political course. Or. D. Is to receive his friends in the governor s room on Friday. is a Iino get copy of Bill is Ifim a to a across the Waterm to ref Fulai produced Berli the. Offered Fer Sale smoke hot in the streets. The fila ii is �dif�g8 of mtg it used by a Yankee from Venont no Tonger is u import a Pun Quot Quot a in he Quot drive a sheep in at one end Luid lie Gbidi immediately come out at the Otter four quarters of Lamb a Felt hat Vieather apron and s Quarto about one Book Only in a Hundred is a Success. When Campbell at a literary festival toasted Bonapar As a Friend of literature because he once Hui a bookseller shot he was a trifle too rough on the Trade. It is impossible always for a publisher to decide rightly. All publisher Are naturally shy of a new mss., of poetry for instance for they know by experience that the Dearest of All books is a dead volume of verse. The Sepu dire of deceased poetry in or. Burnham s churchyard of old books in Cornhill is the largest bin in his establishment. Some of the Best books which have afterwards had the largest sales have been in manuscript the most widely rejected. The novel of Quot Jane Eyre Quot was turned away from the publishing doors of almost every respectable House in London and was pulled by Accident out qua i Blusher s , where it had begun to grow Mouldy by the daughter of the bookseller who had himself forgotten it Quot Leothen Quot was carried by its author or. Ken Lake to Twenty different houses 4ill at last in a fit of despair he gave the copyright away to an obscure bookseller paying the expenses of publication out of his own pocket. Or. Thackery s Quot vanity fair Quot was rejected by or. Colburn for whose it was written that astute gentleman com Laining there was no interest in it. A few York publisher fought the writer of a new popular Book from Spring to autumn and at length gave in from sheer inability to escape Importunity longer. After it was stereotyped and before it was printed he offered every inducement to persuade a brother bookseller to take it off his hands but without Success. In despair he at last published it himself and Sale went up to 20,000 in one Tran tempt. Hours for whom he finds Abb tinant Leisure while the affix Iris of state Ai neglected and when great Issue of peace and War Are feeding. A Veritas. From Washington. Bookow aking in America. My i s Oei Jil. A. 3nt e o a a s afternoon report. From Washington. Warning Tox Deo. 29.�?contrary to recent rumours and positive , there is official authority for saying that the government up to noon to Day had not received one word relative to tie return of the Schooner Susan to Pensacola from Nicaragua. The government is in daily telegraphic communication with the Federal officers at the several Southern ports and is kept advised of the filibustering movements so far As they can be ascertained. Every Effort is being made on its part to suppress them. The recent chartering of a Steamboat at new Orleans with this View was by the authority of the government in res x use to the application for that it appears from the. Official returns from Bremen and Hamburg two of the most important Emigrant ports of Europe that the number of emigrants thence to the United states was 41,344 for the ten months previous to the 15th of november last. This is considerable less than the emigration for the corresponding period of the 3 ear previous. Lord Lyons according to the latest British advices will reach Washington about the 1st of March. Our a everment has no recent advices from Mexico. The president has signed a proclamation ordering the Public Sale of 4,300,000 acres of land in Quot gris Consin during april and May including the alternate sections Wlinich belong to the government along the Railroad lines. Such of the lands As May not be sold will be subject to private entry. From Central America. Pavalka dec. 29th.�?herald special learn Throat go a private source of High character in the Northern part of Nicaragua that a scheme is on foot to carry out a revolution in that Fri pubic and place the democrats of Leon i Power again. This plan is said to be Laid in can Junction with the Waljer Moyemont in the United states and the Crover Merit of the filibusters from Mobile Are expected to land at Tirillo promo and i Ross Hoto Duns to Leon. President Santos Guardi or. La has promised to assist them with 500 natives in driving Martin cat film Nie Angua he my the coition that walk or of cd twi a i Nihil 7iu/ii0i.<ieniiim�t,hi�.q0 nag in. I film a min or Truxillo the meditate nimble and firemen it tended ave i Ali Iii Imit a Al it la a it a Ping Ted it is somewhat alarming to know that tie number of houses now actually engaged in the publishing of books not including periodicals amounts to More Litan Tiree lieu red. About three fourths of these Are engaged in Boston new York Philadelphia and Baltimore. The balance being divided Between Cincinnati Buffalo Auburn Albany Louisville Chicago St. Louis and a few other . There Are More than three to Tousand Boole idlers who dispense the publications of these three Hundred besides six or seven thousand apothecaries grocers and hardware dealers who connect literature with drugs molasses and nails. The Best printing in America is probably now done in Cambridge the Best cloth binding in Boston and the Best calf and Morocco in new York and in these two latter styles we Are As yet a Long distance from Hayday the Pride of London. His finish is supreme. There is nothing Between it and perfection. Books have multiplied to such an extent in our country that it now takes 750 paper Mills with 2,000 engines it constant ,. To Supply the printers who work Day and night endeavouring to keep their engagements with publishers. These tireless Mills produced 270,000,000 pounds of paper the past year which immense Supply has sold for about $27,000,000. A Pound and a Quarter of rags Are required for a Pound of paper and 340,000,000 pounds were therefore consumed in this Way last year. The Cost of manufacturing a twelve month s Supply of paper for the United states aside from labor and rags is computed at $4,000,-000. Some idea of the Stock required to launch a popular work May be gathered from messes. Longman s Leger. These gentlemen report that when 25,000 copies of or. Macaulay s two recent volumes went flying All abroad from Paternoster Row no less then 5,000 reams of paper 6 tons paste Board and 7,000 Yards of Calico were swallowed up. Most of the Large punishing houses now stereotype . Print. The electro typing process is already employed and an exp Imen t is now being made in Boston of which we i All hear More at some future Day which if Success Ful will decrease the expense of stereotyping about one thir we Luye lately heard that a machine is in a in new Type setting and Tbs the Semih vol tto in of or. Irving s Quot life of Washington Quot was prepared for the press by Ite a id. Four Hundred year a Sii Igle Book of gossiping Fichti if was sold before the Palace Gate in the to Mya Fin Hufi. Dred dollars i Esi a. Amount of Oon Taiho a in this �x�h8�r Olumn or. Harper now la tips erf for to qty fit Ccu its costly books however not Jefe it of fashion for a re fill seventeen Hundred Haye already been Obi Tor pro of a rag�s8�oi s splendid new Etc term Tei the a rpm a the largest of our Ambli ing Bot Otom half an of �round., if old or. Caxton who a muted. Tho Mcmili Rita w w to a Wum in be and Imrisek. He would Nee in floor loa4 with a of i Inrig b i Ron worm a a it if i a Mitt if to Idne at of Laist a influence of members of Congress on Sci ctr it Washington. Correspond enc of the Cincinnati Gaz att Washington dec. 26. Although the town is nearly emptied of that transient water population which imparts most animation and gaiety to its existence there was a Lively turn out of Quot Young America Quot to celebrate Christmas yesterday and it is Only just to say As decorous a one As could be expected under such inspiring associations. But for the presence of a class of members of Congress and such characters Washington would be a i h7rming City for three month of the year. As it is the new police have exerted a restraining Mai hence upon their habits the Good effects of which Are already visible in the general return of Good order and Security. Occasionally one member will be knocked Down by another member with a How from behind with a bludgeon but the Only regret on such occasions is that some third person did not treat the assailant to the same sort of entertainment thus maintaining the dead level of Congress. Buchanan s game with Mexico. Our patriotic administration after first having by its direct practical Aid and intervention put the government of Zuloaga into Power through the recognition of or. Forsyth whose conduct the president glorified in the message is now colluding with one Senor mater for its deposition and the Elevation of Juarez whose agent he is. Negotiations Are going on for the conditional i Slation of Sonora and Chihuahua which or. Buchanan proposed to appropriate in the first instance by a military protectorate. When it is remembered that no president of Mexico would dare to alienate any portion of the National territory As no ministry of Spain would dare to negotiate for the Sale of Cuba the farcical character of these proceedings May be readily understood. Even this agent does not pretend to possess any such authority. And would not venture to enter into an arrangement containing such a stipulation. Still the president supposes he sees a Shorter Cut to this cherished object by aiding the Juarez party and is therefore extending encouragement with Quot the Hope of an ultimate Concession he will get taken in finally As he has been before in some of this attempted Sharp practices. Oregon. According to the census just received from Oregon there Are 9,000 voters in a population exceeding 40,000. These facts Are not disputed and yet the president urges in his annual message the admission of that state and the exclusion of Kansas and Nagunst the Rule too which the president urgently recommends As applicable to All territories is that certain formalities were observed in the Case of or a. He takes care to conceal the real cause of this flagrant partiality which is that Oregon is under the Rule of Locopo Chism and her vote in a possible Contin nay might determine the Choice of a president in the next House of representative the Bie Saoe a fail be. Although three weeks and More of to session Hevy Pasi it a a i the preset to in he a pacing notice in Eif Fier Bravich of Congress and provoked but i criticising. Throughout the country. Upon the first Day of its delivery or. Hale enter joined the Senate with an amusing i nime Ajbai at the a Pei of the White hol put since the no no Simre attention a Ali Stow on it than might in a a pm a tip pm of Barnum last experiments us a i Public credulity if so Mike. Air a when it is known that the Pla ident we Jib Fer it a sat on. And Fri iwo a non which would a to Tieme Vive the Ftp Lei buried Nitor the Pyramid. Every a a Iven slime la Avis or a Fay to Selp my cum Ogham and her daughters bunt Teigh the new York correspondent of the Boston journal who is supposed to a Matthew Liale Smith mrs. Cunningham Burdell s Legal counsel writes in contradiction of the Rumor that the lady is living in luxury and that her daughters have made Fine matches. He says Quot mrs. C. Does not live in Twenty third Street but in forty eight Street. She is not in Quot easy circumstances Quot but is reduced and poor. The Quot elegant mansion is a House in a Block on the new upper Street for which she is indebted to the kindness of the owner till Spring. Her is not entirely furnished the most of it not at All and what is is of the commonest style. She has wasted All the property she had and is not Able to take a House of Comfort. All the Ordinary avenues of employment open to most women Are closed against her. The prejudice against this woman was never stronger than now and having spent All she had to defend herself in courts of Law she is now very poor and would keep a boarding House or do any honorable thing to get. A living if she could do so. Her daughter Augusta has not been Quot married to a Southern planter Quot but a Young Man in this City who has not one Dollar to rely upon but what he earns from Day to Day and the Rumor about Helen is As apocryphal As the rest of an aristocracy for Canada. The English journals Are generally complimentary in their comments upon lord Bury s speech at the Public banquet Given to him recently in Toronto. Lord Bury was sent Over to attach the Canadian colonies More closely and loyally to the Mother country and it is believed that he has been making some Progress in his Mission. He has excited the Hopes of the canadians by compromises to Aid lines of railways and of Ocean steamships and he has flattered the vanity of ambitious politicians by suggesting that As a Reward for distinguished loyalty to the British Crown they might be elevated to the rank of Peers to the British realm. This last suggestion however does not meet with approval among the hereditary aristocracy and its organs. They do not relish the proposition to introduce colonial plebeians into the British House of lords. It might lower the dignity of their class and be the beginning of its decay and destruction. Referring to this matter the London times says lord Burry rises from Commerce to politics and from physical geography to tie most delicate social considerations. Amid All this prosperous materialism the lord will still crop out. To a Man thoroughly imbued with British aristocracy even the patriarchal glories of colonial life want a completion. To what purpose flocks and herds Grain ships and even dollars ? so lord Bury wishes to found an aristocracy and a peerage in North America. He would give life peerages to Well deserving senators who would come Here and constitute a legitimate Channel for the introduction of wealthy and Loyal canadians into the London world. They would then receive and dispense Honor and Bridge Over the immense Gulf Between colonial Success and British nobility. At All events this is More feasible and less open to abuse than a parliamentary representation of the , in the usual sense of the word. But it is innocuous is it not also insignificant ? it is an affair not of politics but of names and titles and social arrangements. Are the objects important enough to prevail Over the very a a Trong jealousy which the of lords has recently exhibited against the life peerage ? to amp Russell s transportation business. The Kansas City journal of Commerce gives the following account of the business for the past year of majors Russell amp wad Dell the government contractors for the transportation of supplies from Kansas to Utah. . Total number of trains. 14g a Quot wagons.4,796 Quot Quot oxen.46,720 chains.38,980 yokes.24,090 Quot mules.1,500 Quot Quot men with trains. 4,380 Quot Quot men employed As bookkeepers salesmen mechanical agents herders ac., amp a. Exclusive of those with trains. 300 who receive form $300 to $5,000 per annul. Nis Burseen to. 500,000 clerks mechanics teamsters a gents amp a. 948,000 chains. 70,000 yokes. 60,000 Wagon sheets. 47,960 mules. 152,000 wagons. 767,000 freights. 125,000 cattle. 1,635,000 total.$4,304,960 the above is taken from the books of the firm and can he relied on As being strictly Correct from data in our Possession we state their profits to be Over a million and a half of ool labs exd Tisie of their Stock on from Albany. Albany dec. 21.�?the Board of state canvassers discovered this afternoon that in seven Lof the Ruppi tentative districts members have been illegally returned As members of Congre which makes it Likely that several of the District will be declared vacant including the third fourth sixth seventh eighth and thirty second districts. Not Hiitt pertain is known As yet however acid if the re tums Are amended by county can Sera they will be accept. The boar it neets this evening when final action Yli be taken. The members elect from those districts Are As follows. 3rd sickle dam. 4th Oist Thohas j. Bar dem. 6th Lwis Ohn Cochrane dem. Tab disc Mien in Brig rep. The Iii i Tii f. Clark a. L. Dem. 32iid Dis few a. G. A Dizig rep. Imp of film vanities of Quot Paris Zorra pendent of the Boston Tratter to Llu the following Story a Fine lady i by Lieve she is a Marquise who has acted m Pat mess 4a� great Many ,bnil�9�, Al used As Asci a Ier saw Wpm to Het nil Iii a i Lui Bendasher ship a Leer Jewele Isif Sod Aid. Then to found out Init till a. edit a to Ihu by us wed Tanj of their i pm of ,4innatiqn< ,.tlm�r Piu ioness m from Eacono Boie Wonis a dear Hadar of Baro Ai Lait reached the main m no about on Mettiet did it so Good ithe past and future of Mexico. Virom the tiniest dec. 7.1 Whei som four centuries ago the in terome of Spanish navigators opened the vast continent 6f Ameri a to the admiration of Europe the new world was found to be concentrated in two spots and two Only of that enormous territory. One of these favored regions was per a the other Mexico. It was in Mexico especially that Art politics and science had received their greatest development. All the rest of North America from the shores of Hudson s Bay to the Mouths of the Mississippi was desolate and barbarous diversified Only by swamp Forest or Prairie and populated by Savages without knowledge or Laws. Mexico alone redeemed the character of the new continent and presented to the eyes of the invaders a spectacle so As to satisfy even the which the great discovery had there the spaniards found an organized state an ancient polity an opulent capital an exalted dynasty a formidable Priesthood and a people Well skilled in mechanical and decorative arts. So great in fact was the proficiency of the workmen so elaborate the system of government and so impressive the whole evidence of wealth and grandeur that for some time the civilization of Mexico was regarded As Superior to that of Europe. Although indeed the researches of modern inquiries have enabled us to apply some corrective to these ideas it is really probable that in certain respects the spaniards found Mexico More advanced than Spain and we have been recently assured on the authority of a comprehensive history that this civilization was the necessary incident of geographical and natural advantages. Such was the situation and configuration of Mexico that it could hardly fail to make Progress and All that was discovered there in the shape of National wealth or political order represented tie extraordinary opportunities which nature had provided. Such was the picture Given of Mexico 420 years ago. Our american intelligence of yesterday gives us another sketch of the country As it at this moment and it would be hard to imagine a contrast More . There is literally no spot in the entire american continent from the Arctic seas to Cape Horn which presents such a spectacle of disorganization and ruin. The indians of Patagonia Are better ordered than the mexicans of 1858. In the old seat of american civilization Liere is now no government no recognized polity no Public order. Life and property Are insecure not through the Accident of a political revolution but necessarily and permanently from the utter default and break up of All the institutions designed for their Protection. We cannot find in any european history not even that of Spain itself any parallel or illustration of the present state of things in Mexico. The country is split into factions but no faction has any principle nor does it seem to lie so much As anticipated that theress any party or any Leader of a party by whose Ascendancy or predominance the existing anarchy could be terminated. When in the year 1824, a Republican government was definitely substituted for the Dominion exercised by Spain room was left for contests Between federalism and centralization which have never ceased and which perhaps find More or expression in All mexican revolutions. We observe also at present that the roman Catholic Hierarchy of Mexico Are throwing such weight As they possess into the scale of Ateo autism with the same views which have recently characterized their proceedings in various parts of Europe. But except for these features there is positively nothing to be discovered in the civil War now raging in Mexico which ran raise it above the level of common and promiscuous brigand age. Society is resolved into its primitive elements without As yet throwing up even any Savage Virtues to the surface. It would be too abstruse a speculation to inquire philosophically into the causes which have thus operated on a country so fair and so fortunate As to have once produced an exceptional civilization of its own in the midst of general barbarism. Historically the Case can be taken in at a glance. Spain ruled the subject state of Mexico for exactly 3cx years then came three years of convulsion and then came 30 years of republicanism on a remarkably pure and genuine Model. Mexico had its Union its states and its territories its chamber of deputies and its Senate. Biennial parliaments and equal electoral districts gave to the popular suffrage All the reality which or. Bright could desire and except that there was to education and no toleration in religious matters the institutions of Mexico were at and rate in theory As Liberal As they could be. All this however was of no Avail. The mexicans can neither govern themselves nor find anybody Strong enough to govern them and the state if it can still be called a state is simply tumbling to of anything like vitality or cohesion. The Ordinary interest which might attach to a spectacle like this is materially enhanced by two important on the Northern Frontier of Mexico lies a formidable neighbor already aggrandised by Large acquisitions of mexican territory and prepared for the absorption of More. What gives this contingency still greater weight is the fact that the politics of the North american Union will be intimately affected by any further annexation toward the South and its Wisest statesmen Are apprehensive of the results which might Easue. Certainly up to the present time the government of Washington has exhibited considerable forbearance in dealing with the provocations to which the anarchy and License prevailing throughout Mexico have naturally Given Rise. We have however a More direct interest in the matter. English capital has been largely invested in mexican undertakings and English merchants have carried their energies into Mexico for the joint advantage of both countries together. The revolutionists in their suicidal Folly have Fly visited with India pities and penalties the foreigners who Wero contributing to the resources of the state and though englishmen who lend their Money to foreign governments do so on their own responsibility British subjects claim the Protection of British Power. The affix Iris of Mexico Are nothing to us but we Are entitled to demand that its Gbye raiment be what it May Shau Abb stain from visiting our countrymen with injustice or wrong. The Only apparent parallel to this strange break up is that suggested by the Case of Poland and Here the parallel is apparent Only. Poland it is True was a turbulent and unquiet state with a system of government Wahidi never worked evenly and which perhaps Mist have ultimately prov de incompatible with the better organized politics on the frontiers. But the poles had a nationality which gave Theofi struts Elfand purpose and which for some generations Enfa to cd expend it of thei Iii ugh in is theyone Par Titio Ned Pru Asiat Judd they a Noe near Lar annexed Russia moreover thl Bic disorganization extreme As it was had Beeh in some measure until Dally created a and the spirit which even to>tlil8 hour is not excite ctr showed what Aigen Ioe vitality the nation possess -.w,in Mexico there is Jda Iuone about one Miuki Only a jul Hitmi then Brinit of Bra so pad ism 40 yet sirs ago has never been exchanged of or any regular or stable administration so that Liat should have been a Mere temporary suspension of authority has proved a permanent abeyance of order. might have relieved the country but no mexican has been Strong enough for a despot and affairs therefore have gone from bad to worse with item inableconvulsion.3, hopeless wars losses of territory and at length with such absolute political disorganization that no stage of decline can be More ruinous and men Are Only looking to see what May follow. New daily papers. At Laporte two daily papers Are about to be started. One the Union has already made its appearance the other the times will be out in a few Days with every Prospect of Success. The City of Laporte has a population we understand of about 8,000, and if that number of inhabitants can support two dailies. Fort Wayne with at least 12,000 ought certainly to do As Well. The following upon the is object of daily papers we take from the Indianapolis journal of the 2sth ult. Quot when a Community has gathered population and business up to a certain Point a daily paper shoots out of it As inevitably As leaves burst out of the sap swelled limbs of a tree and like leaves they in turn gather in Nutriment to nourish the trunk from which they have grown. They May fall off sometimes carelessness incapacity misfortune May loosen them and drop them to the ground but the sap in the Stock is still circulating and fresh leaves will certainly grow. A daily paper is a necessity to any Community that has outgrown the immedi ate personal Contact of its members with each other which exists in Small villages. It a fibres the Only Means of instant communication of All the parts with each other and thus supplies As it were a solvent in which the members can be held in a common element and kept in one Community instead of breaking into Many aggregated around different centres of business or social station or religious of Prentice. A correspondent of the Nashville Banner writing on Board the Steamer Belfast thus describes or. Prentice of the journal Prentice is abroad George editor of the Louisville journal lecturer and poet. Did you Ever see him ? a Short Man thick set round body Short muscular legs Short round arms hands to suit neck coming straight Down into his shoulders and pretty Short and thick face Del idely marked. He has checks that stick out like Young cub s when his Mouth is distended with Corn a cub is a Young Bear you know his Chin is Short his lips firm and thin his Mouth Well outlined and of the protruding or pouting Type his nose is straight not sunk or roman and not Blunt nor Sharp a regular Good nose his Eye is Little round and restless enveloped in fat which obscures it without i e looks at you it looks funny witty severely sarcastic calculating cold Quick without great humanity yet not precisely selfish cautious piercing and with Little Lor tears. Ilis brow is thick a Little arched and moderately wide. His head is if you would have it in a word round it is a Good head Large behind and before not Flat on the top and not scanty on the sides forehead High and full. His ear is Small and Sticks close to his head. His hair is dark when dry inclined to Frizzle up obscures his ears Aud neck ver thin on top and hangs Over his brow without care or regularity lie shaves clean wears a Dove coloured suit pants and coat alike Vest of Plain v Lack Loose turndown Collar leaving the neck exposed wears no jewelry keeps an old pair of steel spectacles alternately on his for top or before his eyes. To has an old hat worn smooth which comes Down to his ears High and Large full of papers and a big red handkerchief he wears Blue socks and a pair of old Bucklin moccasins. Or. Prentice talks Little reads he had a Book along which he began at first i Don t know what it was. He has also a literary paper. To sits by a table Book on it bending Over it elbows on either Side Pencil in hand. He sits there but a few minutes at a time before he rises and goes to his room or some other place. When he rises he puts All into his hat and moves swiftly looking at nobody. He is eternally scratching his head or his nose or his brow or elevating his specs or taking them Down. He reads everlastingly. He is a quiet Man. He thinks much. He reads but a few lines without stopping and writing a line or so on a piece of paper and putting it in his hat. I saw him while Reading a paper Stop and write a line on the margin tear it off and put it in his pocket. I guess it was a Quot Shaft of wit Quot that struck and i opine his wit is born of Reading. He has no ceremony at dinner he eats fast and marches through the Quot course Quot with Little epicurean formality his main object being to get enough then he quits goes to his room and in three minutes he is Down by the Side of the Cabin in a solitary place Reading. Quot he Seldom he is no Chesterfield Plain simple and composed and evidently has More behind than he communicates. His walk is Peculiar he walks Wii i a purpose a Little Bent Forward his arms a studiously pendent his Steps Quick and sinister he has no lordly port no hater no seeming desire to Call Public attention. He never looks ashore. He drinks no wine visibly at least. He keeps Back near the ladies Cabin. His appearance is that of conscious strength and perfect self absorption. He sits up till Midnight or after then puts handkerchief Book paper and Pencil into his hat holds it la both hands and strikes hurriedly for his bed. He Rose this morning at 8, came to breakfast with a dishevelled mein set himself to eating with a vim takes the Bones in his hand and picks every particle of meat off crumbs his Coffee full of bread takes a bite now and then from every plate around him and is As much absorbed in the subject As Ever Bruin or or. Johnson was. Breakfast Over he sits Down in a moment and Falls to Reading a huge manuscript i saw written in Large letter on a Blank Leaf Quot american statesmanship he Speaks it tomorrow in Vicksburg. He is coming it and his face exhibits a Kaleidoscope of emotions. He is evidently very careful about the rep citation that comes of it. He repeats certain passages Over and Over to get the True emphasis. He rubs out words and inserts others. In All this however he is but a Type of every Man of letters. Prentice is a Patron of poet himself to is keen to detect a refined and lofty spirit in others. He first appreciated and Drew out Amelia Welby. His eminent abilities As an editor in la known. 7 what his pet a fration now is remains obscure Quot we the Iii it of a literary nature and most probably Dir Ting itself into the walks of political a Dib Sophy v yours Bosyj Hibib Tosaky off Ift of Lapland Reindeer travel. Bayard Taylor in his cure on thus Speaks of Reindeer travel Quot a More Bleak and dismal Region Tima the greater part of could not be imagined a Sceo when the Noonday sky of Winter covers 1� with a Mantle of Crin son and Gold. Here however god has made the Home of on animal without which human life woul4 be impossible. What the Camel is to the Arab the Reindeer is to the Lap. He was created especially for service in the Snow As the Camel was for journeys Over the Sand. He is not much bigger than a Large Newfoundland dog and a Strong Man could easily lift him. His muscular strength is not great yet he has a vast Deal of endurance. His Hoof is divided into two Compart ments like that of the Capel so that it spreads out and covers a Large surf ice when he puts it Down the parts coming together As he lifts it up again. This peculiarity combined with his lightness of body prevents him from sinking into the Snow. From this animal the Lap obtains his clothes tent thread Needles meat Majk butter cheese the handles of his knifes a fact everything he uses except his Musket and a Little Coulee. But of All the perverse obstinate stupid animals the Reindeer stands at the head. Although he has been so Long domesticated he has not increased in sagacity. The common Deer and the Gazelle May become familiar with the presence of Man but they new show the least degree of affection for him and the same to True of Reindeer. All he knows is to jump and run when he is harnessed and turn round and stand still whenever he chosen to do so. His Speed has been greatly exaggerated. There Are few Reindeer in Lapland that will travel fifteen Miles an hour but there Are a great Many that will go one Hundred and Twenty Miles in Twenty four hours. To drive a Reindeer in the Little Canoe like sledges is like undertaking to drive a Sturgeon in a rough sea. In is no easy Matt Ter to retain one s balance. If you Are a new hand your first sensation is a perfect Blank for you find yourself head downward in a Snova Drift. Laughter and applause after a series of such experiments you at last succeed in keeping your balance even when asleep and guiding the animal but you Carnot prevent him from jumping round and staring at you with the most provoking coolness As much As to say Quot what Are Vou going to do about it Quot there is nothing to do but turn him round Start him again and take your Chance of jumping into the Sledge As he runs. The animal shows no recognition of his master except that he will allow him to approach him More easily than he will anybody else. This is the extent of his affection. The sagacity with which the Deer pick out the hidden path under the Snow was astonishing. On those exposed Plains every wind fills up the furrows and the traveler is Drifting on a pathless sea. The leading Deer driven by a careful Lap picks out the concealed Trail As easily As a Pioneer follows the track or if he lose it now and then crosses backward and Forward till he strikes it again. Behind him glides the Little caravan in single file silent and strange As a procession of phantoms. There is nothing to be heard but the breathing of the Deer and the slight crunching the Sledge upon the Snow As you sit in the Uncertain Twilight a strange and Subtle enchantment seems to come Over you and you almost doubt your own identity. Quot am i Quot you ask Quot the Man who once lectured before literary societies to Large and intelligent audiences laughter and applause do inhabit the same Earth where steamboats exists and oysters Are opened and where women s rights conventions Are held Quot from Washington. How near Forney came to getting the printing. The correspondent of the new York Herald says Quot John w. Forney formerly chief in the Quot Kitchen Cabinet Quot of Quot poor Pierce Quot Caina very near getting a very fat Job about a week ago. The facts relative thereto Are of interest and As yet have not been published because the matter has been kept quite a secret. Steadman the nominal Printer for the House was tickled in the Back and pressed by several members of Congress of both the Douglas and Republican school to make Wendell the actual Printer Quot pay up Quot to the sum of an extra ten the Sand dollars. Steadman opened his eyes at the suggestion and Rushing out of his hotel made a visit to Wendel it demand ing of that personage ten thousand dollars for the further use of his name. Wendell became indignant and refused. Steadman told or. Wendell that on the following Day he would resign As Printer for the House and left. Next Day Wendell called upon Steadman stating that he had reconsidered the matter and that if he Steadman would wait until the following Day he would Compromise. Steadman accepted the this gave time to Wendell to canvass the House for the purpose of ascertaining wether in Case Steadman did resign he could be elected and finding that he could not he paid Steadman his Price. During this difficulty. Forney was telegraphed to come to Washington. Forney sent a Friend and it was found that the Douglas democrats and republicans were willing to vote for Forney for Printer of the House in Case Steadman resigned. It is said that Steadman unless Wendell had Quot ponied up Quot would have worked for Forney and that Wendell smelled the rat and american books in England. A year or two since a crowd of books rushed into print All Over the United states to which the term was Given of Quot sensation books Quot each of which was to out circulate Uncle Tom s Cabin the eager reprint of Many of these in England brought about the new style of re publication in cheap form of established Evorite fictions and flooded us with Quot rail Iray lately of most of such books in America and the general panic they have been scarce we hear Deweyer there is to be a Quot revival Quot and a Loudon publisher put into our hands the other Day three letters he had received from different correspondents by the same mail each offering his the simultaneous publication in England. Their estimation of their respective books is rather Good. Of one the writers say after dwelling upon the trash that has failed this is a Superior Book a had we not thought so we should not have published of the second its published write Quot it is one of the most alluring productions that Ever issued from the press in interest it has the absorbing character of the most fascinating Romance while in startling incident and stirring adventure it fairly Shames fiction we have never before read such a history a such a life such and of the Thim its publishers say Quot it will certainly outs Tel unde Tom s t. Tui a circular a . Elfren the senator of Washington who threatened to Bolt if any attempt was made to elect senators his word yesterday when the sent Erial a Lecuona came of Mai May it do a a

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