Page 3 of 2 Feb 1888 Issue of Fort Wayne Weekly Breeze in Fort-Wayne, Indiana

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Fort Wayne Weekly Breeze (Newspaper) - February 2, 1888, Fort Wayne, Indiana The tug of game that Calls for great strength and Chat with sex member of a College team. Among All the sports of Stii niner or a Winter in doors or out doors there is none that e cites More popular interest when it can be seen than the tug of War and there is hardly one that Calls Lor More strength and endurance than this game. It has experienced a Peculiar evolution from a crude Nrec Ogni Ted game played by country boys to one of those sports which take their places legitimately among organized pastimes by reason of their rules and systematic Way of going about it. It is a distinct feature to Day of College and regimental exercises and the greatest emulation is aroused Between the different institutions which Are represented by tug of War teams. Although the sport Calls particularly for strength of a Peculiar kind it is nevertheless necessary to accomplish the Best re stilts in it Quot to utilize the brain to a considerable extent. People who have not indulged in sports frequently fail to recognize the influence of the mind upon Success in a game and do not think for a moment that there is any mental stimulus or training or exercise Cal de for in it. Nevertheless it does exist to a great degree and none the less in the muscular exercise known As the tug of War. The team has to be controlled and directed by a Captain and that Captain has to exercise his mind in the keenest Way has to be on the Alert to watch his opponents and has to know a great Deal about the distribution of Force in order to do his work Well. How this comes about May Best be told in the words of a Well the Dartmouth style. Known member of a tug of War team or. Charles Moi Rill formerly of the Dartmouth College team. He so of it Quot in a Well contested Fife get does not count As much Ais ordinarily supposed brawn and muscle a Good staying Power with coolness and a shrewd Anchor Are what is req red. The exercise has advanced a great Deal during recent years under the fostering influence of College athletes and regimental gymnasts. In the old Days the method was a rough irregular sport wherein men caught hold of one end of a rope and tried to pull along a Sinai car crowd of men who held on to the other end. Now there Are very few places where the tug of War is pulled that the game consists in dragging the other Side at All. There Are several ways of playing it three of which May be considered As the most important and in none of those three does the element of pulling the other crowd enter into it. It is now the aim of those who pull in the tug of War to get the rope away from their opponents and not to draft them about. Before taking up the american style of playing i will describe the method recently adopted in great Britain. Liere the Amateur athletic association has lately drawn up a new code of rules to regulate contests of this nature. They Are not All of them new but they show the difference Between the English and the american styles of the game. They prescribe first an equal number of competitors so that the sides May be evenly balanced that the rope shall be Long enough to allow a pull of twelve feet and have twelve feet Slack at each end while four feet is allowed for each Puller. The rope must not be less than four inches in circumference and shall have no knots or anything which can assist one in retaining one s grip on it. Quot a tape must be fastened to the Center of the Ronje and at six feet on each Side of this Center tape a Side tape must also be fastened. Quot a Center line shall be marked on the ground and at six feet on either Side of it two lines shall be made parallel to the Center line. At the Start the rope must be taut,>.and the Center tape Over the Center line the competitors being outside the Side lines. Quot the signal to Start shall be by word of Mouth. During no part of the pull shall the foot of a competitor be allowed to go beyond the Center line. The pull shall be won when one Side shall have pulled the Side line of their opponents Over their own Side line. Quot no competitor shall Wear boots or shoes with any projecting nails Springs or prints of any kind nor shall a competitor be allowed to make a to e in the ground with his feet or any other Way. Before the Start. No competitor shall wilfully touch the ground with any part of his person but his feet. If the teams have a weight limit each member of the team must be weighed before the contest. The tag shall be won by two out of three pulls. Quot those who Are familiar with the an Ethod of playing this game a colleges and regimental gymnasiums will see that these rules Are not followed closely Here. In our games we on Lar have one tape upon the rope which is fastened exactly at the Center and the Side tapes and Side lines Are not much used. And it will be noticed too that according to the Rule the con j test ants stand during the trial and if they should lie Down or touch the ground with any part of their body except their feet the other Side could claim foul with us on the contrary in both our styles of playing the contestants lie Down us on the ground at the very stare and it is a signal that they Are beaten if they Are pulled up from that position. Quot the two methods of pulling in this country May be termed for convenience the Farmer s poll or Cleat pull. The Farmer s pull is practice at Dartmouth College very successfully. There they do not pull upon a Board or indoors but upon the turf. A Hole is dug in the ground for each competitor. It is in the shape of a right angled Triangle. The competitor is almost seated in this Hole his foot being braced against its perpendicular Wall. This of course gives the strongest kind of Purchase for the Puller. Quot the Strain in a tug of War contest really comes upon the whole body Bat the Muscles of the Back Are perhaps those which Are most immediately in use in it. The hands have to grip the rope very hard in order that it shall not slip through but there will be no danger that it will slip through if the Muscles of the body Are Strong enough to prevent the other Side from pulling harder. The Miscles of the legs Are of course very important in this exercise As upon Vliem comes a great measure of the Strain in bracing against the Wall of dirt. The defeat or Victory in this kind of pull is reckoned by the tape upon the rope which originally is placed directly Over a Middle line Between the two teams and if it is pulled More than an Inch to one Side or the other during the time allowed for the contest the Victory is won. This recalls another essential difference Between the English style and the american. The English rules do not mention any time for the endurance of a pull. The old style of tugging on this Side the water allowed an hour if during that time one Side or the other was not pulled a Good distance actually along the ground the contest was considered a draw. The improvements of up lived off the cleats. To Day necessitate the exercise of so much More strength and Strain upon the pullers that it is usual to limit the time of the pull to from four to ten minutes five being the ordinarily accepted duration. In one of the Best contests on record the team representing the Massachusetts Institute of technology pulled the crack Harvard team five inches Only. Thia was very soon after the Harvard had won in a tug of War against a team from the seventh regiment of new York. Quot the Harvard team tugs upon the third style which i purpose describing. A Long Board Plain and a Yard or three and a half feet Broad is made of sufficient length to allow eight men to recline on it with a space of a few feet Between the two teams. Four men constitute a team. The one at the further end is called the Anchor. The men Are usually stripped to the Waist without any head gear with heavy shoes and a leather pad is worn on the upper Arm Over which the rope passes. Trousers or knee breeches Are worn As the player s Caprice suggests though the latter offers some Little advantage or at least Comfort. The rope s length is about that indicated in the English rules. The end of it is passed once around the Waist of the Anchor which is protected by a Strong leather Belt and is caught in a slip knot in front of him. The Anchor is not necessarily the Captain of the team but he is the one who directs the tugging during the contest and upon whose skill much of the Success of the team depends. The Captain May occupy any one of the four positions but he usually takes the one just in front of the Anchor where he can advise with the Anchor in Case of necessity. The men when they lie upon the Plank have their feet braced against cleats and the rope is generally passed Between the Knees of each one and the hands clasped about it just Back of the Knees. The contest is begun with both teams stand no by their cleats the Anchor stands in such a Way that he can sit Down at once and the of tigers with one foot braced against the Cleat and the hands in the rope Are prepared to fall at full length the moment the pistol shot is heard. The starter stands at the Center line with the pistol in hand his feet upon the tape around the rope pressing it to the Ioor. This insures a fair Start but after the pistol shot his foot is raised and the Side that gets Down quickest May therefore get an advantageous Start. For the first few minutes after the drop there is always a tremendous Strain on each Side each team hoping to get an advantage Over the other from any confusion that May have resulted from the sudden drop. The Anchor maintains a sitting posture during the entire game unless indeed the Strain from the opposing team is so Strong As to bring him and his associates off the cleats. This does not often hat pen. After the first few seconds of a train the Anchor generally gives the word to his men to hold hard and for a few seconds they actually rest on the cleats for excepting under a Strong heave the Anchor himself is a amiable of holding the rope against an Ordinary pull from the opposing i Ide. When the Anchor thinks that he sees an Opportunity of pulling them off their cleats or wishes to pull the tape Over As far As possible he gives the word to heave and the men on his Side straighten their legs and tug for All they re Worth while the Anchor leans Forward ready to gather in the Slack in Case they get the advantage and if the other Side happens to pull the stronger and the rope seems to be going that Way the Anchor has to loosen the slip knot in i ont of him and let it go a moment in order blizzard experiences. Peculiarity of the drop Deal Snow storm that Sec Antly swept the West. Taking time am it t my Ikin o. To prevent his men from being pulled Over their cleats. If he should not let it to such an event would be almost sure to happen and it is therefore Plain that a great Deal of responsibility rests upon the Anchor who must be a Man of the coolest nerve As Well As of giant strength. One of the things which the team in a tug of War contest has to practice to attain is simultaneous action. If the four men drop to the p Ank at the pistol shot at exactly the same instant they Are almost sure to get an advantage Over the other team and when the word is Given to heave by the Anchor if they All pull at exactly the same instant the same result is bound to follow. It usually happens therefore that the Best trained team will win and weight does not count As much As might be expected. The limit of weight in a team is variable. In the seventh Keg Ament it is six Hundred and sixty pounds allowing an average weight of one Hundred and sixty live pounds for each Man. The Anchor is in almost constant consultation with his Meir during the contest. He advises them by a Luiet word just previous to any order that he proposes to give Quot concerning weight i remember a contest pulled in li-8.j at Dartmouth. There was a fat team each one of whom tipped the beam at Over two Hundred. The contest was pulled on the Farmer s system with holes in the ground and the fat team were fairly pulled out of their holes by Light weights whose combined avoirdupois was not More than six Hundred and fifty pounds. Quot 4ymnasium-made muscle does not Tell so much in a tug of War contest As might be expected. A Man whose biceps Are developed from Indian clubs and ring work May not have the vigor of Tough natural strength. Foot Ball players always make Good tug of War men and rowing is one of the Best exercises that can be indulged to fit one s self by training for a contest. Quot tie Dartmouth style of digging holes for the foot and Large enough for Defeated. The whole lower part of the body for sometimes they Are two and a half feet deep makes their tug of War a very Tough Strain. This Competition is of not much use As an exercise it is More directed to exhibiting than acquiring strength and is rough hard trying work but it is also a very Manly sport and will doubtless continue. To hold it Well established if somewhat subordinate position in the realms of eating mince pies just before going to bed has been a custom of one Mai of 93 in Maine. Some remarkable incidents a Iid is can est an old Soldier s description of Llie Lasu Sio in Falls Dakota the Crent blizzard of thursday Jan. 12, will Long be remembered. In fact the Day will go Down into history As the Date of a most Titi Ordinary event. That or one Hundred persons More or less should have been Frozen to death is truly a terrible calamity. And yet Dakota ought not to be condemned and shunned by Home seekers of this heartrending occurrence. The truth is the blizzard of thursday was absolutely the worst Ever known in Central and no them Dakota. It was a Peculiar blizzard. Generally the Dakota storms whether in Winter or Bummer kist for at least a part of three Days. But this baneful blizzard seemed to Cut itself in two. It began on wednesday and proved to be a very severe storm with fresh Snow which the wind took up Tith great Force and whirled with bewildering effect. By thursday morning the Snow ceased falling the wind died Down and people began congratulating themselves on a comparatively easy escape from what seemed at the beginning to be a severe three Days blizzard. So far so Good but that Lull in the storm is what did the murderous mischief. That Bright Sunshine which came out so enticingly for an hour or two on Thui Day morning was like the voice of the Siren wooing hapless victims to a terrible death. Men women Aid children were deceived. Children went to school and men went about their work As usual when they should not have ventured from their Homes. L tween u and 10 o clock the storm again broke Forth with to critic fury. An old Veteran. Who engaged in Tho Battle of Gettysburg raid Tho Lull in the storm of thursday was just like the Lull in the Battle just before the Charcle of Pickett s cavalry. A ire Mendons had been going on Between the artillery Force on each Side. General Meade suspecting that the heavy firing of the rebels was done to Cove up a attack ordered the artillery to cease firing to let their guns Cool and to get ready for an aggressive movement of the part of the enemy. On the other hand the rebels thought Thev had silenced the Federal batteries and Pickett was ordered to make that famous and fatal charge. Never before except perhaps when into the jaws of death Rodo Tuo six hundreds was a charge made with Sutti disastrous effect. From Alt along the Federal lines a were poured out the bullets from Tho musketry and grape and canister from the artillery. The Earth fairly rocked with the terrific Thunder. So deathly was the conflict that in a Short time Pickett s command of 17,-000 men the Flower of the rebel urmy was reduced to less than 1,8 a. As it was the Lull that deceived Pickett at Gettysburg so was it the Lull that deceived the people of South Dakota. When they thought the fury of the storm had been spent it really had not begun. It started again with fury and it gathered to itself increasing fierceness As it went along. The air was full of Snow which was literally As Fine As flour. It was driven by a North wind which blew with tremendous velocity. So thick was the air one could not see Over two or three rods and sometimes not one. The wind howled with a Diemel sound which fore boded nothing Good and ail the time it seemed to Rise to a higher pitch and become More Mournful and defiant. The luckless wayfarer who attempted to beat his Way a Aust the terrible Kirin in a few minutes found his eyes ail but completely blinded and his Cheeks coated with Sizow and ice. The Force of the wind fairly took his breath away and he was compelled to turn around to breathe. The storm lasted All thursday and through most of the following night. It is not strange that persons who were out became bewildered and ultimately lost their lives but it is strange that any should have ventured out during the storm. But this storm cannot be charged up to Dakota alone. It extended throughout Minnesota Wisconsin Nebraska and most of Iowa. Fatalities occurred in All these sections but Dakota suffered the most because of the deceptive Ness of the storm. Amid the Many pathetic and distressing stories of intense suffering and loss of life it is Gratifying to hear of a number of escapes which were planned by the Cool and thoughtful Heads. Some persons when they realized they were lost quietly buried themselves in the Snow covering themselves As Best they could. In this Way not Only were their lives saved but some sur Vived without being even slightly Frostbitten. _ blizzard experiences. Jamestown Dak letter among the late blizzard news Home a number of reports of the Pluck and endurance of the parties caught out in the storm. Probably the most interesting of these hazardous experiences was that to which p. Gaffeny a Milkman of the county was subjected. He started out thursday morning with his team and milk cans As usual and the storm broke on him when he was Only thirty rods from the House. Or. Gaffeny is an old timer and appreciating the situation turned his horses and attempted to drive them homeward in the face of the wind. The horse As usual refused to face the wind and he was soon lost. All that Day he searched in the blinding pelting gusts for his Home without Avail. To knew he could not be far oif and when night came a hitched Bis horses and prepared to Camp out on the Prairie for the night. All night and until 11 o clock next Day when the tempest lightened he battled with the storm. When be got bus bearings he found himself in on open Field about one mile from Home. Or. Gaffeny s experience is one Seldom equated and one such As Only a Tough an d wiry Constitution such As he possesses could live through. Another Case in this county is that of Nels Morgan a Young Farmer living South of town. He started from the City with a Load of Coal but when a Short distance oat his mules refused to go against the wind. Young Morgan exc cited his presence of mind turned the Coal out of Tho Wagon Box crowded under that narrow , and remained there until the a Tom had spent it a Elf two nights and Oue Day. In Barnes Cotty r. N. Vray and j. B. Reynolds who were caught on their Way Home from Valley City owe their lives to a similar exhibition of presence of mind. The team got off the Road and the Mea finding that they were lost a hitched turned the Sleigh upside Down and remained there until morning. Frozen to death and devoured by hoj st. Paul Telegram a Story of horrible inhumanity or worse comes from Belgrade Montana where it is said a German labourer in the employ of a Farmer was allowed to freeze to death. The labourer was ill and was placed by the Farmer in a room without fire and wilfully neglected. After an unusually cold in it the Man was found Frozen to death. His body was then removed to the woodshed where it was partially devoured by hogs. Conversation by wonders of the Telegraph a time and space annihilated. A London editor talks Over the wire a Vita his correspondent in British Colombia. Cable dispatch from London. 1 the pall mall Gazette which has been called the Ishmael of the London press the More its editor is attacked his motives impugned or his newspaper lampooned seems to increase what is often called its american esque Enterprise. This evening s Issue contains the following instance. It is headed Quot telegraphing extraordinary interviewing by Cable across the the article begins Quot an altogether unprecedented feat in telegraphy was performed last night when an interview took place by Cable Between our special commissioner now at Vancouver and the editor at the offices of the commercial Cable company. The arrangements in London were under g. H. Ijain Bridge i Superior it tend ent of Tho I\Iiickuy-15ennett company. Or. Hosmer Mana or of the Canadian Pacific Kilway telegraphs and or. Ward manager of the commercial Cable company superintended on the other Side. The origin of the interview was the desire of our special commissioner to Aiford the old world a now and sinking manifesta Rion of the extent to which time and space have been annihilated by the electric Telegraph and Cable. The exact distances traversed by the elec Ric current conveying the messages Are As Foll Vvs by wire London to Uri it tol Spur Cable 14u Miles by Spur Cable to Waterville Ireland 329 by Cable from Waterville to Cuneo Nova Scotia 2,750 from Canso new York and Canadian Pacific railway Telegraph lines to Vancouver 4,-too, making a total 7,619 Miles. Conversation was carried on allowing for Breaks produced by a storm that interrupted the wires first Between Ottawa and Montreal then on West of Winnipeg consecutively for three Lotus. The private messages on either Side of course have been excised from the s Publio record. This unequalled interview by wire outstripped the Sun by eight hours it being 1 o clock in the afternoon at Vancouver and 9 o clock at night in London. The conversation began with a Bon Joor message from the Pacific upon the Vancouver morning and in a few minutes Only the salutation was returned from London. Next came within six minutes time the following fro i the Pacific Side Quot Thoi of Are with me the mayor of Vancouver g. Oppenheimer. Editor of the Vancouver news Adint later and or. Cotton superintendent of the Pacific division of the Cai Mdian Pacific Railroad Telegraph. Or. Wilson a at the key. Quot after half an hour of instructions Between the editor and correspondent the latter says Quot Soe the Pacific a i write. In a Tiew Days i shall Start for a 4, of Mila voyage on the English ship Parthia Over another Ocean yet i am Able to report myself to you and talk a quickly and easily a it we were is a King through tha tube in Street at our office. Quot during the electric interview manager Ward in new York told London Quot the lines beyond Winnipeg have suddenly Given out but i expect them to be through in a few minutes. The weather was very severe in the North. The thermometer in jew York last night was Zero. It is now 10 Tieg. Above. 1 Hope the conversation has been sati Faett re so far. Quot during the interview several Vancou vegans took part in the electric conversation. Thus Quot the mayor and corporation of the City of Vancouver Send Kre outings to Tho i Ull mall Gazette. They Trust Tojo visit of Liia commis Boner May be Lene finial to the in Zutte As it a certain to be profitable to Vancouver and British Columbia. D. Opien Hetmer mayor. Quot to which London answered Quot the Tutka from Tho editor of Tho pail mall Gazette for the kindly greeting and hospitable Welcome. Quot the following came from Winnipeg Quot Winnipeg the Center of the continent sends greetings to the fall mall Ijaz Etu. It is Zero Here to Day but we Are not freezing to death As in Dakota Minnesota and Montana. No blizzards Here. Good night. Quot this was followed by Quot editor of the pall mall Gazette Send Hearty thanks for the kind greetings Ana congratulations of Winnipeg her journalistic Enterprise on i Freedom f. Of Bliz Zania. Quot there were Esta bushed seven Points for the current Over the continent. There were repeaters at Donald Winnipeg port Arthur Carter Montreal Albany and new the pall mall Gazette adds these comments Quot at Waterville where the Cable across the Atlantic connected with the Shore the messages were take off by sir w. Thomson s recorder which produces a de Cate Wavy pencilled line utterly unintelligible to All but the initiated. The current on this Side was generated by thirty cells which transmitted messages from London to Waterville. On the american Side the line was worked by a similar or greater number while relays of an equal number of cells were Stahi wished at seven posts in route the current used in Erich Case having a Range of about goo Miles. The current necessary to Cross the Atlantic was much feebler. A single cell will generate enough electricity to carry a message from the old world to the new. This is owing to the much More per act insulation of the Cable. The messages from the special commissioner therefore were transmitted by Morse from new Westminster be id off at Causo m Nova Scotia and retransmitted to Waterville where they were read off by in operator and retrain emitted to London where they were recorded on a Wheatstone receiver and read oif at the same time by a Ordinary sounder the Click of Wimch was almost incessant. A Tiirik

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