Page 3 of 5 Apr 1888 Issue of Fort Wayne Weekly Breeze in Fort-Wayne, Indiana

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Fort Wayne Weekly Breeze (Newspaper) - April 5, 2012, Fort Wayne, Indiana She Quot a Plains Quot it. By James Quot Whitcomb filet. Quot Hac too r Quot Hada to neither Quot so lies Atill neighbor Chitren who were boasting of their Grau mammas one Day. Quot had too Quot Quot Hadu t. Neither Quot All the Drife Reock Boisvin by May s saying she d two grandmas. Quot vol file poor Bess Haa Only one too Quot Quot had to neither Quot tossing curls und Kinka of Friz Quot How coi ild you have two grand Nothom Quot when just one a All Choyia had too Quot Quot had to neither Quot cause of you bad said Bess Quot Yogi d is Tain it Quot thou May answered Quot my grandmas were twins i guess Quot self accusation of crime. Singular Case of murder and confession in eng land. Kyle a. A Ai. A. Hammond. It is a very widespread opinion that the of a person accused of an Oil ouse is the Best possible evidence of guilt Liat can be adduced. This View is not Only entertained by the Community at Large but is held by the common judicial decisions. Thus Blackstone declares that Quot a confession of the prisoner taken out of court before a or person having competent Giitl Iorito to take it and proved by two Avitine shifts is suffice it it to convict Liim of in a note or. Archer Nylnnd the commentator states that Quot it api Oais now to be an established Rule that a full and voluntary confession by the prisoner of the overt act chafed a i inst him is of itself sufficient to Val rant a in Ottier laces or. Leyland reiterates ill stronger language that the voluntary confession of a prisoner accused of a crime is Sulu Ici ent in the absence of All other evidence to justify his conviction. In All works upon evidence which i have consulted it is stated that no stronger testimony of the guilt of an acc Seil person can be obtained than 4hat we Iii he supplies of his own Accord in the form of a confession made without constraint without any Promise of Reward or immunity and duly witnessed by competent persons. The principle upon which the existing practice in respect to confession appears to be based is that the innate eagerness of Man to preserve his life his health Hia Liberty or his property is so Over towering that it is almost impossible that he will say anything calculated to put either of these attributes in jeopardy if lie be innocent and that consequently Avion he does confess to the commission of an offence the punishment of which is death mutilation imprisonment or forfeiture of estate he must necessarily speak the truth. I propose in this paper to show that it is no uncommon circumstance for persons to confess to having perpetrated climes of which they Avert either certainly or probably innocent and that there Are forces in operation in the human mind which May prompt to tie making of a false confession even though by so doing life Liberty or property to put in danger. Thus there is a difficulty in the minds of some persons who exhibit no other evidence of mental aberration to discriminate Between their thoughts or their dreams and absolute facts. They Brood Over some real or imaginary circumstance until they j ring themselves to believe in its reality. Such a person for instance reads in the daily Tress of some shocking murder that Lias been committed the perpetrator of which Lias escaped unrecognized. He reads it in one newspaper and in another and another hears it talked up among his Komi Anions and begins by wondering whether or not the murderer will Ever be discovered. He that murders have been committed by i Avo at the time were in a state of somnambulist or who were sufi ering from an epileptic paroxysm. Perhaps he has himself in his youth walked in his sleep or has had a convulsion As his Mother has told him. Suddenly the idea strikes him that he May be the guilty Man. At first the notion is horrible to him bit its very horror renders it attractive. He goes to the Academy of Medicine and reads upon the subject of Epi Lewisy. There is scarcely a disease especially of the nervous system of which any person one or More symptoms. The quack Medicine advertisers Are fully aware of this fact and made full use of it to frighten the ignorant into the Purchase of their trash. Our incipient self accuser has therefore no trouble in find at some period of his life has not had ing what he is looking for and he goes Home fully convinced that he has had an epileptic paroxysm during which he May have been a murderer. The transition from a possibility to a reality presents no difficulties to his mind and he ends by fully believing himself to be the murderer for whom the police Are seeking. He visits the place where the a rime was committed questions the residents of the neighbourhood in regard to All the particulars and even Anterro fates the police relative to their plans for securing the murderer and the secret evidence they May have in their Possession. At last suspicion is turned toward him and eventually he is arrested. The accounts that he has read in the newspapers and the gossip he has heard regardless of his original idea that be had perpetrated the Crim during an pile Jotic of a of and to eff Fofe in a state of unconsciousness Force him to make atonement he confesses Whitt he perpetrated the murder Ari it i res ii full and circumstantial account of the crime. Inquiry on however shows that he could not by any possibility have been the perpetrator and he is is therefore after a few Days during which the newspapers have Given the most sensational accounts of his brutality and remorse discharged from custody. Sometimes however the termination is not so fortunate for the false confessor. Several Yeai a ago a boy Francis la Ville Kent d years old avas found murdered in an outhouse on his father s premises in England. The Throat was Cut to the Boue and there was a wound in the Che it which penetrated to the heart. The Corpse was wrapped in a Blanket which belonged to the bed in which the child slept the night before a piece of flannel such As women sometimes Wear upon the Chest was found under the body and a ortion of a news Paer Avrich had evidently been used for wiping a bloody knife Lay upon the floor. Nothing else was discovered calculated to indicate the perpetrator of the deed and even the Oak Pership of the piece of flannel could not be traced. Before going to bed the night before or. Kent had seen that All the doors and Avin Dows of the House were securely closed. The housemaid in coming do Avn stairs that morning had found the drawing room door and one of the windows Oien but As there alas no evidence of Force having been used it was supposed that they had been of ened from the inside. There was no evidence Avha Tever to fasten the crime upon any one. Suspicion fell by turns upon or Kent the nurse and upon a daughter of the former by his first Azife but nothing wag discovered sufficient to justify the committal of either at the trial. The to Unju lady had been heard to utter expressions of dislike against the murdered child and had on several occasions shown some slight degree of jealousy toward him. A night dress of hers avas missing and no satisfactory accounts Avert Given of its whereabouts but there was nothing More. As avas very natural she had shed tears when informed of the cause of her arrest but had borne herself throughout the examination Avith Avon Kerful fortitude and air patently with the utmost consciousness of innocence. Shortly afterwards she entered a Semi Convent Al order connected Avith the Church of England remaining in seclusion about five years when she voluntarily came for Avard confessed herself guilty of her brother s murder and was committed to take her trial for the crime. When arraigned she pleaded guilty to the indictment and on her plea alone Avit Hout any further inquiry and Avit Hout even the Case being sent to the jury she was condemned. From the report of the trial i make the following extract Quot at 0o col k the Learned judge took his seat on the Bench and the prisoner avas placed at the bar. She stood firmly but meekly Avith her Eves cast do Avn and her hands clasped before her. Silence Haing been proclaimed the de Uty clerk of arraign said Quot Constance Emiline Kent a of Are charged wifi the Avill Ful murder of Francis Laville Kent on the 28th of june 1860. Are you guilty or not guilty ? prisoner in a Low voice a guilty. Judge Are you aware that you Are charged with a aug Avil fully intentionally and with malice murdered your brother the prisoner made some answer but in so Low a tone that it could not be heard. Judge i must repeat the question. You arc charged Avith wilfully intentionally and with malice killed and murdered your l Rother. Are you guilty or not guilty ? i prisoner Fin a Low tone a guilt. Judge the plea must be recorded. The judge evidently a kind and Man then assumed the Black Cap and Avith great feeling in Avrich the i prisoner joined with hysterical sobs sentenced her As his duty and the Law required. And thus Avit Hout any inquiry into the character of the influences which had been brought to l ear upon her and the tendencies of her Disi position awhile in the religious institution the sanity or insanity of her mind her antecedents her hereditary predisposition or any other Point which might have thrown Light upon the Case to Lessen her it criminality if really guilty or to weaken the Force of her plea if innocent. Constance Kent left the court convicted of the highest crime know to the Laws of Man. If innocent her Case is one More added to the Long list of others Mon maniacs ecstatic enthusiasts hysterical Persona and liars Avo have confessed to the commission of offences Avrich they did not perpetrate. If guilty she is so far As i know the solitary instance of an individual confessing to a crime and being sentenced to death upon no other evidence than that of admission. Men and women before this in the face of Overa whelming testimony them or while in a Drunken d Ijaz cd or on their death Beds or standing on the scan told with no Hope of escape or unintentionally like the robbers in the cranes of Iby Cus have confessed their crimes but if any criminal of sane mind has Ever yet voluntarily supplied All the evidence that could consign him or her to an ignominious grave the Case has escaped my observation. It cannot be doubted that during her sojourn in the Semi Conye Tual House in which she remained nearly five years Constance Kent was subjected to influence.5 calculated to acl with morbid Force upon a mind already of abnormal character. A the knew that her father and others had been accused of the Sigurder o , and that even to that Day the suspicion was not altogether removed. She had been caught a to stat a a Idri Orait things Ana she she had Only to come Forward and accuse herself of the crime in order to free her father and at tie same time immolate herself. That these Avert sufficient motives cannot be questioned that they Avert potential Avith her is i think reasonable supposition. At any rate so doubtful did the authorities feel in regard to her guilt that her sentence a As commuted to imprisonment for life and three or four years ago she received a full Pardon. I suppose in this country such a Case could not possibly occur Avit Hout Tho a verdict of a jury in confirmation of the a Lea. But no instance could i think More effectually Coli bit the Ayrong of acting solely upon a confession than this one of Constiance Kent. It soon times happens that persons and this is especially True of Young children Are unable to disassociate their dreams from realities. I have kno Avn children to be punished for telling lies when full inquiry Slio aved that they Avert relating circumstances of Avrich they had dreamed. A a patient a lady informed me upon one occasion that she had risen in the night and gone to visit a gentleman of her acquaintance Avo Lia de in a Distant part of the City and had stayed in his House until morning. Thorough inquiry showed beyond the i possibility of doubt that to Ere avas not a word of truth in her Story that she had not left the House at aft and that the gentleman in question not at the time in the City. I a desire for notoriety Avill sometimes be the predominant Force in causing a false confessions. A few years ago i was requested col. A Whitely the chief detective of Lacer of the government to Isit in fee tombs prison a Man who had confessed himself to be a member of a gang of counterfeiters. This individual Lead Avritte a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury in which he detailed in the most and minute manner the organization of the band and As members of which he gave the names of the and respectable United states of his statements col Quot. Whitely tracheotomy. The delicate operation performed on Frederick William described and explained. Not an e sir Rcd opera lion but Ojie a it Iii ring in at skill. Some weeks a o the prominent Phy Iciano in attendance upon Frederick William i. Of Tern any held a consultation and decided that in order to save the illustrious patients life he ave uld have to submit to a surgical operation. Most eminent citizens of the both i political parties. Avert believed and was directed to Ina estimate the a Hole affair with the utmost secrecy and completeness col Whitely with the Perspicuity for which he is noted soon had his suspicions excited that Tho Man s Story was a fabrication. Nevertheless the evidence the fellow had sent to Washington was so far credited that it avas under consideration to arrest the alleged members of the band embracing Goa Ernora of states senators representatives and High officers of the army. I found the Man t be insane but it avas a form of insanity that Only one skilled in diseases of the mind Avold Haa e been enabled to detect. Frequently the Only Motia a for a con session is the Hope of some personal advantage to the confessor Avo Knovs full Well that Ashen the time comes to proceed to extremities Avith in he Avill be Able to Shoal his innocence. A railway journey the desire to shield a Friend accused of a crime or to obtain for himself or others a Reavard that May have been offered and even the Avish to perpetrate a joke at the expense of the officers of Justice have All been causes of false self accusation. When so Many incentives and predispositions exist it is not going too far to say that confession Avit Hout supporting evidence of an Ariit native character is not entitled to the slice test consideration. How Frank Stockton works. At dinner in Washington i sat across the table from Frank ii. Stockton the delicious Story Ariter rather than Noa list. At his left Elbow sat senator in galls a Griat Reader and student and one of the most scholarly members of the Senate. Quot what Are your habits of Kavork Quot asked the president of the Senate Quot hoax Manv hours a Dav for instance Quot Quot two Quot said Stockton. Quot two Quot Quot two hours Quot Quot Tavo Quot you confounded sybarite Quot Quot Why so Quot said Stockton. Quot How Many hours would you have me work Quot Quot Well i d Haa e you loaf As much As you can on general principles but i Kavork about sixteen hours a Day and think myself Lucky when i get off Avith twelve hours Quot Quot i Kavork eight hours a Day Quot said senator Spooner Avo sat next Quot and i think that is Quot i find by experience Quot said the author of Quot ii udder Grange Quot Quot that two hours a Day is about As much As i can Kavork effectively and even then i do not do physical work. I dictate either to my wife Avo is a careful writer or to a Secretary and then i sometimes run Over it Avith a pen and smooth it up. In these two hours i produce about 1,000 words say a Page of the Century. It is enough for it results in two Large books a i asked or. Stockton How Many americans he knew of who were earning their living entirely by pure literature that is by the creation of works of the imagination. Quot there in t anybody Quot he said excepting perhaps myself. And unless we Haa b an International copyright the number does not bid fair to increase. However there is e. P. Koe Quot. He added dreamily. Quot yes Quot i assented Quot i have seen the statistics of the Book stores of Milf air Kee which reported having sold in one year of b. P. Boe s books 1,000 copies of Ann Stephens 270 copies of How Ells Aldrich and Stockton fourteen copies . I he laughed i and said tie the baht very Likely i was. True. Psi Iomie Globe a Mociran \ dec Ink with thunk so an objectionable dish at table. It seems to be an open question whether or not the trouble is a cancer or some less malignant tumorous Crowth. If it is the former Thi. M Nevi it i a legion. A of hyoid Bone at Imse of Toni Quot in thyroid Carti Lugo. C Cricoid of Triplat a. De Trachea. A i he Iii ublies. The emperor Wal probably die before Many months if it is the latter he May Lia e to the natural end of his Days and May or May not regain the use of his voice. Whatever the nature of the malady is. There has been tumorous Groath on the Muscles of the Larynx which threatened to till up the wind pipe and choke the patient to death. To avoid this the doctors decided to perform the Sui tical operation. Avrich is known As tracheotomy and it avas accordingly done. It is not an extraordinary opera the i i lie Tachka. Tion. Many of our surgeons perform it in their regular practice without a word of comment. Still it is a delicate piece of Kavork requiring skill and exact Kuna pledge. In order to avoid the needless opening of blood vessels. The diagrams show just what was done to the emperor. The doctors Laid him on his Back. A longitudinal Slit avas made in the Trachea or Windpipe care being taken not to Cut the a Eins Avrich Are Mot Avith e. Fig. 2 or to Pierce the Back Wall of the Trachea thereby wounding the oesophagus or food passage Avrich lies just Back of it. The breathing tube about natural size. As shown in figure 3. Then a curved Silver tube of the same size shown in figure 4, is inserted As shown in figure 3. In a Case of tracheotomy recently performed by a Buffalo surgeon the tube Avrich avas used and which no doubt is Well known to the profession had an enlarged lower end which when in place formed a snug diaphragm it Riely isolating the part of the a Kracl a above the tube the tube is also double the inner tube being capable of removal for cleaning. So Tho a a Feror has this contrivance stuck in Throat and breathes through it. The Tisei of the. Trachea tube it will be a a ii in Ved is not a treatment of the disease. A Quot the seat of the this ease the ,4>tynk and attached Muscles Fig. 2 is of by to be which merely keeps the Quot patient from choking to death while the disease pursues its course of development. If he gets Well and the natural passage to the Trachea is , the Silver tube can be removed and the around in the Throat healed people by Iii houses. I used to know a Man Avo had a Quot study Quot in his House. I often heard him speak of it in a natural Way As a minister or professor Avold speak. He was not a minister or a prof Assor. He owned a line of draws and did nearly All the trucking in Tho town. He avas a school director for one term. I Felt a Little curiosity to see his study and one evening i dropped in to see him. His wife said he avas in his stud but she Avold Call him. He received me and said Quot come into the study and ave can Light our i went. The study was a Small dark room under the staircase. It had one half window and must have been dark about ten hours of daytime. There were two or three chairs in it a Long Box covered with cilia to that avas awfully suggestive of abandoned shoes and a scroll saw. That was All. I asked him if he Saaved and he said no. He had this study put in he said a Hen he avas actively interested in popular education. The thought that a school director Ever Felt the slightest interest in educational matters amused me very much but i Ditl not say so. I called not Long ago on a Friend in the City. He is a wealthy Man so i am proud to Call him my Friend. I have forgotten what i called on him for to borrow Money probably. The servant said he was in the Library and would see me there. The Library avas a Ery j handsomely furnished chairs and a i sofa and a sewing machine. And one thing and another. There were no books nor any Trumper of that sort around. My Friend said they littered amp room up so and his Azife did t like it so he always read his papers in the dining room. I blushed and Felt that i had exposed my re avness for i was Sulci an child of nature i always somehow associated a Library Avith . A family of my act Quaintance has a room that is a profound mystery Tome it o ens off Tho parlor and is furnished in Blue. They Call it the music room. Of All the people 1 Noav that family knows the least music and most cordially hates what it dogs know. There in t a musical instrument in the House and they once discharged a Groom because he played the Mouth Organ. But they Are prouder of their music room than of ail the rest of their House. And then i know one of the sweetest most gracious women in the world Avo always s eak8 of her a have been in it. It is not finite so Light As a Ca Semate but then it is aider than some Halls. You have to stand up in it because if you sit do Avn there is no room for your Knees. A Friend not Long ago took to out to see his new there was Only one of it but he called it Quot it Avert a Ery Complete. They avas of Brick and had Grain chutes to every stall Avater apparatus for hoisting Hay two great stalls for the coach horses and a Loose Box for the Pony and a Saddle Livorse. I asked adhere his horses were. He said it did t pay to keep horses it avas More convenient and cite Ajmir to hire them and he and his wife were so mortally afraid of horses any hoax they Seldom Droe. Still to alaways a anted a Good stable although he Nea or expected to keep a Bol Jinn the. Ill the clutch of a linear. Frank Saunderson a Hunter of considerable note struck the Trail of a Bear in Tho Woods near Kate skill but a Short time since. He Follo aved the scent for a some distance but his attention was distracted by the appearance of scores of Avite rabbits so he left Bruin s Trail temporarily in order to bag some rabbits. That he had made a miscalculation regarding the Bear s whereabouts avas quit duly apparent for at the shot tired at tiie rabbits a Tierce or Oval and Tho crackling of underbrush betokened the fact that danger Mena de the Hunter. The growls sounded nearer and More threatening but it was not till Tho Bear was fairly on the Hunter that he Saav the shaggy monster. Saunderson says that the animal must Haa e been in hiding in the Root of an immense tree for its appearance was so sudden and startling that tha Hunter for a moment entirely lost his presence of mind he heard his Shotgun go off and saw it in the clutches of the big Black brutal the accidental discharge of Saunder son s gun the Bear and enraged it to a frenzy and before the Hunter could get hold of the weapon again the Bear was on him tooth and Nail. Saunderson says that to has seen Many Catskill Mountain bears but he never saw so a vicious a brute As the one he encountered. It was not until his clothing was torn nearly off him and his flesh was scratched and bleeding that he succeeded in getting the upper hand of the Bear though to declares his escape was chiefly due to loss of blood and consequent exhaustion on the brute s part that caused it to succumb. The animal was a comparatively Small one its weight being 151 pounds. is still suffering from the effects of Bruin s Clavas one of the scratches on his left Arm being a half Inch in York times. Probably so. A rather venerable lady who however claimed to be a countess married a Man Avo did not belong to the nobility. Quot How did she come to marry him she has a title and he has note Quot remarked one gentleman to another. Quot i flon t know for certain but i expect she or d erred to have a husband without a title than to have a title with Ott a

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