Fort Wayne News, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1898, Fort Wayne, Indiana
LANDING REENFORGEMENTS FOR GEN. SHAFTER AT SANTIAGO WATER SUPPLY, FOR THE CAMP AT FERNANDINA, Fcrnandina, on Amelia Island, oft the northeast coast of Florida, where Uncle Sam's troops who are to Invade Porto Rico will be in camp while wait- ing for the procuring ot tho fifteen ad- ditional transports which are needed, is one of the prettiest and must attract- ive towns in tho State of Florida. lie location tor the purpose is equalled by none of, the other towns oC Florida, as it lies between the ocean and Amelia River on high land and is swept by tica breezes all the year. It is so mucti cooler and pleasantcr than Tampa that I It has been a matter ot surprise that it was not selected for a cauiplns ground rather than the Gulf town. There must bo a difference of ten de- grees In tho temperature of tlie two places. Up to 11 a. m. the heat is trying, lv.it every day at about that hour a delic- ious eea breeze springs up and forces down the mercury several points. The troops will have their camp on the high land between Fernaudina proper and what is known as Old Town, at the northern extremity of the island, and also between Fernandinii and the sea. i Old Town is old town of Spanish days in I IB within half v. mile of Fort Clinch, which commands the southern en- trance to Cumberland Sound. Within tho last two months a garrison has been sent there and new guns have been mounted on the old brick walls. The water is abundant and of snlen- did quality. It comes from artesian j wells and is al.solutely pure. When it first comes frinn the ground H smelly like uilphur water, which it is', hut nn being exposed to the air for u short time bucumcs odorless. j ably there is not as pleasant a camping j place in the whole State. Of cours" it's hot, hut the mercury seldom goes above 90 and the nights tiro and delightful. The splendid sea beach, as hard as a floor, nearly 400 feet wide at low water and twenty miles long, is only :t mile and a half away. Femandina nn questionably is the coolest town in Florida and the sur- roundings are unusually The harbor is with moro water on the bar- about twenty-four State, and, l. is the only port i lie Mortli anil West, is had by tho Klor- aloug Florida's east coast which can Central and Peninsula Railroad accommodate large vessels. The town 'and the Southern Railway. When it IK the principal phosphate r-Iiipping i comes to sending oft" the troops, proli- port tor that region and Immense qmm-' ably a large number of the man in titles of tho crude fertilizer :ire aj-in- camp at by the ped lo Europe every year. is almost ;IB hot as Tampa, as it is more lhan twenty from (he There are some persons in the Unit- ed States and a good many elsewhere who find much cause for complaint in what they arc pleased to term the dila- tory prosecution of Uncle Sam's war I against the Spanish Dons. Were theae1 kickers thoroughly familiar with the annals of the present coutury they would know that to date events, have moved with remarkable rapidity since the'beginning of hostilities last April. H is true that the Franco-Prussian WHS shoved along with much greater celerity, and so, perhaps, was the war between the Italo-PriiBsian al- liance' and Austria, but In these two eases conditions were ao different from those prevailing in the present war that comparisons are by no means fair. In neither case was it necessary for the aggressive nation to put to sea, let alone expand a little group of between and fighting men, barely enough to maintain military organiza- tion, to an effective army of invasion. I'russia and France arc continuous, and' it was only necessary for the Prussians tn advance to the French frontier to begin operations, and conditions 'vcre not ICSH favorable to the expedition of operations in tho Austro-Prussian war. DeaidRs, all parties were ready for both these ware, bavins been perfecting military organizations for many years. I The only wars fought It) this half century that can be compared with the [current one with any degree of fair- ness were the Crimean war of and the conquest of Egypt in 1S82, Uoth were conducted with munh great- er deliberation thun that with which our operations against Spain have been carried on. Yet in both instances the aggressive nations were provided at the beginning with thousands mure train- ed soldiers than the United .States pos- sesses even yet. Moreover, in tho Cri- mean war England was not fighting single handed, being in alliance with j Krancfi. while in the Egyptian opera- tions Hngland had moral support nf every European power, and licr an- tagonists were, nl! of Asiatic or African almost absolutely without ammunition, as was pointed out months ago, had been brought tn a state of tho falgUcst efliclency. An invading army of several thou- sand men, conveyed by a fleet of more .ban sixty transports, has made a toot- lold for itaolt on the enemy's soil. The second of the enemy's fleet has been bottled up In one of its own ports so securely that It has been able to contribute nothing at all to Spain's ef- ective fighting, even though the Mer- may not, as hoped, ontlrely blocked the mouth of Santiago's bor. In all the engagements, sc tor, tho United States has not lost many men by reason of the enemy's firo, while Spain's losses at Manila, Guantanamo, San Juan and elsewhere must nggre- gnte at least men and perhaps more. Events moved vastly slower in tho Crimean war. For causes which need not be explained here, England and France, acting jointly, declared war against Russia on March In- stantly the mobilisation large masses of troops wns begun both by the French and, English. Consider- ing the Inferior means of transporta- tiun then existing, they were moved eastward with commendable celerity, for, after spending some time at Galll- poli and other Oriental localities, they landed at Varna on May 29 of the same year. This, however, it will be Ob- served, was almost exactly as long af- ter the declaration of war against Rus- sia as the period which has now elapsed since the capture of the Buena Vcn- tnra, the first act of the present war, and there was no end of complaint. Hut the war was not actually begun by the end of May, 1S54. The ties in charge decided at once upon an expedition against the Crimea, but they their time, and plenty of it, before they got down to business, for they didn't embark their forces until September 3, and the voyage from Varna to Old Fort, near Eupatpria, about thirty miles from Sebastopol, wns not finished until the middle of the month. Lord Ragliin for the English. totally unable by nature land Marshal St. Arnaud for the French to put up a winning fight against' bad charge of the allied forces, nmount- i Europeans. It is now almost three months since tho. present war began, on April 22, by 'the Nashville's capture of the nuena Veutura. Since then tho Unit- ed States forces have completely de- stroyed one Spanish fleet in waters thousands of miles from home, and the conquest of an enormously rich group j of islands is virtually accnmplislied. From an effective force of less than men the army has been increas- ed to more than and the new troops arc being rapidly transformed into one of the most effective fighting transports, us the bar at the mouth of jthn St. John's River has only about nineteen feet of water and the river It- self is shallow, a.ml so winding that vessels cover more than thirty miles in reaching Jacksonville from the sea, while the actual distance In a straight line is only a little more than twenty miles. The Clyde steamers, which run to Jacksonville, draw little water I in proportion to their size, and even they sometimes touch bottom in going up or down the croolied channel. Tin- i The Spanish Army on n peace foot- ing is supposed lo consist of men, and ou a war footing of although the number Is said to be much larger thnn this at present. The Colonial forces, Including miliiia, niu i- her about "SG.OOO rnen. Service ;ls j compulsory I'or eight years, and for j four years in the Colonies. These i forces, assisted of course by the Navy, have to defend square miles of Spanish home territory, aud 1 square miles of Colonial pos- sessions. It is nicely that these figures wiil bo considerably reduced by the r m-escnt war, for the Philippine islands I themselves take up more than !000 square miles, and Cuba and Porto j squaru miles. organizations in the world. The navy, which, speaking mildly, was not well prepared for war, being ing to 58.000 men, and they were land- ed on Septcmbrr 14. 15 and 1C. The battle, of Alma, the Russians numbering between and men, was f might four days later -and resulted in a complete rout for.- the Russians, but the war lasted until April. 1350, two long and weary years and more after the declaration of hos- tilities. It was five and a half months after the declaration before tho-first' shot was fired and nearly .eleven months after the destruction of tha Turkish fleet by the Russians (at Sinope. November 30, tually insured war'between France and England on one side and Russia pit tha AN OFFICER'S DRESSING TABLE. Military Military trimmings are elahor.Utly 1 '.'.suil on some of the guardsmen's jacli- 'fia of blue ladies cloth nf light weight. The fronts flare in a very stylish way, the pocket is finished with a np.r- iuw turn-do un collar and revcrs'tint a graceful roll to tlie waisi- iiiic. i The pjrcatcsl host obtainable in a 1 cooking stove is 760 degrees.