Florence Morning News Newspaper Archives Jul 26 1970, Page 5

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Florence Morning News (Newspaper) - July 26, 1970, Florence, South CarolinaAin Eftig a frug monday july 26, 1970 5-a school desegregation erodes governor s Campaign by Rob Wood associated press writer Columbia the desegregation of South Carolina schools is an acid eroding the 1970 gubernatorial Campaign with both the democrats and republicans pointing an accusing Finger at Washington. The department of health education and welfare and the department of Justice have become dirty political words in South Carolina. Politicians insist that the school desegregation Issue be dropped from the Campaign Agenda that politics by removed from education. But Day after Day both parties continue to Hammer away at the recent in segregation orders from Washington attempting to the voters that their political party had nothing to do with the decisions. The desegregation mandate from Washington also has driven a wedge Between Republican sen. Strom thur mond and president Nixon at least publicity. Thurmond who is credited by Many observers with swinging South Carolina and possibly other Southern states to Nixon in the 1968 was sharply critical of the Nixon administration during a Senate speech. He accused the administration of a breath of Faith with the people of the the move apparently was made to help Republican con Gressman Albert Watson in his bid to become the first gop governor in South Carolina in More than 100 years. Had Thurmond continued to defend the Nixon administration As lie had done in the past Watson would have suffered in South Carolina. The democratic gubernatorial candidate u. Gov. John West called a news conference to announce that South Carina would continue to fight the Federal lawsuits filed a sins. School districts for failure to meet desegregation standards. Watson followed up West s comments by stating that the democratic candidate was now walking in the footsteps that he Watson had put in the Sandy soil of South Carolina politics Many months before. Last Winter when Darlington and Greenville county schools were ordered to desegregate at midterm gov. Robert Mcnair a Democrat had said South Carolina had run out of courts and out of time., but in a recent interview he agreed with it. Gov. West that the state should assist affected school districts in fighting the Federal action in the courts. The desegregation Issue began to flare brightly after the Darlington and Greenville cases. Shortly after the Federal suits were filed against the 10 school District there came a report that More than 100 lawyers and Federal marshals would move into the deep South next month to assure Complete school desegregation. And then the internal Revenue service announced that it was denying tax exempt status for private schools practising racial discrimination. This brought from thur mond a stinging attack on the Nixon administration and a charge that the South was to be invaded by "100 carpet bagging Justice department lawyers sent for the purpose of assuring forced integration of the Public Thurmond then warned the Nixon administration that the people of tie South would not support unreasonable the attack came Only two clays after Nixon formerly announced his support of Watson for governor. This support now at least is no Bonus in South Carolina for Albert Watson. The democrats meanwhile hit hard and often on the fact that i o o 1 desegregation did t Start with their party and that Freedom of Choice had prevailed until Nixon took office. See s.c., Page 8a Many imprisoned dissent survives in South Vietnam by Michael Putzel associated press writer Saigon a political opposition survives in South Viet Nam despite the government s methods of squelching certain o its More ton persons accused of political offences Are said to be in custody. Still anti government demonstrations Are held in the streets of Saigon and newspapers criticize the government for its handling of Domestic and foreign affairs. Instead of being intimidated by president Nguyen vain Thieu s warnings of a crack students appear to be gaining strength. The fre quent seizure of newspaper editions critical of the government has served to popularize the dad lies that Are confiscated most often. The widespread and articulate dissent is limited however by the opposition s fragmented nature and because the govern ment does not tolerate All pro tests. About political prison ers Are classified As communist meaning arrest for Viet Cong activities not directly associated with War action. Many of these Are people rounded up by the de Phoenix program designed to eliminate the Viet Cong Infra Leadene and political cadre of the National liberation front. Some claim they were simply near the scene of a Battle pick id up afterwards by Ameri can or government troops and convicted by a military Field court of aiding the enemy. The government seeks to classify them As criminals not political prisoners. A larger group of prisoners said by the South vietnamese Senate to number about of persons banished from their provinces without trial under the an Tri decree of 1966. This Law provides that per sons considered dangerous to the National defense and Publ Security May be interned in prison or designated area 01 banished from designated areas for a maximum period of two years which is renewable.1 most an Tri detainees Are held in government prisons often segregated from other prison ers. They Are not entitled to trial. The Mobile military Field court that the Thieu government has used several times in the past year to dispose of its Politi Cal enemies was found unconstitutional by the supreme court last May. The government How Ever has refused to free per sons convicted by the military tribunal. National Assembly Deputy Iran Ngoc Chau a Thieu opponent was convicted of treason. His conviction was overturned by the supreme court but he is still in prison. Students recently freed from con son the Island prison in which two american Congress men discovered evidence of Tor Ture and neglect say Many of the prisoners held in Tiger cages have served out their sentences but Are being held in definitely. With its Broad authority the government appears to have the Power to crush its opposition but it has tolerated the express any opposition Leader we challenges the government War policy risks prosecution a a pro communist fined by the Law As a person who commits acts of propaganda for and incitement of Neu these acts Are assimilated to acts of jeopardizing Public within the limits the govern ment enforces there Are Nunier Ous opposition groups both in Side and outside the established political system. So far they have been unable to unite enough people to offer a significant threat to the government. The opposition groups have to things in says one american student of Viet namese politics. They Are All vietnamese and they All Don t Ike the government. Beyond hat they re driven by internal dissension family loyalties religious differences regional differences and All sorts of Polit Cal disputes. Because of their discipline and Unity of purpose the communists Are the biggest political roup in Vietnam. That s Why it would be suicide for anyone to advocate a coalition. After them come the catholics. Thieu is a Catholic. They re mostly northerners and a pretty tight about 80 per cent of the popu lation is Buddhist and the buddhists Long have been a potentially powerful political Force. They played an important part in the overthrow of Ngo Dinh diem s Catholic regime in 1963. They have been unable to unite in sufficient numbers to shake Thieu s government. Extremist groups have Little Appeal in the United states Buss from the Boss miss Mary Lou Berg of West Bend wis., recently named vice chairman of the democratic National committee gets a kiss and o handshake from National committee chairman Larry o Brien. The occasion was a news conference last week during which miss Berg met the press corps in Washington. A by George Gallup Princeton n. J. Extremist groups As the John Birch society and the Kun flux klan on the right and the ads and Black panthers on the have Little popular Appeal in America today. This is apparent from a nationwide Gallup poll conducted in late june. Nor is there evidence of any significant change in attitudes toward extremist organizations Over the last five years a period of violent upheavals in american society. This is seen from a comparison of the results of the latest Survey with those from a comparable Survey in 1965. In the latest Survey Only 4 per cent of All persons interviewed say they hold a highly favourable opinion of the John Birch society an Ultra right organization whereas 38 per cent say they have a highly unfavourable opinion. The com parable percentages five years ago were Little different 3 per cent and 40 per cent. The same pattern holds True for the Kkt another rightist organization. Today free per cent hold a highly favourable View of this organization and 75 per cent hold a highly unfavourable View. Virtually the identical figures were recorded 5 years ago. Similarly two organizations at die other end of he political spectrum the ads students for a democratic society and the Black panthers an Ultra militant negro group Are supported by Only a Small fraction of the u. S. Population. Seven per cent of adults interviewed in the Survey with he highest proportions among he College educated and Young say they have a highly favourable Opi Nion of the ads. The other end of the scale finds 42 per cent with a highly unfavourable opinion. Ratings Are based on a sensitive attitude scale called the Stapel Scal Ometer which consists of ten Square or boxes. The person being tested is Given a card showing the squares and is told that the top Square represents the highest degree of liking the lowest Square the lowest degree. He is then asked to indicate far up or Down the scale he would place the organization he is asked to rate. Highly favourable attitudes Are obtained by combining the responses i the top two scale positions while extreme negative attitudes Are obtained by combining the responses in the Bottom two positions. Following Are the highly favourable and highly unfavourable ratings for r a c h organization tested. The 1965 figures Are shown in parentheses where a comparison has been made highly highly Favorat Levao burnable per per cent cent 23 17 16 22 a act wok John Birch society Black panthers 3ds 3 1 75 76 4 3 o 38 40 75 42 a act has Good image with Blacks Princeton n. J. Although under fire from some negro leaders for being too moderate in its demands the National association for the advancement of coloured people clearly commands the Broad respect of negroes in the . Today. More than eight in ten 83 per cent of negroes in the latest Gallup Survey give this organization a highly Fawra ble rating on an attitude scale called the Stapel Scal Ometer which is designed to measure degree of feeling about an organization or person. Only one negro in 100 gives the organization a highly unfavourable rating. In contrast the Black panthers an Ultra militant organization wins a highly favourable rating from far fewer negroes 19 per cent. Thirty six per cent of negroes give the Black panthers a highly unfavourable rating. Whites also give the a act a far higher rating than they give the Black panthers. Eighteen per cent of whiles give the a act a highly favourable rating but Only one per cent give the Black panthers this rating. Terror lives on the doorsteps in the ghetto editor s note fear live on tie streets of the Black Ghet to streets that Are some of the most crime Ridden in the nation irony lives on these streets too for the principal suffers o ghetto crime Are the Black themselves victims of their own soul Brothers. By John Barbour a new features writer for most american negroes locked in the inner City be comes a Way of life. Terror fives in dark doorways. It is the ironic tragedy of City life that Blacks Bear the Burden of Black crime that those trying to make their lives better Are srey to the frustrated lodged in the ghetto with them that those most in need of Protection receive not enough. In Brooklyn ., to Pur Chase paint you have to Knock on the door of the paint store be fore the proprietor lets you in. Middle of the afternoon. Brok in A closed Pool parlor wears a sign buddy has had his fifth operation because of a Holdup y his soul buddy s ool parlor Newark buddy stands oif Side the shut ered door flexing his forearm or his friends. The Muscles Are leading after a Shotgun blast Ore into hand and Arm. Now he Las a dog a German Shepherd Sion of considerable anti govern still a late night break in Post ment sentiment. His reopening. That tolerance does not sex Between. 70 and 80 per cent of tend to those who would seek major big City crime is har peace by dealing with the ene my. Thus the peace planks of most opposition parties arc vague and undefined. Truong Dinh Dzu the peace candidate who ran second to Thieu in the 1967 presidential elections was jailed three weeks later on corruption charges lie still is in prison. Observers at the time said Dzu was jailed because he advocated negotiations with the Viet Cong and formed a sizable coalition of Defeated candidates who charged thou s election was a fraud. Bored in negro or predominately negro precincts. Little is visited upon Whites. On police maps the coloured pins flock Gregariou sly in ghetto neighbor hoods detailing the rapes and robberies. In one Detroit neigh boyhood in one Winter month 25 armed robberies three unarmed robberies 20 breaking and Cut rings four car thefts one rape. It is worse in sum Mer. In one year in St. Louis there were nearly charges Deli Vered against negroes for maj or crimes nearly 200 rapes 145 murders assaults burglaries and thefts. That was 74 per cent of major crime in the City. Most of tie victims were negro. On one recent saturday in Newark s 4th and 5th spotlight life in the ghetto Cincys predominantly negro there were five robberies 12 break ins six car break ins two purse snatching 12 stolen autos. Says a Detroit negro it s not i m Black and not getting mine and robbing Whitey. Now it s the Blacks taking from the says a Newark police officer the White woman in the outer districts is the one who fears rape the most. But it is the Black woman in the ghetto who gets says a new York taxi Driver who lives in Harlem the police can t do nothing about if. If to s stopped the people got to do it. It s he people s in Detroit s inner City Wilna strange works As a Secretary at the Grace episcopal Church 12th Street and Virginia Park ave., where the Detroit riots of pre Ders robberies occur i two Black precincts two officers in an unmarked police car join a sweep for suspects who just held up a grocery store. The radioed descriptions Are Flimsy two coloured males about 6 feel tall. One May be wearing a big hat. There Are too Many suspects. One is a Man running for a bus. One is a boy wandering Down the Street. Each is checked out. Says one of the suspects this is time this week i be been picked police Are patting Down two other suspicious youths on an other Newark Street. A woman stares at them from the front window and then goes to the porch and Calls out that boy s All right. He lives Here. He s my boy. He s got a Job. Don t you cause him no 967 began. On new year s eve i it is Mutual of be she stepped off a downtown bus i Gro youths for the police fear of nto the Early whiter the police for the hidden Vio her arms full of parcels. Some one asked her a question. She turned. A male Arm locked around her neck. Male fists beat at her face. She fell. When she came to her purse and parcels were gone. Now she does t go out at night not Evento buy the groceries she needs for Tomor Row. Nor is the Church where she works i Munc. It has been robbed so often she takes her we and locks the office door oven when she leaves for a few minutes. For the people who live on or year the dangerous streets in the nation the Only useful part of the Day begins at Dawn and ends at darkness. Fear of their Ellow Man fills their lives. Crime is the overhead of living and everyone pays and pays ind pays. In Newark where 52 per cent of major crimes rapes Mur Lence that can erupt on the streets. Many officers remember vividly the gun Battles or riots. Now there Are Many More guns around in Homes and in cars. Everyone has a gun says a Detroit ghetto Dweller. At night Newark tactical Force police Wear uniforms Al though those on Day duty Wear plainclothes. The reason when you pull up at the scene of a crime it is Best to be easily identified As police or risk the Chance of being shot by fellow officers. Police Blue uniforms mean Protection to some but they Are objects of fear and resentment to others. Even a negro in uni form is suspect. Joe Mew stick is a private guard. It has Cost him friends. And yet he too suffers the Impact of ghetto crime. He worked Day and night in the 1967 Detroit riots As an ambulance Driver. When he finally returned to his apartment he stripped clean by he had saved for clothes television set All of it was gone. I went out and bought two six packs of Beer and i sat Down in the Middle of the floor and i had myself a big the frustration of this kind of living reaches into daily habits into Small chances for recreation. Crime Breeds distrust and distrust Breeds More potential violence. Drugs Are behind much of the crime police feel. Cocaine that drives a Man up. Heroin that drives him Down. But the need for either that drives him to crime. Poverty is another stamp on the envelope of crime. Idleness is another. Frustration is tie envelope itself. Drugs Cost Money in a neighbor hold where there is Little. One Detroi Ler defending his ghetto Community against charges of High crime insisted there was As much drug addiction in White neighbourhoods but that the Whites had Money enough to pay for their habits. They Are not driven to stealing. Howsoever Here arc drugs. Police estimate that Onci third of the registered addicts in the state of new Jersey live in Newark and most of those in negro districts. One night in Newark police follow an informer into a broken weary wooden House to investigate a drug charge. The door of the ground floor apart ment is nearly off its hinges. The floor is rough filthy and caches of heroin Are in drawers closets covered with cigarette Butts. The naked Light bulbs work in Only two rooms. Seven adults and three Chil Dren sit around the Dinette table. In the Center arc the re Mains of heroin hypodermic Needles the spoon the candles. A canister Market flour yields a number of pills Small found clothes. Around the table Are tie people who live there a woman her three children her Man. There Are also two other women three other men some seem dulled by heroin. The Man of the House has been run Ning a shooting police decide a place where addicts come to shoot up heroin. Each Man is taken into the other room stripped Down his clothes minutely inspected and then his body to make sure nothing has been hidden. The woman Are crammed into a police car and taken to head quarters for a similar search by a Matron. In the end some of adults Are held for the interrogation. The Man of the House is to be charged for Possession of narcotics. The Mother is released and sits in the bed with her Small children Tufts of mattress stuffing caught in their hair. Says the smallest one is daddy going to jail police say the Mother too might have been charged even though she did t use the drugs but no one knew what to do about the children. It makes1 you says an officer. They Haven t got a Chance with her and not much Chance without a Brooklyn ., neighbourhood of brownstones is slowly moving Down the Road to decay in spite of efforts of Ong torm residents to hold it Njg other. A woman installs wire mesh screening Over her rout door and buys chains and padlocks and keeps a dog protect her and still does not feel secure. Her neighbor who said she would never move oui has moved out. Police ignore the area refer complaints to tie Block association head. On the front Lawn of his Well tended Home just off 12th Street in Detroit an old Roan sits with his dog and tasks with a neighbor vandals just stole his Lawnmower from is garage. Now what would they want with that he asks. Nevertheless he tends his Flowers. Nevertheless he watches his neighbors Homes As he would his own nevertheless he has Hope. Next door is a neighbourhood improvement association a lock away Are a Row of apart ment buildings being refurbish a four blocks away is a youth Center trying to make a Dent in the ranks of Idle and frustrated kids. Other cities other Hopes. In Center City St. Louis mo., Are the Cochrane apartments to Public housing 15 years old but looking older. The grounds Are a clutter of blowing paper and broken Glass. The rents Are Low the families Are Large and when school is out hundreds of youngsters fill the walkways and the streets and older ones haunt the areas leading to downtown. Last september a sniper fired Down from the roof of one of the buildings at a police car cruising by. When the officers stepped out he wounded both of them. The culprit was never found but the memory lingers on. In october concerned citizens formed a group called Cochrane concern to do something about it. They set up voluntary 24-hour patrons to walk the grounds and scout tie buildings. Occasionally the e Community relations patrolman who works with youngsters in ii area walks their beat with hem to add authority. The easy chair by David Rainwater give a dandelion an Inch and it la take a Yard. Charity a generous impulse to give away something we have no use for. The average golfer just putters around. Bachelor a Man who would t take yes for an answer. Trouble with being punctual is people think you have nothing More important to Dol one thing that is important the Lovely guest room furniture you la find at furnishing co., 204 n. Dargan St. Florence s. C

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