Florence Morning News Newspaper Archives Jul 19 1970, Page 5

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Florence Morning News (Newspaper) - July 19, 1970, Florence, South CarolinaJinx purr Fruia Jar tag sunday july 19, 1970 Street Side menagerie circus runaways the place a lot on Euclid Street in Marion. The inhabitants who knows could be that some creatures strayed from a circus liked the surroundings and decided to stay. The Long eared Donkey in the foreground seems Happy enough amid the tall grass and so does the Little fellow in the Driver s seat of the old Hay Rake who no doubt is imaging that the Donkey is taking him for a splendid ride. And trotting along behind hoofs raised High is a Goat pulling what seems to be a circus cart. A pleasant menagerie or so thought morning news photographer Johnny Ellis who photographed it. Zero hour came in blinding Flash editor s note it w a Dawn. Dawn july Daw of the nuclear age. The first Tes of the atom bomb on an Isola de site in new Mexico. What i it Means to the men who buil and detonated it and 25 year later what did that Blazin blast mean for the world by Bill Stockton a science writer off Ogham . A postmaster Harold Dean too beside the Gas pump outside Bingham s solitary building the combination Post office an store and gazed Down the lonely ribbon of Asphalt stretching across the Bleak new Mexico desert. Has it really been 25 years he mused rubbing a weather hand across his summed face. To the across two Lane u. S. 380, the Sierra Kostura baked in the summer Sun. A tur key Buzzard drifted Over the Mesquite and Greasewood. Atop its pole by the door Thi tattered Flag flapped in the incessant wind that sweeps the Tomado Del Muertz punctual ing the silence As Dean mar shared his memories of jul y 16 1945. July 16, 1945. A monday. Germany had surrendered of the allies two months earlier and president Truman was in Potsdam for a meeting with Churchill and Stalin. In the Pacific troop move ments had begun for the inva Sion of Japan four months away military experts predicted americans might die. And 20 Miles South of the Bingham Post office at a place called Trinity site inside a Stee cab atop a 100 foot Tower a contraption of Pluto mum explosives and detonators awaited an electrical signal. Scattered about the secret site in the desert 210 Miles South of Albuquerque ., also waiting for the signal were some of the finest scientists and engineers the allies could find. They had come to test the theory that at oms of certain heavy elements e0sld be split at vast quantities of Energy and creating an immense explosion. A new bomb. Zero hour came in a blinding Flash of Light never seen on Earth before at . Mountain War time. The Light brightened the de Sert and the Sierra Ose uras As if it were noon. A great mass of flame unbelievable in size hurled rocks and debris High into t11" sanding out a Ducc wave and deafening Roar. The steel Tower Porizek by heat Harold Dean was asleep in the rear of his store. He had kept it open late two nights in a Row to accommodate lonely soldiers bivouacked nearby. Unknown to Dean the soldiers were to evac uate isolated ranches if need be. It rained on and off through the night and that rain hitting s the window put me into a deep he said. Then All of a sudden came the loudest bang i be Ever heard. The first thing i remember is standing at the foot of the bed saying was that but i knew it was t Thunder. I was so tired i went Zatk to bed. But i could t sleep. By then it was Light so i got up and looked out. That s when i saw the four weeks later two Japa Nese cities Lay in nibble and world War ii had ended. World to politics would never be the same again. J the alumni of Trinity Are scattered now but their legacy lives on. It glides beneath the oceans in a submarine powered by a silent reactor and carrying nuclear tipped missiles it beats in the breast of a woman in France whose life de pends on a tiny atomic Genera Tor regulating her heart beat. It beckons a Power hungry world As the Only salvation when conventional Energy sources Are dead. And it is inexorably entwined in a Complex struggle to pre serve Earth s environment for generations hence. The Trinity legacy can be told by eight men who lived it Vannevar Bush Norris Bradbury James tuck Frank Divizzio Stanislaw ulam Edwin Mcmillan Stafford Warren and Glenn Seaborg. Vannevar Bush was at Trinity base Camp 10 Miles Southwest of he lower iving on a Canvas spread Over the wet ground. A distinguished electrical Engineer from the Massachusetts Institute of technology Bush was head of the office of Scien Ifica research and develop spotlight the age of the atom nent. He oversaw an army of working on radar the proximity fuse and a flock of de Ense projects including Hie 52 Jillian Manhattan project to de Relon a nuclear weapon. Now 80, widowed he lives in at a spacious Home top a wooded Hill in Belmont mass. The Advent of the atom bomb was inevitable the state of science being what it was he said sipping ice water and reclining in a Blue smoking jacket. Our fear was that Hitler would get it first. If Hitler had gotten the bomb into production before we did he would have conquered the Bush is convinced the bomb produced a More stable world a View Many of his contemporaries share. I think it s a Damn thing we have the bomb and the russians have it. Because now no ruling group will commit Sui cide knowing they re doing until five minutes before the detonation Norris Bradbury exhausted had huddled in a responsible for Assembly of fat As the bomb was dubbed he had battled Sand and stifling heat readying the device in the final frustrating week. They moved All of us w h o had nothing to do with the control Point off about 10 Miles to a Hillside. It was drizzling and we find of huddled in the sleeping bags and i went to sleep. Thank goodness someone woke me after the detonation Bradbury recalls the thing that impressed me particularly Itiat was outside the realm of any prior human experience was the brightness of the Light. It was beyond belief in terms of any other thing i d a Small wiry Man now 61, Bradbury left Stanford univer sity in 1941 for a naval Reserve Coin Mission. He was ordered in 1944 to los Alamos the secret Laboratory in the mountains West of Santa be . Under the direction of physicist j. Robert Oppenheimer a team of scientists and engineers gathered at los Alamos in 1943 44 to design and build the bomb. They chose the isolated desert area on the North Edge of the Alamogordo ., army air base bombing Range As a test site. Oppenheimer resigned after the War and Bradbury succeeded him directing development of the Hydrogen bomb. Bradbury retires As los Jalomos director sept. 1. One of the most significant things done after Trinity was development of the Hydrogen Bradbury believes you might think of my god that s terrible but nevertheless if we had t done it somebody else would have. We would have on the receiving end of that sort of system rather than where we Jim tuck is a los Alamos Pio Neer. If he and others around the world can tame the Hydro Gen bomb Man will be assured Tor centuries of cheap pollution and radiation free electrical Power generated from the heavy Hydrogen in sea water. Born 60 years ago in England tuck was scientific adv be to und came to los Ala mos in the night before Trinity tuck and several colleagues not involved directly in the test Rode three old army buses from los Alamos Down to the desert. They waited through the night on a Bill 20 Miles from ground Zero. The return bus ride was sol inn. We realized what we had done. And we wondered what would have happened to the world if we had t done it and someone else los Alamos scientists had concentrated on a weapon based on splitting or Fis Sioning atoms of heavy elements. But they also studied to Gether atoms of Light elements o create heavier elements. This reaction which liberates far More Energy than fission is the basis of the Hydrogen bomb. Tuck went Back to England after the War but returned to los Alamos in 1950 to help with he Hydrogen bomb. He worked on controlled fusion on the Side Ihen full time. A fusion Power reactor would be devoid of most dangers in Herent in fission reactors. There see nuclear Page 7a Gallup report Lindsay shows surprising voter Appeal As Democrat by George Gallup Princeton n. J. Republican John Lindsay mayor of new York City shows surprising voter Appeal when matched As a Democrat against president Nixon and gov. George Wallace of Alabama in a National test in fact Lindsay s support in this test is within 7 percentage Points of the vote Given democratic senator Edmund Muskie of Maine who an earlier Gallup poll showed was the top democratic nomination Choice of the nation s voters. In the latest Gallup sampling Lindsay wins the vote of 29 per cent of registered voters compared to 46 per cent for Nixon and 15 per cent for Wallace. Muskie receives 36 per Lent to 43 per cent for Nix on and 13 per cent for Wallace. In the 1969 mayoralty contest Lindsay Defeated both his democratic and Republican opponents by coalescing dissident factions from both parties. This achievement has led to discussion about Lindsay As a possible presidential con tender for 1972 on the democratic ticket. The political pattern of support for Lindsay therefore is of particular is Terest. Among republicans Nixon wins by a wide margin. However Lindsay ahead of Nixon 45 to 25 per cent democrats. Among independents an important bloc of voters who can play a decisive role in elections Lindsay s support closely matches his Overall National percentage. Nixon holds a 2-to-l Lead among White voters but the new York mayor receives the overwhelming support of non White voters. Here Are the questions asked of a Sam ple of 1165 registered voters from a total Sample of 1513 adults in More than 300 scientifically selected areas Between june 19-22 if Richard Nixon were the Republican candidate and John Lindsay were the democratic candidate and George Wallace ran again As a third party candidate which would you like to see win Muskie was substituted for Lindsay in the second the results follow nationally and by party affiliation Nixon Lindsay Wallace registered voters Nixon Lind Wai no say lace pref. Per per per per cent cent West cent 46 29 15 10 25 45 18 12 80 19 8 3 43 27 18 12 runs with National democrats Reb pelicans independents Nixon Muskie Wallace registered voters Nixon Muskie Wallace undecided per 36 36 13 thaw apparently is ended in Taipei Moscow relations by Leonard Pratt associated press writer Taipei Formosa a for five years nationalist China and the soviet Union have been carrying on Low level diplomatic contracts. Now the thaw seems to be Over. Nationalist representatives abroad remain under instructions not to avoid Contact with the soviets but officials say prearranged meetings be tween diplomats of the communist Power and one of the most ardent anti communist govern ments have collapsed. It is believed the collapse be Gan with the renewal of mos cow peking talks last August and became definite with a recept diplomatic nationalists. The contacts Rebuff to the had aroused great interest in world capitals As the Moscow peking split deepened. When some five years they began they appeared to have on extensive his tory of nationalist soviet tons to build on. The soviet Union helped Sun Yatsena reorganize his Uomino Tang party in 1923, and it sent advisers to help the parly reunite China under he nationalist government in 1928. The soviets were thrown of when Chiang Koi Shek who took Over the party when Sun die turned on the party s communist members. But they were Back in 1938 when Russia was Bhe Only country willing to sent Aid and advisers to help Chiang fight japanese invaders. Many nationalists were educated in Moscow including Chiang s son Chiang Ching Kuo now vice pre Mier. When the soviets recognized the communist government of Mao tse Tung after the nation Alist government retreated to Formosa in 1949, he tries broke relations and squared off for the cold War. Officially that s where they remain but some five years ago nationalist rhetoric against the soviets softened. A common to Lical slogan anti communism resist was Short med to simply anti comm russian publications be to ease off on their Trade ional references to the Chiang air Shek Bandit two agnews Public and private Agnew frets Over negative Side of his Public image by Carl p. Leubsdorf associated press writer Washington a trav Ling around the country vice resident Spiro t. A hew leads strange monastic life. Be Veen carefully rationed Public appearances most of his time is pent in a window less air Force Ransport plane or in closely guarded hotel rooms. Outwardly assured but with n almost diffident manner the ice president keenly aware f his role in the Nixon adminis ration and of his ability to com land a prominent place in the news Media he often castigates. I m the hard political of can t be like he of irked during an overnight trip ast week to speak at an Educa on meeting in Denver. At another Point he observed of altogether in jest i Haven t Aid anything controversial All travelling with the vice presi ent shows one two sides of the Lan. The Blunt speak no Champion of Middle Ameri an Virtues and beliefs. The Pri introspective Man reply concerned with the prob Nis of government and the Bujic image he was acquired. In recent weeks Agnew has Reade a conscious attempt to re air what he feels is a mistaken Mage magnified by the Media a stumbling Buffoon who of in says the wrong thing. Something that has haunted him Nee the 1968 presidential Cam sign and his often quoted re arks about Polack and a fat Jap and if you be seen Kie City slum you be seen them 11." he has met privately with present Alves of various Seg ments of the those critical of likes to have a Small number accompany him on his flying trips in Hopes they will see him a thoughtful student of govern ment and of the nation s prob lems rather than As the Blunt spoken administration spokes Lan. I Hope that As people get to know me better As they always do some of those who feel that i am divisive and harsh will see other sides in me and will see the positive Side of my personal Agnew said during the trip to Denver. He feels that much of the criticism from political foes and the press has been unfair. But he appears to have difficulty coming to grips with the notion that a comment such As the one about the slums might be dam aging even if literally accurate. He feels that nothing he has said has had anything to do with contributing to Campus unrest which he sees As the result of permissiveness and Lack of discipline by the colleges and uni. Verities. Yet he concedes he can not go safely o any College Campus in. The possibly in a carefully controlled situation. But Agnew appears to be be coming less sensitive to critic to the mint of acknowledging in private that a phrase in a recent so Leech Mig it have been too he says anyone in Public life must expect some harsh response to his views. Aglow s views remain As he fore strongly in tune with those of president Nixon belief in the Success of the administration s Gricate the United states from Vietnam while upholding . Commitments a hard line View that soviet arms advances must be matched if there is to be any Hope of arms control a conviction that Nixon has reversed the nation s priorities to put More emphasis on Domestic social problems rather than defense. Though he came to the vice presidency from two years As governor of Maryland and with out prior Washington experience Agnew feels he is As equipped As anyone to handle the Job and appears supremely confident of his ability to handle anything that might come Alon the presidency. A political practitioner of what might be called the Art of no politics Agnew shuns the company of the usual Ort of political associates both in his travels and at his destination. This contributes to a sense of insulation one feels while travel ing with Agnew a sense that goes beyond that which has come to be associated with the presidency and vice presidency in recent years. Thus travelling to Denver in the air Force transport As signed does t mind its Lack of was accompanied by a speechwriter a researcher two secretaries four reporters More than a dozen secret service agents and two regular travelling Compa were or. William Voss his personal physician and Roy Goodearle who functions As a combination political aide tour manager and press Secretary. On the three hour flight an hour was consumed in chatting with newsmen much of the rest in playing Gin Rummy with Voss with whom Agnew has played for hours on top of hours from Washington to Katmandu. Arriving at sealed off Buckley air Force base Agnew talked vice president Agnew jovially displays a Spiro Wristwatch efforts in Southeast Asia to sex looking on it e. C. Finch of an Indian Charity that will Benefit from Salm of watch briefly with Denver reporters then sped downtown in a five car motorcade Over an unannounced route to the Brown pal Ace hotel not to emerge again unil his departure the following Day. He stayed in the Eisenhower panelled eighth floor apartment often occupied by the late spent time working on future speeches and other business. He made some phone Calls but found time Over cocktails he sipped scotch and discuss for More than an hour subjects ranging from nudity at Rock festivals to his image. His it is believed the Root of the government s changed attitudes toy in he fear of War wih communist China which Moscow apparently began to feel in the mid-1960s. The russians May have dropped their hostility o nationalist officials abroad is Hopes of picking up information about events of the Mainland. The nationalists responded warily to the soviet initiatives but evidently came to believe they Mishy profit from such contacts while also throwing peking off balance. Nationalist officials abroad were gradually Given permission to talk casually with the russians. Such contacts reached a Cli Max of sorts when Victor Louis officially a journalist but be sieved to be a soviet Contact Man visited Taipei in 1968. He spent 10 Days Here and met privately with High officials. In 1969 nationalist China was invited to participate in a travel conference in Sofia Bulgaria nationalist and russian officials net informally several times at he conference. Communist Chi a erupted Over these talks be Ween the imperialists and he soviet these contacts evidently lost heir impetus last August when Moscow and peking opened stalks aimed at easing their Ense Border relations. Regular contacts collapsed completely in May in connection with another Ravel conference in Europe. Formosa s delegation was told hat visas would be waiting in Hungary. When the delegation arrived however it was told no visas were available because of he . Dispatch of troops into Cambodia. The delegation left in confusion since and american delegation got visas. It seems Likely the soviets Felt they could not afford to press the hungarians to Issue the visas and regular contacts be Ween the nationalist chinese and russians collapsed As quiet see Spiro Page Lyas they had begun. The easy chair by David Rainwater sign atop a pile of wrecked autos abused car m Optimist someone who tells you to cheer up when things Are going his Way. Child with hiccups Mommy i m suburbanite a fellow who hires someone to mow his Lawn so he can play Golf for exercise. Usher one who lakes a leading part in a theater. Well usher you into Home furnishing co., 204 n. Dargan Florence s. C. When you by for casual furniture for summer relaxing

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