European Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Jun 25 1968, Page 12

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European Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - June 25, 1968, Darmstadt, HesseThe House that " Jiu built Gra Paul Klee Wassily Kandinsky Mies Van Der Roh graduate Bertrand Goldberg s Marina towers in Chicago. Continued from Page 11 Fine arts and one from the applied arts. From the outset the aim was to unite Art and Craft into a whole much As the medieval Cathedral builders had combined these Fields and created their masterpieces. A building Gropius Felt should be the result of collective Effort and the distinction Between the designer and builder eliminated. He advocate the team project whether building a chair de signing a Type face erecting a building or plan Ning a Home. The object of the bauhaus was not to propagate any style system or Dogma formula or Vogue but simply to exert a revitalizing influence on design Gropius once explained. Gropius did not oppose As did Many artists the introduction of the machine in the manufacture of functional Well designed objects but he did fee that the machine should be absolutely the servant of the Man and not the reverse. Gropius in Short looked on the machine a merely an Extension of the hand tool of the craftsman. He Felt that it was crucial to successful design for the artist to understand the limits of his tools As Well As his materials. The bauhaus held its first exhibition in 1923.at the request of the state government which perhaps was getting a bit restless about the school s Progress. Gropius was reluctant to stage the show but he did displaying everything from bauhaus tapestries and hand Woven rugs to stain less steel chairs functional desk lamps and even a one family House fully furnished by bauhaus workshops. The exhibit was a critical Success but Testate and City governments were unhappy. It All seemed a bit modern and socialistic to and his staff voted to close the school m december 1925 and after mulling offers fro several cities selected Dessau in what is now East Germany As the new site for the bauhaus. The school was first housed in seven build Ings but in december 1926 Gropius completed a new Home for the bauhaus that was to be one Schlemmer s bauhaus Seal. Page 12 Bayer s Glass eyes. Marcel Breuer s chair. The stars and stripes Gropius Magazine rack. Of the More influential buildings of the was a simple arrangement of cubes and planes in three wings. The school of design filled one Wing the work shops another and the students quarters the Lima. A Bridge linking the shops and design school furnished space for administration offices Anu Gropius personal studio. The workshops us a vast three Story facade of Glass pro baby me first such use of the material in modern an. M lecture and it helped launch the International style that glitters so brightly in Manhattan w with the move to Dessau came a shift i bauhaus techniques Early graduates of n school were now instructors and being Tiarieas both artists and craftsmen were Able to us alone. Among the new masters Bayer and Marcel Breuer. Were Aye aim Marcel a i Eucile. Gropius left the bauhaus in 1928 to devote him self More fully to his own creative Woik Swiss architect Hannes Meyer took Over us Mies Van Iberlin party building i.e., nazi o Tut

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