European Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Jan 13 1961, Page 12

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European Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - January 13, 1961, Darmstadt, HesseA t u of 4 Aby Sinie we Therau we after sky Tun nor Aorta. Hit a purple Hrize of heat. It to aside Earth a wrap def off of people key. Rtt Dyordi Kipling Elphe Dusty Brown sterile Countryside Al of Northern India is Cable to Cha Al by the local peasants then during Kipling Stime British soldiers adopted the word to describe the color of their Field the searing summer Sun India s Man in Cha Al plods endlessly behind his scrawny Bullock. He scratches at the Bare Noil with plow of the Type used by his ancestor Little morn than stick of Wood with a Metal Patch of land is so tiny that there in Little left Over to bring to Market after saving barely enough to feed hit family for the it of the year during the Furnace season which is sum Mer millions of Khaki Farmer and their families lie gasping in their mud watch their Field blow away and see their Well dry up. Then the Monsoon mini in the fall nourish the. Tortured even these life giving Rains Are violent. Torrential downpours drown the land in surging floods. For famine can come in Many ways in an India which is at the mercy of the age old Cycle of flood and 10 years of government educational work time has stood still in Mostof the 600,000 villages of India. The tractor has not As yet replaced the primitive farming too used for Hundred of years. And even if More tractors were available most of the Khaki plots Are so tiny i would be wasteful to use farm machinery. Though he and his family live on a tragic borderline Between hunger an starvation the Man in the Khaki feels deeply attached to his land. He cannot be convinced to band together with his neigh Bors in a cooperative despite the urging of hit government As has been the Caw for generations. The average Khaki Farmer lives under the grim Shadow of the Banian the Village Money Lender. Despite government Legisla Tion to protect the peasant from usury the Banian interest rates axe still the Khaki Farmer needs a Bushel of wheat to feed his faintly during time of Scarcity he roust return two Bushel to the Banian after the next Harvest yet despite new Low interest farm credit available from the government the Indian peasant till turns to the traditional Money Lender. Although 70 per cent of India s Inham tents work the land Tor a living the nation must import food or starve. To make mat ten worse the Indian government fore cast an increase of 65 million person in the next five years giving India popu lation of 489 million. To help India feed this expanding popu lation the United states has agreed to lend India jl3 billion to pay for 1? million tons of us. Surplus wheat and Rice. But this will be Only a temporary solution to India s food problem. In a cannot go on importing food in definitely. Her economic stability will de Pend on learning to fed herself. And it will be up to the Khaki Fanner to do it As part of the government s a Polo million program to raise food production the Ford foundation has put up $10.5 million towards Pilot plan for reshaping the nation s agriculture. Model farm projects Wilt be established in seven scattered Region embracing some 10,000 villages and a million Farmers. Far its contribution the Ford foundation will finance a team of Indian and foreign experts. These experts will take charge of a program to construct teaching centers and build a network of seed treatment and soil testing stations. The foundation will also train hundreds of Agri cultural specialist. In a plan designed to operate along the lines of farm programs in the u.s., the Indian government will expand local storage facilities and distribute fertilizer insecticide and Steed. It Wilt also operate a farm credit system to help Farmer finance their own improvement. The plan is expected to Raue food production on the Model farming projects by a breathtaking so or cent As a example to the rest of the nation if these expectations Are realized they til give Hope at last to Khaki Farmers who have always lived in grinding poverty and in constant fear of starvation. Key to a Crifie to i in the midst of grinding poverty and constant starvation the Hammer and sickle of communism appears. I american technical Aid at new Model farms helps make India s Bare Dusty Khaki toil productive. West Bengal food. P. C. Sen left re a Token bag of to Mark the Millionth of us wheat sent Page 12 the stars and stripes

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