European Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Feb 16 1968, Page 4

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European Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - February 16, 1968, Darmstadt, HessePage 4 the stars and stripes february 16, Mam despoiling his planet -4 by Alton Blakes Leeap science writer a Lovely Lake is one ironic casualty of the space age. Clear Lake bore a Well Merit dec name before housing developments mushroomed around it after Houston tex., became the Headquarters for manned spaceflight in 1961. Now Clear Lake is Well on it Sway toward becoming a Cess Pool because of Lack of Inte grated planning and control of such matters As sewage disposal says or. Jack Bregman a water scientist. Ironically some Clear Lake residents Are scientists and technicians working to make sure that astronauts going to the Moon have pure water. Of All planets in the solar sys tem Only the Earth possesses so much water covering 70 per cent of its surface. Viewed from polluted space it sparkles As a Blue Pla net. But Earth s water is becoming increasingly be Foule smelly and repulsive through Man carelessness disdain greed or innocence of consequences of his actions upon the balances of nature. Just about every Stream Inthis country is polluted to some degree says Bregman assist ant Deputy for water pollution control in the department of Interior. Some now Are beyond their capacity to handle so Are numerous to Fly Over Lake Erie an look Down into the Cloudy mess of murderous pollution is like Reading the Flyleaf of a Book on the end of civilization Secre tary of the Interior Stewart l. Udall has remarked. Some sources of water pollution Are Long familiar raw or poorly treated human sewage and Industrial wastes pouring into streams and lakes Oil from ship spillage or sinking fouling harbours and beaches and killing wildlife. Man s civilization is adding More often to his shocked sur prise. But nature s Law of physics that for every action there is a reaction applies As Well Toman s deeds and his total envy so pesticides boost food production. But they Wash from farms into Rivers sometimes killing fish and into the oceans. At sea some scientists be Lieve pesticide residues become concentrated in tiny organisms diatoms which fish then con sume and Birds receive a larger Load of the chemicals by eat ing fish. Diatoms produce oxygen and replenish the Earth s Supply of atmospheric oxygen every 2,000 years As it is used up the late r. Lloyd Berkner a Geo physicist estimated. But if pesticides As poisons reduce the Supply of diatoms or make them less efficient in producing oxygen we might find our selves running out of atmospheric oxygen housewives welcomed detergents to clean dishes and clothes. But the ensuing River of detergents foamed into trouble some Bubble Baths in Rivers an sewage treatment plants. The detergent Industry resolved the problem by developing soft detergents which bacteria could break Down. But detergents still contain phosphates which can be nourishment for Plant life in lakes. So can phosphates and other chemicals from sewage from fertilizers spread upon Farmland suburban lawns from live Stock and poultry wastes that i by Hal Cooper new York a Many of the Reserve airmen summoned to Active duty in the first flush of the Pueblo crisis Are be ginning to wonder when where and whether they will be sent to a combat zone. Some of the 14,600 suspect that if they engage in any fighting it will be in Vietnam not North Korea. There is speculation that Amain reason for the Jan. 25 Call up was to free Home base Active duty units for use Over seas. The Pentagon declines to pro vide any hint of what is to come. A newsman asked the de sense department whether any of the reservists have been deployed overseas if so which units and if not what the units Are doing. A Pentagon spokesman re plied we do not discuss deployment of men aircraft ves Sels or a Survey of the bases where the reservists Are serving indicated however that so far none has received foreign shipping orders. In general the units appear Tobe training on a daily basis As they used to Only on weekends. Many of the reservists spend their nights on their As signed bases and then hurry of to after hours moonlighting jobs to help support their families. Most of those interviewed insisted that morale was Good but quite a number said it was fray ing around the edges. It. Charles Harrison a 33-year-old commercial airlines Pilot in civilian life whose unit sat new York s Floyd Bennett Field told a reporter tuesday we be just been coming out Here to work every Day. I finally flew my first flight Don t quite know what to do with us. I find it quite frustrating. There seems to be a feeling Well be used to supple ment forces in More cheerful was it. Hogan commander of a Reserve Squadron station at the Willow Grove naval air station in Pennsylvania. The morale of my men i great he declared. We re working hard flying and Eon no Normal daily and squad Ron operations. Everybody too the Call up Well. After All it s what we had to expect As s. Sgt. Ron Bailey a c r e chief with the 184th tactical fighter group at Mcconnell air Force base in Wichita kan., said he was still working Par time at his civilian Job in a typographic Plant. There is always the Chan Cewe won t leave this base he commented. It is hard to Bead because we May not go and hard to be Happy because Hideo Kamimoto 27, an Avia Tion electronics technician with Navy attack Squadron 873 a Alameda Calif., said he had started his own musical instrument shop Only last november. The recall said Kamimoto has made some pretty drastic changes in my plans for the in the same Squadron is Theo Dore c. Chedwick 23, an Avia Tion machinist s mate third class who was serving an apprenticeship As a Crane operator and moonlighting As a part time metals inspector when the Call up came. Ill have to learn to live onless than i used to have deducted for income tax said Ched Wick at the 177th air Force fighter group based near Atlantic City,n.j., morale is either poor or High depending on whom you talk to. It is causing a financial beat ing for some of the Guys said an enlisted airman who decline to be identified. It is Damn Tough supporting a family car payments and civilian rents on our military 1st it. Barry Campbell the group s Public information offi cer said he thought morale was pretty High holding up better than in 1961,1 the last time the unit became Active. Some members of the 941stmilitary Airlift group at my chord air Force base in Washington expressed the gloomy be Lief that the Call up would Las for the full 24 months permissible under Law. Morale is High now As might be expected this soon after the Call up said capt. Don Davi son the group s information officer. But it May slip if duty rags col. Don Forney commander of the 185th tactical fighter command at Sioux City Iowa Vietnam escalation and casualty Chart in percentages with april 1965, As base percentage areas of . Troops nce april 19 or Cenfah for Ai of Cotua Offei sine april 1965 Tola . 7roop�, aural j965 29,300 total . Troop now 500,000 2,23total . Caiu Orfei now125,724 Dee. 31 feb. 8 1967 1968 Tofu us shows the increases in the. ?0 involved in Vietnam and their Casu april 1965. Asp map said he had no idea where the unit was going or How Long it would be on Active somebody knows but i sure Don to and i would mind knowing the colonel told an interviewer. We Are being inspected by everybody you name it they be been Here to in Spect one of the a Luckiest me caught in the Call up was air Man apprentice Doug Mccord,19, of naval Squadron va776 at to Alamitos Calif. His re serve enlistment would have expired on Jan. 26just one Day after he got his marching orders. I really had mixed emotions Mccord said. It was a letdown to learn i was t going to be released. But i knew something like this could Hap pen when i signed up so i just have to accept col. Drew Holbrook com Mander of the 189th tactical reconnaissance unit at Littlerock ark., called morale exceptionally Good under the circumstances. About 720 of our unit s activated 769 men commute Back and Forth Between their Homeland the base he said. They work in the same functions a they do at weekend guard drills Only now it s on a s. Sgt. Russell e. Johnson publications clerk with the 123rd tactical reconnaissance group at a Louisville base voiced exasperation i wish they d move us out or turn us Loose. I m tired of wait ing up to my neck in Wash into Rivers and Are born they live Anri die a natural death Edenfi Point out. But Man speeds their death t gae and other plants grow at prodigious rate. They die and More of the dissolved oxygen inthe water is consumed i thes decay. Fish and other life suffocate. A silting off from farms Orthe heaped scars of soil at town and City construction site muddies and clogs Waterways a newly recognized culprit in polluting water is heat. Riv ers Are a Fine source of water to Cool atomic reactors producing electricity or other Indus trial operations. The water is returned to the Stream unchanged except that it can be five to 20 degrees warmer. This warmth can change the whole biology of a River reducing its oxygen Content and kill ing off game fish for example that Are very sensitive to temperature changes. The heat problem is her and it s big big As hell particularly with the blossoming of nuclear utilities one scientist cautions. It can be avoided but not cheaply As through building storage towers or Ponds to let the water Cool Down. Countermeasures Are in creasing to control or halt pollution and clean up the states an nation s water. The water Quality act of 1965established the Federal water pollution control administration and initiated a program for states to set or else have Sot for them water Quality standards for interstate Waters within their Borders. All 50 states now have submitted standards proposals and 10 or More have been approved by the Secretary of the Interior. The clean water restoration act of 1966 authorized $3.9 Bil lion for construction Grants to help build sewage treatment plants for research and Grants to state water pollution control programs. It should be possible says Udall to Correct most of the most flagrant pollution situations within a few years. More time will be required for the total task. It will be costly. A new offi Cial estimate is $26 billion to $29 billion Over the next five year for collection and adequate treatment of Industrial and municipal wastes. Another estimate is that the Cost of remedying All the sick Nesses of the nation s Waters spread Over a number of years May reach $100 billion. Next a Call for action und Wisdom. European edition jame8 w. Campbell Usa. Editor in chief Nae Henry s Ephreim. Product Lon manager Henry 6. Epstein. Circulation manager the 8tr.tpreflx York of Lii Osmond claw Menti to a. My for a Arm Publ hed by the or Pean command and printed Dally at Darmstadt a and 8trlp0f Apo w17b International Maini?34 " Darmstadt Germany. Teu Yrle Helm 0 Arm Tad All

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