European Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Dec 19 1999, Page 13

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European Stars and Stripes (Newspaper) - December 19, 1999, Darmstadt, HesseSunday december 19, 1999 s tars and stripes Page 13 researcher links Mcgwire increased steroid use among boys by Brigitte Greenberg the associated press Washington a researcher whose study showed an in crease in steroid use by Ameri can boys ascribes the growth to revelations that baseball slugger Mark Mcgwire used the performance enhancing drug. As Many had feared we think it Likely that Mark Mcgwire s re ported use of Andros Tenedine in the year in which he set a new Home run record affected Young boys said Lloyd Johnston who has run the federally sponsored study for 25 years. Surely it gave them the idea that it could make them converts to testosterone in the body and is considered a anabolic steroid by most steroid s comment came at a news conference Friday wit health and human services Secretary Donna Shalala and Barry Mccaffrey White House drug pol icy said More boys in the eighth 10th and 12th grades re ported using steroids and their attitude about the steroids appears to have changed to a belief that they Are not study also found the use of most illegal drugs including marijuana cocaine her oin and inhalants remained steady and that cigarette smoking remained stable with a Small de Cline among eighth graders. More High school students Are using the club drug ecstasy. Among High school seniors 8percent reported having tried ecstasy up from under 6 percent last year. Ecstasy a methamphetamine that increases heart rat and body temperature to some times dangerous Levels often issued at raves All night dances where Young people mix the drug with alcohol the National Institute on drug abuse says. Was Many had feared the think it Likely that Mark Mcgwire s reported use of Andros Tenedine in the year in which he set a new Home run record affected Young Mccaffrey and Shalala were reluctant to blame Mcgwire for the increase in steroid use by Young sters. They noted that there Are a wide array of steroids including prescription asthma medications and said the Survey did not Ana Lyme types of steroids the teen agers were need to take a much More careful look at what s going inhere and All this study tells us is that we have an increased use which is a warning Light for us that we need to go Back and sort tout before we make conclusions Shalala said. Lloyd Johnston neither Mcgwire s agent nor spokesman for the St. Louis Cardi nals Mcgwire s team returned Telephone Calls Friday seeking comment on Johnston s August Mcgwire said he had stopped taking andro four month earlier and would not take it the year after it was reported that Mcgwire was using andr during his 70-Homer season sales of the testosterone Booster surged More than 1,000 percent to More than $50 million Industry figures drug is permitted in base Ball but is banned by the olym pics the National collegiate ath Letic association the National football league and the professional Tennis Survey found that steroid use climbed among eighth and loth graders primarily among boys. In 1999, 2.8 percent of 10th-graders reported having tried steroids at least once compared to 2percent in 1998, the study said. Also the number of senior who perceived steroids As harm Ful declined from 68 percent to 62percent, a drop that Johnston de scribed As Large. Because the sur Veys Are conducted each Spring they came on each end of mag wire s record breaking 70-Home run season in 1998.the Survey titled monitoring the future is conducted each year by the University Michigan and supported by the National institutes of health and has. About 45,000 students from 433secondary schools across the country were questioned. To Hatter where you re headed Trust Greico to proude of affordable fluto insurance. Greico knows How often you May have to Transfer so we make it easy to stay insured with us. Military personnel May enjoy significant savings on car insurance in the . Or overseas so speak with a Greico representative today. Whether your car is waiting for you or you re having it shipped Greico can arrange for you to drive it As soon As you arrive. Call now to find out How much you could save with your Greico . Or overseas policy. 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Areas toll free 0800-318524 vaccine against nicotine shows Promise in tests the associated press Washington people who Roll up their sleeve for a nicotine Patch to quit smoking could one Day be rolling it up for a shot. A vaccine to combat the effects of nicotine the addictive Compo nent of tobacco is being tested Bya team of researchers sponsored by the National Institute on drug abuse. If All goes Well human Tri als could Start by 2002. But even if the vaccine proves Safe it s not going to be a magic Bullet said or. Paul Pentel of the Hennepin county medical enter in Minneapolis. It would be part of a package designed to help people Stop smoking he said. While the idea of vaccination is similar combating a drug like Nic Otine in t identical to battling an infectious disease Pentel said. In a disease you get a series of immunizations and you Are protected for life he said. We Donot expect that kind of effect for nicotine. It s not Clear How Long the Protection will the vaccine now being tested on Laboratory rats is designed to keep nicotine from reaching the brain. The amount of nicotine in the brains of vaccinated rats was reduced by 64 percent compared with i vaccinated rats when both were Given the nicotine equivalent that a human would get from smoking two cigarettes the team of researchers led by Pentel re ported Friday in the journal pharmacology biochemistry and be Havior. A nicotine vaccine May be use Ful for preventing and treating to Bacco addiction because vaccinated persons would not get kick from the nicotine said or. Alan Leshner director of the National Institute on drug abuse. Since they would find tobacco less rewarding they would be less Likely to continue using Leshner said his Agency also i supporting efforts to develop vac Cines against cocaine and other . Gary Giovino of Roswell Park cancer Institute in Buffalo n.y., said the idea of a nicotine vaccine has potential if it proves Safe. Giovino who was not part of Pentel s team said developers should be cautious however be cause while the vaccine reduces the effect of nicotine it does eliminate it. Thus he said people might simply compensate by smoking is still exploratory Ani Mal work. We want to do More studies of the Efficacy safety be fore considering whether it s appropriate for a clinical trial in humans Pentel re hopeful. 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