European Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Apr 16 1968, Page 11

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European Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - April 16, 1968, Darmstadt, Hesse2 million still in chains throughout world by Maris Ross up staff writer the anti slavery society for the Protection of human rights was founded 38 years before the american civil War and it is still fighting to abolish slavery in Many parts of the orld according to the 145-year-old London based organization slavery exists to Day in at least 30 countries in Africa Asia and latin America with an Esti mated 2 million persons in bondage. Its reports Are hot pretty Reading an eyewitness has in recent year seen children in brothels in Singapore including one girl aged six who was dying from assault. Gabon is one of Many Africa countries in which marriages arranged by the Bride s parents in her Earl childhood customarily take place with out the Bride s consent being West Africa. By an unwritten Law slave raiders do not Kidnap members of their own slave owning is still Legal in on country the sultanate of Muscat and Oman it is also practice 1965 the Delegate of a Catholic non governmental organization at t h economic and social Council in Geneva told the society that her organization had evidence that Young girls were be ing sold into household Drudgery concubinage and prostitution in a number of latin american countries. This prac Tice was particularly bad in Mexico where the highest prices were obtained from brothels near the Texas the society which has Consulta Tive status at the . Economic and social Council takes its definition of Wirt adult male. Is estimated to have a mine of 10 camels while a woman is generally Worth double that. .99 mexican police rescued starved slave girls from Brothel. A slavery from the 1956 . Supplementary convention on the abolition of slavery. This convention binds signatories to forbid chattel slavery serfdom debt bondage Sham adoption of children and Servile forms of marriage because rights of ownership Are exercised Over the victims. Chattel slavery is total ownership. Col. Patrick Montgomery Secretary of the society said it would be unfair to imply that the governments of an of the countries still with remnants of slavery condoned the practice. Most of them Are we believe doing their Best to eliminate it and doing so against considerable Odds not the Leas of their obstacles being the opposition or at least apathy of uneducated he said. No exact figure giving the world s despite centuries of efforts at extirpation slavery still exists in the space age. The number of slaves in the world today May be in the millions. \ and still the Battle against slav Ery goes on by International agree ments and by private groups. Wvori Ger a Tiff iv7v-7nfcx7",j slave population is available but egyptian or. Mohamed Awad who investigated slavery for the United nations last october gave the figure of 2 Mil lion. The society s latest report from French Mission to Africa contends slav Ery still exists among All nomadic peo Ples of the Sahara desert and to a lesser degree among their settled neigh Bors because the slaves fear they will starve if they leave their masters. In Law and in fact a slave who wants to be free has Only to declare that he is so and leave the report said. If he asks for it he will obtain the sup port of the authorities where he is i Algeria Libya Morocco Mauritania Senegal Mali or niger. Nevertheless one comes upon slaves in All these an adult male in Good health is estimated to have a value of 10 camels while a woman slave is generally wort double that because of the children which can be expected from her the report said. The african slave in fact can no Only be sold clandestinely but he can be made Over As a gift or inherited and no account is taken of any family ties in these property divisions of human cattle " the report added. Actually the woman is frequently married according to moslem rites which allow her theoretically to belong Only to her husband. But this does not give her or her husband any parental rights Over their own children. These belong to the master. Even More frequently As it always was in the past the woman slave is not married at All but is mated with whoever wants her and she is expected to produce As from cattle offspring of which the proprietor can an earlier report by the society in november 19g6, named these other countries As still having or probably having survivals of slave practices Botswana Brazil Cameroon colom Bia Ethiopia Gabon India Iran Leb anon Malaysia Mexico Muscat a n Doman Nigeria Peru the Philippines saudi Arabia Sierra Leone Singapore sheikh Doms and sultanate on the Gulf of Aden Syria Tanzania trucial states of the persian Gulf Turkey and Yemen. Slavery is a Complex problem an the cures suggested by the anti slavery society have also to be Complex an fitted to the conditions of each individual country. But loosely they include legislation a judiciary and police Force free of corruption social and economic condition enabling resettlement of emancipated slaves and Active disapproval of slavery by Public opinion. Survival of Feuda Listic ideas Amon local populations is one of the Basic reasons that slavery has not yet been wiped out. The other reason is exploitation. Slavery is officially deplored by All member states of the United nations but no subject disarmament not excluded has been treated with such reluctance to secure effective action the society Saiid. A tuesday april 16, 1968 the stars and stripes Luciia Martinez hugs Mother after 10 years of slavery in Mexico. Page u

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