Page 1 of 24 Jun 1874 Issue of Elyria Independent Democrat in Elyria, Ohio

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Elyria Independent Democrat (Newspaper) - June 24, 1874, Elyria, OhioAdvertising Bates. Published every wednesday Union Block 2d Stout boric Stock. Terms. Mail subscribers la Ltd Lauoe. Is 73 if not paid within Tho year .8 of Uel Lreroy by .8 of those terms will to str otly adhered to. In mess lawyers. C. W. Johnston i a Torney nud counsellor at Law. Ofa. Huo. Ely s Block. Geo. P. Metcalf i i Toxey and counsellor at office. A. Room no. 6, Ely s Block Ely la Ohio. P. H. Boynton thou key at and notary Public. A. Juice Union Lillock oter Griswold s Book store. C. Ii. Doolittle. Attorney Law notary Public Luellna Entrance agent Kly Riu Ohio. Sea in it. A Fultun to the settlement of estates and i Coupe Piug Ami conveyancing. Oyloe Over the 1 Ost office. 81 by j. K. Hold j. I obd l Luvel amt. A Myrln. J. K. Amp j. Ii Ord. Attorneys at Law Elyria Ohio. Office in boobs Block one door West of Post of Ioc. Geo. Olmsted. Tworsky at Law. And Justice of the l peace Beebo Block Ely Rio Ohio. C. Downing. A to Tobey at Law. Office on Public Park a. Ohio lil Anks for conveyancing or hand and All business entrusted to him properly to. .1. C Hale. W. L. Fay. Hale amp Fay. Attorneys counsellors at Elyria Utimio. Ortice in Union Block. N. L. Johnson. Troio eve and counsellor at Liny. Office i Zolko 1 Ark a Syria Ohio. Hale amp Bayley. Tutor keys at Law Black Kiver Ohio J. Sloan at Toxey at and Ueal estate agent so. 14 East Counce St., Oberlin. Ohio. 15u11ke amp Poppleton. A toll keys counsellors at Law will Joti. Promptly attend to All business entrusted to their care in and Uil Joung Jour tips and will also practice in the y. S. Cure it and District court in Ohio. Special attention Given to collections. Of tuck Leebe Block Elyria Ohio. Physicians. Mrs. U. L. Higgins is. D. Office South hours irom Baptist Church a. Alp Street first h. Elyria 2 Door East of Ohio office u Omeo Patiic physician and surgeon. Ottyce 2cl door South of Beebe House. Pcs Deuce 5th St., near West Avenue Elyria Ohio. G. F. . D. Wit a c. Downing amp son mrs. Elv 3 Block. Office hours from 10 a. M., to i a m., from 1 p.m., to i p. M., can be round at ounce every night unless professionally absent. A h. Tyrrell Office in Baldwin s Block opposite the Hebe House. Pc Fidenco no. In 4th St., next to the Catholic Church. G. R. Sherwood. Physician and Calls promptly attended to. Office West Side Public Park Elyria Ohio. E. P. Haines D. Office Ami residence Corner of Broad St and West Avenue opposite american House. Office hours from 7 to s a. Joriu p. M., from s to 10 p. H. Sampsel Bros. And surgeons. Office hours from 10 to 12 a. M., and from x to 3 r. Itto Tiou paid to Calls it All hours. Roswell o. Rockwood. Physician and surgeon has permanently located at Black Kiver Lorain county Ohio where to will give prompt attention to All professional cult. Residence on Elyria St. C. B. Knowlton dentist. Office j. D. Carpenter s Block Benin Ohio. U. It. Stake. Ii. C. Stab. Stark Brothers amp co. Dealers in american and foreign dry goods groceries hardware boots shoes leather Keady made clothing paints oils Ron stoves nails ac., a. J. E. Books. E. Books. J. E. Brooks amp co. in hardware groceries. Family supplies paints oils and Glass Elyria o. Riannan amp Obitts. Kaleus in hardware groceries crockery stoves and tin Ware and manufacturers and dealers in cheese vats milk cans and All kinds of cheese factory Stock. Special attention Given to Iron Unitia roof Long Ito. Elyria of j. A. Bean. Wholesale and be Tail dealer in groceries French confectionery fruits All kinds of tobacco Choice liquors nud Tine old ales medicinal purposes. Peoples store. No. 1, cheap Side Elyria Ohio. Clark amp co. Manufacturers and wholesale and retail dealers in candies French confectionery fruits nuts tobacco Choice brands of it gnus pipes or queries Winea Ely la Ohio. Jewellers. S. B. Wolcott. In Yankee notions Gold jewelry spectacles or All kinds Gold and Silver watches German Silver and plated spoons Forks butter knives also Silver spoons of our own manufacture warranted pure. Druggists. J. Manville amp co. In drugs and medicines Orosi t Ceries paints oils. Glass stuff a t i Fum cry. Fancy articles a. Sign of the Golden the new drug store Dickinson amp Johnson. I builders and dealers Sash doors j3 blinds also manufacture a of sawed shingles Tahop North of depot Ely la Ohio. R. W. Todd. If . Todd amp Todd. S1gx and Carriage paint hrs training. Glazing and paper hanging done on Short notice. Al exert paints on Imanil for Sale. Shop East lir Oad St. Allen amp Iio comb. House sign and ornamental shop two doors West of Beebe House Elyria. Ohio. All varieties of painting and paper hanging executed in the neatest style. Misc Allan eos commercial College. Oberlin and Mussey s v Block Elyria Ohio. Writing department in charge of mrs. J. Hord. For and hour of session apply at Telegraph g. Kline. Steffek . J. A of Fine clocks watch Llma room to. 1, Odd i Towb Block Elyria. Pond. Tutu beb of the celebrated Hubej scent. U3s e Syria Ohio. See advert not Kelsey. In Mason amp Philpot s Block depot. Cross to some of the this Cox qty ill . Washburn publisher and proprietor Liberty Hui the Ujj Syf the Merj tvs. Vol. No 41. S. A. Bush Bill Printer. Miscellaneous John Benham manufacturer of carriages Spring wagons lumber wagons Etc. First class materials used and All new work warranted. Avon Lorain co., Ohio. Baldwin University Bei Iea oii1u. Skull Anil caper Geneed corps of instructors. Cot sprues 1 a Coll Geof arts. S a College of pharmacy. 3 a commercial part Iuit. 4 a department of 1 Ino arts. A Largo increase of students in the past three years. Winter term opens january 8th, w. D. , d. President. J. To idiot Futon. We. Ii. Tuck a. Houghton amp Tucker. I very Sale and Board stable. Carriages to All trains Faro 25 cents. Dealers in carriages buggies and wagons new Ami second orders for Wood lulled with promptness. Will also give Especial attention to the Purchase and Sale of Roal estate. Deeds mortgages leases ac., drawn to order. Of face no. 138, Broad St., Elyria Ohio. D. J. Peck. Geo. E. Xic Noi a. Notary Public. Auctioneer. L. Ptel Dridge a Roii Iteck to. 12 Northrop and Hurrl Nixa. Ton s Lillock Corner Superior and Seneca streets Cleveland Ohio. Am. W. Aldrich breeder and dealer in Hereford cattle pure blooded Elyria Ohio. Massey amp Kenyon. Manufacture is and dealers in All kinds of foreign and Domestic cigars smoking fancy articles chewing and smoking tobacco Broad St., opposite Leebo House Elyria Ohio. Lord amp cunning ii am. And dealers in foreign Ivel and Domestic cigars and chewing and smoking tobacco of the Best brands lot Sale at wholesale or retail. Shop opposite the depot Elyria Ohio. 054-tr i. S. Metcalf Jour Gibson. Metcalf amp Gibson. Manufacturers and dealers in flour Grain Milt feed a. Orders promptly attended to and delivered in Elyria free o f charge Cash paid Tor All kinds of Grain. Brick Mill main Street Elyria Ohio. Burridge amp co. Solicit or s and attorney s for u. S. A poro Epin patents 127 Superior Street Cleveland Ohio. With associated of bloc in Washington and foreign countries. To flu of s1 Mungaven House and dining Hall. Close to depot. Ely in Ohio. J. A my shaven proprietor Choice brands of ales wines cigars Ifcic. Henry Shute. Keeps constantly on hand nil kinds of Fres Limiti Salt i float. Turd Tal Loav a. Thankful for past patronage he solicits the continuance of the same. J. A. Bodine fashionable unit dressers and Barbers Parlours Kast Side of Park in or. Snips Al s old Ollice. S. J. Howard Barber and hair Dresser. Warm and cold Baths at All hours. One door West of the he House. Elyria. Ohio. _ j. O. Lord a n. Chsn Ischam. Choice cigars and tobaccos this undersigned announce to the Public that we Havu opened a shop at the Corner of was Babington and Broad streets Elyria Ohio w lie re we it ill keep on baud a Choice assortment of foreign and Domestic cigars warranted to puff themselves and give entire satisfaction we will also keep a Choice variety of chewing and smoking tobacco of the brands All of which to sell at and retail our Long experience in the manufacture of cigars enables us to Sny Vith entire confide no that we can satisfy the most fastidious Lover of tie Weed. Orders respectfully solicited. Fjord amp . Elyria february 27th 1s72, Massey Kenyon amp co. Successors to abbe amp Van Ilou Teu manufacturers and dealers in foreign and Domestic cigars pipes sniff Cigar holders smokers fancy articles and line Cut chewing amp smoking tobaccos of the Best brands. Dealers Are invited to Call and examine our Stock As we Haye the Best Quality and sell at the lowest Cash prices. Shop East Side Public Square Elyria o to. October 24th. 1870. Sks-1y Beebe House a weary store. Chas. W. Smith and dealer in Fine Gold and Silver clocks jewelry. Spectacles Luxora pocket cutlery Fani a goods toys Gold Jewely soul 13 Caret rings toadies amp gents is in Gold or Silver Jases. All Kinas of american and foreign watches warranted close timers. Ladled1 and tints Gold and Silver chains. Sportsmen s goods. Nationally Beeb of double and single guns Breech Azle loaders revolvers powder flasks alts and Roaches gun materials watches clocks and jewelry and warranted Corner of the the House Elyria Ohio. A no and my shot belts rep j amp son Are prepared to execute All Ivory in dentistry and Are prepared to make All the Dif Crent is of plates. Operating made a specially for porcelain work in the looms no. 60, Broad Street. Sole Man county. X with Only 30 change Cash. I 1178 acres in Daub Aunsel Kansas in ring streams a Little lies from the state Capitol. Will exe Lyria Lorain co., Ohio wednesday june 24, 1874. Whole no 1143. Still at work past favors Woi ild announce that he has Rem Yod his shop Over Hannau a obit s store where he will to Happy to wait upon his friends and customers. Cutting done on Short notice and work warranted to Jit if properly made Elvia March 29th. 1800. 870tf Price of cigars amp tobacco lord amp Are wholesaling chewing and smoking tobacco us follows Fine Cut 60 cents to smoking 26 cents to 45 cents. Cigars to per A Myrln March 18th. 1872. Of of i Era Good farm and pay difference in address albeit Allyn no. 15, Atwater Bloke Ohio. Coffins sneaker amp Waldeck John Savage and dealer in fresh and Salt a meats Kast Side of Public Square Elyria Ohio. His customers May assured to no pains will be spared to give them entire satisfaction Elyria. Aug. 19th. 1887. Refl to Northrop amp Peck dealers jux Stowe is tin sleet Iron amp Copper fare just arrived the largest assortment of Cook stoves Ever seen in the county. Tvs Hare a tar the Linus assortment of stoves in the Market. At our new store no. 55, Broad St. Farmers Are Especial y requested to examine our new style of m ilk 1 Pius the until Best Ever used. E 1m be a full line of milk cans cheaper than Ever milk coolers cheese hoops the Best hoop Ever used press screws and Dairy fixtures All persons arc building should examine our new style of eave trough hangings the neatest and Best Way of putting up trough and will last twice As Long us with straps. Our Sheet Iron roofing is the cheapest and Best roofing that can be used. It costs but Little More than shingles and will lust n life time. We have a full assortment of House Mamne goods. Tiu Ware. Chamber sets Etc. A. Joking promptly executed. Tin find Sheet Iron Koot Iron Cornice and window Caps Kave trough amp spouting give us n cell examine our Stock. Northrop Peck no. 55 Broad Street. Notice to insurers. Having taken the Agency for the Ohio Farmers insurance company for this county Lam now prepared to transact business for the same. Parties desiring to effect insurance in this company before being personally culled on. Please address to at Fly Ria their business will receive prompt attention. Office in Beebe Block Over Post of Lee. 1127-tf r. W. Pomroy agent. Passage my established foreign and european steamship Agency. Payable in every part of Europe also letters passage to and p Roji Liverpool Queenstown London Glasgow Londonderry Bristol Cardif Norway s Weed in or Denmark by Way of new York or Philadelphia by either of the following lines Cunard in Man National White Star gu1on, ked Star. Ocly j. W. Humbert at first National Bank. Is Myrln Ohio. The Domestic. The Light Kunning Domestic a Quick Domestic. A. Large a willing is a willing Domestic. A competent Domestic. A useful Domestic. A Domestic a do it s. B Wolcott at Elyria. S. A Cathcart can be found in Boom no. 1, Odd Fellows new Block. Over Northrop amp pecks where he is prepared to do All kinds of Light Job work machines ice Alved. Have stopped Selling liquor in town. By i1ki.i.e Jia sox. Filfli h h a Jook news for you Millmr Trio eld Farmer Enlil As lie panned we Boru Ilia Good Wile was moulding Iho Liro ail i be been talking a Lilly will Muiir i Oil neighbor by own Anil Lia says live Stopp cil Selling Lii nor in town. I just took off my hat and shouted lit i when he timid icy Luid got to live up to the Law and i knew it would make 3 our heart Happy to know they Timve dried up tie fou ulain of mild Ness and woo. Now the town will be peaceful and Stilu Nancu again. And Tho Streels won t lie crowded Willi wild drunk a men and the boys won t to Temple to Smoko drink and fight to Gamble nil any and carouse nil the night there s Kate bless her heart she will Jane is like a top for she can go Back now and sow in Uii shop it won t be Gunsalo for her now i Nin sure for though sue is thoughtless Iho child s heart is pure. Yon need t buy things at the coi Norh no Moro for i la Send Sam to town to Tho Bigday goods store lie won t Emo Homo drink with the buggy broke Down for i Lell you they be stopped Selling liquor in town. There s Jim lie won l study and Don t take to work we can let him go now and Hiro out Ibi u clerk it will do the boy Good hell Dud out it Ain t play and Thero Ain t any grog shops to lend bin Astnik and there s Little Peter you know How to learns. And How he saves no every Penny he i Imp to buy a new Book and into boy s got a plan that Hill be u lawyer when he is a Man. So if you Are willing to Meutine i think will Send him to town now won t learn to drink they be Sot a. Good school and hell learn very last i us they Honvo Selling liquor at last. He paused and the wife of Hin youll made reply while Joy sent Hie i car drops like pearls from her eyes fail Leven by pah the True that have put the curse Down. Thank god they have stopped Belling liquor in town. Geneva award of our. Itlo Iii of of Liioi ill the House of representatives tuesday tune till. The of i lie Geneva award. Or. Monroe said or. Speaker two theories Are held in regard to the relations of the United Stales to the Geneva award. According to the first of these theories the Money received is a Legal Trust in such a sense As leaves to discretion whatever to our government Aslo the classes to which it shall be distributed. The limitations which the Geneva tribunal found it convenient to impose upon its own notion Are absolutely binding upon the United Stutes in its notion. The measure there agreed upon of obligation of the part of great Britt to toward Tho United states is Tho exact measure of obligation on the part of the United slates towards its citizens. In Othor words ibis nation appeared at Geneva merely As in attorney to make collection for clients and can honorable use to More discretion than an attorn setting with clients. The second theory maintains that the Money was awarded and paid to the United Stales and brings Wilh it no obligation limiting Tho Freedom of its action except the general one to do what is right and just to All Conney Scenic cd. First. In the Endeavor to determine which of Heso theories is Iho sound one we naturally find our first resource in the voluminous literature of stir Dildo Snatic history from the year 1801 to the year 1872, including As it does the whole history of the ravages of the British cruisers the extended correspondence resulting therefrom end the different attempts at ending finally in the treaty of Washington ind Tho Geneva award. It would be unaccountable if this great mass of literature containing the matured opinions of Many of the Ablest lawyers statesmen and Diplomatist of this generation should not give us some clue to the proper solution of the problem. 1. We glance first at the correspondence preliminary to the treaty of Washington carried on Between or Seward and Adams or. Adams and lord John Russell and other persons in High official position. All these volumes of diplomacy have this common character that the United states everywhere appears complaining of wrongs done to this nation and demanding redress for the nation while great Britian everywhere appears defending herself from this charge and from no other she is accused of unfriendliness but of unfriendliness toward the United states and not towards private citizens. She is said to Havu failed in the proper discharge of her obligations As a Neutral Power toward o neighbor with whom she is at peace and h is her constant Endeavor to prove that the charge is not Well grounded. Thro All the so yours of attack and of Dof Enao of accusation ant of reply o rejoinder and so rejoinder Tho grievance under discussion is treated As Between two nations us such and it is never put Forward imy where As the grievance of private individuals. The United states never appears As in attorney making collections for a liens but comes Forward a herself Tho wronged party and demanding redress for the injuries which have been inflicted upon her. Individual losses Are indeed enumerated but they Are presented As evidence of Hostilo animus toward the United states and not toward the private the language of Tho United slip pcs to great Britian you have wronged to and to me you Are accountable i will to Accaro of my citizens and Sec that Justice is done them. 2. If we turn next to Iho treaty of Washington we find the same View of Iho question in Issue prevailing there. The existing differences arc spoken Otas having Noiseu Between the government of the United states and the government of her Britannic majesty. The claims discussed Are treated As claims of Tho United states and the compensation contemplated is a compensation for Tho United Stales in Tho seventh article we find Iho following provision in Canso the tribunal find that Groat Britain has failed to fulfil any duty or duties As aforesaid that is duties towards the untied it May if it think proper proceed to award a sum in Gross to be paid by great Britain to the United slates for nil the claims referred to it and in such Case Tho Gross sum so awarded shall to paid in Coin by the government of great Britain to Tho government of tie United Stales at Washington within twelve months after the Date of the award. This language plainly indicates the strictly National character both of Iho claims and of the award made or heir satisfaction. Kyj one who has rend the treaty of Washington Cau have failed to notice the marked contrast in the language employed and in the provisions adopted in the Case of Tho Ali Oruil claims growing out of Tho ravages of British cruisers As compared with the claims of corporations companies or private individuals of the United slates or of Groat Britain for the satisfaction of which Tho treaty establishes what has been known As Tho mixed commission. Those claims Aro spoken of Only As Tho claims of private Citie cons Hoy arc to be prosecuted by private citizens either in person or by attorney before a commission established for the purpose and to private citizens the compensation for them is to be adjudged and paid. This contrast was not accidental it was the result of Tho different methods naturally employed by Ablo and upright men in providing compensation for claims of private citizens As distinguished from Whoso of National character. 3. Of that very Able stale paper know it As the american ease it May to sufficient to say that its unanswerable argument is grounded upon Tho same premises that have Boon previously Mirin Lainell. The United Stales is an injury Rel nation Sho demands redress As such and Tho tribunal at Geneva is urged to award a sum in Gross As i just compensation to tiie United Stales for Iho injuries and losses of which she complains. 4. The instructions from Tho department of slate o our counsel at Geneva go still and seem to to to come very near to settling the whole question under discussion. In Iheson tha department not Only reals the question As a National one As distinguished from one in regard to the losses of private citizens but it expressly declines to commit itself in any Way or to give the Geneva tribunal any jurisdiction in regard to the manner in which Tho amount recovered shall be distributed among our own citizens. I quote from a Lottor add Reese by or. Secretary fish to or cashing under Date of november 14, 1871 the president desires to have Tho subject discussed As one Between Tho two governments he directs to to urge upon you strongly to secure if possible the award of sum in Gross. In the discussion of this question and in the treatment of the entire Case you will to careful not to commit the government Aslo the disposition of what maybe awarded or what May to Raeo Vord in the event of the appointment of the Board of assessors mentioned in the tenth article of the treaty. It is possible that there May be duplicate claims for Home of the property alleged to have been captured or destroyed As in the cases of insurers and insured. The government wishes to hold itself free to decide Aslo the rights and claims of insurers upon the termination of Tho Case. If the value of the property captured or destroyed be recovered in the name of the government the distribution of the Ain t recovered will a made by this government without committal As to Tho Mode of j the distribution. It is expected that All such committal be avoided in the arguments of the counsel. It is nowhere assumed in these instructions that american citizens May not have claims which should be paid but it is assumed that Tho Geneva tribunal is not the proper court to try these claims and that the United Stales reserves to herself Tho right to examine and decide upon c. The american argument before the tribunal 13 conducted in Tho same spirit. Our counsel carefully refrained from making the committal which the Secretary of state deprecated and urged our claims upon the tribunal As strictly National in character. 1 quote Only two of the Many passages to ibis effect from this convincing and Well considered paper that Whoso claims Are All preferred by Tho United slates and a nation against Groat Britain As a nation and Aro to be so computed and paid whether awarded As a sum in under the seventh article of Tho treaty or awarded for assessment of amounts under tie tenth article. And again this principal question having Boon determined if great Britain is hold responsible for Heso injuries the people of the United states expect a just and reasonable measure of compensation for the injuries As thus adjudicated in the sense that belongs to this question of compensation is one Between nation and nation i. The language nud spirit of he decision and award itself Aro in entire Harmony Wilh the views hero advocated. Tho National character of Tho Issue is maintained throughout and a sum in Gross of fifteen and a half million dollars is awarded to the United Stales. No claim of a company corporation or private citizen is considered is such and there is no intimation of a wish even o limit the discretion of Iho United slates in distributing Tho amount among its own citizens. The agent and counsel of Greal Britain expressed no with to have any such limitation imposed upon our government nor would our representatives have submitted to such an attempt had it Boon made. It is indeed Truo hat carefully prepared tables of individual losses Scro presented by our a goals to the tribunal but they were offered Only us affording some imperfect measure of the wrong done to the United states. Even his purpose they accomplished Only in part. Or. Gushing informs us in his treaty of Washington that the result reached did not accept is binding either Tho tables presented by the United Stales or Iho deductions therefrom claimed by great and that of the arbitrators expressly declared that in arriving at to conclusion the arbitrators were not to to regarded is making an assessment or confining themselves to the schedules estimates or tables of Cilber of the iwo governments. Indeed so Little special consideration was Given by Tho tribunals to Tho schedules offered that it Felt to while making the award in declaring that All claims known As Alabama claims whether presented to Tho notice of the tribunal or not Scro fully and of Sally settled. It May to added in Pas sinar thai it is a Little remarkable considering How much trouble in Tho exercise of our own discretion the Geneva award is supposed to have saved us that so Little is definitely known As to the manner in which the award was reached or what it was really for. It the award was mount to be our guide it must to admitted that in was rather a poor one. It is said to arc allowed both principal and interest. But How much of he sum awarded is principal How much is interest at what Rale is. The interest computed no one Cau Tell us. How much of the fifteen and a half millions is for the ravages of the Alabama How much for Damn res inflicted by Tho Florida Bow much for damages done by Tho Alienn Noah and Othor vessels to Iho cud of Tho list no one knows. The arbitrators did not know. Gilill Loos can to find in the award any Irace of the proportion intended for individual ships destroyed and of course personal claimants utterly disappear. Is it then credible that the decision of such 11 question As whether great Britain was responsible for damage Dono by the Shenn Kdouh before visiting Melbourne had anything to do with Hie amount Awardc-3 i think not. I have a impression which May to r get or May to wrong in regard to the manner in which the sum in Gross was reached. Several persons have Boon guessing about the matter and one Man s guess May perhaps to considered As Good us another s. As Long Ngo As May 1sc4, or Cobden had stated in Tho House of commons that the direct losses to Tho United states from Tho ravages of the British cruisers amounted to three millions Sterling or this statement was quoted with approval leading English journals and was hailed on our Side of the Atlantic As evidence of Candor and fairness in the great opponent of the Corn Laws. The opinion expressed by or. Cobden was brought conspicuously to the Nolice of the tribunal in the american Case and i am inclined to think that when its members began to look Bouc for such a sum As would be fair for both parties finding that the amount of three millions Sterling was somewhat fixed in the popular approval decided upon that amount or a sum sufficiently near it As Likely to to satisfactory to All concerned at the same time that they deemed it just and reasonable. Second. But it is contended that in the very nature of the Case our action is circumscribed by the limitations of the tribunal. It is said that to subjected ourselves to these by Tho very of going to Geneva. We Liao 110 longer any discretion we can no longer ask what is Wright. What is just what is fair who were actual sufferers or who merely pro tended to be such. To have Only loft us the poor privilege of grouping darkly after some Rule of conduct in Tho Geneva award. It is urged hot we submitted to whole question to Geneva. I answer what question Tho question How much and upon what grounds England should pay us. Tho question on what principles we should Settle with our citizens was never submitted. Thero is no hint of such a purpose in All the Many thousand pages where our grievances Are discussed. Indeed As we have seen express instructions to Tho contrary Woro forwarded to our counsel at or Neva. Great Britain never asked that question should be considered by the tribunal never expressed any interest in it and so far As appears has never Felt any. The tribunal never discussed it and impose no condition upon Tho United states except that it should receive the sum awarded in full of All demands. Its final words to us in substance were take this do what you please Wilh in bul ask for no More. 1. But it is urged with some warmth that by presenting the claims of any class at Geneva to placed ourselves under obligation in Case Hicso claims should to recognized to pay them out of the fund received. This would no doubt to True had our government Ronde any Promise to that effect Cit hat Geneva or to its own citizens. But it at All limes carefully abstained from any comm Ilia of this kind. In invited All american citizens to file heir claims with the department of Tho Sale without committing itself upon the question whether it would finally pay Thorn and it Laid All these claims before the Geneva tribunal intending that they should Servo As some measure of the losses of the United states and be suggestive of the sum Lobo finally awarded. We remember that the Secretary of stale himself declared there might to duplicate claims for some of the property alleged to have been captured or destroyed and in Iho Case of insurer and insured. But of this the tribunal had the same Means of judging As Tho Secretary of slate and hence were not imposed upon by Tho claims presented. 2. There remains therefore but this Rule for the United states to observe in the distribution of the Geneva award to do what All things considered is most just and fair among its own citizens and this Cau Only mean o compensate As far As practicable All actual sufferers from injuries inflicted by the British cruisers whose losses have not been recovered in some Othor Way. Could it be shown that Tho Burden of injury has Boon divided equally among the whole population the True method clearly would then be to cover Iho award Inlo the Treasury to be applied to the payment of National obligations or to the reduction of taxation but As this is not Tho Case the duty of the government plainly is to indemnify to the Best of its ability Tho real sufferers. It should pay for actual losses by the Shon Audrah before going to Australia As Well As afterwards and for losses by the other cruisers Belh or included in the Geneva award or not. It should pay the insurance companies so far As they Cau prove that their losses were not made up to them by increased War premiums. It should compensate those who paid such premiums so far As they can make it appear that they were not by larger freights and larger profits upon cargoes. The same principle should be applied to All of sufferers. In Fine the nation Cun meet the High responsibilities resting upon it in this Case Only by calling into exercise the Only attribute of Justice. Let this to done. And no real sufferer will be left with compensation. In Tho words of one of our counsel at Geneva the sum awarded be adequate depends in my opinion on whether distribution to maae among actual losers Only and cilt7.ens of the United states. What is that which by losing an Eye has Only a nose left a noise. Why is the elephant the most sagacious of travellers because to never takes his Eye off his trunk the Way they muzzle dogs in most of the Western towns is by placing the muzzle behind the ear and pulling Tho trigger. A Justice of the peace at ked Wing Minnesota had to Knock a culprit Down with a chair to get him quiet enough to try him. The difference Between a City Green Horn is that one would like to know everything and the other thinks that he can Tell him. What is the difference Between a engine Driver and a passenger who has missed the train one is right in front and the other is left behind. Was the answer which a minister gave some one who asked him what he had in Bis carpet bag which contained seven sermons. Maryland girls won t marry inure full of the Moon believing that they would have ill Luck through life but a Massachusetts girl would t let forty full Moons Stop her ten seconds. One Dollar per Square for one insertion and 85 cents Lor excl us Csc Quot insertion leu than to Iron months. For cards one year. _ s of for cards for advertisers. 8 of quo Square one year. To of each Square not exceeding a 4 of each additional Square Orer three. 9 of for six months 86 per cent to be added. For three months to per cent to be added. Advertisements should be marked with the number of required. When not so marked Thev will be continued until out and charged at Tia rates above Spe cited. The hero of Niagara. From the Buffalo commercial advertiser. Many of our readers will recollect the prominence Given a certain guide of Niagara Falls by prof. Tyndall after his return Home describing his explorations behind the falling Waters. That this guide s heroin deed was not overrated we have ample evidence from his courage exhibited yesterday in rescuing we. I Mccullough from a watery grave. About a. M., yesterday the citizens of Niagara were shocked by i be report that a Painter working on the Bridge leading to the second sister Island had fallen into the rapids below and was carried Over the Falla. Our reporter was soon on Tho spot and found the facts somewhat Cage rated. It seam that the Painter who is some sixty years of age was engaged in painting to Bridges spanning Tho chasms Between the three islands known As the sister islands. In ascending a Short ladder to a narrow scaffold beside the Bridge be accidentally stepped one Side of the planks and fell into the River below Only a distance of a few feet. In an instant to was carried Down str Ujj Stream toward the Falls. George c Urtis a photographer who was arranging his camera to take a View of the Bridge with the Painter in his perilous position Beard a cry and immediately crossed to Goat Island and ran toward Terrapin Tower thinking to might possibly approach near enough the Shore to receive what he supposed would be a Corpse after oing through the turbulent rapids. Tho unfortunate Mau rolled Over and Over until he reached a deep place a few rads below the Bridge when he disappeared Tveith the exception of his boots. Tho heavy current swept him on towards the precipice with equal Pace with the photographer until about forty rods below the Bridge when his head appeared above the water. Not being entirely insensible he espied a Rock about six inches out of the water and spreading out his Arras was driven with extreme Force of it. In a nearly exhausted condition be raised himself out of the water and sat calmly of the Rock. Being not far from Shore or Curtis asked if he was Hurt and received the reply that he was uninjured. Messengers were Mcdial Cly dispatched to the paper Mill for ropes and in a few minutes nearly the whole Village was running toward Tho scene. The necessary ropes were soon on Tho ground and a Young Man volunteered to go to the Rescue. Fastening the rope around his Waist he started for the Rock but he had gone but a few feet when it tabs evident that his fragile form could not withstand the fierce current and to came ashore. About this time Thomas Conroy a guide at the Cave of the winds appeared on the scone and immediately volunteered to bring or. Mccullough ashore. Taking the rope in his hand Conroy started toward the isolated Painter but Tho Force of the current against the rope and himself was even too Strong for his Strong Frame and he likewise retreated. By this Tirpe or. Mccullough could be soon trembling Wilh the cold still grasping the Putty knife to which to had tenaciously held during his rapid descent and Many were afraid he would become chilled through and not be Able to help himself ashore after the Rescue. Or. Conroy now ascended the River a few rods and again started out a loud and succeeded in reaching the unfortunate Man. Tying the rope around Mccullough s breast and winding the end twice about his own hand the two started ashore. They had Only gone a few Steps when the stiff current swept their feet from under them and Many Strong hands commenced pulling on the rope. Tho fierce current together with the rapid pulling immediately caused the beads of both to disappear under water and in this condition they were both landed safely amid the cheers of the hundreds who lined the Banks. Both persons were nearly suffocated but soon recovered. Cheer after Chee went up for Conroy the hero of Niagara. A gentleman and lady who were stopping at one of the hotels immediately handed him Andina abort time the amount was raised to something Over or. Mccullough is aged about sixty years and a Man very highly respected by All who know him. Although this Shock to his nervous system is considerable his personal injuries Are very slight. The Rock that was his Refuge from death for one hour is Only two feet Square and will probably be henceforth called Cullo ngh s Rock. On reaching it Conroy requested the gift of the Putty knife As a souvenir of the occasion but very much to Bis regret lost it before getting ashore. Urio is. A Well known grower of silk Worms states that by feeding these tiny artisans on Vine leaves he has obtained silk of Fine red color and that by giving the Worms lettuce leaves they have produced cocoons of an Emerald Green color. A contemporary of his has also by feeding Riu the last Twenty Days of the vae on Vine Lotuce and nettle obtained Green yellow Violet cocoons

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