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Independent Democrat, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1857, Elyria, OhioIpuh g Eck g. Vav Ashbur a publisher and proprietor. I s Liberty the Eyd and the Means. Printer. 22. Elyria Lorain county Ohio wednesday january 14 1857. Mort to Wery main 13icbe House. In Advance so Carrier 1 75 finding this paragraph Ali eur term of Haa expired and no More papers will to sent no thou a renewal o the wait Dollar por tin co insertions and Twenty Firth cents for Tali subsequent insertion less Inonu pm. Cards one year 83 of voc cards for Adverl Scrofi Soo one3qaareoiie year. 10 00 j3acli and la Ioctl Square not exc coding Oliree. 3 00 is Igor j ten of. I 00 , months 25 percent to to Udd cd. Ifor three months 50 per sent. To to added. Should be marked wit Lithe num Ber of insertions rot Iulio. When not marked they to con United out Nurul Chor cd at tie rotes above Apeci Rcd _ sits Ness j. M. Langst on. Attorney Anil counsellor it tiny office one door East of House Oberon county Ohio special attention Gicinto o1 Geo Olmsted attorney conic Hullo in West of tile Publ uth of Hethe House "138 , Putnam attorney nil Donn Fullor it exd solicitor i Clit Nair the oort Joseph ii Dickson Vitoi Noy and lunar acc agent Ohio. Will promptly Sateni toll v in Crusto co him in Lorain and nil Inin Iii Onu tic s. Bits John m. Vincent Antoine Anil coins Emir it Lii the court 1t7 the new year. The Jear wins coins hear its Chimp tvs another Mark on thu scroll of of shall glean from the Ricorda Horcaj that n.t-6 to acid on the Roll of rho Vilii Ahod car the 5 ear Itira Tho Knell of Tho old of breath Schroo Jot grown cold u spoke of Hope Jet it to Rigort to the past Stith it warning voice a its last Oyve who the Powors of of tryness Bend your Spirita before their throne what Annrea Havo to for Tho guileless Ini 1 till Tho weak Ono strayed How Colo cd to Bright Tho deeps of sin nil they turned to a Luthin a lift left Raul crimes on Trio Dirk ptigtip1 iced that maj not by human Eyo to traced and be who Trust to Yorior Good docs done and hang1 on the tin Lance eternity won Jutt record Hurc to a pfc to Titi Leff Jonson errors that Compass your Way strike the o in not u line be Are lost if Tho scale for a moment incline no Bow in the hour Oil shall Span its w ing not Droop but in in Lucy co Man. An thou who Hast uttered Tho Christian s iriv Anil placed his Signet upon the brow of what Hast thou done for c. Tin crushed it orld there the Banner of enl a void unfurled tlasthyhant1, from the "golcloncluo1 be or Strnod a those eau to the thu one of god is made path realms of night Joeen marked a Trail of h. H0 h the record is ended and borne the to nil i Harli the t u be of Ages i to cd o penitence Diop n ten to Emu one blot i oni u san Simiu dear is it see Tho recording Angel Hoar Auu Liui Lent f oni die Arthner there a Edi Mort of foot us too a Tablet fish from the Antul it god o Anson p. Dayton atto11ni3y at no. Iju Okesson i Bina Ink promptly Attu did to office Corner of m ill and College Stikuts Oti Elm Ohio. H. C Safford o n k r l i Ohio attorney and at Law no in re Public Ami Teil estate a rent Mill to to ins Oare in Lor Amund counties Pai Nekr attention toc Lluc i Oil. No , hit door North of Palmer Ouie. 197tt_ l a. Sheldon attorney and counsellor at Law ill give prompt not anti n to nil by mess in trussed to ins ate Epim i to , 111 and adjoining cot Tief commercial Ria co. 2-4rt Geo. D. Lake attorney at late rotary collector. Ill Utti my Rith Fidelity to nil i Euti la him ii in of Moncri ill Hoiu Kari i Ohio _ w n s b u r k e attorney at will attend to ill ii entrust d to. Is ill Oll stirs. And will b Jorju Tice in the unit 1 St ivs due Ritt Ami cd Uit courts in Olno of Vui a i in Lipcic Sliloc-1. Ond Lour Mut of in Fiir Mir oleic. 11 p , riles it i in and of Luzeon Al via Ohio. Hours from 3 to i r m. S b. Wolcott of in "1-vr.y goods. Groc Cri Tiu cd kinds tin in Nyrl Silver Wiite a Gurri Irmi b nil 1 anti in spoons i Ort Cutrer knives. Aug s u to our of n Nitin rented pure b Ald win h to it tet co., us t in i Mijic unil Fiqiri 0 n i Llo Oil Ore cried Hiril ire Cuciti leather paints oils run. Villi 4 w my Itan h o. U.4ttltr. Hits . M u s s e y co., u i a us in Mikuc Animia kor Imarn goods Cro cries lit new ire hoots Mil slim re i n a Iron Nils Virtly to Wool foal i la k h. I h. J. Brooks of to x a a id de3 on Mam Stites no in Trio Uail loud Ria. Ohio.__________________________177-Lj w m ii o y l e tailor ats and Caps Zurnis majr goods no. 4 in minor Chat Block one door Ija flu a Starr co s h r Austin grocery and 1 Roi Shiloff store Onk floor we Tot realm ton Jonkins Orick store. All Icinda of Proi in lined. J. Minsinger Boot Ani shoe manufacture a no tiler in All kinds of i a things in the oui crop Teamer one door of the Man Ion House , Ohio nos it Griswold maxvill1., d k a t i n 3 i duos mid medicines g , oils gloss djo Stuikys Tainy articles Cen t a drug store Lyrin o l.d.oki1woid. Nt9j j we. Packard q n b s m i w m Ramlall s tin shop in c doors i. Of Muisey a North Side mini. St it the a in of the gun n79 Crane Crandall Oliai in t stoves and tin Ware us Tiu old Brick stoic. 5t1 doors West of Mumey go s store a Obj tip Dono 9 Tho shortest notice t. I Satin o so a t o p l i f p a of the Walii Ngou All executed withe Paroth. It a Gates umber window scor cud suits j jars ave , n70 Weddell House inns Vuil a Ali or bonnets Woro t i Ujco Titi Lulf to turd before "vv1 Lii thus hidden deep tvmi1 Sonu Nimg u cd to get a pee i but women 8 i Kle tin1 thur bonnets till behind Wonlu men let ii features hide with hair Tho indies in face1 acid Finci who to Taro 1 so thoth Mil Pinson Page As women s Hare faced Iriye. Reflector of the 30th ult. Says it will Boscon by reference to the notices Gnu of our obituary head that Tho Saih t or putrid sore Throat arts made sad Woik in some parts of to West Ern portion of this county. Four children wore taken from Ono family three from not Sci and Tho Distaso has proved equally fatal in other families in that to learn that six children died out of Ono family in Thompson township Seneca county by to same disease. Is eak East ran to Bis Athor who was Busy employed in a vexatious piece of work and without thinking of Tho pressure on his father s mind Askea him what to was doing. Tho father Tho t Lessly with a loud voice which had a tone of passion replied no matter go away my son i Charles recoiled from Tho excited Parent and with faltering accents said. Speak easy father and left his father with a tear in Bis orc. How often is this rebuke needed in the Domestic Circle where emphatically a soft answer Tui Neth away Wrath but riotous words Stirrett up not infrequently Aro parents mortified and sorrowful because passionate words and deeds Aio displaced by child on and even in maturer life tiring them to to Dis Graco of Tho Public criminal when this development of depravity was Only to fruit of Tho seeds sown in Young hearts by ii ovens speak easy and Mother also and children too for your tones of voice shall blend with Tho music of jux satisfied soul or Tho discord of a heart Unstrung forever. Cyrus Pontico esq., of Ravenna Lias been chosen a member of the Republican state Central committee in place of Wifall resigned. Tun extraordinary murder in Vir Ginia Alexandria Gazette contains the following particulars of the extraordinary murder of or. Green by his slaves in Prince William county Virginia j he deed was committed Early in Tho night on wednesday the 24th, before or. Green had retired. He was in Bis House Whon it was entered by three negro women a Young negro Man and a negro boy All of whom attacked or. 0-., but he kept Thorn off during to attack to was struck by the oldest of the women said to to aged about co years j with an axe which or. Croon succeeded in taking from her and with to Dodo sided himself for sometime but was finally overpowered and Tho axe taken from him Whon to made his escape from Bis House but was pursued and Over taken by Tho negroes at about 150 Yards from the House and killed. His body was then taken Back into the House and the House Sot fire to and burned Down. Or. A s watch and other articles which to bad on Bis person at the time were not stolen and Woro found with his remains. The negroes afer committing this diabolical and heinous atrocity wont to their quarters and Whon the neighbors arrived pretended to be asleep. Traces of blood wore discovered and suspicion immediately aroused and when they were charged with having committed Tho crime Thoy made a full confession and were taken in to custody and at once committed to jail. Or. Groon resided by himself and them was no other White person on Tho premi ses at Tho time of the murder. 22-s-tbe editor of a Western Pipor having Lont his axe to one of his subscribers to Borrower unfortunately broke off Tho Han dle. On returning it. The Man said you can Wasly gut lied the that will Cost at least a Quarter of a the Borrower if you Ain t rather Small for an Bosq is the Quarter but to Jitou Lily paper at fellow citizens of the Senate. House of i Welcome you with great to Tho first session of Tho general Assell Elj in Tho now state House. In simplicity of design in Harmony of proportions and in massive solidity of Structure it stands and May it Long stand a Monument and a Symbol of Tho car Faith Tho Well ordered institutions and Tho endur ing greatness of Tho Paplo Whoso House it is. Tho year which has just closed has been marked by Tho steady Advance of the great state we Ose into osts. For the present have Boon confided to our care in All the Elo runts of wealth Honor to Tho returns of agriculture though less abundant than in sonic More favored years have yet Boon sufficient to Supply our wants at Home and to furnish a Large surplus for exportation. The product of manuf scoring Industry have been steadily and greatly Piug Monrud. The transactions of com Merce i Avo multiplied in number and in creased in importance. Vast Mineral treas ures. Hitherto comparatively . Have bean brought by the Extension of rate roads within Tho easy reach of Enterprise and Mac. O tributary to Tho general pro Gros i. While he development and enlargement of our m Vitoria resources have been ensured by the so and similar agencies other instrument to cities Havo been actively employed in Tho promotion of the Mora Fand intellectual welfare of Tho people. Public order and private rights have been maintained by our enlightened and impartial administration of Justice. Institutions of education have diffused among the masses Tho Power of knowledge institutions of Benevolence Havo Rajni Itoi of to Tho children of sorrow Tho Wise and Noble Charity of the state institutions of religion sustained by Tho voluntary contributions and ready sympathies of the people and made efficient by Tho self denying of teachers and ministers Havo Lent their powerful support to Public virtue no order while they have enforced the obligations of Privato duty and cherished Tho aspirations of individual Faith. Nor Art these Tho Only benefits which de Mand oui grateful acknowledgement. Peace is t 10 Opportunity of Progress and peace unbroken has prevailed throughout car Bordris. Tho pestilence which in for Mer years invaded and detected so Many Homes not been permitted to approach us. Iloah in unusual measure has cheered our Homos and animated our labors from Liis pleasing Survey it is my duty to proceed to a Moro detailed exposition of Tho condition of Tho state. Tho primary interests of Ohio connect them Elva closely with Tho ownership and culture of Tho soil. Tho whole area of the state according to Tho computations of the Federal authorities contains 39 054 Square Miles or 050 acres. A Little More than half a Cen Tury ago i of an acre of this area had been Cleaod Foi cultivation or oven reduced to private ownership. The Federal government asserted an sex Clush proprietary title in the whole except that portion included in the Connecticut reservation. Tho Hardy pioneers who pushed Forward into Tho wilderness were compelled to buy of Tho government or its grantees to very soil which subdued. The whole Burden of contributions for Tho sup port of the state and its institutions was cast upon Tho land thus purchased. The land of the government was Only exempt and Tho contributions of the Gou emment by Grants of land in Aid of Public improve ments Ivero insignificant in comparison with Tho enhanced value of the ung ranted lands notwithstanding thesos Cilious disadvantages Tho process of Purchase and Settle ment has gone steadily Forward until More than twelve million of acres occupied for Agi cultural purposes and nearly thirteen millions More classed As uncultivated Havo become Privato property and contribute to the Publ c Revenue. When in 1802, Ohio became a state in Tho american Union every other of Tho seventeen members of Tho confederacy was Moro Popup us and better cultivated and six had larger areas. Now although the number of Stales has increased to thirty one of which Nineteen Aro larger than Ohio not one us Brossus her in Tho extent and variety of her agricultural products. A general outline of Tho gradual conver Sion of Public into private ownership will toward attention. Prior to 1sos the returns of lands hold by individual proprietors Are meagre and unsatisfactory. In 1810, Tho number of acres thus o Ned was in 1920 this Quantity had increased to acres in 1810, estimating the Quantity for two Coutie Sirom which there were no re turns to acres and in 1856 to acres. These quantities Are exclusive of town and City lots nearly All Tho land in Tho state it will to thus become private propel to and subject to taxation the facts disclosed by these returns Sug Crost a question of the correctness of the Federal estimate of the area of the state. The difference Between the returns of lands for 1s55 Anil the entire area us computed at. Washington is Only acres. It can hardly to doubted that larger Qun Stites Tun this is induced within Tho limits of Tho fifteen Hundred cite b and towns enumerated in Tho Evsi ligation report for 1853, and in Iho exemption from Taxa Tion allowed by Law. There remained moreover on Tho 30th of Juno last Accord ing to Tho Sti Tremont of the commissioner of the general land office which i Here with transmit and to which i shall hereafter Havo occasion to refer 43.553 acres of Public land Midi posed of. Within the state. These facts under it highly probable that Tho True of the the Asti Mato list Storic it coined As Correct. Loui ver Elliis May to he gratify ing fact is Cernin that of doing ownership in Ohio approaches to termination and that the drafts upon liar resources for to Purchase of the soil Hai o nearly a cased henceforth Tho Unelia Nassed energies of her people May to directed to Tho fullest possible development of All her the general Assembly will cheerfully recognize i he duty of extending to Tho great agricultural interest of Tho state ill proper securities and encouragements. To this end Tho state Board of agriculture was organized in 18-16 and provision was Mado at Tho same Ime for Tho better organization and greater usefulness of county agricultural societies. Tho Wisdom of this Logis Littion 1ms Boon amply vindicated by its results through to labors of the of the county societies agricultural improvement has been acne tic fall y. Their annual reports embody valuable agric us knowledge the Oft act of Irlich is to j infer3 visible in creased skill an d which Tho labors of Tho fimm Are use Cut cd and in the increased i eduction . They Aro respectfully submit Tion Tho propriety of ii creasing set apart for appropriation Board and county societies up pro Ramunis for Excel Lonco in Prodi Cal inf and age Mont an d of Lakinjr such other Provis Ion for Tho increase and diffusion cultural knowledge As your own exp Ciri onco and observation biggest. Trio proportion of and of our Means engaged in mining Mochi Nical and manufacturing Industry largely increasing. Toliese Dusty Supply a great Market constantly becoming greater for the 3 productions of a i Buluro. Cans Shoult. Be taken to at the financial burdens of Tho state be knitted to press in Dis proportioned measure upon them. I Havo already refer onto the growing extent and importance of our no inconsiderable amount of collected by Tho Genera government from duties upon Tho direct importations of our merchants from foreign countries Tho treaty of reciprocity with Canada has enlarged the Field and and stimulated Ivity of mercantile in Erp Riso. Especially in the Northern parted the state. The great interchange o commodities with our sister states and Between different parts of our own Commonwealth give continual employment to Large resources and Active energies. Wise legislation in never employed in arresting the trevo Loument or cramping Tho activity of commercial Intel a ours. Among the instrumental ties by Mcanuff of Fth cd me course is carried on different parts of the s ate and different sections of the country Hai i roads May now to regarded As. The most Tho rapidity and Oast of by rail Rivca to that Mode of conveyance a decided preference Over every other and the number who commit their lives and property to Tho skill and Fidelity of Railroad conductors and other employees already vast become hourly greater. To number of Miles of rail Road in actual operation in this in 1855 according to Staten ont Mada by the late Secretary of state was 1.593." Tab present number is about two thousand eight Hundred. These railroads have Cost about ninety millions of than a million of passengers Are carried upon them annually and their Gross receipt Saro not less than six millions of dollars a year. It is doubtless within estimate the probable increase for to next ton years in extent Cost transportation Andin Como at one Quarter the present amount Tho vast interest affecting vitally so Many other interests has grow i suddenly to its Presont dimensions without system without general organization Ami in Somo import ant respects without duo Tho benefits of railroads Aro such and is so identified with the s Fety and Ity of the people that no proper Protection or support should be withheld from them Whilo the danger from mismanagement Aro so great that no reasonable precaution against it should be omitted. I respectfully be command. Therefore the organization of a Board of Railroad commissioners with Power to exercise a be micral supervision Over the construction Ami operation of the Sei Cral roads and required to report from time to time to the gov i Tho information of Tho general Assembly a full statement of their manage ment i cannot doubt that the salutary influence of such legislation would esp cur ily Manifest in Tho increased value of the loads and Tho greater Security of travellers and freighters a sound currency and secure exchanges Are not less important to Intercourse of society than Safe Cru Kanaef in almost All and perhaps in All civilized communities the curfew a is Coin and of ii dilating m Tes. Conc table into Coin supplied either directly by the government or by Banks organized under1 its authority. In this state Tho Powers functions duties and liabilities of Banks Are defined by Law sometimes by special Laws under the name of some times by general Laws and amendable oof repeal Ablo at the pleasure of Tho i Legisla Ture. Whatever difference May exist Tho abstract questions re Ativo to a mixed1 currency none i App Rehe id will be found among practical men in regard to Tho certainty that such a currency will for an inc finish period to constitute Tho actual medium of Purchase and this As Well As in every other s ate in the confederacy. Certainly no Power Leas Amplo than that of Tho Federal government is competent to Tho effectual inclusion of such notes from circulation As Money and no present indication suggests any probability that that Power will to exc raised for that purpose. Whilo opinion upon this Point thus approaches unanimity the Public judgment in state remains divided upon Tho ques Tion whether Tho franchise of Hanking j should to limited to a defined number of institutions or extended to All who Aro Wil Ling to give to required securities and guaranties against abuse. I barn upon a former occasion expressed my preference for the most Liberal Extension of such restrictions upon its exorcise As will effectually protect Tho Community against a Mere paper Money currency. The act to incorporate Tho Bank of and other Banks passed april submitted to Tho people in conformity Tho provisions of Tho Constitution on thu second tuesday of october been approved by a Mujo Ity of All the electors voting at the election has failed to become a Law. More recent y Tho supreme court of Tho state has unanimously Doc id 1 de that Tho act to authorize free passed March 21. I supposed by some to have been abrogated by Tho new Constitution remains in full Force Tod by any provision of that i submit to your bolter judgment whether sound policy docs not Sugges t by of observing the practical operation of this act and of so amending it from time to time As May be Csc scary to protect and curio Tho interests of Tho Cor with out invoking the decision of the people on u now banking Law. Considerable practical difficulty Vasaris on in carrying into execution the provision of Tho net of april Tho taxation of property Amployo a in banking Tai de Termine Tho precise rate to Ijo levied upon the properly and Means Inch led in the first statement required act in order arts produce Tho sum which Wii d by produced by Trio general rate if levied up join Tho j Ond and to1 precise rate when ascertained to to Complex and Mbarr Nisi Najj Iho that the of property and a first statement hair be Sintore Lupon Ali file for taxation and tried Al anti much upon property of Indrid r-1 b
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