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Independent Democrat, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1857, Elyria, OhioI f Washburn publisher and proprietor. Liberty Jloyd the e1vd Judd the Meays. Vol. 25. Elyria Lorain county Ohio wednesday february 4, 1857. Juc moral is published in the Exchange on main st., opposite Tho Beebe. House. 4 mail subscribers Ima Ritchly in Advance 5o delivered by Carrier 175 to subscribers finding this paragraph marked ill understand Liat their term of subset option 1ms expired tend no More Pap Iii act without a renewal o the Square for thru insertions Andrw Eutz five cont for ninth a. Or cards Ono year 00 Vor for adre Rickeis of on Square one year 1-0 00 each additional Stu not exceeding Tuleo. 3 of three i 00 for six months to per cent to be added. For three months 50 per cent to to added be my iced with the num Ber of insertions Luni Iid t so a marked Ulicy Ivill be continued unil ordered out and charged it the int a above specified business Jedi Rectoris. J. M. Langston attorney Anil counsellor it office one door of i Litmer House obo Ilin Lorn in county Ohio. attention to i cd sections. Poetry. O Geo. Olmsted Tori ice ill counsellor rtt Siuw. Ink ten of tin Public i Lonh i of Bce Tif House. Skis a Sci Uyleau Putnam Turne y a.n.1 counsellor it Edsol Leitoi inc giant Cir try oftlci1 in Trio court House. Joseph h. Dickson attorney at Neil Liim Raneo agent a Islington o to will Luo Nistl kit Ciolll to ill business Yuti ust Tilto him in a lion Lia its o John m. Vincent attorney nil counsellor in . The court attorney us acc Eil Ria Ohio 177 Anson p. Dayton Pattok Xiv at . Ijar Ojess to s l Pimp Ipili Lut Nilius to office Comer of mum mid Obi a ,01110. Ii. C Sal told o d k l i Ohio attorney and Law no tary am Blu had it enl ill Utt Ontl to All business i m t listed to Iii in re in inn mid counties. 1 Artie Kibir Matei inn of lec tons. Up attrib in at dour uni 111 i i Nilmei Lii to " l. A. Slip Ilion attorney Ami counsellor it Willyne prompt fat ten tit n to nil Liu mess entrusted to Iii Cuie esp Chinh to Rolli d ions m no Nul adjoining Connei Cial Liliu Katy Rin co. 2j4ct Geo. E. Lake attorney at Law Cul ill it stud with Fidel to to nil Miti Ute in to Linn. Office in Ooin Merciol lilo a i la Len. Ohio. S b u k k k actor sky at Rirl cml to ill Lnu business i Titi listed r d ins t t Loi Lull Ami will practice in Tho ugh d Isantos Rit Tirui circuit in Ohio. In in Cebu t Block ,0111-do or h 11 former office n 15 of the rolling Appeal. O shoot me not you thoughtless boy a Lille Iii gig Boio Luglan Dnofrio Job Tib wicked thus to him 1110 still let me hop Vivoni Bough to Bough. O shoot to not Elivs i Fri to to a tis to you so wild Utu poised in air then singing Lou full of leu Only know. O kill us not in yonder to us my mute and have Youngling Throe you would not Suto to Jutt the so should Dio for want of food up there to High. O us live Aud Driy by Day utter thanks in our Oun Way Well surely sonic quite near Jour door and sweetest songs sing o or and o or. Nav toil , Jet less. J m. Ii Solag ssi Oulu breathe. Song Bho ulu bran tic of and to Lowerr song should Uke a River song should bring Back scenes Natl Iva that Wilom d Long ago song from baser thoughts should in song should Charm us out of song should stir the hem t within us like Nunt tit b fund by blow. Fuin i and All Man Ilot the m i in Petu of find i get and i All things time the soul sub Denih Ghoul be too Surg. Fang should Spur the maid to Kame the Ntuli the Butiong. Eutz deed of Tiu than should be i owned Ich song. Lorain county. Ohio. By j. R. D. S. Wright stoves and tin Ware one door of the Post of flu All Kivuls of Job Binef done on a tit o. M Jenkins do m is in drugs medicines paints oils Glass mid Ware put Fundery drug p. Saml ski Ril sic Len hours Giuin 2 to 1 m. Kly Iila Riuo. S. B. Walcott it duty Grot i a i Stu Ike fut jew of nil kind cold and his it German Silver and Pontod spoons a macs a no s Lver Stivous four u Timu facture warranted a Niue. Id Baldwin Starr Oka i us i of american and Kortman or goods groceries h it Are Luot i. Shot s Fjug he i Tsoi is Iron in Kiln is at . S. . . Illos . M u s e y co., us is in a my incan no Korci Kii dry to Ami shoos Iii i run a tils h k sub ski Moz Oai h f k. N70 ii. J. Kooks 33 to 31 shop on main Strett Onciu tic Road depot Al via Ohio. 177-tv w m ii o y l k merchant tailor ats and cups goods no. 4 Commir Oil Block Gnu door Ijan a Situ h r Austin grocery a and provision store n e do orcs to i riffs Tor All kinds o t groceries Gnu hand. Najj o j. Mugs Singer Boot and shoe Masupha Cuther and loader in n.11 kinds of Lentlie vend pm Ditingo ill the old fron door nest of tin Man House Eltrin Ohio Griswold n i a l k it a in drugs and medicines i Oderies Aluta oils Glass uric los Cen f re drug store Styria o. L. D. Guise old. J we. Packard s hop Over Crane i Alidah s tin shop five c doors Westoe Mussy Oft lie Guu. U79 Crane Crandall store floors West of Mussey go s store Jobbie Idone on uie Slio Rucat notice to. Kauk 1. Aka Small a t o p l i e of doors of the Washington House All orders pc Cutch v . N70 g a t e s umber window an to Suoi Click suits j . Mill West Brancho n79 Weddell House. 1-1 i. Iii Elaml Listii a Luvae a Micro he will be Hupp to Che Cleveland picture frames i have to flu Supply of ill tend Rosewood Jlong irate which sell or Atu Orv Clil mip i. K. C. Bis Wold _ a Tho . It in of Kin Suins us Rcch Cal it this tract of land wits originally bought of Trio Sutic of Connecticut by Kph him Koot. Iio lived and did in ilm Foril. Of him it was purchased by Jar nos Adams prod Mick Ilia him Francis Ilu Irick and Harmon Kingsbury each owning equal poitioii5. Thoy wore All Uati Vos of Berk Shire co m.iss., those proprietors Pur chased it with Tho object of forming a Sot Loment Heio. Frodo Rick Ilar Lin was list and mostly engaged in ii Liing thu Sottilo Monr. He was married to Nancy Wilcox u s Ster of Ephraim a. Who was somewhat through his influence persuaded to emigrate West Aud inherit Tho goodly land. Inch Coonts were hold out by his brother in Law As Well As by Tho fair reports of Tho other proprietors u to had visited their possessions. Preparations luring Boon Mado in the Spring of Isis Ephraim a. Wilcox and i we. Welling of Montgomery co., k. Y., Wmk Lohu Clifford cons. Stuut and Joseph Wilson of Berkshire co mass., started in company to recon Noctor the wilds of Ohio and try Tho Calit Yosof Pioneer life. Thoy came to Graf ton in february and in Maich 1338, Struch Tho first blow toward Settle ment in Wellington. Coming from Graf ton they marked Trees by of forming n path and Bro t supplies of food enough to last them for a few Days Only. Thoy built a log hut in which Thoy All lived at exactly Trio Center of Tho township. Hero Thoy to gun their work of settlement. Thoy had brought nothing with them for bods excepting a few blankets and ticks. The so lat Ter they fillet with leaves from the Trees. Their Bedstead was Mado by driving four Crotch of into the ground Thoy having no floor nothing but a. More Shell of a and upon these crotches Lioy Laid four sap Lings and across these Shakos upon which Thoy Laid their loaf Beds. This novel Bod Stead was noticed in a letter of Wilcox to Frederick Hamlin. To said that it was hard enough when thu Best Bod to had was soft Sido of a Zhito Oak Thoy woo obliged to go to graft on ouch a week to got their bread baked. On such Occa Sions two usually wont together for fear of wild animals which at Tutu Iio Wei Nei ther Fow nor Unfer Ocious. Having located their claims Thoy now commenced Clearing up portions of their Wood land by exchanging work All working together an equal number of Days on each farm. They had drought with Thorn a Keg of rum for medicinal purposes of which Thoy had unanimously resolved to take no thing except in Easo of Sio Knoss. The effect of this Resolution was that an intermittent sickness generally raged after re turning from a hard Day s labor. But to it to their Praise Thoy were not intemperate. In May following Clifford decided to to. Turn Home again fooling both want of Tho luxuries of life which could not Here to enjoyed and Tho demands of his Largo family he had loft in Tyringham mass. To being Tho oldest of Tho five Tho rest objected and expostulated with him that to being enough older than Thoy to to father was setting Thorn a bad example at that lonely desolate Era and that Thoy Dis liked being loft by Ono whose company was so much valued in Tho dreary wilderness alone. But his will was Strong. It availed nothing for thu latter part of May saw Clifford taking leave of them at Liverpool whither they had accompanied him. Ilore Thoy gave vent to thoit1 emotions in tears As they bade him Good and Wilcox charged him to visit his family upon his Way and hurry them on with Frederick such had been their previous arrangement. Clifford Truo to the prom ise he Mado Thorn wont immediately upon his return to see Hamlin whom he found in the very act of repairing his Wagon for his Western tour. On july 4th, Frederick Hamlin came in with Wilcox s wife and son Theodore. With them also came Caroline Wilcox Ephraim s sister and d. J Johns. Wilcox had already built a log House on his lot about half a mile North West from Tho Center on what is now called Tho Footo into which to took his family. These were Tho first female settlers and they were possessed with those dauntless bold and yet kind moral and womanly traits which should characterize feminine pioneers. Mrs. Sarah Wilcox was at Ono Timo Bro t into circumstances Woll calculated to try her to say nothing too much when to say that Sho was extraordinarily dauntless and Yot Cool in Tho of Porciso of her judgment. Sho was alone in her quiet men All being in Tho Field Vihon a company of two or Throo indians stopped in and began bogging by motions for ammunition. Sho was mopping and to have them tracking Tho floor and play ing Mummy Whon Sho Woll knew Thoy could talk English was not a Little Provok fatigue of patience. Sho told them several Timos to ask for what Thoy Winton and she would give them As Indocci Sho often bad done but go studies Sci o their Only answers Whon Sho raise la chair Over Tho head of him most importunate deman Ding an exposition of Iii wants which affected an exclamation from his lips of powder powder Carolina Wilcox now Hamlin taught Tho first school in Tho Spring of 1s20. Sho taught in John Clifford s House Thiee months until a House was erected for that purpose on the Corner i hero now stands Tho american House. Sho first commenced teaching with about six scholars but her numbers increased gradually As now Sot tiers came in and Sho finally closed Hor school teaching with a Giand exhibition which was r. To bonded by All around filling Tho Small school House to an i this was considered at that time a grand i entertainment and a Lino occasion for Young ladies and gentlemen to close their buoyant school Days and Start out into Tho world seeking for what Thoy would term Tho More substantial part of life. She was born in Alford Curk Biro co mass., Juno 10th, 1799 was married when Twenty five to Jar. Ii f. has lived mostly Sinco then in Illinois but finally returned o Wellington Whoso with a family of three children Sho now resides. Of her pupils Somo have sought for livelihood in other and various lands but Tho greater part Are now residents of Wellington. Tho first couple married woo Amos Adams to miss Lecla Howk in april 1822. Thoy wore married by e. A. Wilcox Justice of Tho Poco or. Adams was born in Otis Berkshire co., mass., August 1794. And came in 1s20. Mis. Adams was born in Boi Shiro co., oct 1801, and came in 1s19. They Choso thu fanning occupation and up vol i cd and settled Down on a farm about to Miles West from Tho Center of Tho ship. Thoy arc both still living and cheer ing each other boing childless n round Tho Hoar the Stonoff their old Homestead Tho first person born was Dennis Wilcox son of e. A Ami Sarah Wilcox sept. 25ih, Isis. Iio follows chiefly Tho occupation of Carpenter and Joiner was married Whon thirty four to miss Elizabeth Stockwell to lived hero until Tho Spring of when to migrated to Vinc Cunes Indiana where he is still living. The first death was that of Josiah b. Manley August 21st, 182-1, in Tho 32d year of his ago. Iio was from Berkshire co mass. To loft a widow Vito United in Sec Ond nuptials with Esq. Matthew Dewolf and is still living. A son and a daughter Aro now residents of Wellington. In the Spring of Coston organised Tho m. E. Church which was the first Chiueh organization in town. There wore about eight members mostly females. Or. Costin went from lore to Pittsburgh penn., whore he was engaged As an editor. Some few of Tho members of that organization Ali Oady passed Tho pales of i mortality and others have lived to see their Small society increase to ninety Sov on Rno Bois. Tho Iosby Tozian Church Una Tho of which Jool tul Cott was Tho first settled minister. Or. Talcott is now living in Norwalk Huron co., o. It was Tho practice of Tho Early settlers even before the Church formation to Aielt together regularly on Tho Sabbath and have sermons Road. There were none at first who professed christianity but Thoy of new England origin and taught its it a duty As Well a a pleasant commemoration of Early tuition to gather themselves together Ono Day in seven and sing the psalms they were taught aforetime and not to the original composition of borne Tho read ing of sermons that had been delivered to another people. This Tot ship was organized in the Spring of 1s21. Tho first officers appointed were e. A. Wilcox Justice of the peace and d. J. Johns town clerk. At a state election hold out 12th, 1824, to number of olo Tois were ten having More than doubled since the first be Gal electors not All being present. J he householders who had come in Sinco the first emigration were Loring Wadsworth Whitman do Wolf Silas Baly Amos Adams Benjamin Wadsworth. Judson Wadsworth James Wilson Joseph s John Ilok Josiah Bradley and probably others. Tho votes at this election were All cast for Al Len Trimble for governor. At the first recorded election of two justices nov. 19, 1s33j Tho number of elec tors was fifty five. D. J. Johns and e. C. Foote wore elected to expound Tho Law to them. Of Tho four proprietors of this township Tavvo Only wore citizens of Tho same. Col. Juries Adams a native of Landor Field Berkshire co., mass., and is now Harmon Kingsbury was a native of Berkshire mass., and is now living on Staton Island. His brother Solomon is now a resident of this Village. Frederick Ham Lin was born in Berkshire co., 31st, lived in Alford mostly until he came , with his family in july 1819. To kept Tho first Public House in town but was engaged chiefly in the mercantile business until to finally re moved to Elyria whore to yet resides. To was one the first trustees of Tho town ship and was elected at Tho first election of judges for Lorain county by the legis lature associate judge of Tho court of common pleas. Iii wife died in Elyria March 2d, 1847, in Tho Joel year of hoi age. I f. M. Humlin his oldest son living is now a villager of Wellington. Col. Francis Horrick was born in coven try conn., in May 1709, and moved when a boy to co., mass., where to lived until his removal to Wol Lington. His roam in hero with his family except those who had preceded him in 1s37 Ilu was elected is a representative to Tho Massachusetts legislature for sever Al terms while in Tyr Ringlon but whet to came engaged in Tho far Ming occupation extensively until his hit Tor Days Whon to closed up mostly his land speculations. Iio died May 25th, 1855, in Tho Seth Yeai of his ago. His wife died March 3d, 1834, in Tho .b3tl year of her ago. To loft two sons and no daughters All of whom with Tho exception of Ono daughter Aro now living in this township. Of Tho five of this township Tuo have gone to their Graves and three Aro Yot thing. Charles Sweet was bom in 1704. And was a native of Tyringham Buik Bhiro co mass. Holamo to Welling ton Ulion Twenty four years of age and after having Mado his pure Haso settled on Tho lot now occupied by Fri Deriek Manly. Iio held Somo township offices and was Ono that assisted in organizing the first Church. To died aug. 23d, 1s2g. Ephraim a. Wil Fox was born in Alford Berkshire county mass., August 20th, 1791 was married to Sarah Wolverton when about Twenty five and moved two years after. His employment was farming. Lie was elected thy first Justice of Tho 1 Niico As stated before and was to of cued at Tho expiration of his first Tern. To died August his wife lived ton yogis after his death and died Jan. 1st. 1s45, in Tho 32d car of her age. This being Tho first family of Wellington Tho Eaily set Lois erected to their Rem Oil a Large Marble Tomb Stone showing Tho High character Thoy sustained among their fellow citizens. His oldest son Theodore who Mas the first child brought into Tho Placo died Here Leav ing a widow and two sons. We. Welling who bears Tho title of Esquire was born about Tho year 1791 and Whon became from Charleston Montgomery co., n y. Of his history to know but Little sir oho has no relatives living hero but that to lived hero a few years Whon to Naan Lem Ovod to Medina. After him Wellington was Given its name which gives him Tho Honor of inning a derivation of his name give title to Ono of Tho Liloni ibo Iii nil Ives of Tho Uesu Ive and at Tho same time bearing a memorable relation to a renowned historical he lived in Medina until within a few cais when he i moved farther West whore to still lives. Joseph Wilson was bom about Tho year 1soo, and was a Natho of Tyringham Berkshire co., mass. He Assis de in form ing Tho Fust settlement lived hero i a few years when to returned again to j Massachusetts. His father James came in with his family about the time to Joseph returned and ipod hero until his death. Beside his father Albo the Mother and two Sisters of Joseph Aio buried. Joseph is now living in Pittsfield mass. John Clifford son., was born in tarring Ham mass., july 8th, 1777. Iio moved with his family a wife and ten in 1s20, and settled on Tho lot now occupied by him about three fourths of a mile Oast from the Village. Iio still lives to a Good old ago being nearly eighty and retains his holiest employment of far Ming. He has four sons and Ono daughter still living in Wellington. Or. D. J. Johns was the first professional Man in town and May to termed Ono of Tho first settlers. To was born in Stockbridge Berkshire co., mass. March 18th, 1797 he graduated from the Connecticut medi Cal College at now Haven on his 21st bit the Day and came immediately whore he has Boon and is Yot practising a skillful physician. His first practice was among Tho Indian aborigines and to it to their says Tho doctor they Al ways paid he was elected an associate judge of the court of common pleas of Lorain county for a term of seven years immediately succeeding judge Hamlin Tho doctor is a Groat Story Teller and on Ono occasion in Tho Early settlement showed himself quite a Ephraim a. Wilcox had been dispatched for Provis ions to some of Tho neighbouring ton us and had already prolonged his stay beyond their expectations which brought them on to rations of pumpkin and milk. Tho Doc Tor taking advantage of their impatience elevated himself to Tho Branch of a Maple and took Tho following passage for his text Ephraim is joined unto his idols let him he used to Tell of a wonderful Hoise of his that was so admirably fitted for Pio Neer life that to would subsist upon Tho natural productions of Tho Forest Lequir t ols wore his favorite dish and on one occasion Tho doctor saw him devouring Tho twentieth Squirrel. Wild game of All kinds was very plenty hero in the Early Days. Tribes of indians from Tho Sandusky and Wyandot Mado this a great Hunting ground and often oven after Tho town became Woll populated the Sandusky tribes would visit hero and pursue for weeks their Forest rambles in search of its wild wonted denizens mostly in an extensive tract of Woodland lying in Tho Eastern portion of Wellington and Western part of Ponfield. Meanwhile Tho settlers wore not without their hands in those Hunting sports. On Ono occasion a couple of Sot Lois wore coming from Spencer when Thoy came across .1 boar s track which Thoy followed to a Largo Hole in a time. Across this Hole Thoy tied their Coats thereby securing him until they aroused their neighbourhood. Having 10 turned guns Woll loaded they removed their Woolen doors and by rapping on Tho tree caused the insiders to look out the Hole when Tho gunners would Bhoot. By this process Thoy killed Tho Bear and Throo cubs. In Point of literature Wellington has not been uninterested. A Largo literary society was formed hero in the Winter of 1838 9, for the stated by its constr searching for truth and of Ren Dering Mutual assistance in Tho acquisition of useful knowledge. It has been nourish ing Over Sinco and although Many of its former members Aro scattered far and wide and Somo gone to their Siavos. Yet it lives and will probably exist As Long As Tho old Mcm Beis on with Tho respected recollections of the Benefit and culture they Havo already gained Tucio Froid. A town Library was organised in 18-17, which at present numbers volumes in Tho Spring of 1sg2, goo brew Tor Esq. Established hero a press and commenced the publication of the Wellington Jour March Lith lie edited it for a Short time Whon it foil into Tho hands of Llev. L. S Griswold who acted As corresponding editor with or. Brewstor. It was published by John s. Picot then by or. Brow Star again and lastly bar. L. S. Mcculloch. It was discontinued in january 1ssc. Or. Rood was an old Cit uen of Wellington and was a merchant hero for Twenty years. To was drowned while Bath ing in Black fiver Juno 22d, in the 43d year of his ago. In him Wellington experienced a loss. To was a prac tical Christian devoted to Tho establishment of sound and moral principles in the com a Unity was Ono of the principal Mem Bers of Tho literary association and very enterprising in promoting Tho Wolfli e town. He loft a widow and daughter who still occupy hib former residence. The town of Wellington was incorporated in Tho fall of Isoo Aud Tho following of Licois Wei o elected Jno. M Swift May or j. Ii. Dickson recorder Loring wads Worth e. S. Tripp. Eli Boice a. G. Couch and j. L. Wadsworth Councilinan. At Tho regular election in thu Spring of 1850, Tho following Village officers Wei elected e. S. Tripp. Major Wolcott j. M. Swift f. M. Lamlin luring wads Worth win. La unnels and Eli Boice. Coun cil men. Or Tripp is Nell worthy of Tho position in which the have placed him. And to which he has elevated himself. To May to cited As Ono of Tho most enterprising citizens and is doing much toward building up Tho town. I e is Tho proprietor of quite an a tons us. And Ono of the Best Carriage manuf Lorios on Tho Rustine. Aside from this Thoro is one of the largest Lake manufactories in the state1, and an extensive steam i is Mill situated hero there Aro also four dry goods Boies one hardware and two drug stores two Largo Croe ories and other smaller shops and two Thoro Aro four regular orthodox Clibur chefs Here containing in All 307 Jenilu is. Of institutions of learning there is. Beside four departments of Tho Union school an acad Emy which was Ore Ted in Tho of 1849, Ami taught first is a be Mich skin Miry by miss Mary Ann Adams now mrs. Conkling formerly a principal of Tho la die s department in Oberlin College. In the Spring of 1852, it Camo under Tho direction of miss Eliza m. Hamilton who is still Tho proprietor. Miss Hamilton is a Learned scholar and an accomplished and talented teacher. Wellington is ranked among Tho Princi pal stations on c., C. Rail Road Between Cleveland and Columbus. Of Tho Lino Between Wellington and a Huntington is an old Road called Tho Smith Cut out by Gen. Smith Whon marching his for Ces to deficit in Tho time of the last War. Samuel Polton a Patriot who fought in the revolution Mado Wellington his final Homo and his last resting place. Ilo died january 2sth, 1849, at Tho Good old ago of 92. Tho population of Wellington is about 15oo, and that of the incorporation is Esti mated at about 800. Woltti Tigon is becom ing Quito a business Placo for a country town and is gradually striving. 3r a Clergyman who was Reading to his congregation a chapter in genesis found Tho last sentence to to and Tho lord gave unto Adam a turning Over Tuo loaves together he found written and Road in an audible voice and Sho was pitched without and Iio had unhappily got into Tho Middle of a description of Noah s Ark. Progress of i ii n. Herald which is now established Over 21 years states its receipts for advertisement and sales of paper in 1855, to to 1sso. To to 8531.043 being an in crease of in one year to non incl l diluted Lull or. For Tho information of the Public As Well As of postmasters to Are to state that neither the act of aug. Nor that of january 2, 1857, regards news papers or periodicals regularly Inni Lod to sub sciors As transient printed a ants As Woll As publishers May therefore regularly mail them to such subscribers without prepayment of postage i ovules the agent makes and files in Tho mailing of a statement signed by him. Showing Tho names of Tho newspapers or periodicals which to thus mails the offices to which they Aro sonic respectively., and Tho number of actual subscribers to each at Uncle Mollico to Inch they Aro Dirac Union. I yom Tho Loloi wild. And Civ. Or cry b Atlue Hufty. Every body says that Kansas will Boa fro state. Usually what everybody bus must by True but in thic Case to Demaud proof our so far nothing has been developed to warrant jumping at such a conclusion the cause of Iro Edom brightened enough under crop. Gikai a s Advent to secure the object election of or. Tic Liliian. No political strategy was Over More completely successful. It excited Tho admiration even of politicians of every school Lor As it was Tho Only Good Imus our r in the Campaign on Tho part of Tho democrats so it was that Ono fortunate ovo Lutio i just in Tho Battle Field crisis., Suhich turns Iho fortunes of Tho Day. It not that gov. Greary did Tho first thing to favor Tho free state party but it was Bee. Use to did not imitate his depraved prot Cesso is in persecuting Northern men that the friends of Freedom took courage. Suffering under Tho debased Shannon any was for the better but to Thal Lengo any Ono to Point out an instance under Greary s administration in which to o free state has anything to Hope for except Bat to refrains from driving Uiti Savory men from thu territory. To h. To gov. To the bogus legislature in which is perfectly do Vulpi d Tho policy of Loco Foco ism he disc sits in honeyed phrases about to o Voic Ooi Tho people As being under the fostering euro of squatter sover eign i to voice of Jod and yet the world knows hat Tho Jorj Assembly to whom he add Cassis such language is a living lie against Provence. That legislature elected again by Trio wishes of Tho territory is come Sod of non residents and was thrust upon Kansas by Piuto Torco. It has passed enactments which i Stianchie de even free state Man in Tho territory and yet gov. Greary treats that body As a Legal chosen in accordance with Tho Domoci Ito theory of squatter sovereignty. So n is that at Tho North claims iliac Tho will of Tho majority shall govern ind then allow Tho voice of Tho majority to be stilled by the Ruffia ism of Sla very. What Hope is there for Kansas As Long As that legislature is recognized As a Legal Boly that body prescribes Tho Laws which Schall govern thai elective franchise in that Teir Kory so Long As slavery is in the Ascendancy in that body it matters not How fico Batto men May clamor they Are powerless. Tho honest palpable truth is that nut a single Concession has Jet been made not Astep yet taken which is of sub Stantial Pic tical encouragement to Tho cause of Freedom in Kansas. Gov. A Rory in hib congratulates Tho legislature on Tho cessation of Hostil Itic 3, taking credit for such result to his ural and his Bubs quent to Willi in by that credit to him. To then Dilmus what hid course will Boas 1 Illus eau. I und exact Justice to All Mou of what of r political or religious persuasion peace Unity and with neigh Boring states and territories with a sacred ird Tor state Kights and a Revor Montial inspect for Tho integrity and Joe pro of Trio l Moi a i Merence for Tho fed As the concentrated wis Dom of i to fathers of the Republic and the development of an of Altos and intensely i vital Liotis a jealous regard Lor the Loci he Franchiso and Tho entire Security and Sam Lity of the ballot Box a firm do termination to adhere to Tho doctrines of self gov Aud popular sovereignty As guaranteed by Tho act unqualified sul Mission to the will of the majority the e cd Ion of All officers by Tho people Tho supremacy of Tho civil Over Tho military authority strict Economy in Public sex pen Druies with rigid accountability of All Public i ricers the preservation of t he pub Lic Faith and a currency based upon and equal to Gold arid Silver free and Safe pm Mig Ratiu i from every Quarter of the coun try Tho cultivation of a proper Ciri trial Pride with a firm determination to submit to no or asian of our sovereignty Tho fostering of agriculture manuf Acturo Mechanic arts All works of internal improve Nunt. The lib Cial and fro Tion of ill Tho children of Tho territory entire u Gigious Freedom a free press. Free speech and Tho peaceable right to Assem ble and discuss All questions of Public in Terest trial by juries impartially selected Tho san Lity of Tho Hareas Corpus Iho re peal of ill Laus inconsistent with Iho Constitution of Iho United states and Iho or Ganic Ait and Tho steady administration of the Rymunt so us to Best secure the general to fare. These Sterling maxims sanctioned by the Wisdom ind experience of Tho past and Tho Observance of which has brought on coun try to so exalted a position among Tho nations of Tho Earth will to Tho lights by which my administration shall to guid gov. Greary then gives a history o events i Ince his arrival in Tho territory from which to attract As follows an ipod at fort Leavenworth on the ninth at september last and immediately As mud Tho executive functions. On the Olio nth i issued my inaugural address declaring Tho general principles upon which 1 to administer Tho government. In this u Idriss i solemnly pledged Musoli to supp i t Tho Constitution of the United steles and to disc Haigo my duties As gov. Of Kant is with Fidelity to sustain All Tho provisions of the organic act which i pronounced so to eminently just and Bencic Ial to i land by Tho doctrine of popular sovereignty or Tho will of the majority of Tho actual Bona Lido inhabitants when to Giti Matr y expressed which i characterized Tho Imp Ortive Rule of civil action for every Law abiding Tho evils under which this territory was groaning were attributed to ont Sido influence and the peo ple of Kansas were earnestly invoked to suspend unnatural strife to banish Allex Iraneous and improper influences Ironi their deliberation and in the spirit of Ica son and to Mutual conciliation to adjust their own diff i re cos. Such suggestions in relation to modifications of the present statutes As i deemed for Tho Public Good were at the proper t me it was declared that this tour Mitory is the common property of the peo ple of Tho several states and Liat no Obsta Cle should to interposed to its Fieo Settle ment we Ilo in a territorial by the Citize Tib of every state in the Union. A just ten Ito rial Pride was sought to be in fused a pledge was solemnly Given to know no party no Section but Kansas Anil Tjio the people woo earnestly invoked to jury Tho past in oblivion to sus Pend hostilities and refrain from Tho Indus Gunco of bitter fooling to begin now to devote to Ems Olves to Tho True Aud substantial int costs of Kansas Dev Lopo heir Rich agricultural and Mineral resources build up roads and other is of internal pro am by for Tho education of Dick Dove to themselves to All the arts of pc Fco and make this territory Tho Sah Etu. Ary of those cherish cd protect the inalienable rights of Torii Iii visual and elevate Statig in their Sovereign capacities f then follows a detailed account taking prisoners of the state men at Hickory Point and dispersion of a Force of territorial militia which rence. In no Placo Howe Sci does gov. Mako any distinction by tween state men wbb Wero actual settlers by organization pure in defence of their Homes and Missouri a id. Southern Rufii ans who wore known obo icon residents and interlopers. Fact ii prisons the former and lets Tho latter go l m As he bringing slaves into Tho holding them in Bon to evidently Means to to understood us Viido Reung the pro slavery View. It has already been that Tho territories of Tho United states cumin on property of Tho of Tho Sev Crul states. In May be likened to a joint of worship in an estate and no conditions should to imposed or restrictions placed upon the equal enjoyment of All Tho Bene fits arising tic Retios which will do the least injustice to any of Tho owners or which is not contemplated in he tenure by which it is held which is no h is than Tho Constitution of Tho United states Tho Solo Bond of Tho american Union. This being Tho True position no obstacle should to interposed to thu fro speedy and general settlement of the territory. The durability and Inper Tivo authority of a state Constitution when Tho interests of Tho people require .1 state government and a direct popular ote is necessary to give it Sanction and eff Jot will be the prop of occasion once for All to decide the grave political questions which Nti Derl o a Well regulated Commonwealth. Tho governor Appi avos the repeal of Tho Missouri Compromise Bill in these words on the delicate and question of slavery a subject which i so peculiarly enga ged the attention of Congress at Tho passage of our organic act 1 cannot too earnestly invoke you to permit it to remain whore the Constitution and that act places Jet to the decision of the courts upon All Point arising during of r present infant. Con i Tion. The repeal of Tho Missouri Lino. Which was a restriction on popular sovereignty anew conc crated the 3 great doctrine of Solf government and restores to the peo ple their full control our every question of interest to themselves Jota North and South of Fiat Lino. The message Rico omunds Tho repeal of Many of Tho inhuman aws of Tho territory As this Jochim nution is made to the body which i passed those Laws it will have no More Force than the whistling wind. It be Eui that the legislature in its if fraud actually tuft out of their printed statutes portions of Tho organic a of con so much o1 that act As suited them discarding what did not answer their purpose. Yet gov. Greary recognizes that legislature As a Leai body and As led into existence under the righteous sys tem of squatter Sovei eighty. Iio Points out Hui of Tho statutes of Kansas Aro utterly void in not hav no Chi Daneo of Tho signature of Tho , Nort Tho Date of Tho executive approval and Tho same breath trusts those Laws As binding and Aska that body to reuse and Correct them. In the various recon a nations us a National purposes Ami other matters affecting the Well being it Tho message is All that it is Ould be. Tho document is Well written if to except a Little Union saving flatulence which is used of course to catch old what to complain o in gov. Roary is that while lie talks Well enough in Iho main he knows that nothing can to Elon for free Dom so Long As that to us legislature is in being. Ilo knows that its election was a fraud that its enactments Are no better than Blank paper that under to Hosp pact m cats every honest free state Man is Dis franchised and that Tho whole end and aim of that body openly avowed is to make Kansas a slave state and yet to and his that legislature and he enforce its Laws. A a certain lawyer in this City is noted for his promptitude in Den and ing foes his Lack. Of Faith in human honesty loading him to suspect that Over Bod is determined to cheat him. His plan is thu Sam thac news papers Are sonic tines compelled to adopt collect subscriptions in Advance. Ilu considers that if to is Uii Ablo to get Bis own fees before Tho at Tion ii conimcpeed., lie will be hardly competent to gain his client s cause afterwards. Yesterday a gentleman in to tailoring Lino called on him and informer him that to wished to hold a Short with. Him respecting a suit which to was about to commence. My Feo will be five dollars fora of claimed Slieman of Cath five dollars if you please and i Monarr ally take Tho Feo in Aud to reached Forth his haul for Tho expected Feo. you said the Bailor making his Way towards Tho door you can t play that off on is nothing

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