Page 4 of 2 Sep 1973 Issue of Dubuque Telegraph Herald in Dubuque, Iowa

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Dubuque Telegraph Herald (Newspaper) - September 2, 1973, Dubuque, Iowa Volunteer army recruitment lags by Nick Thimmesch Washington a the army is Busy these Days insisting that the current voluntary recruitment program will eventually work despite failures in reaching enlistment goals this year. The cold truth is that soft sell advertising and the inducements of bigger pay and interesting work Haven to succeeded in recruiting the kind of army the defense department wants. Since january when the All Volunteer army program was launched the monthly recruitment goal Hasni to been reached even once. The army currently is 24 per cent Short of that goal and has other problems to report. The air Force Navy and Marine corps Are doing far better than the army in voluntary recruitment but the army accounts for half of the total . Military Man and woman Power hence the concern in the Pentagon. Defense Secretary James h. Schlesinger said on meet the press last sunday that while his people Are working very hard to achieve Success for the All Volunteer Force Quot we cannot guarantee he added Quot at any Point that we become persuaded that because of the new attitudes of the american Public or because of the very High demands with regard to the proportion of the eligible labor Supply that it is not feasible to achieve an All Volunteer Force we would be prepared to go Back to the Congress and ask for renewal of draft the selective service Law remains on the Hooks but Congress did not renew authority to induct and thus this authority expired june 30. The Law still requires 18-year-Olds to Register with their draft boards however though they can t presently be drafted the army faces a ticklish problem in that increasing numbers of its volunteers Are Black where Blacks make up 13.3 per cent of total . Population some 21 per cent of army volunteers since january Are Black and in july the figure soared to 35 per cent. Theoretically tile army is supposed to represent a Cross Section of Young americans letters to tile editor the Telegraph Herald solicits letters from readers. All letters must be signed and should Bear the author s Telephone number to expedite verification. All letters Are subject to abridgement. H Ive Points store to close recently the people of our Community were shocked to hear this statement concerning a business that has served the area for generations the reason for closing is what has brought a feeling of Complete outrage and disgust. No it is not High prices. President Nixon modern times or watergate that brought about the closing but rather the incompetent negligent and go to he 11 attitude of the Dubuque county supervisors. How can a business exist without a Road what Good does it do to have a hard surfaced Road to your door with a collapsed Bridge in the Middle it has been Over a year since this Bridge collapsed and now we Are told it will probably be some time in 1974, if we Are Lucky before the Road is open i believe the people of Dubuque county have been More than patient while waiting waiting waiting tor some action by our so called county supervisors on this problem and the Many other Road problems. Now is the time for these officials to solve some of the problems or be kicked out of office Raymond j. Miller of. 4, Dubuque a really doubt that Congress has the juts to pass Universal service. The draft was unpopular enough but what is the army going to do if it winds up with disproportionate numbers of Blacks Quot we done to want the army to be All anything Quot army Secretary Howard Callaway said this week. Quot we want it to be a Broad Cross Section of but he acknowledged that a quota system might be necessary and if it came about he would expect both Blacks and Whites to support such a system quotas0 in t that what got George Mcgovern and the democrats in such trouble last year the army a difficulty in getting voluntary recruits caused it to drop its Rule requiring that 70 per cent of new recruits be High school school graduates. Moreover some 31 per cent posted Low in scores the highest such figure in four years. The marines ask for a few Good men. The army is getting fewer men and not enough of them Are Good. Ifs not because of the Money. The pay is Good. The lowest rank recruit now starts at $307 a month plus housing food medical and the rest. And the pay escalates with service. A col. Gerald Childress was recently quoted As saying he stays on because his pay and allowances face of America for now the Corn House filled the Harvest Home the invited neighbors to the husking come a frolic scene where work and mirth and play unite their charms to cheer the hours away. A Joel Barlow labor Day 1973 by Richard Worsnop editorial research reports what gives Here it is August 1973. And the Price of nearly everything is going through the it if a number of labor contracts involving the nations most powerful unions have been or Are being renegotiated logic decrees that pickets should be marching throughout the land but so far this year strikes have been few and wage settlements reasonable Al Cio president George Meany has a simple explanation for today a relatively Placid Lal it of scene. Quot strikes of people getting $7,500 or More a year just done to make sense Quot he says. When workers were making Only 50 cents an flour they had Little to lose by striking they could Quot go begging and get food unions could manage to keep them going Quot but now Meany says most Union members a have a Little Home maybe a couple of kids going to of they Goon strike Quot they re overboard within a week Meany a View is widely shared by other labor leaders. For example the theme of a recent conference sponsored by the Institute of collective bargaining and group relations was Quot is the strike outmoded Quot the experts attending the meeting took note of the remarkably harmonious contract talks held this year. Labor experts Are particularly intrigued by a strikes of people Quot elfin Quot 7,500 or More a Vear jus Don t make the agree Neni reached last Spring by the United steel workers us and the steel Industry. It Calls for opening wage negotiations by february 1974, which is seven months before the current contract expires if the issues Are not settled by april 16, 1974, the Loose ends w ill be submitted to arbitrators for a binding decision i. W. Abel president of the us defended the no strike agreement by asserting that strikes Are a obsolete Quot at any rate strikes and strike threats have proved damaging to the us. Faced with uncertainty . Steel users have turned increasingly to overseas suppliers or to substitute materials. The result is that membership in the us has declined sharply. Another drawback of strikes from labor s Point of View is the anti Union feeling they generate As Wilfrid sheed observed in the Atlantic Quot the non unionized poor Are reminded of How Little they make Quot when a major strike occurs. Quot a Union is required by the nature of the game to ask for much More than it gets and that a the figure that Sticks in the head and the Craw. A did you see the Cement workers Are asking for such and such Why done to get that neither do Cement workers but the damage is although labor leaders Are increasingly sceptical about the value of strikes they Are not prepared to abandon their ultimate bargaining weapon. Theodore w. Kheel a prominent labor mediator says Quot in my judgment the Prospect of a strike in the vast majority of bargaining situations can never be outmoded unaccepted outlawed or rendered obsolete without doing More damage than the Relief the Public will supposedly Kheel believes that Quot the strike and collective bargaining Are siamese twins. They cannot be severed. But that does not mean that strikes cannot be the recent Wildcat activities at Chrysler corp. Plants serve As a reminder that workers have not forgotten the strike weapon. But a major walkout is considered unlikely in the Auto Industry this year and if the current rate of strike activity continues throughout the year 1973 will go Down As the most peaceful year on the labor front in a decade. Equal $23,000 a year and that he would be Quot hard pressed to make that kind of Money outside the the Volunteer army scheme will be tested for another year and then the defense department will have to take a hard look at it. Meanwhile it s no secret that some Pentagon thinkers Are hoping the voluntary plan fails so the draft can be reinstated. These Folk also have an economic argument on their Side. The All Volunteer army is an expensive one. The Long Range solution to this dilemma it seems to me is for Congress to pass a Universal service Bill. This Long discussed program would conscript Young men and women at 18, and give them the Choice of Public or military service. If the Young person chose Public he or she might wind up working on environmental projects with the poor in a Hospital or serving in the peace corps. But i really doubt that Congress has the guts to pass Universal service. The draft was unpopular enough. Letter from the editor this is another in a series of articles devoted to the discussion of the editorial policies of the Telegraph Herald. Readers Ore invited to submit topics for discussion in subsequent columns. Address your correspondence to Quot letters from the editor the Telegraph Herald Dubuque la. 52001. As the Story goes a traveler lost his Way in unfamiliar country during a dark and Stormy night. After hours of aimless wandering he got to his Knees raised his eyes toward the sky and uttered a prayer Quot lord please help me in a lost. Please please show me the a Bolt of lightning streaked across the heavens and then was gone. Seconds later the Earth Shook with the reverberations of Thunder. And the Thunder continued on and on. The Travelet got to his Knees once again and implored Quot please lord in a really lost could i have a Little More Light and a Little less noise Quot which brings us to the subject of editorials and Why tile Telegraph Herald opts to publish them Only on occasion and not daily. We submit that to fill a predetermined amount of space every Day with editorials is More Quot noise Quot than one of the oldest newspaper chains in the country a the Scripps Howard group a has this motto Quot give Light and the people will find their own we subscribe to that. And that a Why we chose More than seven years ago to place greater emphasis on material that enables you to make your own decisions instead of telling you every Day what we personally think we believe that Well researched special reports on current issues which report both the pros and cons provide our readers with if we feel that the Issue requires editorial comment we will add a touch of Quot noise Quot but Only when we consider it to be imperative and essential for proper emphasis. Why then you ask do Many newspapers publish daily editorials perhaps it is presumptuous of us to answer for them but we will do so anyway. There Are several answers but the most telling one is this they either do not want to or Are afraid to break with tradition. The Telegraph Herald Isnit afraid to break tradition if it feels that in so doing it will better serve its readers in the Book Quot journalism tomorrow Quot Wesley c. Clark Dean of the school of journalism Syracuse University had this to say about editorials Quot it seems Likely that editorials will be used less frequently. Some 200 newspapers in 1958 have no regular space devoted to editorials. It is Likely that this number will increase editorials will appear when the editor has opinions to express. This is the Basic purpose of the editorial. In the need to fill a Given amount of space every Day Many editorial writers have become interpreters of the news moralists entertainers or what have you. Probably local material of this Type will continue to appear in newspapers of the future but it will appear under More appropriate headings. Quot editorials when they do appear will have More effect because they will be less that was written in 195t�. Recently the Telegraph Herald engaged a professional firm to evaluate the attitudes and opinions of newspaper readers. In future Quot letters from the editor Quot we will discuss the findings extensively hut for the present we will extract a portion concerning our editorial policy. It states Quot readers who Are aware that the Telegraph Herald does not have daily editorials think this is a Good idea by and Large. Almost two thirds of those who Are aware of the Telegraph heralds editorial policy favor it. The policy is particularly popular among thank you ladies. A Jim Geladas

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