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View Sample Pages : Dublin News Letter, February 07, 1740

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Dublin News-Letter (Newspaper) - February 7, 1840, Dublin, Dublin The RICHARD R E I L L T. ews-Letter. Numb. 429 6- - From Saturday February the jth, to Tuesday February the iQtb, 1740. t.Me b-ine two Packets due, we hope the following Debate SteBritifli H--fe of C : s, upoathe Encouragement of Sailors, will be agreeable to our Readers. TheSPEECH of Sir J-� B- S I R, n J HO' Gemleiaen allrdge Refpect for the Crown as the. Canfe of their oppo&ag this Motion, f mull obferve molt of them have thrown out feveral Objections again!! the Bill itfelf intended to be brought in ; � and as fome of them are of his Majeity's Council, law afraid if we poftpone the Motion till we have a Menage from the down, we may poftpone it for ever. For the point in drfpute being about leflening the difcretio nary Power oi the Crowe, I do not wonder to hear its Ufe-fttlnefs infilled on, by thole who are to fhare in the Exercife 0/ it, or by their Friends. I grant, Sir, difcretienary Powers would be of �r�at Advantage to the Public, if they were always to be exercis'd according to juftice ; but as lice alone feldom influences Minifters of State, I fhalJ always be for trufting them with as few of thefe arbitrary Powers as it is poi&ble. The Crown has, I own, the fole property in all Prices taken from the Enemy, but I muft add, that 'tis in troll for the Public, and if improperly apply 'd, to be accounted for to this Houfe; fothat the power ofdifpofing of the Prizes being not altogether di'cretienary, Iwouid not diveft the Miniftry of it, if I thought it would be impartially exercifed. for the public fervice. I admit this, becaufe it may certainly be ju/l to grant a hrger fhare to fome of the Captors than to others, and fometimes to give a fhare even to tbofe who were not immediately concerned in the Capture j fince it will frequently happen, that feveral who have by Law a Claim on a Prize, may deferve to be punifhed rather than rewarded. But fince we find that dif-cretionary Powers are top often abufed to bad Purpofes, I am for veiling the whole of every Prize in (he Captors, and fhall affign one very good Reafon, becaufe it would be more acceptable to the Officers and Seamen, efpecially to thole of the greateft Merit." Now though his Majefty fhould, Sir, grant the whole of all Prizes to the Captors by Proclamation, yet without an A6t of the Senate the Penons concerned cannot caule their own Agents, as the Minority are not obliged to be determined by the Majority .- The Grievance of the Prize Office will for this Reaion be revived, the Sailors will again fuffer from the Extortion of Clerks, and find their Shares either minifhed by exorbitant Fee�, or quite eat op with Perqui-fit�. Thus it was in Queen Anne's War, and thus it has been in the prefent Reign ; for we find by a public Adver-ufement, that a Prise was taken 13 Years ago, and that the Diiiribution is not yet made. But befides a Remedy in this Cafe, feveral other Regulations are intended by the Bill propofed, which cannot be made without an Ac"l of Par.'ia-xnent. The Reward of Five Pounds per Man cannot be given any other way, and without fuch Reward it is not to be expecied that one Privateer will attack another. Oncf, indeed, two Privatetrs, a French and a Spaniard, then E-nemies, failed out of a neutral Port on Purpofe to engage ; but it being a Angular InfUnce, was e�fily accounted tor by a perioral Quarrel between the Captains. Another Thing which can be done only by an Act of the Senate, is encouraging private Adventurers to attack theSpanifh Dominions. His Majefty may, Sir, grant them a Charter, but that will riot authonfe them to fad within the Limits nf the South-Sea Company, becaufe an Aft of Parliament declare* that all who frequent the fouth Seas, except fuch as are employed by theCompany, fhall forfeit Ship and Cargo, befides double the Valoe; and I fear it will include our Privatters, not-withflanding his Majcfty's Commiflion. Since we cannot therefore propofe to make any great Advantage of the War, without an Aft of the Senate to provide again il ail thole In-conveniences, I hope the Motion will not only be mfifted upon, but agreed to. The Prime Mrrrifter fpoke next to the following Purpofe. SIR, AS bis Majefty has never made an imprudent or improper TJfe of his difcrrtionary Power, 1 cannot dtic .ver any Reafori why .this Power, mould create more Jraloidy now than formerly. Excepting a fhort fpace of Qiieen Ann's Keigri,' the property cf all Cooquefts made, and Priz;s taken, have, lemained io the Crown ever fince we had a Cdnftitution. We had then fuch powerful Enemies, that the Government judged it rreceflary to encourage, by a public Aft of -Parliament, all private Adventurers to carry floftilities, by giving them the fole property in everything that they {hould take ; but I do not think our Enemy is bow Co potent, as to make the fame Meafures nece/Tary for Befides, Sir, the Ciroumftances differ: The War had en continued feveralYears; the Prefent Warts bat juft ckred. So that (what could not be the Cafe in the Jaft tt) our Merchants, as well as our Allies, may now have E^jfts inthe Spanifh (hips, which wereputoa board before Jfo-waVdeciat'dj or they jnay havs granted Policies of durancefor hrge fsra*j in-either of which Cafes it would ^bejoft t� put them beyond Recovery, if fuch (hipsfhould . $teh by our Adventurers or fhips of War. ^fc^t, Sir, that the Court of Admiralty could not de-�Wthe Goods of our Erkndi to.fce fewful P^z&, if fhipp'd c,%biforc the War ww proylajmed, or Ware the Time limited by Treaties lhaH require; but if that Court fhould ftand peremptorily on the Letter of the Law iri nil Caies, . they might occafion juft cau/e of Complaint, without having any power to give Relief. The Infurers, in par icu^ar, may find themfelvey obliged to pay, eveo to the Sutjeft s of Spain, the fums here infured for them. So that to revive the Laws propofed, fo foon after the Declaration of War, may be attended with many Inconveniencies which they were not fubjeft to at their firfl Eflabiifbmsnr. Befldrs, Sir, the abfolute neceffity of making fuch an Alteration in our Comlitution in the prefent War does not yet appear. I hope it will be a constant Maxim, not to be departed from without neceffity, thlt the property of every thing taken from a Nation with which we are at War, is in ths Crown, and the Difpofal of that property in the King. I grant, Sir, that the Whole ought to be difpofed of forthe public Service, and th-t this Houfe may call to account, and ought to punifh any Miniiter whaihafi apply it othenvifc. Yet as there are feveral fervices, occafionally more p;effing than others, the Appropriation of the Whole to any particular Ufe, by an Aft of Parliament, may not be for the fervice of the Public; and I muft beg Leave to fay that thole who are intruiled by our Sovereign with the Management of our public Affairs, may withoat Breach of hlodtfly pretend to be the propereft Judges what are the moft preffing Services ; becaufe they muft know, better than others, not only the genera] State of the Nation, bat all the particular Circumftances of it. However, Sir, if the Senate has any Diftrufl of their Capacities, they ought to attempt a Change in the Adminiflration, rather than to encroach on the Prerogative of the Crown. I will mention fome public fervices to which the .produce of Captures may be apply'd. Firft, to the Captors, to encoufage the People to take as many Prizes as they can. Secondly, to the Merchants, in order to make them Reparation for their LofTes. Thirdly, to defray part of the Expence of the War, and thereby pre vent any new Taxes on the People. And laftly it may be apply'd towards the Payment of thepublick Debts. So that if we are fo fortunate, as to feize on any very valuab'e Prizes, it is my Opinion, that the Produce of them mould be apply'd in proper Proportions to thefe Purpofes, efpecially to the firft three. After all, Sir, I am, as far as Reafon and Prudence direft, heartily inclin'd to encourage our Seamen ; and therefoie, when the Prize k not very confiderabfe, I fhall readily be for giving the whole to the Captors. When the Value indeed fhall be extraordinary, if you give the Whole to the Seamen cencern'd, J fear- they will no longer be Seamen. Should a Ship, which now is expected from the South Sea, and is reputed worth a Million fterling, be taken only by one of his Majefty's Ships, if any Minifter fhould give, or advife to be given, the Whole of it to the Officers and Seamen, he would certainly be impeached for it by the Senate. Can it be proper, then, for the Parliament of England to do the fame by an eftablift'd Law? Such an extravagant Reward to one Ship's Company would be an Aft of Injuftice to the Na'ion, becaufe Part of it ought to be appropriated to our Injur'd Merchants, and Part to e.sfe the Tax on our Landholders; both which Bodies of People have as good a Title to our Regard as that of the Seamen. The Landholders contribute largely to the fupport of the War, and therefore ought to fhare in the Succefs of it, and the fuffering Merchants fhould in Honour and Juftice have Re paration; at leafl the 95,0001. whieh they were to have from the Spaniards, if Hoftilities had not taken Piece, ftnuld be paid them as foon as it is poffible. The King, Sir, has given his facred Word, that they fhall be confider'd, when the Prizes already taken fhall be difpofed ef; but of which they could no; haveexpefted a fhare, if the Bill brought in two Seffions ago, had palled into a Law: Nor can thiy expect a fhare of any future Prize, if we pafe the Bifl now moved for. They muft then, Sir, be made to wait to the End - of the War, and depend on the uncertain Event of it for further Reparation. This being the Cafe, to negleft our Merchants, and enrich our Seamen, is a Proceeding 1 cannot call prudent or equitable. For if the former be difcounsg'd, we fhall foon hav� but few of the latter. i wifh, Sir, we had met with greater fuccefs in this War, but if Gentlemen confidei .the Extent "Of "the Sea b twesn Old and New Spain, they wi.l not wonder that our Squadrons. have not met with more of our EnemiesShips. But had not tbey fentout their Advice Boats, lodi'cover the fitoation of our Squadrons, and direft theCourfe of their Aflbgue Ships, and had not Admiral Vernon been detain'd by contrary Winds on our Coafl,.they, would, it is" very probable, have fallen in with his Squadron as well as the Caracca Ship3 into Admiral Haddock's. This Incident, Sir, will fhew that we cannot depend on taking many of their rich Ships, and therefoie thofs which do fatt into our Hande, fhould be dilpofed of in the beft Method for the public Service. I dare undertake,, that th� will be particularly attended to, if the Difpofal be fuffer'd to remain in his Majefty: But If rfeW Regulations fhould he thought necef&ry, I muft think it will require fome Time to confider them, and for that End I hope the Motion will be withdrawn. D U B L 1 N. i Chefter, February 2. We have juft receiv'd Advice by a Ship at Liverpool from Jamaica, that Sir Chafoner Ogle has join'd Admiral Vernon, the Mafter of which he detain'd two Hours, whilri they wrote. Letters to the Government. � This Account my be depeaed #n, as the Author b a Man of Credit, Cork, Feb. 6. We have had within this fhort while nine or ten Vefleis from Philadelphia loaden with Wheat and Flour ; Wheat is now fold at 30 s. per Barrel, 20 ftone, and r lour at 18 s. per Hundred. There are feveral VefTels loaden here with Provifions for the Fleet at Jamaica, and are immediately to fail under Convoy, at which time feven or eight Ships will fail in Ballaft for Philadelphia, to return with Wheat and Flour. The French Ships that were here are fkil'd with dry Goods, they being allovv'd but!two Barrels of Beef to eich Ship as Provifion. : From Ccothill, that on Friday Night lafl the Houfe of Charles Coo;e, Efq; which was near cnifh'd, was feton Fire by the Careleffnefs of fome Workmen, aid burnt to the Ground. Lafl Week Mr. James Vareilles, So� to Mr. John Va-reilles, Merchant, was married to Mils Walker, Daughter oi Mr. Richard Walker, Merchant. Laft Week died at his 5^at in the County of May , (8J Arrived the Rrrhard of Cork, thence, Syder and Fruit; the Elizabeth of Kinfale, rhence, Dry Fi(h; the Catharine of Dublin, from Lisbon, raft from Watcrfort,' Wine and Frait.-o^iled the Wyndhim Packer, the Marl; the Brunfdon or WhitehaTFtn, boaie, and to Virginia, Linen Cloth ; the John aad Betty of Liverpool, home. Wool, Bay Yarn, and Soap. By particular'Defirc of feveral Ladies of Quality. At the'Theatre in Smock-Alley, on Saturday text will bs a'fted a humerwas Opera, call'd the AUTHORS FARCE ; or the PLEASURES of the TOWN. In which will be introduced an Operat'cal Popp�t Show, never exhibited but once on that Stage, to thcentire j'arisfaclion of rhe Audience; the Puppets being all alive and merry. To which will be added'a riew Pantomiins Entertainment, call'd Harlequik M*ta* morpmos'd; crCoif mbise Couitezan. For the Benefit of Mr. PHILIPS. At the theatre in Sm-jck- Alley, on Thurfdjy the 19th,of this inftint, February, will beaftei'a Tragi-Cobedy call'd tbe FATAL MARRIAGE ; cr the iNNOCENT ADULTERY. To whia^will be ad&l, JCk*osonhos<-o�th&-to� os, with Variety ct Dancing. j!. Forthe Benefit of Senior S'CARfLAT!, who hai been co|ifih*d hear four months thro' Sicknefs. At Girxonimi's Mufick Room in Dames-Rt^et, on Friday the p^xh of Fehrutry, will be perfbvrnedja Cohcx�T ofMUSICK. In whicfi'STr Diibotirg will perform a Salarj-and Mri W|irfdale fing fome Songs. Three TUkets Half a Gu'iifc*; fin^e Tikets a Btitilh Crowa ;