Page 4 of 27 Sep 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - September 27, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa 4 1456 t h e o w a to m e the Home Ster fruit grower. Poul Trajhan Gardener and housekeeper. By James m. Pierce James Atkinson editor in chief Stover. Under certain conditions of course Grain should be added to the ration but now it should be conserved As largely As possible for human con sumption. The bulletin mentioned suggests various rations which Are made up principally of these waste feeds. Established in 1855 entered Dei Molnes wend Law fit fitter. Published every thursday member agricultural association inc mar audit Bureau of subscription subset fiction a year. In clubs of ten 75 cents a yes and an extra copy to getter of club. Single subscription three years in Advance 50 Fiva Advance. 52.50 ten years in Advance t subscription Price in Canada a by dr3ft mastered letter Post office or Fol press Money order. In changing address Send 3nd add roses. In renewing Ana initials As before or the Homestead company. A Molnes free use of cheaper feeds advised. The United states department of agriculture Calls attention to the fact that it is time to quit shovelling Grain indiscriminately into live Stock. Good live Stock farming demands it and the need of More food requires it. Feed ing Grain to meat animals with a Lav ish hand is responsible for one of the greatest feed losses on the farms of Thia country. Hay fodder silage and pasture Are the cheapest feeds and will carry animals along with a minimum of Grain. Keep the frames of the Young animals developing on these cheap feeds. Withhold the full Grain ration until the finishing period arrives. Breeding cattle May be wintered on the cheaper feeds. This advice of animal husbandry specialists of the United states department of agriculture to Stock feed ers is not emergency advice Only it is the sound logic of meat production which american Farmers must learn if they Are to compete successfully with european meat producers in the coming generations. These Are Good Days to learn the lesson of feed conservation. In Farmers bulletin 873, the utilization of farm wastes in feeding live specialists Tell How to use these cheaper feeds in rations for cattle sheep and horses. A tremendous waste of feeding stuffs occurs annually on american farms according to figures presented in this publication. In 1914 about tons of Straw were produced in the United states. Of this amount 55 per cent was fed to live Stock 15 per cent was burned 8 per cent sold and 22 per cent slowed under or otherwise disposed of. Corn Stover produced in the United states is estimated at tons of which. 81% per cent is fed to cattle and other Stock. No Fig ures were obtained to show the percentage that is wasted in the feeding but at least 35 per cent of the total amount produced represents actual waste. This waste of Corn Stover can be checked it is said through use of bet Ter methods of feeding fodder and Stover and it can be almost entirely stopped through the use of silos. Straw and Stover Are Best utilized for feed when accompanied by concen trates such As cottonseed meal. If the Large amounts of cottonseed meal ordinarily used for fertilizer in the South were instead fed to live Stock and the manure used for fertilizer the value of the meal would be increased from 50 to 85 per cent. Practical experience As Well As experimental work has taught that Straw and Stover can be used very John Barleycorn s last stand in Iowa just at a time when thousands o2 the Best Young men from the Farina offices and workshops of Iowa Are rifling everything to help make the world Safe for democracy it is highly fitting that the voters of the state help to make Iowa safer for this and future generations by adopting the prohibitory amendment at the special elec Tion on october 15th. There is so much in War which. Is bad and detestable that it behoves us to make the most of every Opportunity for Good which it offers As recompense. One of the greatest benefits which War has brought in its Tram is a world wide stimulus for prohibition. One of the first things done in All the warring european countries was to reduce greatly the consumption of alcoholic liquors. This was a recognition of the fact which modern business had already discovered that alcoholic drinks Are the deadly foes of efficiency of every kind. Russia Germany France and England All placed a ban on unrestricted drinking and the United states has followed their Lead by making drinking among soldiers a court martial offence and the serving of it to them punishable by a heavy Fine. One of the principal reasons for locating the Cantonment at Des Moraeg instead of at the twin cities Omaha or other contenders for the Honor was because there were no open saloons in its Vicinity. Iowa could do no More appropriate thing in recognition of the Honor which was thus conferred on the state than to put prohibition m her Constitution As Well As on the statute books where it will cease to become a matter of political Conten Tion with each recurring Campaign. The time is Ripe for constitutional prohibition in Iowa. Public sentiment is behind it. That Means it will be More strictly enforced than would have been possible a few years ago. Iowa must keep abreast of the times and not Only approve constitutional prohibition on october 15th, but approve it by a majority that will com Mand National attention and prove the last blow needed to rout completely the rapidly retiring forces of intemperance. John Barleycorn is placing his main Reliance on his two Foremost leaders general apathy and general indifference. The Farmers of Iowa should see to it that lie is disappointed in their ability to save his troops from utter annihilation and every one of them should go to the polls on october 15th, prepared to deliver a Well aimed shot in the heart of this common enemy of Mankind. Not disturbed on our wheat until late in the Spring after the wheat was six inches High when they were har rowed Down. Variety of wheat Here 13 the turkish red and it has made Sood every year when planted As described Fth believe that Iowa would be the Banner wheat state of the Union if s were put into Winter is a further reason for the Cornfields instead of on that it comes in proper in crop makes an Ideal nurse crop in Drill and a Peck to the acre Drift o 4 t .4. U.4. 44 Oil the ground is Frozen and the stack off when the ground is with a pole i most satisfactory paying crop you Ever raised. The results reported by or. Ryan Are certainly satisfactory and wheat growing in accordance with this plan possibly involves a less amount of labor in the preparation of the seed bed that is applied to any Cornfield. Of course the season is getting a Little late for sowing in the Cornfield this year because As a matter of fact growth in a Cornfield is somewhat slower than it is on Well prepared ground that is not producing a crop this is due to the fact that the Corn shades the surface thereby cutting off the direct rays of the Sunshine. All silo filling operations have started and those who have taken the Corn crop from part of the land can Well afford to consider the plan of risking the sur face and sowing about five pecks per acre of Winter wheat and afterwards giving the ground a Good harrowing. The handling of a tuber Culous Herd. An interesting ten year Experiment is been conducted at the Iowa Agri cultural College and the outcome of this Experiment demonstrates the possibility of controlling tuberculosis and eradicating it from the Herd. In a re cent bulletin outlining the system that has been followed in this eradication prof. W. H. Pew head of the Ani Mal husbandry department Calls at Tention to the fact that of Twenty three calves dropped by tuberculosis cows from 1907 to 1915, inclusive eighteen passed the tuberculin test and proved to be free from the Dis ease. Only three reacted to the test and the two remaining were sold As dealers. Collese Herd was tested simply allow the calves to run with their own dams. Possibly in the Case of cows known to produce High priced calves it would be More provide nurse cows and not run the Chance of calves becoming infected from running with a diseased dam. I of course it follows that the Era i i cation of disease in this Way applies Only to pure bred herds in which the progeny of the diseased cows will have i a much higher value than Grade beef j or Dairy animals. Some bother is involved because it is necessary to Usa i a. Separate pasture in which to keep the diseased animals during All sea i sons of the year. The cattle in the Herd referred to were not pampered and no extra expense put on them be cause of their diseased condition. They had Access to pasture and in addition were fed either shocked Cora fodder Hay or Cane during the Winter months. Little Grain was used and yet the cows remained in Fine physical condition and at no time did they pre sent a diseased appearance. Selecting seed from thick Corn. Corn is selected in the Field before husking time the average Man is Well satisfied if he succeeds in obtaining a Supply of mature Well filled out ears even though but Little Atten Tion is paid to the character of the stalks producing the ears selected there is such a thing however As Good looking ears resulting from Pam Pering As for example when there is but one stalk in a Hill and but few stalks in adjoining Hills. Or. R. W Cox of the Iowa agricultural College touches on this matter in a recent communication and says. Experiments carried through a of three years go to show that nubbin ears selected from an a h per hil1 save a Corn than was secured trom Fine Long ears of to Lac same variety selected from an average stand of one stalk per Hill. Much his been said nest in sex tins Ter an ear ability produce abundantly a Good Grade Corn. actors mined tests. By comparative growing be r transferred to a quarantined pasture soon after twelve of the you Nerer am finals were disposed of less Lono number. By the end of 1909 the Herd had been still further re n productive plants of a variety 3 Well matured As to retain its full Mart of a s6ed c0rn that will retirements the Farmer must seed Corn Early from the in the Field As in this he Likely to detect tha ers r y3eldm-g ears. Seed Corn show Winter wheat on Corn ground. One of our subscribers or. J. J. Ryan of Webster county Iowa out lines his experience in growing win Ter wheat in the following communication w i v a j economically in the rations of almost All kinds of live Stock. They can be used in the fattening rations of All farm animals except hogs and should compose the larger part Winter ing or keeping rations of cattle sheep and horses. Breeding herds of beef cattle or dry Dairy cows can be successfully kept on rations composed largely of these roughage. Flocks of Breeding ewes do Well on such feeds when some Grain is added. Horses doing very Light work or no work at All need Little Grain if Given a plenty allowance of clean Light Straw or i read with much interest your article on Winter wheat and while your advice about blowing the land and the proper preparation of the seed bed is Good with reference to most crops i believe the Best results with Winter wheat in Iowa will be had by sowing in the Corn ground without blowing. It is an easy matter for those who Cut their Corn Tor silos As they can use their disk Drill to Good advantage without disturbing the stubs which should be left stand ing to hold the Snow. Fop those who do not have silos and do not Cut any Corn a one horse Drill should be used and the wheat should be drilled in the Cornfields. I have been raisins Winter wheat for seven years on land where the Corn was put in the silo and i never raised less Twenty four bushels per acre and i had As High As thirty five Bushela to the acre. Eighteen acres threshed last week made thirty one bushels to the acre notwithstanding the fact that the wheat sowed Here on fall blowing was Winter killed and the Clover Fields either killed or badly damaged on account of the sleet and ice. Two of or press sons Hirv or. Peterson had yields equal to or than mine. Part of the Peter cows remaining with one new one added that year. The plan was followed of having calves dropped during Lufte Spring or Early summer. The calves were Al to run with their dams and in addition they had Access to creeps and there Gram was fed at All times the Only Protection afforded was a Small shed open to the South into which the cows and calves could run at will Dur ing All seasons of the year. One of these diseased cows Beatrice which were tested and retested and found to be free from the disease the fourth passed the test several times As a calf and was finally sold As a breeder but As a two year old was found to be diseased and therefore condemned. A second cow nonpareil Lassie dropped three calves All of which successfully passed the test though one died from another disease at thirteen months of age. The cow nonpareil maid dropped three calves two of which repeatedly passed the test and one reacted but being sold for meat it passed inspection. Shows that it is not necessary to Dis card reacting animals in order to get Are kept in proper condition and prs vision is made so that the disease will not spread then it is possible to save approximately 85 per cent of the. Calves for Breeding purposes. One of two policies might be followed that of taking calves immediately away from their diseased dams after birth and providing nurse cows though All considered prof. Pew Exore spa the belief that the better method is to gradually tapering toward the i we develop a Braie roots a in Vii. Due Slack Sonuia possess a Large Leaf surface and the ear attached by a Shank not More than tour or five inches Long. It is also desirable when selecting seed Corn to select from a stalk that stands up Well and has not had the advantage of Rich soil or excessive space As in the Case of missing stalks in the Hill or Hills around it. It can be readily understood that a pampered ear May be brought to appear satisfactory simply As a result of favourable conditions surrounding its production. The fact that experiments for three years tend to show j that even the seed from nubbin grow from a single stalk in a Hill should in fluence those who propose selecting their Corn in the Field this year it goes without saying of course that seed produced in a Hill having three four or five stalks will be More mature on a Given Date than Corn grown one ear to a Hill so that naturally if one is looking for mature seed he will select Corn grown in a Normal Hill rather than from single stalks. Deep blowing shows up in Winter wheat yield. An interesting report has recently Peen made by a. L. Sponsler Secre tary Kansas state fair Hutchinson Kansas on the result of the wheat Harvest on land slowed in the tractor demonstration last year. According to or. Sponsler the ground slowed by tractors in the demonstration produced on the average a bettor yield than ground prepared in the Ordinary Way slowed by horses the regulation depth exact yields Are not reported but the fact that wheat on slowed land averaged thirty Bushela

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