Page 5 of 20 Sep 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - September 20, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa20, 19173 ammo l Corn in this Case is lodged because no gives As satisfactory results As Lye when used for Spring pasture. We known instances where fairly satisfactory results were obtained from sowing the Rye among the Corn i without harrowing it in. If the seed tog is followed by a few heavy fall rams it is surprising what a Large percentage of the Rye will be covered sufficiently so that it will germinate. Four or five pecks of Rye per acre will usually result in a satisfactory stand and in this Case it would simply have to be sown by hand broadcast in the old fashioned manner. If a Good stand is obtained and a Lair growth of Rye results this fall it is quite Likely that the Cornstalk can be pastured during the Winter. When Ever it is thawing however the live Stock should be turned out of the Field otherwise a considerable part of the crop might be destroyed by tramping. The alternative for the Early Spring pasture would simply involve the sow ing of Spring cereals. A mixture of one and one half bushels of Oats and one and one half bushels of Barley seeded Early in the Spring will make a satisfactory pasture and under favourable conditions there will be growth enough to justify beginning grazing it six or seven weeks after seeding. This mixture is not As Satis factory As Rye but As said before it is the next Best thing to use As an Early pasture. T h e 10 w a to m e s t e a d Good results from Small farm a in a recent Issue of the Homestead attention was called to the fact that Al is possible to handle a comparatively Small farm in such a Way As to fur Nish a Good living for one family. Reference was made in a general Way to the nature of the crop system to be used and the live Stock raising plan to followed. This has brought a communication from a subscriber who is making Good headway on a thirty four acre farm. He writes Reading your excellent paper i your article relative to the irm in answer to one of your inquiries and will say that i no experience this year on acre tract. _ have sold from one half acre or strawberries Worth of strawberries and if Frost holds off will have at least More to pick our raspberries 500 plants will net us have sold nearly More and0 one acre of Navy Beans yet to thresh Many bushels of onions and other Small truck and one acre of Fine potatoes yet to dig excellent ones i have nearly an acre of pop Corn 800 cab Bages and in the neighbourhood of thirty bushels of Fine tomatoes. Besides we had currants gooseberries and a very few apples. I also have eight acres of Fine Corn dented and my neighbors say it will Husk out better than sixty bushels per acre. Also have three acres of Alfalfa from which we have Cut eight loads and will Cut the third time this week. We have a Large amount of Squash and pumpkins in the Corn. On this Small place we have eleven of cattle one team twelve head of hogs and about 200 chickens. Also Cut five tons of Timothy and Clover from the farm. We have an excellent Market for All we raise and from milk patrons get twice As much As we would get from the Creamery. Were a Man to take this place who was familiar with the running of a Dairy he could have the Best eighty acres in the Corn Belt outdistanced. In this Case it will be observed that considerable emphasis is being placed on the production of Garden crops and this program fits in admirably where one is operating a comparatively Small acreage. Men who have been accustomed to working a Quarter or a half Stock hogs in the United states of 8.2 per cent As compared with the Supply Only a year ago. Last year at this time there were Stock hogs while this year there Are head. Iowa is the leading hog state with this being a decrease of 10 per cent Over a year ago. Nebraska reports a decrease of 6 per cent. We regard this As an important announcement and it signifies Good prices if the Law of Supply and demand oper ate in fixing the values. In addition to the shortage referred to it is a Well known fact that Spring pigs Range on an average of Twenty five to fifty pounds lighter than they usually Are at this time of year. Corn has been so High in Price that the average Man that is growing pigs literally has taken pot Luck during the Spring and summer and As a result the pigs Are clean and Lank and they Are carry ing very Little flesh at the present time. If they Are fed to Normal weights they will have to be marketed anywhere from a month to six weeks later than usual because it will take that length of time to put on the weight that is lacking at the present time. There never has been a time when it was so important to give attention to the health of the hogs. Enormous quantities of pork have to be shipped abroad to our allies and it is squarely up to each individual breeder to see to it that he raises a maximum num Ber of pounds. Every precaution should be taken to Ward off cholera infection and when an individual hog gets off feed he should be at once quarantined and his condition studiously looked into so As to avoid trouble in the whole Herd. Bear in mind that Good serum skilfully administered will protect the Herd and with hogs up to their present value no Man can afford to run the risk of having his entire Herd swept away. Even though hogs have been carried through the summer inexpensively they still represent a Good Deal of wealth and. When one contemplates what a 250. Pound hog is Worth the conclusion is easily reached that every sensible precaution should be taken to main Tain the Herd in a state of perfect health. No wonder he smiles. Section of land would not be satisfied with this kind of farming but there Are thousands of industrious people in. The Corn Belt who Are competent to handle thirty or forty acres of land in such a Way that a Good Revenue re sults. Some will emphasize Dairying others hog raising while still others will gain their main income from Poul try. It All depends upon the tastes of the individual and we Are glad indeed to have the experience of this sub Scriber and we Hope that others will submit their plan of operating Small farms. Number of hogs less than last year. The United states department of agriculture made an important announcement last week in which at Tention was called to the fact that is a decrease in the number of the drying out of seed Corn. The National department of Agri culture is giving a Good Deal of Atten Tion to the seed Corn problem realizing that Corn is exceedingly Sappy for this time of year. In a recent press bulletin the department Calls special attention to the importance of hang ing up Corn the very Day that it is picked. On this and other phases of the seed Corn drying problem the department says same Day that seed Corn is Gath stalks As they grow the Field the husked ears should be put m a dry place where there is a free circulation of air and so placed that the ears do not touch one another 5nly Safe according to the United states department of culture which says that much Good seed has been ruined because it was thought to be dry enough when Gath ered. Many Farmers think that their autumns Are so dry that these precautions Are not necessary yet there is no locality where the Corn will not be bettered by a thorough drying treatment. If the Corn is left in the Husk it Mav sprout or mildew during warm wet weather and it is More Likely to be come infested with Weevils of feed May be reduced by leaving it m a sack or in a pile for even a Day after it has been gathered during warm fall Days with some moisture in the cobs and the Short mildew irl a remarkably Chea pest treatment immediately after the ears Are gathered and husked a to tie the ears singly on Binder twine at about a Inch intervals 11 be4ns looped about the mid dle of the ears so that they hang balanced and horizontal. Ordinary Binder lltyo6 ? a Noushi to support from Racks Are cheaper in the Long More convenient. A Good form from or Woven wire of e up Riffat wires being used As the hangers and the lateral wires Cut fit about.3 inches Long on either Side of the main upright Are thrust into the butt end of the cob thele Racks will last Many years and Are ease n0t in use in use with what the appearance of g want Fern wire 1? the Midrib you can t Call me a slacker Ujj government estimate on Irish potato crop this years production 467 million bushels 142 million bushels than last year and 100 million bushels More than the. For the past five years Are convenient dryers and have no drawbacks in a dry Breezy place Al though the air cannot circulate freely on All sides and dampness May be held kernels rests on unusually Damp weather at seed gathering time will a fire be necessary to help the drying. Yet if heat is applied in a poorly ventilated do More harm than Good. If used the fire should be slow and Lone continued. It should be below the ears with plenty of Good ventilation above them. It has demonstrated Over and Over again that seed Corn that is Well dried out before freezing weather will then withstand a great variation in temperature without injury. The drying out however must be Complete so that the moisture is reduced to so Low a Point that expansion of the germ can t take place. We never like to lose an Opportunity to say that an Ideal place for the Early drying out of Corn immediately after it is picked is the Corn crib. Through the spaces in the sides of the crib the air freely circulates and the hanging of Corn in such a Loca Tion for two or three weeks will in variably result in its Complete drying out. Good seed Corn May be scarce next Spring. Unless we Are favored with unusually Fine weather conditions during the next three or four weeks Corn will be More Sappy this year than is ordinarily the Case with the coming of the first killing frosts. This lateness May be accounted for when inquiry is made into the average temperature during the Corn growing months. The average in the state of Iowa consider ing All counties shows the season to be an abnormally Cool one. In the month of May for example we were 133 degrees below the Normal. This Means that on the average every Day in May was approximately degrees cooler than the Normal season. June was Cool also and averaged de Grees daily below Normal. July was an average month and Corn made Good Progress during that time but in turn August averaged 2% degrees daily lower than the Normal All of which accounts for the tardy maturity of the Corn crop. There is still a great Deal or Corn that actually needs a month of warm weather to bring it to perfect maturity and it will be an exceptional season if we go another month with out a killing Frost. The Point we desire to make at this time is simply this that we Are liable to face the same conditions that were met in 1915, and every earn grower knows that obtaining a Good Supply of seed Corn in the Spring of 191s proved to be a very difficult task for Many individuals. The Best stand of Corn in 1916 was in almost every Case obtained by those who had selected i their Corn Early so that it Wio thoroughly dried out before freezing weather began and the same policy should be pursued this year. Just As soon As the Early maturing ears Are Well dented the selecting of the seed should be the next thing on the pro Gram. The Experiment stations Are strongly advising that this plan be carried out and a recent press bulletin from the Iowa station Calls attention to the following advantages attributed to the plan of selecting com before it is injured by Frost Leclef arly maturing seed can be be 2i Corn May be injured by Freez Isi time.13 left a the until 3. Ears May be selected from disease free stalks which Bear no selected from Stalka Are stalks in a Hill. Borne m a three stalk More than same out by 6. Better ears can be selected for planting if one has three or four times Smas needed Flora to be 6. Extra seed May be needed for re planting next Spring. Fur Pius wil1 guard against a shortage a year from now there is always a Market for sur plus seed. It is simply a question of going into the Cornfield with a Gunny sack and picking out the mature ears from stalks that present the right kind of an appearance. Reference is made above to the matter of selecting com from stalks where there axe three in a Iii. It follows naturally that where there is Only one stalk in the Hill an ear of Corn has a better Chance of development it May look Well it does not necessarily inherit High yielding characteristics. Where there is considerable Corn to select the labor can be lightened by doing the work on horseback with a pair of Gunny sacks thrown Over the Withers of a Pony or Small horse one is a select closely to Plant anywhere from sixty to 100 acres and judging from the present Sappy nature of

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