Page 4 of 18 Oct 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - October 18, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa 4 1600 the i o w a h o m e s t e a d the Homestead by James m. Pierce games Atkins of editor in chief established in 1855 at Dei published every the tryday agricultural Publ nerf Ano Olatson. Atm bar audit Bureau of circulations. T sub ascription. A year. In clubs of Tea 75 year and an extra copy to getter up of club. Three Yean in Advance Flat ten year in 95.00. Subin Tiou in Canada or. Remit by draft Reed tiered Lemur. Postoff Ca order. In a Drew. Gend both old and add Kiwi. In run Ewing Saafi initial a or atari the old and and explain Why you in Caw of or failure the the Hotwes Teab an offer to the families of Farmer soldiers. A word to my readers one of Iowa s greatest contributions to the nation this year is her bumper Corn crop and i can see Only one possible thing in the Way of a record breaking yield. That is an insufficient number of farm labourers to gather it. As i have Ridden through the country the past few weeks there has been running through my mind a paraphrase of th3 words from the Bible the Fields Are yellow unto the Harvest but the labor ers Are for that reason it be hooves every one of us to do All that we can to see that Iowa s gift to the world s food Basket is safely gathered and marketed. Nature has been kind to us this year. Following a rather wet Spring the summer months contributed their full share of Sun and moisture and kill ing frosts have held off Long enough for a Large percentage of the crop to mature safely. It is up to All of us now to see that Mankind does his part As Well As nature has done hers. That the farm labor Supply is woe fully Short is self evident. The High wages that Are being paid in Industrial occupations has been a serious Drain upon it and the nation s demand for men in military service has made the situation even More acute. I cannot believe however that those in author Ity both in military and civil life will permit any Farmer s crop to go Dunbar vested for Lack of Juds presence at Home during the Corn gathering weeks i feel sure that if this matter is presented to them in the right Light they will Grant a furlough wherever necessary to those at Camp Dodge who Are needed at Home a order to enlist every Bushel of Iowa Corn for service to the nation. I wish that any of my readers who May have husbands sons Brothers or farm hands at Camp Dodge whose help is badly needed for a few weeks at this time in harvesting the crops and getting ready for Winter would write me promptly stating All the facts and if possible having them corroborated by the statement of some disinterested neighbor. I will then take the matter up with the proper military and civil authorities and see if some thing cannot be done to secure a fur Lough for them. Please address me personally at once and in stating facts give the full name of the Soldier the number of his company the number of his regi ment and the Branch of the service he is in at Camp Dodge As this will Aid me in locating him among the tens of thousands of troops there of course i cannot make any definite promises As to what i can accomplish in this matter but i am willing and anxious to do everything i can both for the Sake of my Farmer readers and be cause i do not think could do a More useful thing for the nation s cause than to help Iowa Harvest a bumper Corn crop this fall i the Day of the big hog. The constructive work of i bred hog breeders who have been emphasizing the importance of acute is going to count in these critical times when there is such urgent demand for More animal fats and More meats. The National food administration a favouring the plan of making the 1917 pig crop heavier before marketing than has been the custom in the past. By adding anywhere from Twenty five to seventy five pounds additional weight per head a Market will be created for a great Deal of Corn and the Supply of animal fats and meat products will be increased just to that extent this matter is referred to in a communication from one of our sub scribers who among othe things says the Peculiar conditions retarding hogs and Corn the first being rather Short in number and the last promis ing to be very abundant maker it apparent that it will be the most profit Able thing hog feeders can do to try to make All the animals capable of Large growth As big and a fat a pos sible. This will a Lve the Farmers Grood place to use up considerably Corn than the Ordinary plan of fattening their hogs and very largely increase the total amount of pork for the world s teeming millions Botic at Boms and abroad who now stand la need of it. Unless there is a government set on both hogs and Corn their values a is the Case Witiw wheat and such prices to a great to regulated regarding each that they will be More equal in when husking time arrives than present indications Point it a going to the proper thing to do to feed the hogs abundantly and Long to secure the maximum of growth and fatness. This does not apply and it should not where a Farmer s hogs Are of the Small Bone and Quick maturing Breeds Tioga of that class must be sold soon As Well fattened no difference As to the lightness of weight the big boned and Large framed Breeds now common can and should be fed to weigh from four to Hun dred pounds and it is desirable for All Farmers possessing such Stock to feed for great size and extra fatness the real idea to be impressed upon j the minds of hog feeders is to secure Lor the world s Good enough of extra pork to make up for the shortage in the actual number of hogs the country is going to be Able to put on the Market. It is fortunate indeed that pure bred hog breeders have been Doias effective work to pave the Way for carrying out this particular program. A decade ago when the Little roly poly hog was at the Zenith of his popularity it would have been wasteful to at tempt to greatly increase the weight of Market hogs. They finished up around 250 or 275 pounds and of after that gain would be too costly to justify putting it on the modern hog is a entirely different a has stretch and he has Bone to carry him to Market under Peeavy weight with no extra risk to runs if an attempt is made to Load him Down with fifty or even a Hundred pounds extra weight. We sometimes fail to recognize the close connection Between the fire Brea hog Industry and pork production How Ever As a breeder of Grad hoga uses the pure bred for crossing purposes it follows naturally that the pure bred Type will be the prevailing Type among the grades keeping the Best no principle in Breeding operations is More firmly than the one. Re lating to the keeping of those Feni Aleg in the Herd that Are similar in Type and in Breed characteristics. Select offhand any breeder who is All times ready to part with his Best be i males and you will find a Mao whose i Herd is going Back rather than going Forward. This topic is discussed in a recent Issue of the Short id America published by the american Short Horn breeders from which we quote utmost importance that those retained be from the top. It takes a Long time to get anywhere in the cattle Breeding business unless the breeder adheres to such methods. Found that there is a decided and unexplainable variation in the producing value of the females and those that have proven dependable As producers should be retained As Ioner As they prove regular breeders the writer has in mind an interest ing Case in which a certain breeder purchased a cow at what was regarded at that time a Long Price. She was mated to an outstanding Bull which he had in service at the time and in due time dropped a Beautiful Heifer. This Heifer has produced calves from two different bulls and they have been a disappointment. She is now in calf to a Bull of another line of Breeding and somewhat different Type and it is hoped that the results will be More satisfactory. A year after making this Purchase this breeder selected a num 5? of from the same Herd but of talked them at a much lower Price i happens that every female in the later Purchase and every Heifer that ,1 Len and retained in the ?.firii.ba5 a producer of better calves than the one just referred to. Other similar experiences which suggest that the prices actual value of it demonstrates the of thi3 Heifer she May the sire sh6 i3 a calf to there May be the Best of with , did not Raate with the two bulls to which she was previously bred. These Are conditions be wholly foreseen it takes time to prove them. In the main however there is no other dependable Vale up of the Breed ing Herd than the retaining of worthy females produced in other herds by selection of those produced within the Type will More readily be is. To blushed and in this practice the breeder has the advantage of being familiar with the family traits of each it happens that certain females will not produce As regularly As others and this characteristic is often transmitted to succeeding generations. There Are other females whose calves vary in characteristic that is interesting problems that breeder s attention and it frequently happens that noted herds even Large herds have been built up from the progeny of one or two Good females. This is True not Only in cattle but it is also True in dogs and the beginner should have special regard for the cow that year after year produces Type calves Simi Lar m outline and in feeding characteristics. While the male is generally regarded a half the Herd it is nevertheless True that Little Progress can be made unless special care is taken in preserving the females out of the dependable cows. Steel prices and farm implement values. It is a Well known fact that implement manufacturers during the last year have had difficulty in obtaining a sufficient Supply of materials to maintain Normal production. A painstaking investigation made by the Iowa Home Stead last april indicated that on the whole manufacturers would fall 25 per cent Short in their output because of Lack of materials. There is reason to believe that this record has not been exceeded. Under Ordinary conditions there Are 100.000 harvesters and bind i in maintaining a Breeding Herd the owner must protect his by retaining for Breeding purposes few or the Best females product from there is a temptation with th6 Best with Thea less desirable. A Rule prospective buyer urges owner on Tho Beret Bifera. he will often of the ethers con october 18, 1917j a Turberg. In 1914 steel bars sold for per ton and the government has now fixed the Price at per ton. Steel shapes were Worth a ton before the War and the government s Price on these is a ton. Pig Iron sold then ror ?13 a ton and its value is now fixed by the government at a ton. These prices will prevail until the first of january next. The materials in farm implements that will be sold for Spring delivery were purchased anywhere from six to ten months ago so that there can be no reduction in Price on account of any change in values of raw materials. Furthermore when contracts were made last Spring foxy materials to be used in the manufacture of implements prices were lower than those now fixed by the govern ment. This being the Case it becomes apparent at once that the effect of government Price fixing can by no manner of Means reduce implement prices the result would be to in crease prices were it not for the fact that the Large manufacturing companies have fixed their prices on the basis of the value of materials Pur chased in the Spring of 1917, under these conditions therefore a serious Blunder will be made by those who de Lay buying implements that Are needed because of the belief that they will be cheaper later on. Our desire at this time is to simply present to our readers the unadulterated truth namely that prices on steel products As fixed by the government Are higher than those paid by manufacturers last Spring. Crop production can be maintained or even in creased if producers Are far seems equip themselves with tillage seeding and harvesting implements. The military draft has already reduced the farm labor Supply and this will in Many cases result in discarding certain types of implements and putting in their place larger types. I he two horse must give Way to tha four horse outfit because it is possible by choosing implements carefully to greatly increase the number of acres handled by one Man. No Man can afford to waste his time in fighting weeds if he is not equipped with tha most modern kind of tillage implement with which to do his fighting. The important thing is to raise a big crop. To be sure it will Cost More in 1918 to raise it than Ever before but Hiefa prices for farm products Are assured even with the High Price of implements it requires fewer bushels of Gram to buy an implement than it did in 1914 so that after All the producer is m Ideal shape to outline for himself a program of production that will even eclipse the splendid record of 1917. Much needed Reform of Iowa s jury system. Anyone who has Ever had any experience in attempting to use the Legal machinery of any of our Iowa coun ties containing Large cities against criminal of social and political influence knows that one of the most discouraging things in that connection la to secure fearless and honest juries. One of the reasons that it is possible a path jus publisher Iowa Homestead. J 1 Jig it Bijj Cid us year to year a few heifers is place of the aged cows As they become Uncertain As producers and it la of the rows and implements of this class Are manufactured and sold in like proportion so that the Farmer is vitally interested in implement prices because of the huge sum that he invests annually. In addition to the shortage in the Supply of steel which manufacturers encountered they were obliged to buy steel products at an enormous in crease in Price. When the War broke put in 1914 bar steel and pig Iron were now in Price and Many manufacturers Nad Large stocks on hand so that they were Able to keep Down the Price of implements until the Spring of 1916 i in most instances the Advance in the Price of implements did not take place i for a period of six months after the Advance in steel prices so that Pur chasers in most cases obtained the advantage of contracts made for materials at lower than current prices. Recently the government has taken a hand and As a result of its artion an erroneous notion that implements will be cheaper has been spread broadcast Over the land. There has been no reduction made in the Price of steel products used by implement Man fac the Law provided that at each election the county auditor i should certify to the election judges i the number of voters liable to jury duty in their respective precincts. The election judges then certified Back to the county auditor the desired number of names which they had selected from their poll lists As subject to jury service. In Case the election judges failed to. Do this the Board of super visors performed this task. From tha j lists so certified the county auditor clerk Ana recorder selected supposed 1 by by lot the jury list for each term of court during the year now it is easy to see w hat an Opportunity that system offered for stuff ing jury boxes especially in counties containing Large cities. In such cities it is the professional politicians and Ward healers

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