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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - October 17, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa
October 17, 1912 the Homestead 1898 5 is the farm girl not Worth educating during the past week the Iowa state boat g of education has issued an order making Radical changes in the courses of study in the three institutions under its direction the state agricultural College at Ames the state teachers College at Cedar Falls and the state University at Iowa City. These changes so materially and directly affect the farming interests of the state that we devote considerable space not Only to the details thereof but to comment thereon. The three main changes proposed Are As follows first that All work in engineering shall be entered at the Iowa agricultural College at Ames. Second that All courses in professional education and in Liberal arts now offered at the Iowa state teach ers College which extend beyond the Sophomore year shall be discontinued and entered at the state University. Third thai All courses in general and Domestic science now existing at v e College of agriculture shall be Dis and that the Field of House hold be confined to the state University. With the first two of these changes we find Oil selves in most Hearty Accord. With the third we take direct exception. We concede that the Best interests of the state will be conserved by so consolidating conflicting course study and to dispensing Nee. I to expense in the Way of salaries and school equip ment As to minimize All duplication and secure the maximum of results with the minimum of expenditure. To thie end the consolidation of the engineering departments of Iowa City and Ames and entering ice Consoli dated department at Ames is a step in the right direction. The need of the farms of Iowa today is not Only for broader education along Agricula t nes along engineering lines Wen i pc Dicks to the Thour Tiirik and Cne new mechanical aids the Day has passed when the i is dependent upon Mere brawn alone As machinery has displaced manual labor the need of mechanical ability has become Mure and More apparent. The successful Farmer of today is not Only he who can most put into practice the Ratesi agronomic ideas but he who most fully Avail himself of the if any mechanical a jul dances which make every moment every move count double. Farm boys in increasing number have been ing the engineering1 depart ments., not Only at Ames and Iowa City but at the other Trade and tech Nical schools of the stats combining the engineering departments of the two state institutions will mean the building up of a department of engineering at Ames which will stand unrivalled in the Middle West and will give the farm boys every Opportunity to perfect themselves in that phase of farming operations which is becoming More and More important each year. What the state University loses by the elimination of its engineering department it will More than make up by the added pres Tige Given to it by the removal of the higher courses of Scholastic training from Cedar Falls and the general scientific courses from Ames. The Field at Cedar Falls while thus restricted still offers ample Opportunity for far reaching work. The need of Iowa in an educational line is for a higher Grade of teachers in the Rural schools and the elementary town schools. By confining itself to the preparation of such teachers the state teachers College will fill a Long Felt need and find itself fully occupied. While giving the Board of education our unqualified commendation for these two changes we cannot bring ourselves to believe that the move which dispenses entirely with the Domestic science department at Ames is a one. The need of Iowa s Rural population is not Only for farm boys who Combine engineering with agricultural skill but for farm girls who understand fully household economics and the scientific principles of the Cul Inary Art. No sign of the agricultural times in recent years has been More pleasing or More fraught with future possibilities than the improvement be fog brought about in farm Home conditions. Beginning with a Campaign to displace the old farm House with a modern and up to Date Structure combining most of the City conveniences the movement has progressed to the Point where the farm girl has become interested in practically every Branch of Domestic science and As a result has not Only improved Home conditions and beautified Home surroundings but has found that acres sary element of interest which has retained her in the farm Home. In increasing numbers year by year the Brigit and promising girls of Iowa farms have been accompanying their Brothers to the Iowa state agricultural College where while the boys have been learning of agriculture and engineering the girls have been receiving practical instruction in the gentle Art of Honi making. Retaining at Ames the courses of study which the farm boys and removing to Owa City the courses of study which uie farm girls not Only want but need Means a division of the family which a ust inevitably result in either one or the other remaining at Home or attend ing an institution at which they cannot secure the Best results. It Means in Tho last analysis that the state College of which has been the Farmer s educational Pride for years and which farm loyalty and financial support have built up to a commanding position it has practically no rival in the country will no longer Cater in any manner to the farm girl. It Means such a serious setback to the Campaign for the improvement of farm Home conditions As will take Jears to offset. The theory of the Board of education has probably teen that the farm girls seeking instruction in Domestic science would As quickly attend Iowa City As Ames. In this however we believe Tsy Are mistaken. The Agri cultural if a tilt most popular of the state educational institutions with the Farmers. Because of its location it offers opportunities and immunity from Are not to be found to. Re moved As it is -th8 two Miles from town the gives x the students of both sexes a Model gome without the distract Urban life. Living in the la located and splendidly Seq mapped dormitory which has for Sev Arai years past been the girls Model Home and in the company of Home the farm girl Jimd can Tiv tons at almost conditions Are not to found at Iowa City excellent As is this institution. Transplanted to the state University the farm girl comes in Contact with girls from the towns and cities who Are fitting Themsie mfg for the so called higher Fields of Endeavor. The percentage of girls attending the state University who propose to make Home making their life work and who Are interested in cooking and the innumerable Small details of housekeeping is Small As compared with the percent age of girls who have attended the agricultural College for this purpose. The Best results Are invariably obtained among congenial companions and surroundings which the farm girl seek ing Domestic science training wih Bot find at Iowa City As she has at Ames. We sincerely Hope that the decision of the Board is not irrevocable Ana that it will be guided in its future actions by Public sentiment that pub Lic sentiment at Ames is opposed to the change so far As it affects the Domestic science department has Al ready been manifested. We urge upon All Pur readers that they file their protest with members of the Board writing either to the state Board of agriculture state House Des Moines Iowa or individually to the members whose names and addresses Are As follows j. H. Trewin Cedar rapids a. B. Funk spirit Lake George t. Baker Davenport Charles r. Bren ton Dallas Center e. T. Schoentgen Council Bluffs Parker k. Holbrook Onawa d. D. Murphy Elkader Roger Leavitt Cedar Falls w. R. Boyd Cedar rapids Thomas Lambert Sabula d. A. Enary Ottumwa. T Olieve it is highly important thav Only Farmer in Iowa but person who has the educational and agricultural welfare of the state close at heart., should do every thing ii their Power to retain at the agricultural College a department which has not Only achieved splendid results in the past but which were it not to be hampered by its would be one of the Mcox potent voters in bettering Faro Nome editions in Iowa and in solving that most vexatious of Rural Prodi Ems retail neg the boys and girls upon farm and keeping them not Only merely Satis fied but contented and Nappy with farm life and conditions. The to i and his gun this topic May not seen to be strictly Bui there 3 not a boy on the farm today Between the Ages of fourteen and Twenty who is not thinking a Good Deal about guns and rifles. The boy who does not is really not a boy there is something wrong with him or in the he has been brought when ice leaves begin to fall from the Trees and Rabbit is Nuiji serous in the Fields and Woods the Hunting spirit rises High in the healthy youth and often in older Man As Well. This is the Hunt ing season. It was so Long before tvs White Man came and took Possession of the red Man s land. Whether Savage or civilized the Indian sum Mer season is the time for Hunting and the time when fancies turn most to Hunting equipment. The boy who has a gun will be wanting one. Usually this desire on the part of the boy becomes known in no Uncertain terms two or three years before it is considered Safe for a boy to own and use a gun All his own. The Safe age is reached sooner in some boys than in others. In some it never is reached. However that May be when a boy reaches the age of twelve to thirteen years he in putting up a pretty Strong talk for a gun. The air Rifle has been devised to satisfy this Early age longing for a gun. The air Rifle is sometimes More dangerous than a real Rifle or Shotgun simply because boys get to thinking of it. As toy after awhile tailing to realize that while the shot is not Felt through a Neavy coat it comes with Force enough to put out an Eye. We do not believe discouraging to let Tana boy in his Hunting plans and in his desire for a gun. When he is old enough to know How to use1 a gun get him one. Get him one that costs enough so it is Safe. Cheap guns Are often As liable to kill at one end As the other. After the boy has his gun Teack him Bow to use it. Don t forget that you were a boy once and wanted a Ami just As much As your boy wants one now. While we do not believe in War and martial training the time May come when a Little gun knowledge May come Handy. Get the boy his Sun when he is old enough to use it with safety to himself and those with him. Claim that they have been Able obtain similar if not better results. In the past the pendulum has been swinging either one Way or the other. For a decade the single purpose beef animal May be r e most popular while in turn., the Dairy cow will have her innings but on the other hand we have a f w men who persistently and consistently Endeavor to Combine Dairy and beef qualities and the notable Success of English breeders along this line would seem to be to establish the fact that the dual purpose animal is a reality. The Breeds enumerated by or. Ziesman namely the Short horns and red to7 is fit Admir ably into this class but either Case the Strain within the Breed is of great importance. The Man who would build up a dual purpose Herd Caa hardly expect to succeed unless his inundation Stock is selected after making a. Close study of the milking qualities not Only of the individual animal but of the ancestry by having a Good Type to Start with and by using males from heavy milking strains there is no question but what a Rype can More or less fixed that produce Lusty calves and at the same Tima yield satisfactory returns at the Pait. To say Chat Success along tvs can Only be reached with Short Torns or red foiled cattle is to Blind oae 4 self to the Best attainments of chose who have made enviable records along this same line while handling the so called beef Breeds like Here Fords and Aberdeen Angus. Combining beef and milk. Conditions in Many parts of the Corn Belt Are so favourable to the prac Tice of raising the so called dual Pur pose cattle that it is not surprising to have the old question of the rela Tive Merit of the Breeds revived periodically. A valued subscriber of Thi j paper or. Reynold Ziesman of har Din Iowa submits the follow ing inquiry in which he no doubt expresses the exact thought that is in the minds of thousands of our read ers i would like a Little information through your columns in regard to cattle. I intend to move Back to my ranch in the near future and intend to have a few pure bred milk cows along with other pure bred Stock. I do not simply want a Good Milker but a cow that will raise a fair sized Fleshy steer calf for Market. I have lots of pasture and free Range besides plenty of Alfalfa Hay and i want a Breed that will do Justice at the milk pail and produce a steer calf that will sell when grown up almost equal to a Heifer. I like a Jersey cow fairly Well As a Milker but her steer calf is no Good. I also notice some holsteins Way behind expectation As dual purpose cattle and their color is not much for looks. My own Choice rests Between the Short Horn and red polled cattle cattle of either Breed that will give from five to six Gallons of milk per Day. I have common scrub cows that give from five to six Gallons per Day and raise Good big calves. Why can t i get purebreds that will do the same this brings us at once to discuss the relative merits of the various Breeds of Liv Stock and we Are Wail aware of the fact that such a Clucus Sion to no satisfactory conclusion if a particular Breed is selected or eulogized because of the ability the cows to raise Good Lusty calves the same time prove to be satisfactory in to Dairy Yroc Eliis of other Breeds St once Cairins a caring for Corn dodder. While roughage of Ali kinds is relatively plentiful this year we to Call attention to the fact that sep tember frosts have materially the roughage situation. In every Sec Tion of the Corn Belt can be scores of Farmers who failed to pus into Shock As Large an acreage of As was intended earlier in the season i this of course was on account of fodder being damaged by the frosts. As the result we believe that Hay will be Hay before we see an other season s grass and this carries with it the suggestion that fodder wih not be any too plentiful by the end the Winter season. In this connection the following suggestion from Illinois in to care cd is out of ii Ift Large acreage of Cori. Cut and shocked this year much been husked and is now in condition to be placed in stack some Farmers How Ever find it a satisfactory method feed their Corn in the bundle rather than Husk it. The bundles can be Han died in much the same Way As fodder. It is Well to so arrange the that they will shelter the feeding on the North and West sides. Placing layer of Straw underneath the. Long stacks will save muh fodder Froni Molt air of decay. It is to build the narrow and Higi for Low Broad. Stacks Are quite sure when the Snow comes to become buried in the Snow before they Are fed out. It also k Good plan to Bull a the stacks of fodder in a of about three or four loads Rath Cne Ong continuous Rick when so constructed they can be Fet from Bottom in sections As they Are stacked and in this Way time tem per and feed will be saved. The stack of Corn in the Bun dle is quite sure to cure nicely while the wide stack is almost sure become damaged from heating or Mold. The round stack of three or four has advantages in feeding but does not serve the purpose of a shelter for Yards like the continuous Long stack. I have frequently stored Corn in the bundle in my barn but the rats Andi. Mice usually destroyed a Large amount of the Grain and Cut the bands on nearly every bundle before it was fed out. Furthermore it is quite Jure to heat when stored in the barn before the and vent of freezing weather. Many Farmers Are using the shredder this year. Shredded Corn fodder is an excellent substitute for Hay but great care must exercised in storing it otherwise the mass will heat and sport soon after it shoes into the barn. Shredded fodder will keep More safely in the barn or stack where it is trodden Down. Wherever fodder can be shredded we in that method of handling it because t does away with a Large amount Vebor in husking it out and. N the Sec no More of the Fod i will when fed in this form while there is the added advantage that the refuse makes idea bed Ding for All classes Stock hard times begin before t Tey need to and last longer than they need to just because they Are out at Bell ids by be not of Mem
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