Page 5 of 11 Oct 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - October 11, 1917, Des Moines, IowaOctober 11, 1917j the Iowa Homestead 1545 Swine breeder who wants to make rapid gains is justified in allowing lice to remain on his hogs for a single Day. Spraying or dipping with a Good Coal tar product is effective while the hog oilers operate most efficiently to this end. The Louse cannot live in the presence of Oil and furthermore the Oil has a beneficial effect upon the skin in keeping in Check Mange and other skin ailments that Are common. In the matter of feeding it May be said that the most rapid and cheapest gains Are not made on Corn alone and for that reason our Experiment stations recommend using some of the concentrated commercial feeds in or Der to bring up the proportion of pro Tein in the ration. With prices of Grain High Swine breeders will resort this season More and More to the use of by products. Feeding these Means the saving of Grain that can be used direct and wherever a Hundred pounds of Rich palatable by product can be made to save a Hundred pounds of Grain the saving should be effected. There is virtue in feeding a variety apart from the necessity of having a ration that is strictly balanced and j this in itself should stimulate inter i est in the More extensive use of by products by Swine breeders. Make Iowa Safe for prohibition. It is reported that the Liberal ele i ments in the River counties of Iowa j Are expressing feelings of Confidence that the prohibitory amendment will be Defeated at the special election on october 15th and that the gamblers and bootleggers Are betting that Way. The Iowa Homestead does not for one moment believe that there is any great danger of Iowa s refusing to take this Forward step but at the same time we realize that whatever danger there May possibly be in the matter is an outgrowth of exactly that feeling of Confidence. Everyone knows that an overwhelming majority of Iowa people Are in favor of the amendment and thousands of friends of prohibition will probably stay away from the polls because they feel that their vote will not be needed. It is upon this fact that the wets place their greatest Reliance because it is certain that All of their votes will be at the polls. The Homestead has explained its views on the matter of the constitutional amendment Many times. It believes the amendment should be adopted because it will put Iowa in line with the Best thought of the nation and of the world. It should be adopted because it will take this vexatious question out of the realm of political discussion so that it cannot longer be used to obscure other important issues. It should be adopted As a matter of Good business and Good morals which together comprise Good government. If the amendment receives anywhere near the majority which it should receive it will be because the Farmers of the state get behind it with the tremendous weight of their influence. If it depended for passage on the City vote the increasing Confidence of the liquor men would be justified indeed because they will be out to a Man working at the polls Early and late. It is up to the Farmers of Iowa to offset this by doing the same thing. While they Are giving their sons and their dollars to help make the world Safe for democracy these Days it behoves them to take a few hours off on octo Ber 15th and help make Iowa Safe for prohibition. Slowed this fall but what should be stirred to a depth ranging Between six and nine inches. The extra Power required to Send the plow Down say two inches deeper than the land has been previously slowed will be paid for Many times Over in the increased crop next year. While tie Corn roots penetrate to a depth of four or five feet still it is a Well known fact that the bulk of the feeding rootlets re main in that part of the soil that has been slowed and other things being equal the larger the Root pasture area the greater will be the crop yield. Those who Are in a position to do the work with a tractor need scarcely be told of the advantages of deep blowing. They have the Power to do the work effectively without sweating and stewing the work horses and it is Safe to say that where any consider Able acreage is slowed deeply with the tractor the increase in the crop yield resulting Over what it would be from shallow blowing will More than pay the interest on the invest ment in the tractor. When soil is slowed deeply in the fall the effect of freezing and thawing in the Winter is to change the Char Acter of the inert material brought to the surface and furthermore the slowed land settles firmly so that by the time the crop is put in next Spring the seed bed presents the proverbial firm Fine appearance that is so Essen tial in High production. There will be every conceivable sort of agitation in favor of increased production next year Between this time and the time when the 1918 crops Are seeded but the fact should not be lost sight of that aside from the use of improved vital seed no Factor will be More important in attaining the de sired end than Good deep blowing this fall. No pains need be taken to de scribe what is meant by a Good Hon est Furrow because every Man who places himself in the class of Good Farmers knows full Well when he is skimming the soil and when he is handling it sensibly. Young animals hard on pasture. An interesting communication appears in a recent Issue of the live Stock journal in which the writer furnishes a number of illustrations to prove that grazing pastures with Young animals robs the land much Mere severely than grazing with Ani Mals that Are matured. It was observed in the first instance that Many pastures in England and Scotland were Rich enough to finish mature Ani Mals year after year without any top dressing whatever. In recent years of these pastures Are showing signs of depletion giving every Indi cation of the wearing out of the land. All pastures did not act alike even though the land was similar in Char Acter and All in All a difficult prob the time to strike Lem was presented for solution to the Farmers of those countries. This writer Calls attention to one Case where half a Field of Oats presented a dark Rich Green appearance while the other half was thinner and lighter in color. Upon investigation it was found that this Field had been divided by hurdles and a flock of sheep divided into two parts. It seems that the Rich Green Oats grew on the land that had been pastured by the older sheep while the Light Oats grew upon the land pastured by lambs. The Grain ration fed to both flocks was the same but the great difference was simply this that the younger animals stored up in their bodies a consider Able amount of Mineral materials governor Harding s seed Corn proclamation. Turn Good honest furrows in the fall. There has been enough rain in Many parts of the Corn Belt to make the soil friable and Between this time and the season of Corn husking millions of acres j will be slowed. At no time during the i Spring summer or fall months is it possible to do work in a More Leisure i by manner than right now and for that reason it is a mistake to follow the usual custom of skimming the soil lightly As if the chief concern were i simply to make the stubble lands Black. We have been doing this too Long and As a result the lower soil and subsoil have become almost As firm As fire Brick a condition anything but favourable for the penetration of Plant roots. There is not a stubble Field in the entire Central West that will be i to the Farmers of Iowa As governor of the state of Iowa and by virtue of the authority in me vested i desire to bring to the attention of the Farmers of the Commonwealth of Iowa the great and vital necessity of saving seed Corn this year. By reason of the fact that seed Corn in Many of our sister states notably North Dakota Minnesota Wisconsin Michigan and South Dakota is almost a total failure it will be necessary this year for Iowa to furnish the seed Corn not Only for Iowa but for her neigh Boring states As Well. No Loyal Farmer will shirk his duty. Iowa has never failed in her loyalty and this unusual shortage of seed Corn in adjoining states has placed the Farmers of this great state in a position where they can not Only do a great patriotic duty to their country but help them selves in a financial Way. I cannot urge too strongly the necessity for Savins seed Corn this year. This is the time to show your loyalty. Iowa has been particularly fortunate. A kindly Providence has blessed us with an abundant Corn crop and it is no More than fitting and proper that we share this great Blessing with those states which Are less fortunate than our selves. Therefore by virtue of the Power in me vested As governor of the state of Iowa i Call upon All Farmers of this state to help in this great and necessary work of saving seed Corn and i proclaim and set apart As seed Corn week the period commencing october 8 and ending october 13, 1917, As seed Corn and earnestly urge that you make this week one of Loyal support and generous participation in this great work for humanity and patriotism. W. S. Allen w. L. Harding Secretary of state. Governor. Whereas the older sheep increased Only in fat and practically took no Mineral matter from the soil. The same results have been found to follow where Young cattle have been grazed and it has been discovered that where the most emphasis has been placed on Early maturing qualities there the pastures Are suffering most. According to this writer a different farming policy must be pursued by those who raise and Market baby Beeves to that followed by those who finish mature animals. While the Young animal will make greater gains from a Given amount of feed and therefore pay a bigger profit on the i pod consumed if it is brought to the right sort of finish yet emphasis should be placed on the fact that these greater gains Are partly offset by the More rapid depletion of the land. In the older countries there is a continual outlay for artificial fertilizers and that outlay is always greater on those farms that Graze Young cattle or lambs extensively. Of the three classes of Stock mature steers milk cows or Young cattle the first named take the least from the land. Milk cows Are robbers because there is considerable Mineral matter and some nitrogen in their milk but the great est robbers of them All Are the calves and the yearlings that Are daily converting the materials of the soil into Bone blood and muscle. Possibly american agriculture is not As yet sufficiently scientific so that we distinguish Between the various classes of animals As shown in the effect of the grazing on the Fertility sup ply but the Day is coming when Al Lowance will have to be made for the amount of Mineral matter removed by the Young and growing animals. Unquestionably we Are going to be More interested in these Fertility problems in the future than we have been in the past and sooner or later will learn that All branches of live Stock farming cannot be carried on indefinitely without resorting to the use of artificial Fertility. It is simply a ques Tion of making our pastures better in order that the returns May be greater and this to be followed by heavier Grain crops with corresponding in creased Revenue from the Grain

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