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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - October 4, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa
Vol. Lxii. No. 40. Lbs m01nes, Iowa october 4, 1917. Whole no. 3130 Corn with no longer is it considered a Lazy Man s method. Progressive Farmers have Given it a trial and in a Large number of in stances they have found it More profitable than harvesting the crop by hand and feeding the Grain on the ear. Practically the Only draw Back is that in wet seasons some of the Corn will set tramped in the mud and be wasted. In order to determine definitely the advantage of hogging Down Corn and also to learn the value of different supplementary feeds the Iowa Experiment station has conducted a series of experiments along this line with Spring shoats. From these experiments it has obtained results which show that hogs make better gains per Bushel of Corn when allowed to forage in the Field than when Given ear Corn in dry lots. But the in creased gain is not the Only advantage since there is a considerable saving of labor and expense ordinarily required in harvesting the crop and feeding by hand. In the Experiment the Cornfields that were hogged Down Lay on second Bottom land with a fairly Rich soil that produced about fifty bushels of Corn per acre. A sufficient number of shoats were put upon the land to clean up the Corn in about two months. Then in order to serve As a Check of Corn and one half Pound of meat meal the Corn in each Case being figured on the basis of shelled Corn. It will be seen that the Field shoats consumed larger quantities of Corn than the lot fed shoats but they made larger gains to offset it. This is Best shown by figures on the amount of feed consumed per Hundred pounds gain. For instance it required Only 356 pounds of Corn and 41 pounds of meat meal to make 100 pounds gain in the Field shoats while it required 365.1 pounds Corn and 43.7 pounds meat meal to make the same gain in the lot fed hogs. With Corn at a Bushel and meat meal at a ton this would be a saving of 45 cents per nun temporary Woven wire fencing has taken the place of wooden hurdles. Another group of shoats were fed in a dry lot receiving All the ear Corn they would eat. The shoats averaged a tout seventy pounds each at the beginning of she Experiment. Since Corn is not a balanced ration both the Field shoats and those in the dry lot were allowed an additional feed of meat meal amount ing to about 10 per cent by weight of their total ration. At the close of sixty Days the Field boats had gained 1.23 pounds daily per head with an average daily consumption of 4.39 pounds of Corn and about one half Pound of meat meal while the dry lot shears gained 1.17 pounds daily with a consumption of 4.26 pounds dred in favor of the Field shoats. In order to de Termine the value of a Home grown feed to supplement Corn in place of meat meal another group of shoats were put in a Cornfield in which soy Beans had been sown with the Corn. This combination did not produce the gains that the meat meal ration did but it proved to be More profitable than feeding straight Corn with no supplement. To make a suitable comparison one group of shoats were allowed to run in the Corn Field but were not Given any other feed. These shoats made an average daily gain of Only .42 Pound while the shoats running in Corn and soy Beans made a gain of .82 Pound. Each of pounds. Thus we find that a supplementary feed makes the gains much More rapid and meat meal makes a better supplement for Corn than soy Beans sown in the same Field. Figured on an acre basis Corn alone made 357 pounds of pork per acre Corn and soy Beans made pounds and Corn supplemented with meat meal made 795 pounds per acre. Of course the meat meal was not supplied by the Field and this must be considered when figuring pork production per acre but the Point to be emphasized is the advantage of using a supplement in order to balance the. Corn ration. Still another test was made in which Rye was sown in the Corn at the time of last cultivation and the shoats were turned in after the Corn became Well dented. The hogs in this Case received meat meal in addition to the Corn and Rye. With such a combination they made an average daily gain of 1.44 pounds with an aver age consumption of 4.38 pounds of Corn and about one half Pound of meat meal. The amount of Rye eaten can not easily be calculated but these results when compared with those Given above in which Corn and meat meal were furnished without Rye show that Rye increases the rate of gain. There is Dan Ger however of cutting the Corn yield by putting Rye in the same Field which May result in a loss of feed produced per acre. From the figures mentioned it is evident that hogging Down Corn is an excellent Means of harvesting the crop producing very satisfactory pork gains if a Good supplementary i eed is added to furnish protein which the Corn lacks. Several other supplements May be used which Are probably just As Good As the ones used in the Experiment Many Farmers have found that rape produced big gains on shoats that have concluded on pages a pasture is advised when hogs Aniis doing their own husking. I
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