Page 1 of 29 Nov 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - November 29, 1917, Des Moines, IowaMore than circulation vol. Lxii. No. 48. Des m01nes, Iowa november 29, 1917. Whole no. 3138 Al interesting and instructive bulletin has been published recently by the National department of agriculture in which there is outlined somewhat in detail the principles involved when sheep raising is carried on profitably. The authors of this bul Letin messes. Marshall and millin have been de voting their entire time in recent years to the study of sheep problems and their conclusions might Well be regarded especially by the begin Ner As Safe and sound. These experts first Call attention to an important change in the extent and character of the american sheep Industry during the last two years. Higher prices for Mutton and Wool in 1915 attracted wide Atten Tion to this Branch of animal husbandry. There was then revealed the economical advantage of the Mutton and Wool sheep As a source of income produced mainly from pasture forage crops or roughage and with a very Low labor requirement. In the Case of no other animal is it possible to bring about a Market condition with the use of so Small an amount of Grain As is the Case with sheep. Lambs where the grazing is Good May be brought to a weight of seventy five pounds without any Grain whatever and a Breeding Ewe will not consume More than 100 Grain during the year. Primarily therefore sheep raising is a grazing proposition. No expensive housing is required unless lambs Are dropped in cold weather the essential thing being Protection from Winter Rains and heavy snowfalls. Such fencing As is required for sheep is needed on every farm whether there Are sheep or not because in these Days materials that ordinarily go to waste should be turned into profit where such animals As sheep and hogs can be grazed at certain times Over the entire area of the farm. In the bulletin referred to it is pointed out that the Gross annual returns from ewes of Breeding age May be expected to Range from to a head depending upon the percentage of lambs raised the weights of the fleeces and the value of these products. The increase in lambs frequently runs As High As 150 per cent or in other words a flock of ewes Well kept will raise in some instances an average of one and a half lambs per head. Even under Ordinary care they will raise better than one Lamb on the aver age. A weight of sixty or seventy pounds will be attained when the lambs Are from four to five months of age and this As before stated is done with but Little if any the right boat of forage and pasturage is provided. At present time a seventy five Pound Lamb is Worth about and a flock of fifty ewes carefully handled last Winter and Given fair pasturage during the Spring and summer months would be returning at this time from to this is a return that is realized practically without labor though of course it goes without saying that these results Are not Forth coming unless the owner of the flock has some knowledge and skill in handling sheep. However the important thing at the present time to those who Are starting out with a flock of sheep is their care and management during the Winter months and turning to the bulletin in question we Here find specific instruction that will be valuable to the beginner. It is pointed out by messes. Marshall and millin that Winter management has a very important relation to the returns from the flock. The feeding should be such As will produce the. Most vigorous lambs and at the same time keep the Wool in Good condition. Leguminous Hays straws and Cornstalk usually form the main part of economical Winter rations. Clover Alfalfa or Cowpea Hay if of Good Quality May be used As the sole feed until near lambing time from three to three and one half pounds being sufficient for ewes weighing less than 150 pounds. Oat and wheat Straw Are better than Rye or Barley Straw. The beards of the latter Are Likely to prove troublesome. Corn stalks placed where the ewes can eat off the leaves May be used As a part of the roughage ration. If this ration is made up largely of Cornstalk or Straw a nitrogenous concentrate should also be used. Timothy Hay is not Good sheep feed. Such succulent feeds As roots or silage Are desirable in keeping the ewes in Good health. The use of silage will often materially reduce the Cost of the ration but silage cannot safely be used without any Hay. Only silage from Well matured Corn should be used for sheep and Cau Tion should be exercised to guard against feeding spoiled Frozen or moldy silage. It is not advisable to feed More than three pounds per head daily of this feed. For bred ewes roots particularly turnips should be used sparingly until after lambing. Each of the following rations contains approximately the amount of the various nutrients required daily for ewes of from 120 to pounds in weight 1 i pounds Alfalfa or Cowpea Hay. Pounds Corn silage. Pound shelled1 Corn. 2 Pound Alfalfa pounds Corn at Over amount 3 pounds Alfalfa. 2 pounds silage. 4 1 Pound oat Straw. Pounds Corn silage. U Pound Oil meal. O Pound Corn. Where the ewes can run on fall wheat or Rye during the Winter months the pasture should be supplemented by some dry or concentrated feed. Silage or roots Are not desirable when the pasturage is soft or Green. One half Pound of cottonseed meal contains the daily requirement of protein for pregnant ewes. When Price suggests the use of this concentrate the other feeds should be of a carbonaceous character. One Quarter Pound of cottonseed meal per Day and a selection of other feeds will be better than a ration containing a larger amount of cottonseed meal. It is not the Homestead s purpose to make unduly attractive the Prospect of sheep raising but it is interesting to refer to the experience of one who has been keeping sheep on his farm for a period of thirty five years. Or. V. G. Warn or Secretary of the Iowa sheep breeders and Wool growers association possessed of Zeal to Advance the interests of sheep raising has complied with the Homestead s request to give his views for the Benefit of those particularly who have had no experience in the handling of sheep. Or. Warner Breeds other classes of live concluded on Page 12.

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