Page 4 of 31 May 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - May 31, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa 4 964 the Iowa Homes Tead the Homestead the Ockwig Ock Metw fruit grower. Poultry an Gardener and housekeeper. By James m. Pierce James Atkinson editor in chief established in 1855 entered at Des Molnes Postoff Ca As second class matter. Published Evert thursday member agricultural publishers association. _ member audit Bureau of circulations. Subscription subscription a year. In clubs of ton 75 cents a year Sill a Foj 11 Fol. F 1 v a trait to or express Money order. In Dunning address Send tooth the old and new addresses. In renewing. Give the same name and initials As before or state old Anci Lew and explain Why you 6 Caa to or fail lira to receive the the the Homestead company Des Moines la. The theory of sensible Corn cultivation. In the heroic attempt to raise a bumper crop of Corn we should not Overlook a single Factor that will in crease production. In the main Corn growers have put Forth their very Best j efforts in preparing the seed bed and in planting the crop so that there re i Mains now Only the Opportunity to cultivate the crop three or four times and after that we Are helpless to in crease the yield. It has been proven Over and Over again by our Experiment stations that the growth of weeds has a greater effect in cutting Down the yield than Mere Lack of cultivation. In other words if there were no Weed seeds in the soil and no perennial pests the Corn crop would come through an aver age season with a Normal yield. While we have been told Over and Over again that a dust Blanket conserves the Mois Ture yet after All it seems that this is More or less incidental. Moisture As it rises from the lower soil to the surface is largely taken up by the feeding roots of the Corn and the Vir tue that we have associated with the mulch must be attributed to the Effi Cacy of cultivation in destroying weeds. The main Battle therefore must be to head off the weeds As these pests use Liberal quantities of water from the lower soil and they greedily use the Plant food that should feed the Corn. True it is that Weed destruction cannot be carried on without creating a mulch but when we accept the theory that the mulch is of Little value in a Normal season then the conclusion must be reached at once that there is no special advantage in stirring the soil to great Depths. In variably those who use the surface cutting cultivators raise larger crops than their neighbors who stir the soil to a depth of three four and five inches. In the latter Case Root Cut Ting is bound to take place and wherever this occurs the yield is automatically decreased. When the Corn plants Are Small the roots do not fill the surface and there is Little danger of Root pruning but when the Corn gets to be knee High there is great advantage in stirring the surface soil lightly. If the weeds can be destroyed by cutting an Inch or two inches deep the real purpose of cultivation is accomplished and at the same time the destructive effect of deep tillage is avoided. Of course we realize in discussing Corn cultivation problems that every Man has his own Way of performing this task and custom in this respect changes slowly. All will agree How Ever that expert work with the cultivator is required the first time through the Corn because weeds that then escape the cultivator Are going to go right through to maturity. Those that Are in the Corn Hill should be covered up and smothered there and then and one had better be Content with plow ing two or at the outside three acres a Day and do it rightly the first time than to half do the work and cover four and five acres a Day. If All the weeds Are covered or destroyed the first time rapid work can be done afterwards so that six or even eight acres a Day can be slowed even with a single Row cultivator. As said be fore the destruction of weeds is the end to be attained and unless this can be effectively accomplished the Mere creation of a. Mulch will not materially increase the yield. Back to its old tricks. There Are absolutely no limits to the extent to which the Des Moines Register will go in its mad efforts to ruin those whom it cannot Rule. The Ordinary practices of decent journal ism Are abandoned consistency is thrown to the winds and fair play is forgotten when it sets out to Hammer into the Earth one who has earned its enmity by his Independence. A most glaring example of the fact that the Register never forgives any one who has once crossed its path is furnished in a most astounding editor Ial in its evening edition of May 23d, under the heading governor my s it is a bitter attack on the governor of Iowa for enforcing the committed himself and his administration to the very program we Are seeing tried out. Or. Havner is doing just what everybody who knew him knew do. The governor knew what or. Havner would do. Or. Havner has deceived nobody nor has he acted m haste nor with excitement. But the governor who set the Ball rolling what can anybody say for him what an amazing what an almost unbelievable spectacle it is that a paper which modestly Calls itself Iowa s greatest should at tack the governor of the state for enforcing the Laws for carrying out his party s platform pledge for warning the legislature that he would enforce what Laws they left and then going ahead and making Good his what a specimen of inconsistency for the paper which urged and begged the people not to elect governor hard ing because it said he would not enforce the Laws to criticize him now for trying to make Good with the Law abiding what a Fine example of respect for Law it would have May 31, give nor forget governor Harding s part in defeating its publisher Gardner Cowles for the Board of education it is equally True that the Farmers of Iowa will not forgive nor forget its sneers and slurs at them. They win remember its expressed wish that Iowa might have two or three com plete crop failures in succession to teach the Farmers a lesson or its ref i Terence to them As men who never buy anything but a quadrennial hair and remembering these things they will understand the viciousness of the attacks being made by the Reg ister on governor Harding and will stared loyally by him in his Effort to carry out his pledges of Law enforce ment no matter How much the journalistic Heathen May rage against him for merely doing his sworn duty. Commonwealth of Iowa executive department Des Moines j to the people of Zoiva i in Harmony Tveith the proclamation of the president of these i United states dated the eighteenth of May your attn 1 Tion is directed to i registration Day june 5, 1917 it is not the intention or desire of those in authority and burdened with the responsibility of conducting this War to make june 5th a Holiday but rather that the activities As far As i possible be suspended and the Day be set apart for the purpose of j patriotic consecration by All of our people to the cause of our com i in on country. There is much work Fust ahead for every person within our j state work that will mean sacrifice and self denial. Let this Day i be one of fasting rather than one of feasting one of consecration 1 j rather than one of hilarity. Let the full meaning of the Day and i All that it bodes for our people be made a dominant feature in All i demonstrations. Therefore by virtue of the Power in me vested As gov Cranor of Testate of Lozova and the Federal Law and proclamation of the i proclaim and give notice to All persons subject to registration that the time and place of such registration shall be 1 j Between the hours of 7 a. And p p. M., on the 5th Day of june Fyie tit the registration place in the precinct wherein they have per i i in Anent Homes. All males who shall have attained their Twenty 1 first birthday and who shall not have attained their thirty first i birthday on or before the Day herein named Are required to Regis 1 i tar excepting Only officers and enlisted men of the regular army the Navy the Marine corps and the National guard and naval j militia while in the service of the United states and officers in the i officers Reserve corps and enlisted men in the enlisted Reserve 1 corps while in Active service. J i in testimony thereof i have Hereunto set 1 hand and caused to be affixed the great Seal of f Seal the state. 1 done at Des Moines this thirtieth Day of May 1 by the governor i w. L. Harding. In. S. Allen Secretary of state. Laws of the very thing which they insisted Over and Over throughout the Campaign last year he would not do if elected. The editorial is too Long to print in its entirety but the general trend can be gathered from the following excerpt in the platform on which he governor Harding ran. His friends had inserted this platform pledge we stand for the vigorous enforcement of All Laws and unequivocally pledge our candidates to this and then to Cap the Climax the governor in his inaugural address told the legislature the question of Law enforce men rests primarily with the legislature for in in r. Of Slature for. In so far As it lies in the Power of this administration no officer shall usurp the Power of repeal by inaction or resolve any doubts against the Wisdom or Vir tue of any Law which shall remain upon the statute books when you shall have it is Plain that governor Harding trying in his Sloppy Way. To make Good with the Law abiding element been to the boys and girls of Iowa s farms to have had the publisher of a paper holding such views As a Mem Ber of the state Board of position for which he was Defeated by governor Harding s friends. However it puts the Register right Back where it belongs before it assumed its hypocritical role of a Saint during the Campaign in an Effort to de feat a Man whom the people of Iowa endorsed by the largest majority Ever Given a candidate for any office in the history of the state. Once More the of Des Moines whisky drug stores and apologist for state printing out in the open showing its Teeth at those who Are trying to enforce the Laws and growling because the Laws against bootlegging and other violations of the Iowa statutes were never so strictly enforced in Des Moines As Well As elsewhere in the state As they Are under the present administration. But if the Register will never for thesis week for Iowa Farmers. There Are two ways in which the Farmers of Iowa can do their bit for. Their Flag and country during the next few Days. One is by seeing to it that every Farmer who has passed his Twenty first birthday and not yet reached his thirty first birthday Regis ters on next tuesday june 5th. The Ether is by buying some of the lib erty loan Bonds which Are being offered by the Federal government to help finance the War. On this Page we publish governor Harding s proclamation to the people of Iowa calling attention to the fact that june 5th is National registration Day. The Iowa Homestead believes that the governor has done Well in Sug Gesting that next tuesday should not be made a Holiday in the commonly accepted meaning of that term As a Day of merry making and Celebration but that rather it should be a Day when other duties Are Laid aside while the people of Iowa re consecrate them selves to the principles of Freedom and democracy and re dedicate themselves to the service of their country. The Homestead feels sure it is not necessary to mention the heavy pen Alty provided by Congress for All who fail to do their duty in this respect nor is it necessary to urge upon its readers their obligation in seeing that this duty is fully performed because no one on Iowa s farms will fail the nation at this critical time. It does not mean that All who Register will be called to the colors. Opportunity will be Given in the registration Blanks to state reasons for exemption from military service. What it does mean is that the governmental authorities will have a record showing How each Man May Best serve his country s needs at Home or abroad. Let old Iowa on next tuesday in response to governor Harding s Brief but eloquent Appeal Roll up a potential army of Industrial agricultural and military workers that will be the Pride of the nation and let the Farmers set an example of patriotism to the rest of the state in this respect. Governor Harding has also in fit Ting words proclaimed this from last monday May 27th to Satur Day june loan week in Iowa for the Purchase of the lib erty Bonds which the Federal govern ment is offering to the Public in de nominations of and these Bonds Bear 3% per cent interest and Are free from All taxation of any character thus netting As much As most Bank certificates of Deposit. They Are As Safe As Gold dollars and their proceeds Are to be used in financing the War. Those who Are not subject to registration As Well As Many of those who Are can help do their part by sub scribing for one or More of these Bonds. It is unnecessary to say that wars Are waged with dollars As Well As with men these Days and that one of the ways in which the United states can help most to make the world Safe for democracy is by supplying funds which Are the sinews of War. We Are in this War now in deadly Earnest and we be got to win it for our own Sake As Well As for the Sake of posterity. There is hardly a Reader of the Iowa Homestead who cannot subscribe for at least one of the Bonds and most of them can take Sev eral for themselves and for All their family. In the years to come they will be regarded with Pride As a badge of Honor which the children of the present generation will be proud to

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