Page 4 of 23 May 1912 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - May 23, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa 4 1148 the Homestead May 23, 1912 a practical journal for the Farmer Stock Man fruit grower poultry Man. Gardener and housekeeper by James m. Fierce James Atkinson editor in chief established in 1855 entered at Pes Moines Post office As second class matter published every thursday Otti psf r i i Tion rates hilie1e subscriptions so a year ten copies one year. 810. And an extra copy to up of club. In clubs of fifty or More 30 cents a year in of lung of one Hundred or More "5 cents a year. Single subscription Oliree years in Iid Lanee five years in Advance. Ten years in Advance subscription Price in Canada 81 a year. Subscription Price to other foreign oui trips 9. A year. Remit by draft registered letter Post office or express Money order. In renewing sub san Pylon use same name and initials As address on paper or explain Why you in Ramn Tiik your Post office address Send your old address As Well As the new. Errors in address or failure to receive paper within two weeks should be promptly reported to the publisher. And Loines Iowa. When the people decide. On every occasion which has been Given to him the Grain Belt Farmer Lias registered his protest in no Uncertain manner against the administration which took no heed of him until votes were needed but which deliberately sought in every possible manner to betray the Farmer to the privileged interests known As big business. Four out of the twelve states of the Grain Belt have been granted the presidential preferential primary. With what result every one of the four declared overwhelmingly in favor of the progressive opposition to the Taft administration out of 110 delegates to the Chicago convention from these four states North Dakota Wisconsin Illinois and Nebraska president Taft has succeeded in securing two the progressive opposition has secured 108 we confidently believe that were a similar right to be granted the remaining Grain Belt states this ratio of nifty to one against the president who attempted to foist one sided Canadian reciprocity upon the Farmer would be continued. Nor has the Grain Belt Farmer been alone in thus registering his emphatic protest against the administration which has persistently favored the classes against the masses. Up to the first of the present week ten states had expressed their Choice for the Republican nominee for president by Means of state wide primaries. Eight of Feese states went overwhelmingly against Taft one split evenly be tween him and the opposition and one state gave him its entire Delegate support. The record of the states which have thus been allowed an Opportunity to Register their Choice through state wide primaries is As follows Taft 96 North Dakota Wisconsin Illinois Nebraska Pennsylvania 6 Massachusetts Oregon new Hampshire. 8 Maryland California 70 14 10 16 38 244 it will be seen that new Hampshire is the Only state to give its entire support to president Taft while of the Twenty two votes recorded for him. In Massachusetts eight belong by rights to the opposition but because of the closeness of the vote and the mix up in the new primary Law col Onel Roosevelt released these eight votes to president Taft although each of the eight delegates thus released is quoted As saying that he will vote against Taft in the Chicago Conven Tion. The eight other states have gone overwhelmingly against the president the usual ratio being two to one or Oliree to one against a Continua Tion of the Taft policies. The striking results of the preferential primaries in these ten states Lead to two inevitable conclusions first president Taft no longer has the Confidence of the rank and file of the voters of the country and is doomed to defeat second never again will the people permit their i presidential nominations to be made for them by the Bosses. Each and every one of the ten states which have thus registered their protests against president Taft is a Republican state All but one of which Taft carried in the presidential election four years ago. Pennsylvania which was emphatic in its protest against Taft ism in the recent primaries gave Taft a majority of votes four i years ago. Such states As California Massachusetts and North Dakota went for Taft in 1908 by a vote of almost two to one yet four years of a policy which favors the already privileged i interests at the expense of the Farmers raid the common people were sufficient to cause these states to turn against the Man whom they had assisted in putting1 into the presidential chair. It is inevitable when one third of All the states which voted for Taft for president in the electoral College less than four years ago turn completely around and emphatically vote against him while Only one thirtieth of his electoral College support re Mains by him when the Opportunity is Given the people to that de feat is in store. The beginning of the end of Taft and Taft ism has been written and written in letters of such size that not Only he who runs May read but even the Blind May see. The second conclusion reached by a study of the primary results to Date cannot be questioned the right to vote directly for presidential Nomi nees having been granted the voters in one fourth of the states the voters of the remaining states will be insist ent for the same right four years from now. The present year is the first Opportunity the people have Ever had to select presidential nominees. The voters of the states not granted this right have found them selves throttled by the political Bosses even More effectually than Ever be fore. They have been compelled to accept prepared slates and Delegate lists they have not been permitted to have a word to say concerning candidates policies or platforms. The Rule of the Bosses has been Complete and this in a period when progressive reforms Are everywhere Manifest and the people have at last Learned that when they unite and insistently demand a clean up it will shortly be forthcoming. It is inevitable that the voters who were denied the right Given the voters in Illinois and Pennsylvania and California this year will demand this right before four More years have passed and it is equally inevitable that they will be successful in their demands. The Farmers of the Grain Belt Are Indig Nant at the manner in which they have been throttled the Farmers the workingmen and the rank and file of the people in the East and in the West Are equally indignant. Within four years we confidently believe that a majority of the states will have placed presidential primary Laws up on their statute books so that never again will the Bosses rather than the people select National leaders and dictate National policies. A this Means another Victory for the Grain Belt Farmer. One third of the Grain Belt states were permitted this year to say what they think of Canadian reciprocity perverted conservation and privileged preference. The remaining Grain Belt states will have an equal right four years from now. The reforms which Are sweep ing the country and purifying nation Al politics have found their inception in the Grain Belt. The protest against the old order of things in presidential selection will bring about a Reform in the election Laws which will make the whole country rejoice at the determined courage and conscientious convictions of the Grain Belt Farmer. Good bulls called Forth prompt and realized satisfactory prices for their owners. The bulls in these sales were not All but they came from Good herds they were of Good Breeding and they were healthy so that even the More inferior individuals that were offered will give a Good account of themselves in improving the Grade herds into which they Are introduced. Now that it has been practically proven that the general plan adopted by the american Aberdeen Angus association is practicable there is no reason Why these sales cannot be made permanent combining As they do in an Ideal Way educational and business features. It is a Good Busi Ness proposition for a breeder to find a Market for his Good surplus bulls and it is an even better proposition for the owner of a Grade or pure bred Herd to go to some Central place where he can have an Opportunity to make discriminating purchases. The american Aberdeen Angus association has started the proposition out on a High plane and we under stand that it is the purpose of the officers of this association not Only to maintain the Standard but to make it even higher. The movement in our opinion Vail be an important Factor in the future in enabling Farmers of the great Central West to raise and finish their own cattle. This policy can be carried out Only when the Quality of the cattle of this Region is improved and improvement can come Only through the use of better beef sires. I that it cannot be beaten and the soil ought to be kept producing if the term catch crop leads the Farmer to suppose they Are of no value he makes a very great mistake. We Are glad indeed to see that the practice of keeping the soil producing during the entire growing season is becoming More and More popular. It following a Small Grain crop legumes1 like cowpeas can be sown and a fair crop obtained there is a double advantage because the soil is so enriched that even after the second crop is removed very Little loss of Titis element results. In this Way the grower has practically the feeding value of the crop to the Good. Of course it is not always practicable to use cowpeas following a Cereal crop for the reason that in some cases the soil is so dry after Harvest that a second crop will net germinate. Good judgment is required in such a Case to know whether it is advisable or not to go to the expense of using High priced seed. One Good soaking rain after Harvest will generally do the work and rapidly germinate cowpeas providing they Are covered to a depth of two of three inches. Watering hogs sensibly. The Spring Bull sales. In a recent Issue of our paper we called special attention to the Spring Bull sales that were to be held by the american Aberdeen Angus association. These sales were in a Large measure experimental in character being to feel out the pub Lic and ascertain whether or not the plan that has been so popular in Scotland would be adapted to conditions on this Side of the water. The result of the sales held respectively in Omaha and Chicago has demonstrated that the plan has sound basis in fact a goodly number of buyers attended each Sale and the crops on Rich soil need less water. Experiments carried on at the Nebraska station during the last two years have resulted in demonstrating that the More Fertile a soil the less water is required to produce a Pound of dry matter in plants. In other words a larger crop can be produced from a scant rainfall if the soil is Rich than will be produced in the Case of a poor soil. Of course this result will come As no Surprise to the Man who through years of experience has be come familiar with the productive capacity of Fertile soils under All varieties of conditions. This matter was Well demonstrated through various parts of the Corn Belt in 1911. Instances could be found where drouth Cut the yield of a Corn crop Down As Low As ten bushels per acre in some localities whereas within sighting distance of a Field of so Low a yield could be found crops running forty and fifty bushels per acre. In neither Case did the crop obtain a Normal Supply of water but the results indicated in a practical Way that plants could util ize the water in a Fertile soil to a better advantage than they could in soils that were lean. Without doubt the water in a Rich soil contains a much higher percentage of Plant food materials than the water in thin soil and apparently a smaller amount of the Richer liquid is required to pro Duce certain results than in the Case of liquids containing Little Plant food in _ this respect plants Are not unlike animals requiring As they do just so much nutrient to produce a Given growth receiving Little or no Benefit trom any superabundance of water that May be used in obtaining the Supply of nutrients. Cowpeas after Small Grain. An Illinois subscriber or j t Mccoy gives briefly the results of his experience in using cowpeas As a catch crop following Small Grain on this subject or. My Joy says every successive most valuable. When a Field is id i of producing anything then the is not drawing inter As warm weather approaches the task of preventing drinking water for hogs from becoming contaminated be comes More and More difficult. The percentage of farms in the Central West where there is a constant Supply of running water is so Small As to be almost a negligible Quantity so that when we discuss this subject we As sume that the average Man must re sort for his Supply to the use of the Ordinary Well. To keep filth out of the Supply of water is the one great problem and the full significance of the importance of this we believe is not always appreciated. The hog contaminates his own Supply of water unless special precautions Are taken to prevent it. There Are so Many different types of automatic caterers on the Market and these Are so comparatively Inex pensive we believe there is rarely any excuse for using the old fashioned trough into which a hog puts his feet every time he drinks. These Auto Matic caterers Are designed so that they can be attached to tanks or barrels and their capacity is so Small that it is absolutely impossible for hogs to contaminate the water and there is a constant change in the sup ply available. Sometimes it is not practicable to attach a Waterer to the Large drinking tank used by the horses and cattle in which Case a barrel can be used to great advantage and it is always a simple task to change its location when this is necessary. The theory of the automatic hog Waterer is that while Only a few quarts Are available at any one time yet when the Supply in the Small Fountain is lowered the movement of a valve admits a new Supply. In this Way As Long As there is water in the main vessel there will always be a Supply available for the hogs. By keeping a Little Lime in the tank or barrel the water is in a Way disinfected so that even when it be comes warm it is not easily made stale. Very Gratifying results owing to their ties and their tendency toward a fru maturity they May be aft it is too late for crops that Are Lon Vej m maturing. The Field to be seeded to cowpeas should be slowed har rowed and rolled to a level surface i sow a Bushel of seed to the acre pea s an excellent feed for All Stock Bein especially Good a5 Thev produce n Fel on pea Hay than other. Every Farmer who trios pea Hay for a catch crop will find in the future members of the wis Consin state Board of agriculture will not be permitted to accept premiums or Cash awards for any article pro duct or animal exhibited by them at the Wisconsin state fair. Reso Lution which called for this change in the rules was introduced by Danforth w. Larkin of Sturgeon Bay who was recently appointed o membership on the Board. Or. Larkin will superin tend the machinery department this season and Frank a. Cannon one of the Milwaukee members will have charge of the automobile division. At a meeting of the Board of direct ors of the american Jersey cattle club held in new York City on May 1st. A Resolution was adopted compell ing each breeder to Bear the expense of authenticating tests begun after self the Bear one half of the pro rata expense of Testin entered previous to that Date. The life of a goldfish More 7e yel7 in Captivity under the favourable circumstances

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