Page 5 of 3 May 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - May 3, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa3, 1917 h e i o w a h o m e s e a d fifi handed Down them from above land dried if is this fact Tae bourbons and tories of Iowa 829 Suva u.w.u.c7 tvs wind As those who will not see. Exempt Farmers from military the Iowa Homestead wishes endorse with All the Force and Earnest Ness at its command the amendment which passed the National House of representatives by a vote of 126 100, exempting Farmers from the pro visions of the selective draft Bill for Universal military service. It is generally conceded that the largest part which this country can play in winning the War is through the furnishing of foodstuffs herself and her allies. From every hand has come the Call for the Farmers of the country serve humanity and the nation through increased production. To make them subject military duty at this time would be make a hoi there is still one effective Way head them off. The Homestead has referred this in previous issues and it will be referred again for the simple reason that the practice of Blind blowing cannot be too strongly endorsed. This simply Means putting the cultivator into the Cornfield after the planter. It May follow the planter the same Day though it is entirely practicable if the Blind blowing is delayed two or three Days. The theory of the practice is simply this that the cultivation of the soil in this Way Means that All weeds Are uprooted and Given a set Back at the very time that Corn is started. An Inch or even two inches of soil thrown Over the checked Row will do no. Harm because the Sec Ond chapter in the Blind blowing act is Harrow crosswise and Harrow frequently. In last week s Homestead one of our subscribers or. J. M. Williamson recommended that the harrowing be done after the leaves Are Well through the surface rather than at a time when they Are just showing through. This Low mockery of All the Campaign that through this has been carried on by state Adna advice because plants Are tonal for Large and and Are better crops. After the begin form. J or. Williamson that vim the question of increased food pro go Over ground three times ind pm auction resolves itself finally into a More weeds in this can in Supply and there destroyed later w h uie cultivator re gajdl6ss Many ones it loused sf0 p such a Dlf i i some of our readers May think that cult one As now the Homestead this is rather drastic treatment of a knows of cases where single i divid Corn crop and whether the Harrow urls Are trying care for twice As can be used As late As this or not Many acres of Corn As they should l simply because they cannot get help further complicate the matter by calling men from the Fields the trenches at this time would be liar 1h j a pends some extent upon the Char Acter of the surface. If it is free from trash and the stand is Good this is possibly the most practical Way destroy weeds. If even a dozen Indi situation. It May Well be that every Man on the farm will prove the Worth of Sev eral men at the front in the final out come of the War and the Homestead Hopes and believes that the Senate will concur in the House amendment which will permit the Farmers of the nation on whom not Only the soldiers of this and other countries but All the other people of the world Are dependent for life and efficiency perform their great duty without further Handicap of. Interruption. The task is a difficult one at Best and they should be Given every possible assistance and encouragement by governmental authorities in making our agricultural resources humanity s greatest weapon in this struggle for Liberty and peace through out the world. More men in the farm Fields of the United states even Belt could be prevailed upon follow the practice of Blind blowing this year it would enormously increase the yield of Corn and furthermore they would furnish Fine examples be patterned after in the future by those who railed keep the weeds in Check by the use of the cultivators. Herefords bring Good prices. Some significant animal husbandry history was made last week by Cyrus a. Tow of Norway Iowa in the sell ing of 154 head of herefords at an average of per head. In the first instance the values placed upon these cattle by spirited bidders demonstrated an abounding Faith in the future of the pure bred live Stock Indus v Cai a r xxx j pm Tig if fewer on the Battle Fields of eur try these cattle were Well bred should be the policy of the be sure. And they were brought into the ring in Apple pie order but it takes More than pedigrees and Condi Tion induce men pay the prices that prevailed at this Sale. Every buyer at Tow Sale per rope United states from on. The big fight is the fight of weeds. Every Weed that is strangled Early in its career this year will help in filling the Cor cribs this fall. Nearly All our productive lands Are permeated with annual Weed seeds and it will j require Many years of expert soil Cul i Tiv Atlon free the soil of these pests i some of these Weed seeds when slowed j under will remain there in vital con i edition for years so that when they Are brought up again with the plows they immediately begin grow. While it is impossible say with any de Gree of accuracy How much the Corn yield would be increased if weeds could be kept out altogether it is not unreasonable assume that it would be increased by one half in some cases and possibly doubled in others. Weeds take moisture they utilize Fertility and their roots occupy space which should be taken up with Corn roots. This year above All others special pains must be taken head off these weeds and the time fight them effectively is now at hand. The free risking of the soil previous planting it is exceedingly t., disc possibly men of the future double Harrow just before putting the planter into a Field because this j j. By Sci formed a patriotic duty because at no time in the. History of this country has it been so urgently Pessary stimulate interest in improved live Stock As is the Case at the present meat animals Are High in Price capita of our population the is much smaller than it was years ago. If we Are bring live Stock production up the Normal we must do it through the me of the improved give a Good account of every Pound of Grain consumed. The world is Short of Good beef and the demand for this product will far outrun the Supply at anything like moderate prices during the next few years. The 154 head of herefords sold at this Sale have been distributed into Many states Ai in due time the progeny of every individual will affect in a most favourable Way pure bred herds As Well As grades. Individual animals sold for thousands of dollars and this seems a High valuation unless men View it Broad minded by in the Light of what these great checks the weeds seriously and gives the pure bred live Stock Industry never faced a brighter future than it c4 a4.a u. J. C 1c old fashioned doctrine and a preach ment along this line Seldom accomplishes much because practically every Corn grower is ambitions kill the weeds before planting. It is not always practicable do the work that we know ought be done. When no onslaught can be made on the weeds just before planting w it 111 1 Cetl a fruitful Harvest from their while the steer feeder or the individual who feeds for the Block is bound rely More and More on the pure bred herds for material in improving the grades. The Success attained by or Tow in the Breeding of Hereford cattle is a Fine example of what May be accomplished by a Wise selection of lines a a most terrific infantry charge ready aim no other terms but unconditional surrender Breeding Stock by judicious mating and sensible feeding. Stockmen generally and Hereford breeders in particular will we be Lieve be interested in the detailed re port of Liis remarkable Sale. It appears on Page 10 of this Issue of the Homestead. Dealing with the sickly Meadow. It is a common sight these Days see men prowling around in their Meadows. At intervals roots will be examined and generally the investigator wears a deep Brown frown. He is at a loss know what do. The Clover in most cases has disappeared altogether even in the old Meadows and the Timothy plants Are not at All vigorous. He is faced by a Hay Short age and in reality he is literally stumped know whether plow up the Meadow and put it in Corn or make some attempt reseed it in the Hope of getting at least a partial crop. What should be done where there is sufficient Man labor and enough horse Power available put these sickly Meadows in Corn there should be no hesitation about the advisability of making that substitution. Corn is our big yielded and Many of these thin Meadows under Normal conditions will produce fifty or sixty bushels of Corn per acre. If there was a Good growth of Clover last fall this in itself will tend add Fertility the land and in All probability the benefits derived from the growth of Clover will More than offset the Cost of the seed and labor of putting it in. If All partially killed out Meadows in the Central West Are put in com it will increase the acreage tremendously but we know in Advance that Many of these Meadows will not be slowed up because there is not help enough on the farm do the work. Where the thin Meadows cannot be slowed and put in Corn some attempt should be made thicken them up and while the season is getting pretty Well advanced it is not yet too late Harrow in four or five pecks of Oats per acre. In that Case the weeds will be kept Down and the Oats will be Well headed out if an Early variety is used by the time the Timothy is ready Cut and possibly if the land is handled in this Way the yield per acre will be increased anywhere from one. Half ton one ton. Millet can also be used advantage and two pecks of seed per acre will give Good results. It May be seeded even after the Cora is planted. It is a rapid grower if Cut at the proper time will make a valuable product. We admit that this is More or less of a makeshift but anything is better than produce a half stand of Timothy and a full crop of weeds. Hay will reach values this fall and Winter that have never be fore been approached unless our government fixes prices. It will be needed As horse feed in our recruiting army and those who Are in a position spare some Hay this fall will be performing a service that is really and truly patriotic. Increase production. Increase production is the cry of the hour. It comes from the lips of president Wilson our various Gover nors the authorities of our state Agri cultural colleges our practical farm papers from All Loyal patriotic Citi Zens who realize the immense responsibility which confronts the Amer ican Farmer. 1 the Homestead is dedicated the i task of assisting the Farmers of this portion of the country live up the need of the hour and their great responsibility. We shall do everything possible make the acres and the herds of our readers still More productive the end that the world May be fed and clothed and none shall go hungry. We propose make the Homestead throughout the coming year of More practical value every member of the farm household than it has Ever been before in All the years of its existence. While we Are doing this May we count on the assistance of every one of our Large family of readers will those whose subscriptions have recently expired and those whose subscriptions will shortly expire attend this important matter at once sending in their renewal Check without delay will every Reader make himself a soliciting agent secure at least one new subscriber we shall do our share by getting out better and More practical and valuable papers than Ever before. Shall we form a working partnership increase production and make this the biggest and Best year Ever known in american farming do your share by attending your subscription renewal without delay

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