Page 1 of 29 Mar 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - March 29, 1917, Des Moines, IowaVol. Lxi no. 13. Lbs m01nes, Iowa March 29, 1917. Whole no. 3103 most interesting and instructive Experiment in cattle feeding was started at the Iowa Experiment station last november. It involved the feeding out of five groups steers that averaged approximately 950 pounds when the Experiment started. On March 21st these steers had been on feed 120 Days and the event was celebrated by the assembling of some 300 Stockman who spent the Day inspecting these cattle and studying the Man Ner in which they were fed. This investigation Al work is under the supervision of profs. W. H. Pew and John m. Evvard. These men have for a number of years been carrying on extensive scientific experimental work relating to feeding problems. The questions they have already put to farm als have elicited instructive replies and if the feeding principles that have been worked out by these scientists could be put into practice on the farms of the Central West it would unquestionably increase stockmen s profits Bullions of dollars. In the particular Experiment under consideration at the present time one group of steers were fed shelled Corn in a self feeder. In other words they had Corn before them All the time. In addition they received a full feed of Corn ens Ilage twice daily along with two and one half pounds of linseed Oil meal and two pounds of Alfalfa Hay per head daily. What did they do with this feed they made an aver age daily gain of 3.50 pounds. While not rolling fat they were pronounced by messes. Cross and Stevens of Chi be within 40 or 50 cents per Hundred pounds of the top of the Market. Of the average these steers consumed 14.8 pounds of Corn daily and 34.4 pounds of Corn silage. It required practically thirty Days to get them on full feed and at the end of 120 Days they were eating eighteen pounds of Corn per head daily and Twenty five pounds of ens Ilage. For every Hundred pounds of gain made by these steers they required it. H. Pew. John m. Evvard. Scientists in charge of feeding investigations. Each Hundred pounds of increase Cost computing Corn at 90 cents a Bushel Oil meal at a ton Corn silage at a ton and Al Falfa Hay at a ton. The steers were bought the self fed steers and their self feeder. Steers there was a profit of per head. To break even so As to cover simply the Cost of feed these steers would have to have sold at per Hundred pounds. You will see that the Large profit per steer is due to the fact that there is a big1 spread bet Ween buying and Selling Price. A similar group of steers were full fed twice daily on exactly the same feeds used in the group that was self fed. These steers made an average daily gain of 3.17 pounds As against 3.50 pounds in the self fed lot. They consumed an average of 13.4 pounds of Corn 2.5 pounds of Oil meal 34.1 pounds of ens Ilage and 1.3 pounds of Alfalfa Hay daily. They had practically the same amount of shelled Corn As the self fed lot and their gains Cost without crediting the hogs with food picked up per Hundred pounds As against in the self fed lot. They were rated by Cross and Stevens at per Hun dred pounds whereas the self fed lot were Given a rating of after crediting the gains on the hogs and deducting the shipping expenses each steer in this lot showed a profit of As the result of his 120-Day feed. This was per head less than the self fed lot although the steers weighed the same in the beginning. The third group of steers was carried for 120 Days on a half ration of Corn together with the same amount of Oil meal and Alfalfa Hay As the other lots. These were Al Lowed All the ens Ilage they would consume. Although these steers Only received 6.7 pounds of Corn daily on the average they made a gain of pounds for the entire feeding period. The ens Ilage consumed by this lot ran up to an average of 44.9 pounds per head daily. For each Hun dred pounds of gain these steers consumed 236 pounds of Corn eighty eight pounds of Oil meal pounds of Corn ens Ilage and forty five pounds of Alfalfa Hay. Their value was placed at per 424 pounds of shelled Corn seventy one pounds of Oil meal 980 pounds of ens Ilage and thirty seven pounds of Alfalfa Hay. Exclusive of the value of the pork made by the hogs in this lot at a Hundred and were valued at per Hundred at Ames after being fed 120 Days. After deducting the estimated Cost of marketing and crediting the gains on hogs following the Hundred pounds and the profit per head after deducting All marketing expenses and crediting them with the gains made on hogs was the gains on 11 continued on Page 6 the self fed steers at the beginning of the feeding test. These steers gained an average of 3.oo pounds per Day each for 120 Days

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