Page 5 of 14 Mar 1912 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - March 14, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa Narcih 14, 1012 the Homestead an Opportunity and a duty. The present plan of Congress As announced by the press dispatches Dur ing the week is to dispense entirely with the expensive and useless court of Commerce created by the iniquitous Wickersham Bill. By this action the position of senator Cummins of Iowa on the All important subject of rail Road rate regulation will be vindicated in every respect. The court of Commerce has now been in existence for something like two years during which time it has disposed of Only Twenty four cases deciding eighteen of these in favor of the railroads permitting them to order increases in freight rates and otherwise to add to their earnings at the expense largely of the Farmer and the live Stock shipper. The Cost of disposing of these cases has been approximately each As the total expense of the court is estimated at a year. that the shippers of live not Only had eighteen important Railroad cases decided against them in Appeal from the interstate Commerce commis but they have been obliged to pay for the privilege of hav ing a perfectly useless court take their rights from them. All this leads to a realization of the fact that sen Ator Cummins spoke As one having the gift of prophecy when he declared in his four Day speech against the Wickersham Bill i do not know whether the tribunal will be disposed toward the railways or whether it will be disposed toward the commission and the people but i do know that any judicial tribunal appointed or selected for the purpose Only of adjusting or determining Dis Putes Between the great railway companies of the country and the people of the country will be subjected to that suspicion which naturally arises in the human heart. You cannot sub due it you cannot overcome it. It is this ability to see into the merits of a Bill to forecast the future results of an action that has resulted in senator Cummins becoming one of the most widely recognized leaders of the people in their Battle against privileged interests. No Man has More consistently stood on the Side of right in the struggle against might no Man has More persistently fought even when the last ditch was reached and defeat was inevitable for High principles and Clear ideals. The Home Stead is convinced that the career of senator Cummins has been such As to Call for an expression of appreciation at the present time from the peo ple of his Home state whom he has served so Long and so Well. We can not do better at this time than to print a letter received by the pub Lisher of the Homestead during the past week from that grand old Man of Iowa who bore the Brunt of Many a Day s weary and disastrous fighting in the Battle to wrest from the rail roads and All great corporations the rights which so plainly and deservedly belong to the people. We refer to gov. Win. Larrabee who in response to a personal letter from the publisher of the Homestead takes occasion to pay this High tribute to senator Cummins your kind favor of the 27th is a pleasant reminder of our associations of Over Twenty years ago during the great legislative contest to secure proper regulation of railroads in this state. The Homestead did valuable service at that time and was a most potent fac Tor in securing the enactment or the Able and efficient Law which stands on our statute books of today As a Monu ment of the courage and Wisdom of the legislators of the Twenty second Gen eral Assembly. I am glad to see that the Homestead still stands for the principles which it so ably advocated at that time and that it urges the peo ple of Iowa to Send a solid instructed delegation to the Chicago Republican National convention in favor of senator Cummins for the presidency. Senator Cummins has by his courageous and energetic work in securing proper restrictions upon corporations saved Mil Lions of dollars annually to the people of Iowa and any Honor that we can Confer upon him is but a slight recognition of the debt of gratitude that we owe to him for this great and efficient service. The senator has had the con Stant and bitter opposition of those who Are subject to corporation influences and we can reasonably expect it to continue. We Are fortunate in hav ing such an Able representative of our great interests and we Honor ourselves and serve our Best interests by stand ing loyally by him. Sincerely yours win. Larrabee. Such Praise from such a Man is High indeed and the Iowa Farmer can jest assured that every word of the tribute is deserved else governor Lar Rabee would not have written it. The Homestead appreciates the governor s reference to the part we have played and we pledge ourselves Here and now to continue the struggle with the same end always in View the great est Good of the greatest number and the advancement of every worthy ambition and interest of the Farmers of Iowa and the entire Grain Belt. The presidential Campaign is Al ready on in full swing in Iowa and already the corporation influences of which governor Larrabee Speaks have done their work in several counties. The interests of the Iowa Farmer betrayed by president Taft in his one sided reciprocity pact with Canada have been subordinated to the inter ests of the corporations and privileged business aggregations. But in other counties senator Cummins has won a Victory which is at once a personal tribute and a Clarion Call of encouragement to continue the fight on be half of the people. The senator will go into the Chicago convention in june with a majority of his Home state delegates pledged to work for his candidacy. We believe that every Iowa Farmer without regard to party or faction could Well afford to do All in his Power to further the Cummins candidacy for the presidency for the senator s determined opposition to All privileged trusts his ringing denunciation of the Taft Brand of Canadian reciprocity and his persistent and consistent battling for the people have proved that in him the Farmer has a Friend and Champion both powerful and devoted who can be relied upon to keep up the Gallant Campaign until the reins of government have been re stored to the hands of the people and the welfare of the Many has become the measure and the Rule in All Public affairs. If the land of England and Wales were equally divided there would be a Little More than an acre for each person. Farm labor that does not count. No matter How completely the Corn grower is equipped with farm implements and Power to operate them he is under a Large expense in pre paring the land for Corn getting the seed ready and in afterwards cultivating the crop three four and five times As the Case May be. There will be an outlay of an acre involved if in this is included the rental value of the land. In some parts of the Corn Belt where land is High in Price this sum May be increased anywhere from 25 to 50 per cent. The Point we de sire to make is this that the Cost of putting in and caring for a crop is practically a stable Factor something that must be borne by the Thrift less As Well As the Thrifty Man alike. This being the Case it is Worth while for every Man who grows Corn to calmly calculate in Advance what part of his labor is going to go for naught on account of planting poor seed. We mean by this seed that is not vital. The Cost of preparing land for a crop and caring for it is largely a labor Cost. If we knew in Advance that there would be no crop on certain Fields it would be useless to put High priced labor on them. In the Case of the Corn crop it is possible to Tell with an almost exact degree of certainty in Advance whether one s labor will be wholly or partially wasted. It is pos sible to do this by a thorough sys tem of testing the seed some time Between this Day and the Day of planting. It Means that each ear of seed Corn before it is shelled must be Given a rigid test so that everything that grows in a half hearted Man Ner or not at All May be discarded in Advance. Field conditions Are Ideal for testing one s seed Supply but they Are too expensive to be recommended. In other words a thirty forty or eighty acre Field is too Large a seed Corn tester to use in the interest of Economy Here Means if anything else Economy in labor. The Man whose seed Corn was not properly saved last fall has reason to feel when the situation is once fully appreciated he would be justified in getting the whole family up the next morning an hour before the regular rising time so that a Long Day could be put in on the work of picking out the seed laying it out systematically and placing six kernels from each ear in a test Box. Where the commercial tester is used the operation will be simplified but in any event the Lack of a modern tester does not remove the necessity for testing. If every Reader of this paper would test his seed and discard everything weak and dead so that 100 per cent Corn would be actually planted in the Field it would mean bushels More Corn than will be produced if the average percentage Only should test their seed. This result is surely trying for. Advises turning cattle out Early. We always attach a Good Deal of importance to the advice of a Man who has made a financial Success of his work when the advice Given deals with methods that have contributed to that Success. Or. R. Wilkinson of Polk county Iowa has More than once contributed to these columns and we know that thousands of our read ers have profited by his advice in the past. As he has been conspicuously successful in what might be called live Stock farming the advice Given in the following communication will be of special interest to Many of his Fel Low stockmen it appears that this subject is open for discussion. I have been in the cattle business for fifty years always looking for the easy Dollar. My father made a practice of turning All live Stock on grass As soon in the Spring As the Frost was out of the ground and he used to say clean them out so when the grass gets to be a Good bite they will our red letter subscription offer the Iowa Homestead Kimball s Dairy Farmer woman s world Kansas City weekly Star people s popular monthly All sent one year for Only the regular Price of these five splendid papers is a year. By taking advantage of this unparalleled offer you secure a whole year s Good Reading matter for the entire family at Only a trifle More than one half the regular Price. Each of these five papers is a Leader in its respective Field. The combination makes a Library of current news useful information practical advice and entertaining literature. Kim Bairs Dairy Farmer is practical and up to Date full of dependable advice and information for the Man who keeps cows. The woman s world is a monthly household Magazine of striking and particular interest to the housewife who wishes to make her Home attractive and to keep posted with what woman is accomplishing the world Over. The Kansas City weekly Star is conceded to be the news est and most reliable weekly newspaper published in the country. It presents the news of the world in a Clear and concise manner without political Bias or embellishment. The people s popular monthly combines the Best fiction poetry and feature articles dealing with economic development in a monthly symposium of interest to every member of the household. The publisher of the Iowa Homestead has elaborate plans which will make the Home Stead better larger brighter and More practical in 1912 than Ever before. Every department will be continued throughout the year and will be in charge of practical experts who practice what they preach and who allow no unsound doctrine to creep into their columns. The Homestead will continue under the management of the same editor in chief who owns and operates his own farms and gives to subscribers the benefits of his own personal and Success Ful farm experience. No More Liberal or attractive subscription offer was Ever made by any publisher. Our 1912 red letter subscription offer includes one More paper than the 1911 offer and yet the Price is Twenty five cents less than the 1911 Price. The Opportunity is so splendid that it should be taken advantage of at once. Five great papers will be sent one entire year for Only a saving of a whole Dollar on the regular subscription Price. Make your remittance today so As to insure you getting All the big Winter numbers of All these five splendid papers. Do not delay but remit at once to the Iowa Homestead Des Moines a

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