Page 1 of 7 Jun 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - June 7, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa M 1 h a Liberty Bond vol. Lxii. No. 23. Des m01nes, Iowa june 7, 1917, whole no. 3118 fight on hog cholera Uch information As the Homestead has been Able to obtain from its readers leads to the conclusion that the pig crop of 1917 is below Normal to Start with. Some localities report about half the usual num Ber of pigs narrowed and the loss even among these has been very heavy owing to the Abnor Mally Cool weather during the latter part of april and the fore part of May. This being the Situa Tion it follows that every possible precaution be taken to save the pigs that possess sufficient Hardihood to withstand the unfavourable conditions thus far. While there Are numerous ail ments that Swine Breed ers must be of the out 3ook for cholera is the disease to be dreaded More than All others combined. With hogs up to a Hundred a healthy pig ought to command a Good Deal of respect and his life is Worth fighting for. These who stay on the farm this year and raise hogs and cattle and Corn and potatoes to Supply the world with food will display just As High a form of patriotism As those who shoulder arms. In Many parts of the Corn Belt cholera has Al ready broken out and the loss up to the present time has been by no m. E a n s inconsiderable. This Means that Here and there can be found infected premises and later on when Exchange of work begins in threshing and in filling silos to May then expect the infection to go like a Prairie fire unless sensible precautions Are taken to stamp out the disease promptly and to wipe out All sources of infection. The Lead of the United states government in the fight on cholera might Well be followed because the Bureau of animal Industry has succeeded in working out a plan that will stamp out disease when the matter is in a systematic and cooperative Way. When the disease once makes its appearance it is no time then to quibble Over the soundness of this theory or that theory As there is too much at stake. Individuals Here and there May be found who have no Confidence in the serum treat ment and very often these men obstruct the whole program. If they will look the facts squarely in the face they will find that there is ample justification for placing the govern ment s plan of combating cholera. Extensive investigations along this line have been carried on in Dallas county Iowa by or. J. S. Koen of infected pigs with that thoughtful expression characteristic of cholera. The Federal Bureau of animal Industry. The records show that in 1912, 23.4 per cent of the hogs in that county died from cholera. Or. Koen s work began in 1913 and that year the loss was 10.1 per cent while the following year it was 5.1 per cent. In 1915 the loss was 1.5 per cent and in 1916, 1.3 per cent. The work in that county resulted in shedding a great Deal of Light on the whole hog cholera problem and among other things it was demonstrated beyond doubt that the Early use of Good serum following an outbreak will save practically All the hogs in a Herd. In herds comprised of hogs that were treated just As soon As the disease made its appearance the loss was Only .02 per cent. In eighty eight herds comprised of hogs where the disease had made greater Progress the loss was 20 per and in thirty five herds comprised of hogs where the disease had advanced still further the average loss ran As High As 40 per cent. In a total of 206 diseased herds containing Ani Mals there was a loss of head or 17 per cent. Compared with this statistics were Gath ered on thirty three herds containing hogs that were not treated and. The loss in this Case was or 84 per cent. At the present time the Bureau of animal Industry is undertaking to combat cholera in 28 Iowa counties. These include Clay Cherokee Buena Vista Pocahontas Humboldt Wright Frank Lin Ida Calhoun Webster Hamilton har Din Tama Marshall Boone Greene Carroll Crawford Shelby Audubon Guthrie Dallas Polk Jasper Poweshiek Madison and Warren. In most of these counties sanitary associations have been formed and through these associations doctor Koen and a staff of scientists Are do ing effective work. The government emphasizes three factors in the control of hog cholera namely vaccination quarantine and sanitation. This does not mean vaccination of every Herd because there is no occasion for injecting serum into hogs in a healthy Herd. Let healthy hogs alone says Doc Tor Koen but give them such inspection daily so As to be on your guard and detect the first indication that disease has entered the Herd. When a hog conies out in the morning looking concluded on Page 11. Ii Ift _ Abb i and womb i

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