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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - July 19, 1917, Des Moines, IowaMore than circulation vol. Lxii. No. 29. Des Moines Iowa july 19, 1917. Whole no. 3119 the tractor not a fad t is unfortunate that conflict exists be tween draft horse and tractor interests. Those who Are engaged in raising draft horses hold their ground firmly and main Tain stoutly that the tractor is a passing fad that is is wholly useless in a wet season and that its Days of service in a year Are so limited that the investment does not prove to be a profitable one. Instances Are readily cited the big tractor has brought individual Farmers in the West and Northwest to a disastrous end in their farming operations and All in All the tractor is a thing that must be shunned As one would shun a pest according to these unbelievers. On the other hand it satisfied with its service scores of instances can be cited where the tractor has been responsible for a big increase in production. A Case in Point is that of or. A. L. Maths of Polk county Iowa who found himself Short of horse Power put in his and invested in a 12-20 tractor. Part of the Spring work had been done with horses particularly the putting in of the Spring Grain so the tractor in this Case went into service at Spring blowing for Corn. Some of or. Mathis ground is Low lying and while tiled the fall is not great and the Drain age is somewhat slow. Conditions would not be regarded As Ideal for using a tractor and yet seventy five acres of ground were or you do not have a raft of horses eating their Heads off in the pasture and consuming up sri paced Grain in addition. Another instance is that of or. W. A Staal of Polk county who found himself Low on horse Power this Spring and put into use a 12-20 fac Tor with which he slowed Over 100 acres of Corn ground and in addition risked and harrowed the greater part of this acreage. A three Bottom plow was used in this Case and As much As twelve acres a Day was of course through a Long Day when the soil was in proper condition. It required in this Case about two Gallons of gasoline per acre and from one to two quarts of lubricating Oil per Day. Not a is pointed out that where draft horses Are used in farming operations they will in addition to per forming the work of the farm pay a snug profit. A Good Brood Mare will raise a Colt and take her place m the harness almost every Day and even a big three year old can be put into the Collar and be made to pay his own Way afterwards a matter of fact this program is carried out by hundreds of horse breeders and no fault can be found with the plan but it must be recognized that it is the exceptional Man who handles Good draft mares and uses Only the Best draft stallions to Breed from. The average farm horse is a nondescript and there is Little margin of profit in raising him. Further More Over a million and a Quarter horses and mules have been exported since the War began in 1914, and hundreds of thousands l army so that if our fun Jage we must resort to the use of gasoline and kerosene Power we must put our prejudices aside and grapple with he problem of production in dead Earnest to me end that our own people and the Allied nations of Europe May be fed and fed Well in attaining this end the tractor of necessity must perform an important part. Thousands of machines Are being sent to. Foreign countries and we must have tens of thousands of them in serv be at Home. While cases can be found this year where the purchaser of a tractor has no a multiplicity of tasks Are performed Wither nowadays. Six inches deep without a single cent of outlay for breakage and with no other expense aside torn about two Gallons of kerosene per acre Hill Day s work could be performed on one quart of lubricating Oil so that the for fuel and on per acre was less than the Cost of horse feed while the work being done saying nothing sir -5 evil red for the horses afterwards. Or Mathis does not contend that the tractor will do away with horses. According to him the putting in of the crop was the big item and its care afterwards requires less Power than the original preparation of the soil. As a result actors single Penny was spent for re pairs and so far As or. Schaal could Tell his tractor after giving this service was in just As Good condition As when it turned the Furrow. Two eight foot disks could be handled at one time and. Where the ground was firm or. Schaal s tractor would pull two disks and a four Section Harrow. In this connection it should be said that he found it advisable 10 use rims of considerable Width on his tractor wheels. He believes that a Twenty or Twenty four Inch rim is not too wide for harrowing and risking because then your tractor does not sink so deeply into the soil and you consequently utilize More of your Power in poll ing implements. It is interesting to note bar me operating of the tractor on the Sclia Al farm was regarded As the most agreeable task that Way per formed in the tillage season. Who should drive the tractor was decided daily by the Catani of lots and the individual to whose lot it fell regarded As the fortunate one for that Day As compared with those who had to Aro to the with their four horse and six horse teams while from one season s work or. Schaal cannot any conclusion As to the provable length of serv ice of the tractor he is convinced that it do Good work for years with a Small outlay for Upkeep and therefore it will pay big continued on Page 7. 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