Page 5 of 25 Jan 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - January 25, 1917, Des Moines, IowaJanuary 25, 1917 it will be attended to As promptly As possible. Those who took oter advice Given some weeks ago to renew ahead of the Rush season obviated this de Lay but to those who have left the matter go until the present time we can Only repeat we appreciate your renewal and will change the Date on your Label just As quickly As possible. In the meantime we will see to it that you do not miss a single Issue of your favorite farm paper the Iowa Home Stead. Handling a thin Meadow. One of our subscribers or. L. D. Hampton of Marshall county Iowa asks for information about the handling of a Clover Field where there is about half a stand. This Field was seeded in the Spring of 1916 and the problem that is puzzling or. Hampton is whether it should be seeded to Oats again or is it Worth while to try to supplement the present stand by the use of More seed. He asks if the preparation of the seed bed for Oats will destroy Clover that is already there As Clover seed has been High in Price for several years the failure of a crop involves the owner in consid Erable loss. As a Rule the Best plan is to Start All Over again when there is but half a stand and in this particular Case we would not hesitate to advise risking the surface thoroughly m the Spring sowing Oats As a nurse crop and using the customary amount of seed. A mixture of four quarts of Clover and four quarts of Timothy will produce a Good stand if conditions Are favourable. If it is the intention to leave it Meadow Only for a year or two then More Clover and less Timothy should be seeded but where two crops of Hay Are to be taken and the Field afterwards pastured the half and half mixture will give Good results. I there is one Way by which a half j stand of Clover May be saved but this can be carried out Only where the owner is in position to pasture it. In that Case use a Little More fresh seed this Spring and give the surface a Good harrowing just As soon As the soil will work Well. It is quite Likely that the crop is killed out in spots so that it will not be necessary to seed Over the thick patches. Where this plan is followed it is generally advis Able to sow three or four pecks of Oats per acre before harrowing. This will thicken up the Meadow and in addition to furnishing considerable Good pasture the Oats will Check Weed growth and they will also protect the tender Clover and Timothy plants. The tractor in Spring work. It is not difficult to find individuals who look with distrust and Disfavour on the farm tractor for no other Rea son than that this form of Power encroaches on the Domain of the draft horse. Fear is created in the hearts of horse breeders that their Industry will be menaced and to thwart this outcome the tractor must of necessity be opposed. The whole trouble is due to the fact that the problem is not viewed in the Light of the general Wel fare of society including producers and Consumers alike. It will be found in the end that the tractor supple ments rather than displaces horse Power and As thousands have already been put into operation in the Corn Belt enough data has been accumulated to prove beyond doubt that there is a place for them. Even the smaller types of tractors will plow anywhere from six to ten acres of stalk or stubble ground in a Day and disk anywhere from thirty to forty acres. One instance was called to our attention last year where an 8-16 tractor was harrowing eighty acres of slowed land in a single Day. In this Case one Man was doing As much work with the tractor As could be done by two men with two five horse outfits. While performing this enormous amount of labor the daily expense for fuel and lubricating Oil was no greater than the Cost of horse feed required in performing the same amount of labor. On the other hand when this tractor stopped the expense was at an end whereas even a maintenance ration of the work horse is no inconsiderable item. There is no gainsaying the fact that there is a clearly defined advantage in performing certain kinds of farm la Bor in a hurry. Of necessity our sea sons for preparing Laud for crops Are Short and our Best crops Are raised by those who Are equipped with Good machinery and Good Power to handle it so that the seed bed can be pre pared not Only quickly but when it is m Good condition. The tractor meets this situation ideally and while those who oppose its introduction Are free to Point out the tractor s helplessness m wet weather they must not lose sight of the fact that most of our soils ought to be let alone when they Are soaking wet because tillage at such a time leaves the soil in a physically unfit condition for crop production. In most cases following heavy Rains one can afford to wait until the soil has become fairly Well dried out and trac Tor owners Are Well fortified against emergencies of this kind. Every Corn grower knows that crop production would be enhanced if for example stalk ground on a Given farm could been attained. In Canada and Amer Ica May be found at the present time a considerable number of cows carrying fairly Good Short Horn Type and a reasonable amount of Mellow fleshing which at the same time produced in a period anywhere from to pounds of milk. Some go much higher but the majority of these latter Are bordering on the specialized Dairy cow Type and we have Al ways held that the breeder of dual purpose cattle was getting on danger Ous ground when he shoved milk production beyond pounds and he is much safer to average around pounds. Our contentions Are borne out by the appearance of the calves from Many of these heavy producers but this is not what we started out to discuss. Previous to the time Short Horn men began to boost milk in their Breed a Little or nothing was heard of the milking qualities of the Hereford the Aberdeen Angus or the scotch and no one took very seriously the Man who boasted about the beef qualities of the Holstein the Jer sey the Guernsey or the Ayrshire Al though the last named Breed being a Hardy rustling sort produced some 149 or pounds a year depends upon the extent to which the proposes to carry his program of specialization. Our Best breeders of All the beef Breeds Are retaining in their herds the cows with Well developed udders and it will not be surprising if m the future our Best herds of Short horns herefords and Angus Are entitled to the dual purpose designation. We would be glad indeed to have the comments of some of our readers on the practicability of giving attention to milk production in pure bred beef herds. How important is this matter anyway All be slowed in a week or ten Days and so much the better if the work could be done Early in the season. Weeds would grow and in turn be destroyed before Corn planting so that the labor of tending the Corn is lessened and in the end the yield is in creased. Those who Are debating whether they can use a tractor to advantage or not can Well afford to consider the extent to which the tractor reduces the labor of Choring. We stated be lore that when the tractor stops the expense is at an end and so is the labor whereas the attention required by a five or six horse team Means at least two hours a Clay of one Man s time. But cutting out this superfluous labor time is made available for productive tasks that is tasks that earn something such As those involved in the feeding of live Stock the care of poultry or to some phase of Dairying. The real dual purpose animal. An interesting communication has recently appeared in a Canadian publication the Farmer s advocate Deal ing with the question of dual purpose animals from which communication we beg leave to quote at this time a few years ago when certain Breed Ersol Short Horn cattle commenced to Lay emphasis on milk production in the Breed breeders of the specialized Dalry Breeds smiled awhile and then emphatically proclaimed that there could As a dual purpose cow. 1 i liking breeders of Short horns recognized that it was a difficult task to Breed up and establish the dual Pur pose Type which if it Means anything should stand for meat and milk both in fair amount and neither to excess in great Britain considerable has fairly Good Light weight steers. Verv thing is changed now. There Are to l Stem men who Call their Breed the real dual purpose Breed there Are Ayrshire men who see dual purpose characteristics in their Breed and no doubt some Guernsey and Jersey breeders could be found to Praise their respective Breeds for their dual purpose value have heard Hereford talk about their cows being Good milkers and Aberdeen Ang us breeders do like Wise. There seems to be no Good Rea son Why breeders of the specialized Dairy Breeds which have been brought to rhe present High Standard of Perfec Tion should attempt to Lead themselves or others to believe that their Breeds Are dual purpose cattle. It would be a mistake to make or attempt to make dual purpose animals out of Molstein herds which will aver age upwards of pounds of milk per animal per year. The same is True to a certain extent of Ayrshire cattle. Liu Jersey Small economical and efficient is essentially a butter cow. The Hereford is a great Grazer a Good f Verier a maker of big gains and a by of animal. True breeders May re Amreth in cims to give a fair amount of milk but Hoy should not emphasize the dual purpose nature of the the Aberdeen Angus Winner of the strongest Competition in the big tests like Smith Leld and Chicago International is essentially and must remain a Butcher s beast. The scotch Short Horn a successful competitor on Manv occasions in the beef ring must not be mined by a dangerous infusion of strictly Dairy bred Short Horn blood i Here is a dual purpose there is also a danger of being a. Dairy bred Short Horn which has no place in View of the excellence of pres ent Day specialized Dairy Breeds who risk of spoiling other Breeds study ing the facial expression of animals. It is very difficult to describe the form of pleasure that Many stockmen derive from their association with their charges. There is a form of affection developed in the heart that is closely Akin to that engendered by human Appeal. Those of our readers who enjoy this intimate association with improved farm animals will find pleas ure in the following description of expression in As it is Given by a writer in a recent Issue of the Lon Don live Stock journal to intimately acquainted with sheep there is Little facial expression but with animals More associated with the daily life of men there is much of interest. The Best focus for a horse is the ground he is about to step upon and there he can see a Stone that might cause him to fall. The expression of his face then is not so speaking As that of the dog at Short Range Apat from other thing s the same disability of a Long focus applies to cattle and other Large animals. The pig is often called stupid for the very opposite Rea son. His focus is Short owing to his environment and ancestors confined within the narrow limits of a Sty with no View beyond. Be can be educated into a charming companion and then develops facial expression movements gestures and attitudes m Inch taken together and particularly in clogs convey the thoughts and wishes of the animal to those at least who love animals and study them it is not perhaps the easiest thing in the world to describe expression when one has watched it for a lifetime Ami desires to do so but there Are certain Eop formations in horses that can be said to indicate character to the head of course we look chiefly but there Are Points about bodies and limbs which also indicate capacity and even with men we Are troubled to separate Capac wiutr0m take for instance. What is called a roman nose. How Seldom is it associated with anything but an amiable disposition the Sive Shire with a somewhat arched face from above the level of the eyes to the muzzle will almost surely co Birl courage with docility and so a roman nose is generally liked in most Breed the May conveniently consider the opposite shape the animal with a depression Midway Between the evs and Mouth. This feature alone Mav indu ate a Dull temperament or pos Tion to sluggishness if associated w the much Bone Over the eve and coarse us with a hollow above. Hollows my in by horse or h v t0 out be present one or both parents time when Begotten must not be taken Wmk if the hollow the rhe depression of the lace previously mentioned plus a bumpy that is to say a con the very Likely to lie a sulky and vicious unreliable1. Bust what Are known As nig in proportion to the Anima and set Are associated with meanness and Wain with Obst Jacv the of Bobbing than the More daring vice kicking in harness or Saddle. The me n eyed animal if a kicker at All is Olief that lets of a with a passer by in the Stab e Xiv to has Given no greater offence than that of coming Between the wind an his the hold Eye Large in Globe and with Light brows Ami thin skin Ami Long lashes is re arc Lerv wit Good will by buyers As Likely to Hivo Good tempi the Romine not most of horses. In Young i were old at the and this feature alone to be of it is unquestionably True that the policy of pushing too far the characteristic of milk production in these so called dual purpose Breeds can Only end in the establishment of another Breed or1 Dairy cattle. Whether the limit in milk production should be comes upon i Ioannnu focus in time to know Wither Thev dangerous or not. Aie no words of ours need be added to strengthen the Appeal which this description makes to breeders. We Ike uie phrase charming companion though in this instance it refers to the lowly hog. And sure enough it is that every Man who is a Stockman by instinct is Able to interpret every gesture and every attitude of the Ani Mals under his care. Their welfare depends upon his ability to do this and there Are thousands of breeders in the Corn Belt who get into the spirit or their business just in this Way i

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