Read an issue on 25 Jan 1917 in Des-Moines, Iowa and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The Des Moines Iowa Homestead.
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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - January 25, 1917, Des Moines, IowaM More than 145, vol. Lxii. No. 4. Des Iowa january 25, 1917. Whole no. 3094, the family unit Type of farming Here in a Jhester White hero up on toes and has frequently been called to the fact that the glut of new land has eliminated the necessity for efficiency on the farm in times past. We have engaged in extensive rather than intensive farming but now that All our Best lands Are occupied we Are confronted with the necessity of increasing the efficiency not Only of the individual but of the farm family. Facing As we Are the insurmountable difficulty of hiring help to tend More acres we find Relief in varying the plan of farming so that All members of the fam ily May have a part in making the same acres produce More. This does not mean a theoretical condition that cannot be worked out in practice because Here and there throughout the entire Corn Belt can be found Fine examples of this so called Famis unit Type of farming. At this time we have in mind the 240-acre farm operated by g. L. Pm inert sons in Cerro Gordo county Iowa. To begin with this farm was wet and it was Uphill work to make desired improvements out of the in come from the land and outside capital was not obtainable. At first an attempt was made to solve the problem by handling More land but this divided the family without increasing the efficiency of the Inch urls. The next step was to tile the land and the outcome of this venture furnishes an example that might Well be followed by thousands and tens of thousands of Central Western Farmers. It was not All accomplished in a season but As each forty was tiled out yields were doubled and trebled thereby furnishing new capital for More tiling for farm buildings for comforts and luxuries in daily living. On this very Page some improvements that Are the outcome of this til ing program Are shown in illustration. Here is a barn 34x82, with thoroughly equipped stabling for fifty head of animals. The group of buildings includes a 160-ton hollow tile silo. There is in a magnificent eight room hollow tile dwelling with stucco facing equipped from base ment to Garret with modern conveniences that cannot possibly excelled in any City Home. The basement Furnace does away with the need of the old fashioned stove with the attending dirt and grime saying nothing of the labor of caring for it. A Complete wiring system for electricity is installed ready for the turning on of the cur rent and there is in addition a basement vacuum cleaning system which is one of the great est godsend that has Ever come to the farm woman. The equipment in this Home Means in creased efficiency of those who have it in charge imagine what it would mean in the cutting Down of labor if All farm Homes could have water under pressure in every room As in the Case in this Archaki Hacks. Instance. Compared with plan of carrying water from but of doors one May safely assert that the labor is Cut squarely in two because the plumbing system in Jurome includes waste pipes that reduce enormously the number of Steps in a Day s work. We shall later on see that effective work is being done in every department of this 240-acre farm but nowhere do we find it excelling that performed in the Home because mrs. Emmert with the equipment that we have described is not a slave to the Washtub and dishpan but an Alert interested Helper working out with her husband and with her splendid sons an efficiency program on this Beautiful farm. When you go to the stables you find Frank in charge of the Dairy cattle. He has done Good work in getting together a productive Grade hoi Stein Herd with a sire at the head chosen from High producing ancestors. Two things Are required of every cow in this Herd or she is sent to the shambles. She must have Large productive capacity and secondly she must be Able to sustain it throughout a Long lactation period. In the dead of Winter with Only Twenty one cows giving milk. Frank s weekly returns Are running from to the milk is disposed of to a wholesaler for per Hundred pounds in Winter and for during the Spring and summer i
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