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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - January 11, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa
The Iowa Homestead Des Moines Iowa thursday january 11, 1912. Filling the farm ice House How to build an economical ice House for the farm secure an uncontaminated water Supply and Harvest the ice crop on which health and wealth depend t he value to the fam of a Well filled ice House of Clear pure ice can hardly be overestimated. Ice has ceased to toe a is now a necessity. A steady Supply of pure ice is of even More importance and value in the country than in the City for the country ice houses keep pure the milk and other farm products which feed the City. The time was and not so very Many years ago when ice houses on the farm were few and which is Hung to a pole and trailed through the water until the salts Are dissolved. Or two treatments of the sulphate during the season at the rate of one Pound to Gallons of water will be sum client to keep Down such growth and make the water Clear and pare. It is impossible to have pure ice unless the Pond or Stream is clean and the water is free from contamination. Having the Unco Tami fated source the next prob Lem is the cutting Harvest ing and storing of the ice regular blocks which Are much harder to pack securely and with the proper insulation How Cross Section of building for ice and fruit. Far Between. Ice was looked upon As one of those things which the Farmer could have Only when he moved to the City a summer luxury which he would appreciate but which he could get along without. Today it is far different. The Farmer has Learned that the health and lives of his family depend upon a Supply of pure ice in the summertime. Per chaps he has seen the suffering which sack of ice entails a loved one fighting the dread ravages of disease which might have been checked and perhaps stopped completely if pure ice had been available in the emergency. He has seen How his summer products retain their freshness and augment their value by Means of a steady Supply of ice. He has Learned that not Only is life made pleasanter through a Well filled farm ice House but teat ice has its value in dollars and cents and that at the end of the year ice has proved an asset instead of a luxury or a liability. So generally is the need of an ice House on the farm recognized that the Federal department of agriculture has recently issued a bulletin on the subject no. 475, which every Fanner should study with a View to building either a Frame or Cement ice House and keeping it Well filled with pure Clear ice. The bulletin gives valuable information to those Farmers who have no Pond Stream Creek Lake or even Spring on or near their premises and who because of this have heretofore believed it impossible for them to secure the Supply of ice even if they had an ice House in which to store it. There is after All no Good reason any longer Why any Farmer should not have an ice House and the necessary Supply of ice year after year provided Only that the Winter is cold enough to freeze water. The Ordinary source of ice for most farm Homes is a Creek or Pond. It is highly important that the water in these creeks and Ponds should be pure and without vegetable contamination. Ponds in which Green spawn grow profusely can be rid of the pest by the use of Copper sulphate. The crystals can be placed in a cloth sack a horsepower scraper for removing Snow from an ice Field. Ever than the larger and regular shaped rec Tangular blocks. Where the ice is thin and the blocks Are irregular shaped it is advisable to pack the spaces in the ice House Between the ice cakes with crushed ice or Snow so As to cause the whole mass to freeze into As nearly a solid Block of ice As possible. This is Nec Eshtary As ice to be kept through the hot sum Mer months must be removed As much As pos sible from air circulation and the effect of outside heat. The less exposed surface the better. If the ice cakes Are stored in a build ing without packing material about it insula Tion must be provided for in the construction of the House. The Walls must be thick Well packed with Mill shavings or dry sawdust and tightly boarded on both sides of the material. A space of fifteen inches Between the Walls tightly packed with Good insulating material is none too much. An added safeguard would be to double both the outside and the inside Walls. A House intended for the storage of ice of this character without packing Between the blocks but depending upon the insulation of the ice House itself is shown in the illustration on this Page the de sign being one appearing in the bulletin Al ready referred to issued by the department of agriculture. R a tiie ice a harvested is thicker or boards from six to fifteen inches in Field May be dry marked off in regular rectangles and the ice blocks sawed by a specially constructed plow Pic tured in a design on this Page either drawn Over the ice by horse or operated by Windlass on the Bank. Where the ice cutting operations Are extensive this plan is to be recommended As the plow operates much quicker and much More accurately than the an ice plow with a guide gauge. The cutting can be done either by hand saw or by a horse operated plow. If the ice Field is covered with Snow it must first be cleared which can be done by shovels or by a specially constructed horse drawn scraper As shown in the design on this Page. Having cleared the ice Field the ice is then sawed or slowed and removed to Shore in methods which vary according to local conditions and especially the of the ice. The thin ice four inches thick or thereabouts is quite frequently broken into in Freavy corf pitch Druce 3. Pober Between to space. Of a hand saw. In this however As in Many other details a great Deal depends upon local conditions and available tools. The departments bulletin gives a valuable method by which to obtain a Supply of pure Clear ice where no Pond or Stream or even x. J Spring is available. It is this ice May be manufactured by using cans made of heavy of odourless galvanized Iron and provided with a heavy band Iron or wire reinforcement around the top. Any tinsmith can make such cans. The cans should be of the dimensions of a stand Ard cake of ice that is Twenty two inches Square at the top the Bottom being somewhat smaller so As to make the sides of the can slightly flaring. As soon As settled cold weather comes arrange the cans on a level plat of odourless ground or on a level platform near the Well or other water Supply. Fill the with Clear fresh water and when a sufficient common i . Of ice has formed to permit them to be turned Over even if the for temperatures of from Shell of ice is not More than one and one half or two inches thick. Pour a Quant or two of boiling water Ever each upturned can to loosen it from the Shell of ice. This will give a hollow Shell of ice about two inches thick on the one and one half inches thick on the sides and with Only a thin Shell on the top which was at diagram showing the insulation of an ice House for Stor ing ice without sawdust or shavings. Concluded on Page 23.
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