Page 5 of 4 Jan 1912 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - January 4, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa January 4, 1912 the Homestead mainly in the wrong direction and yet it must be seen that the time is coming when hogs will be a Good Price again. It is after All the num Ber of pounds of pork the packers get in their cellars rather than the num Ber of head they Butcher in a season. A Hundred hogs often make less pork than seventy five of a heavier weight and in comparison with the usual heavy weight Corn Belt kind it certainly will take 100 of this year s marketing to equal the seventy five of other in time when the cholera scare is Over or after the heavy runs Are in the shortage of pork will be realized and there is no doubt but j what pork will be High again next summer. Holding shoats until then that now weigh upwards of 150 pounds looks like a losing proposition however and few will wait for the next summer Market Day. They Are getting them in As soon As sible to keep from losing by cholera and to save on the Corn which Many think is better sold at sixty to sixty five cents a Bushel than fed to shoats. The margin they feel is altogether too slight making work horses rough it. Grain has been High priced for a number of years and the practice of economizing in its use in the horse barn during the Winter season of the year has grown up a habit of making work horses rough it just a Little More than they should during the Idle season of the year. We do not say that this habit has become Universal or anything like it but it certainly has become a habit with Many and now that Grain is scarcer and higher in Price the habit becomes More firmly fixed. Making staid old work horses Rustle for a living in an open Corral with no shelter but an open shed and com Pelling them to live largely on rough Ness is a hard Way to Winter work horses. They come through the win Ter in no heart to work they Are thin in flesh and have no strength or vitality to stand hard work. The older they Are the harder such methods of wintering is on them and the less Able they come out of it to stand work in the Spring. We doubt even if Grain is High in Price if anything is gained by it in actual dollars and cents while there is most certainly a great Deal lost in the satisfaction that can Only come to the Man who has Good look ing teams in Good trim for the work that is before them to do. This paper does not believe in wintering work horses too Well in stall ing them and feeding them heavy on Grain practically fattening them in idleness. Such horses Are As unable to stand Spring s work As those that have lived in a state of Semi starvation. This is the extreme that is obtained by wintering work horses too Well in comparative idleness the other extreme is the result of making them rough it mostly on roughness containing Little or no Grain. It is Safe to say there Are now few who use too much Grain in the work horse s Winter ration while the num Ber who use too Little Are on the in crease All the time about As the Price of Grain has been on the in crease. The Man who will Winter his team wisely and Well will feed enough Grain to keep his horses in Good fish will see that they get a moderate amount of exercise and. Good shelter when shelter is needed. Depending solely upon the state. We print elsewhere an article by or. F. C. Crocker president of the Nebraska state Swine breeders association in which appears tins Para graph one can readily see. With the accuracy and time required to make a Good serum no state must in any Way de Pend upon private commercial serum plants. The history of the operations of such plants in the West has had a tendency to the serum treatment into unwarranted disrepute. The com mercializing1 of serum production and the effective control of cholera would be impossible. The control of cholera would shut off the Means of existence such plants. The practical the Bureau of animal husbandry in establishing state plants is indeed a Good one. We cannot but regret that in the course of an Able analysis of the Seri Ous hog cholera situation or. Crock or should be led to the Assumption which we believe to be altogether wrong that the remedy lies exclusively with the state. There is no More reason to our thinking Why hog Chol Era serum cannot be commercially prepared and commercially vended any More than anti toxins for diphtheria Small pox anthrax or any household Medicine cannot be pre pared and sold by reputable druggists. There Are in this country a number of proprietary Medicine concerns the reputation of which for Square Deal ing with customers in pure unadulterated drugs living absolutely up to their labels is such that a Farmer would be As secure in getting his serum from them As from any state Bureau. It is highly desirable of course that in this matter As in All others the utmost discrimination be exercised in dealing Only with Repu-1 table firms but to assert that not a single firm in is capable of preparing and Selling a serum which must be secured in far larger Quantity than the state can furnish it is we believe altogether wrong. It must be admitted that or. Crock or is simply in line with one of the pronounced tendencies of the times the tendency toward paternalism in government. Many people both on the farms and in the cities Are looking to the state or nation to do what has heretofore been the sole duty of the individual. State Aid for Road build ing is being demanded All Over the nation and a Grain Belt congressman has introduced a Bill providing for an immense National appropriation for Good roads. The Homestead believes that in Many cases state and National Aid in Road building is desirable and must be forthcoming be fore the Best results can be obtained. But it will not do for local Road offi cers to sit Down and lament Over bad roads and simply wait for the state or the nation to come to their assist Ance. They Are too Apt to refuse or fail to do any grading or dragging when necessary because they Are waiting for the government to do something on a much larger scale. Farming has not yet reached that High stage of development where All a Man has to do is to own the land and let the state do the rest. Anyone at All conversant with the present situation knows that the Grain Belt Farmers Are unable to get cholera serum in the Quantity needed at the time needed from the state bureaus alone. In one state there Are More requests for serum than can be filled. Would or. Crocker have these Farmers wait while their hogs die until the state can get around to their requests in due or Der and due course of time the United states government has very wisely patented the serum in the name of government employees so that no Man or body of men May obtain a monopoly on its preparation and application. If the present serious Condi Tion is to be met and the cholera rav Ages stopped More serum must be made available and the Supply will be forthcoming Only when the incentive to its production is based on commercial Enterprise. The state can be of even greater service while acting in a strictly supervisory capacity whereby All serum is made to come up to the highest Standard than it can possibly be when engaged in the purely commercial undertaking of manufacturing. The curing of Home meat pres. H. J. Waters of the Kansas agricultural College believes that Farmers should cure a larger proportion of the meats used in Home con sumption than they have done in the past. He thinks that this is one Way of cutting Down the High Cost of Liv ing. He not Only advocates this plan but he backs it up by giving specific instructions for curing meat and enumerates the ingredients to be used. This is his plan As Given in a recent Issue of the industrialist to pounds of meat take the Fol lowing 40 v pounds of common Salt. 10 founds new Orleans sugar. 4 pounds Black Pepper. 1% pounds Saltpetre. Pound Cayenne Pepper. Weigh the meat and take such part of the ingredients As that is a part of let the meat Cool thoroughly. After thoroughly mixing the ingredients one half of the amount should be rubbed Well into the meat. Put the meat in a dry Cool place. Let it re main two weeks then rub on the remainder of the cure and let it lie about six weeks when it is ready to hang. In some states the meat May be put in a cellar but Only if the cel Lar be thoroughly dry. Never use a warm or moist place. It is important that the meat be Well rubbed each time the cure is applied and that plenty of cure be forced into the Hock end and around the joints. Less cure should be used on the thin sides than on the joints. The heavier and fatter the meat the longer the time required for curing. The warmer the weather the quicker the meat will take the cure. The Best time to kill will be in Cool weather after Decem Ber 1st to february 1st. Kill at the beginning of the cold wave. You will produce the finest flavor if you give the meat two or three months of Cool weather hanging before the warm Days come. About the right hog is 175 to 225 pounds and 180 to 190 pounds for a Handy sized Ham. You should have a March or april hog. While in general a Light Straw color would indicate sufficient smoking it is always Safe to try a piece of thin a con or shoulder to be certain that the process has been carried far enough to give proper flavor and cure. The hams May be kept one two or Throe years without detriment and will improve in flavor up to the end of at least two years. No deterioration will take place for even five years if a Ham is properly cured. Smoking should be done slowly. It should occupy four to six weeks a Little every Day and with Little heat. Slow smoking gives a delicate flavor. After the smoking is finished wrap each piece in paper put in an unwashed flour sack and hang in a dry the brine cure requires the materials minus the Pepper. Hen the meat has cooled rub it with sait Ana let it Drain Over night pack in a clean our red letter subscription offer All sent one year for Only the Iowa Homestead Kimball s Dairy Farmer woman s world Kansas City weekly Star people s popular monthly the regular Price of these five splendid papers is a year. By taking advantage of this unparalleled offer you secure a whole year s Good Reading matter for the entire family at Only a trifle More than one half the regular Price. Makes a each of these five papers is a Leader in its respective Field. The combination makes Library of current news useful information practical advice f Ball s Dairy Farmer is practical and up to Date full of dependable adv be and the Man who keeps cows. The woman s world is a monthly household Magazine of and Arkular merest to the housewife who wishes to make Home and o keep posted with what woman is accomplishing the world Over. The Kansas cite is conceded to be the news est and most reliable weekly newspaper published m the country. It presents the news of the world in a Clear and concise manner without political Bias or embellishment. The people s popular monthly combines the Best fiction articles dealing with economic development in a monthly symposium of interest to every member of the household. To the publisher of the Iowa Homestead if As elaborate plans which will make the Home Stead better larger brighter and More practical m 1912 than Ever before. Every department will be continued throughout the year and will be in charge of practical experts who practice what Thev preach and who allow no unsound doctrine to creep into their columns the Homestead will continue under the management of the same de owns and operates his own farms and gives to subscribers the benefits of his own personal and or attractive subscription offer was Ever made by and publisher. Our iqi2 red letter subscription offer includes one More paper than the Ion ofter and be the Price is Twenty five cents less than the 1911 Price. The Opportunity is that u Shoum u taken advantage of at once. Five great papers will of sent one entire year for Only is 2, being a saving of a whole Dollar on the regular subscription Price. Make your today. So As to insure you getting All the big Winter numbers of All these five splendid do lint delay but remit at once to Bijj l. I i

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