Page 1 of 15 Feb 1912 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - February 15, 1912, Des Moines, Iowa Vol. Lti1. No. 7. Lbs Moines Iowa february 15, 1912. Whole no. 2836 he duty of the hour next few weeks will be important ones for the Farmer not Only because of the season s preparations for another crop year but because it is now that the Farmer is to be granted the Only voice he in determining the important question of National leadership and National policies. The Farmer of every Grain Belt state with the exception of North Dakota wis Consin and is to be refused the right to go to the and vote direct for the men who shall guide the ship of state next four years. A few weeks ago it appeared As though Justice were to be granted the Farmer to the extent of allowing him the privilege of selecting National leaders of conceding to him the ability to vote for president As Well As for supervisor or governor. But the Powers that be were not Blind to the handwriting on the Wall. On every Side they saw and heard evidences of the Farmer s rebellion against class Dis criminal from every state of the Grain Belt came reports of Farmers simply biding their time until they could Register an emphatic protest against the efforts of selfish interest controlled politicians who. Sought to betray the Western Farmer to the protected East Ern manufacturer by foisting one sided Canadian reciprocity up on him. The Powers that be hesitated at giving the Farmer the right to Register this protest it was not a question of right or Justice it was simply a Case of Victory at any Cost and by any Means. And so a quietus was put upon the efforts to secure a presidential preferential primary. Only in three out of the twelve Gram Belt states can the Farmer walk up to the polls and exer Cise the privilege of direct election. In every other state he must Delegate another to cast his vote for him. It is in selecting this proxy who shall vote for his downfall or his welfare that the Farmer must exercise the greatest care and the soundest judgment Here is a matter affecting the Farmer s welfare As directly and As vitally As any question of soil or climate or seed or cultivation in every state of the Grain Belt with the exceptions already the presidential candidates of the various parties will be caucuses and conventions rather than by direct vote of the people. Townships will elect delegates to attend the county convention counties will elect delegates to attend the congressional and state conventions states will elect Dele Gates to attend the National convention. The grave problem of who the president shall be for the ensuing four years therefore depends upon the delegates elected in the townships for on their votes depend the men who attend the county and state conventions who in turn select the National delegates to name the presidential candidate. The county Delegate is therefore the Man of the hour. He May not attend the congressional nor the state convention he May not even know the men who will ultimately be selected to attend the National convention which nominates the presidential candidate. But the beginning of everything lies in the county Delegate there can be no Man sent to Chicago to nominate the Republican candidate for presi Dent nor to Baltimore to nominate the democratic candidate for president unless the movement has its beginning in the Humble task of getting the right men in the various county conventions. And the Farmer holds the political balance of Power this year As never before. Party lines Are rapidly being obliterated new alliances Are being made men Are being studied More and More in the Light of the measures they Champion and less and less in the Light of party alignment there is not a state in the Union m which the leaders of both great political parties do not realize that the farm vote will mean failure or Victory. And the farm vote Means either failure or Victory Only As it expresses itself in the selection of county delegates there fore the extreme importance of seeing that the right men Are elected county delegates men who Are above reproach men who stand High m the Community men of unimpeachable Char Acter and unquestionable integrity men who Are not afraid to come out Square and above Board and say who they want for president and what measures they want these presidential Candi dates to Champion. This is no time for quibbling or subterfuge the men who Are selected for the county convention should be known to have positive convictions on the great National issues and be willing to stand by these convictions no matter what pressure May be brought to Bear against them. Only by select ing such delegates in the very beginning of the complicated naming a president can the Fanner have any voice should he fail to use this right he will have himself to blame if the next four years find those who sit in High places Morino his existence betraying his interests and Selling him out a and baggage household goods and for Mere personal Vandement the Homestead cannot emphasize too strongly the importance of the Farmer getting Busy at once talking Overl Vith friends and neighbors what men will Best represent them at the county congressional and state conventions attending caucus and convention and Public meeting and lifting his voice wherever people congregate in political gatherings. In North Dakota Wisconsin and Nebraska the Grain Belt Farmer will not allowed to vote direct for president. It is an injustice to deny him this right but might has overridden right and the Farmer cannot change things now. But Hope is not All Crone every congressional District in every state will be allowed two delegates m the National convention. It is the Farmer who will cast the deciding votes in selecting these congressional representatives. Every state will be allowed four delegates at Lane m addition to the congressional delegates. It is the Farmer who will cast the deciding votes in selecting these state representatives. And the beginning of their selecting will be the town ship caucus in the schoolhouse or the farm House or the town Hall. Let every Farmer Here and now pledge himself to be at that caucus and be heard there let every Farmer pledge himself to talk and work from now until caucus and convention Dav to the end that the men who Are then chosen will know what the Farmer wants and demands and will be men who can be relied Pon to vote without surrender for the Farmer s Best Only in this Way the Farmer make himself heard can his interests be conserved and protected can the injustice of Refus ing him the presidential preferential primary be overcome so that the greatest Good to the greatest number rather than the selfish personal ambition of one Man or a Small clique of men will be the determining Standard

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