Page 4 of 20 Dec 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - December 20, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa 4 1970 the now a h o m e Stead december 20 1917 the Homestead a practical. Journal for the Farmer Stockman. Fruit grower poultry Man Gardener and housekeeper. By James m. Pierce James Atkinson editor cd chit ii established in 1s55 entered at Dos Molnes Posto fico As second class matter. Published Evert thursday member agricultural association. Member audit Bureau of circulations. Subscription subscription a year. In clubs of ten 75 cents a year an extra copy to setter up of club. Single subscription three Yeara in Advance. File Jeara in Advance ?2.50 ten years in Advance subscription Price in Canada a year. Remit by draft registered letter Postof fica or express Money order. In chancing address Send both the old and new addresses. In renewing Eire the same name and initials a before or state both the old and new names and explain Why you change. In Case of errors or failure to receive tha paper within two weeks promptly notify tha publisher. Address the Homestead company Wolnetz. La. Washington hears from Iowa on goal prices. Iowa s cry for greater Justice in the matter of the Coal prices fixed by the Federal government has been heard Down at Washington. Whether or not it will accomplish anything for the re Lief of the Coal Consumers of the state amid the complexities of official red tape and the press of War matters at the National capital remains to be seen but in any event the Powers that be in the Federal fuel administration Are learning that the people of Iowa do not look with any feeling of complacency upon the results of Federal regulation of Coal prices in this state. Following its recent editorial pro tests Over the present extortionate prices which have benefited Only the Coal men the Iowa Homestead sent a Telegram to All Iowa congressmen asking their cooperation in securing a reconsideration of the matter on the part of the fuel administration at Washington. Members of the Iowa congressional delegation got Busy and the result was a Telegram from the fuel administration to the Iowa Home Stead asking that it submit its views and information regarding Coal prices in this state. The Homestead has addressed an open letter printed in pamphlet form to the fuel administration copies of which will also be sent to every Mem ber of Congress stating its objections to the methods and the results of the Federal investigations of the fuel situation in Iowa. This pamphlet contains evidence submitted under oath at the first open hearing on this ques Tion held in the country before Gover nor Harding Ami the mayors of three Iowa cities. It shows conclusively that Federal regulation of Coal prices in this state resulted in an immediate and Yance Over the prices being voluntarily asked by the Coal dealers just pre ceding the president s and Vance in some cases amounting to 100 per cent More than the prices asked just prior to that time and those of former years. It shows that the fuel administration s prices Are out of All proportion to the Cost of production plus a reasonable profit to the operators. It shows that the people of this state Are being mulched out of Mil Lions of dollars As a result of the exorbitant rates set by the Federal government. Finally it shows that the unsatisfactory results in Iowa Are the logical outcome of the secret and sex Parte hearings on the subject held by the Federal Trade commission a method which is repugnant to the spirit of democratic institutions and to american ideals. Copies of this pamphlet will be sent free on request to any readers of the Iowa Homestead who will find it a Frank statement of the intolerable conditions from which Iowa Coal Consumers have Boon suffering As a result of governmental Folly and ignorance. Meanwhile Hon. Clifford Thorne is pressing the claims of Iowa Coal con Sumers at Washington senator Ken Yon has been appointed on a sub committee to investigate the matter senator Cummins is preparing to address the Senate on the question and Many Iowa congressmen Are cooperating Irving about More substantial we face to the people of this state and to show the fuel administration the error of its Way. As stated before time alone will Tell whether it is possible to overcome the Many obstacles in the Way of a reconsideration of this matter with fairer prices than at present. But whether this is done or not a record is being made in this matter which Iowa peo ple will not forget and to which they May have occasion to refer in the years to come. The Des Moines idea of Law enforcement. Last summer the sheriff of Polk county Iowa raided a wholesale drug store in Des Moines which is said to have made immense profits through the illegal Sale of whisky and other intoxicating liquors during the past few years. In the raid he seized about Worth of alcoholic liquors. Evidence was secured showing that this drug company had been supplying bootlegging drug stores of Des Moines with Large quantities of liquor contrary to Law. An injunction was asked by officials of the anti Saloon league restraining the drug company from further violations of Iowa s anti liquor Laws and confiscating the liquor seized As provided by Law. Tremendous business social and political influence is now being brought to Bear on state and county officials to secure the return of the of contraband liquor to the drug com Pany in order that it May be permit Ted to dispose of it outside the state where its Sale is not illegal. It is re ported that the drug company is will ing to pay a Fine of if Neces sary to secure a return of the booze As it could Well afford to do and to Promise to go its Way and sin no More. The waste of destroying so Large an amount of alcohol which the govern ment needs these Days is being advanced As an argument for such action and it is said that the judge be fore whom the Case is being heard who incidentally is one of the weaker members of the Polk county has intimated a willingness to do this provided such a course is recommended to him by the attorney Gen eral s office. The Iowa Homestead does not be Lieve that so much valuable property should be destroyed in these Days of conservation. It could be re distilled and the valuable alcoholic contents taken by the government. But we can also see no reason Why the drug com Pany should be the beneficiary of this saving. If it has kept and sold this whisky contrary to the statutes of Iowa it is entitled to no consideration whatever any More than the burglar caught with the goods on who promises to retire from the Pursuit of porch climbing if he is permitted to re Tain the illegal goods already in his Possession. The Iowa Homestead believes that the officials of the Temperance forces and of the state s Legal department would join in recommending that rather than pour this amount of Al Cohol into the Des Moines River it should be turned Over to the Federal government for proper use. But we do not believe that either of them no matter what pressure Des Moines business men or politicians May bring to Bear will Ever consent to a return of this booze to a company which has been making big profits through the Defiance of the anti liquor Laws of Iowa. To do the latter would be to make a mock of Justice and to again Send Forth word to the state that Des Moines idea of liquor Law enforcement consists of enforcing it strictly against the Little fellow without political so Cial or business influence while allow ing the Man higher up to violate the statutes with impunity. That is not the Iowa Homestead s idea of Justice. Another step toward nationwide prohibition. Nationwide prohibition moved one step Forward to its final goal in Washington on monday of this week when the House of representatives by a vote of 282 to 128, passed the Resolution calling for a submission of a constitutional amendment prohibiting the manufacture and Sale of intoxicating drinks to the states for ratification. The Resolution passed by the House is identical with the one passed session by the Senate excepting that the former gives the states seven years in which to adopt the Resolution whereas the Senate Resolution had provided Only six years. It is believed that the Senate will promptly in the change made by the House and that the amendment will immediately be passed on to the Sev eral state Legislatures for action. The amendment must be ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the states or thirty six in All before it becomes a part of the Federal Constitution. This is the hardest task which the prohibition forces face but with seven years in which to urge the mat Ter on Public consideration and with the Strong Drift that Way already the final result is sure to be a Victory for prohibition. The Battle in the House was a close one both sides claiming Victory until after the Roll had been called when it was found that the prohibition forces had Only eight votes More than the necessary two thirds for passage. All efforts to exclude Beer and Light wines from the amendment were Defeated. Only one Iowa congressman Hon. H. E. Hull of the second District voted against the Resolution. The Iowa Homestead believes that the next general Assembly in this state will not hesitate to adopt the amendment but it is an Issue on which every candidate for the Legisla Ture should be made to declare him self in Advance. There should be no Pussy footing on this question in the next state Campaign. Only in that Way can Iowa do its part for National prohibition and thereby atone As fully As possible for the political and moral Blunder of failing to adopt the prohibitory amendment to her state Constitution last october. Nationwide prohibition is coming because it is right and no question is settled until it is settled right. The United states can no More remain half wet and half dry than it could remain half slave and half free. The Iowa Homestead would like to see Iowa one of the first to Lead the pro cession to this goal of Good business and Good morals. O cattle shall be allowed to associate the Herd which have not passed a tuberculin test approved by the state and Federal officials. All milk and other Dairy products fed to calves shall be that produced by an accredited Herd or if from outside or unknown sources it shall be pasteurized by heating to not less than 150 de Grees p. For not less than Twenty minutes. All reasonable sanitary measures and other recommendations by the state and Federal authorities of the control of tuberculosis shall be complied with cattle from an accredited Herd May be shipped interstate by certificate obtained from the office of the state live Stock sanitary officials of the state in which the Herd is located or from the office of the Bureau of animal Industry without further tuberculin test for a period of one year subject to the rules and regulations of the state of destination. Strict compliance with the above rules and regulations shall entitle the owners of tuberculosis free herds to a certificate tuberculosis accredited Herd issued by the Bureau of animal Industry and the state live Stock san itary authority said certificate Good for one year from the Date of test in 1 less revoked at an earlier Date. Violations of the letter or spirit of i these regulations shall be considered i sufficient cause for immediate cancel i lation of cooperation by the state and i Federal officials. The above regulations were signed by or. W. A. Weaver representing the american Short Horn breeders association a. J. Glover the Guernsey cattle club Chas. Escher jr., tha american Aberdeen Angus breeders association Jacob Deering the Jer sey cattle club and a. B. Cook the american Hereford breeders association As Well As representing Range interests. On the part of the United states live Stock sanitary association the above regulations were signed by or. J. Kierman or. S. H. Ward or. V. A. Moore or. W j. Butler and or. J. I. Gibson. Favourable action on the accredited Herd plan. There has been some working at Cross purposes in the past by pure bred live Stock breeders and sanitarians Over the plan that should be car ried out in freeing pure bred herds from tuberculosis. Last week there was a blending of the two forces resulting in the adoption of regulations defining somewhat in detail what constitutes an accredited Herd. The regulations that finally passed a joint committee Are As follows an accredited tuberculin tested pure s which has been tuber tested by the subcutaneous method or any other test approved by the Bureau of animal Industry under the the Burea of animal Industry or a regularly employed veterinary inspector of the state in which cooperative tuberculosis eradication work is be info conducted. Further it re in which no animal affected with tuberculosis has been annual or three annual tuberculin tests As above de scribed and by physical examination. Of Cote or any in the Herd shall be tuberculin tested or re tested at such time an is considered necessary by the Federal and state authorities. Cattle shall be presented for the tuberculin test which have been injected with tuberculin within sixty Days immediately preceding or which have at any time reacted to a tuber c 1 1 n to classed As an accredited Herd m which tuberculosis has been found by the application of the test As referred to in paragraph one until such Herd has been Sucela fully subjected to two consecutive Testa with tuberculin applied at intervals of not less than six months the first interval dating from the time of removal of the tuberculous animal from the Herd prior to each tuberculin test Satis factory evidence of the identity of the registered animal shall be presented to the inspector. Any Grade cattle maintained in the Herd or associated str animals of the Herd shall be identified by a apr or other marking Aat to the state and Federal of registered cattle from the nerd either by Sale or Slaughter shall be worked to the said state or Federal officials girl Vine the ident inaction of the animal and if sold the name and address of the person to whom transferred. If the Transfer is made from the accredited Herd to another accredited Herd the shipment shall be made Only in properly cleaned and disinfected cars stabilizing Chicago live Stock receipts. A system of marketing live Stock has been worked out by the food administration As applied to the Chicago Market whereby an attempt will be made to distribute receipts uniformly Over the entire week. The ruling of the food administration went into effect december 10th. In the past there have been Many attempts made to establish what is known As a five Day Market but All of these were crowned with failure because in the main Stock men would plan their shipments for a two Day Market. The territory surrounding Chicago is now divided into shipping zones. The first extends approximately 300 Miles in All directions from Chicago the exact distance being varied some what As necessary for engine runs. Within this zone live Stock will be received for tuesday thursday Friday and saturday Market. The second zone includes the territory beyond 300 Miles and up to the thirty six hour limit and from this zone Stock will be received monday wednesday Friday and saturday. Beyond the thirty six hour limit Stock May be received for any Day s Market. The food administration Calls Atten Tion to the fact that the zone system has been in effect in the Kansas City territory and it has been eminently successful giving uniformity to receipts at that Market. It is expected that this plan now put into effect in Chicago will have the effect of Stabil izing prices and preventing serious losses to Farmers and stockmen who in the past have suffered grievously when the markets broke under heavy receipt of a two Day Market plan. In most cases each Stockman will be Able to determine for himself what zone he is in except where he is on the Border line and full information will be furnished by the transportation company at Point of shipment. The zoning system is operated under the jurisdiction of the american rail Way association or. D. I. Forsytb.0 being chairman of the Chicago com Mittee on National defense. Those who Are in need of special information connected with shipping prob lems should communicate with or. Forsythe at room 850, transportation building Chicago Illinois. May be delays in fertilizer shipments. The commission on car service of the american railway association has recently undertaken to inform fertilizer usera of the grave transportation Situ

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