Page 1 of 20 Dec 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - December 20, 1917, Des Moines, IowaN than Iso vol. Lxi no. 51. Des Moines Iowa december 20, 1917. Whole no. 3141 girls calf club Success Ikene Mcmillan s winning Jer sey calf. Localities where Agri culture is the chief Indus try a close and harmonious relationship should exist be tween producers and Finan Cial institutions. The two Are linked inseparably together for weal or for woe and in the end those agricultural communities succeed Best which give most at Tention to the problem of main Taining soil Fertility. At this time it is our purpose to give the re sults of an Experiment conducted by a banking institution for the purpose of stimulating a greater interest in Dairying. Last Spring the Leavitt Johnson National Bank of Waterloo Iowa organized a calf club for the boys and girls of Blackhawk county under eighteen years of age. The Bank worked jointly with the agricultural improvement association and the Iowa state Dairy association the purpose being to give financial assistance to boys and girls who were willing to assume the responsibility of caring for a Dairy calf. Not Only did the Bank furnish funds at a nominal interest rate with which to Purchase the calves but it donated the sum of in Cash premiums to be paid five months after the beginning of the con test to the owners of the calves in the order of their Merit judging to be done on the basis of their appearance the gain made during the five month period their individuality and Gen eral condition. The calves were purchased by representatives of the Iowa state Dairy association and All the leading Dairy Breeds were represented. They were distributed by number and drawn by lot and they ranged in Price from to per head including shipping charges and insurance. The Money for the Purchase of these calves was loaned for a period of one year at the end of which time the Bank will hold a Public Sale and dispose of the calves of those desiring to part with them. Effort will be made to induce the boys and girls to keep and develop their calves but it is understood that the note must be paid when it is due one year from Date. In calling special attention to the value of this contest to the Community the Leavitt John Jersey and Ayrshire sections of exhibits in barn. Son Bank pointed out that a Dairy Farmer is from one Point of View a manufacturer. He takes his Dairy animals representing delicate machines Grain and forage Are his raw materials and by combining them produces but Ter cheese and other Dairy products. Like All manufacturing this process must be conducted with skill and intelligence if it is to pay and if the operator possesses these qualities he derives a larger profit than he could obtain through the Sale of crops. On every farm there Are materials which bring Little or nothing on the mar Ket and these can be utilized by the Dairy Farmer in the production of valuable products. The Man who is Thrifty must use All the roughage produced and this can be accomplished in the Ideal Way through the handling of a Dairy Herd. Every ton of Grain taken to the elevator Means Stanley Knowles winning hol Steux . Charge of Guernsey sixteen selected Ayrshire and fifteen decided upon the Jersey. The judg ing of these calves was done Dur ing the week of the National Dairy Congress and in Cash prizes was offered in each Breed the first prize being the second the third in addition there were eight prizes of each awarded to those owning calves occupying from fourth to eleventh place in the contest. The contest ants were not obliged to make feeding reports but those who fed Grain to their calves were among the winners at the final contest because calves so handled had made better gains and really showed an All around higher development. The Winner in the Holstein class was Stanley Knowles in the Guernsey class Ray mond Reinhart in the Jersey Irene Mcmillan while Lloyd b. Raymond was the Winner in the Ayrshire class. Some idea of the gains made on these calves May be obtained from a description furnished by Raymond Reinhart the Winner in the Guern sey class. Raymond undertook the care of this calf about the 8th of june. It then weighed 360 pounds. He started it on separated Nilk and fed in the beginning about six quarts a Day along with Oats and Oil meal. After a time this calf was consuming six quarts of Oats a Day and a quart of Oil meal. She was weighed every week and Raymond was Well satisfied with the gains. He fed her every morning and every night and while he had Many other chores to a to the land of Fertility valued anywhere do he always found time to give a Little special attention to his calf. By the free use of the Curry comb he brought her hair and skin into Good condition and when show time came she was easily handled. On the Day the Dairy show opened she weighed 586 pounds which Means that this calf gained 226 pounds in 115 Days. The calf Cost in the first place and she won for Raymond at the Dairy show. Not Only that but the care of the Little Guernsey has developed in Raymond a real love for Dairy Ani from to whereas every ton of Grain that goes to the Creamery in the form of butter fat takes from the land Fertility valued at not More than 25 cents. These Are fundamental principles that must be considered when any permanent Type of Agri culture is contemplated and the response made to the Bank s proposal in this Case was a Hearty one. Boys and girls to the number of 167 accepted the conditions Laid Down by the Bank. Seventy three of them undertook the care and management of Holstein calves sixty three concluded on Page 13.

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