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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - December 13, 1917, Des Moines, IowaVol. Lxii. No. 50. Be8 Moines Iowa december 13, 1917. Whole no. 3140 m designated by the department of Agri As a special food production and conservation food training International live Stock exposition Chicago which closed its Gates december 8th, made a record that in Many respects surpassed former achievements. While the 1917 state circuit was fairly successful it is nevertheless True that live Stock entries showed a marked falling off in a number of instances. This falling off by no Means indicated a lessened interest in pure bred live Stock production. Indeed on the contrary there never has been a More Lively concern shown regard ing the great value of pure bred animals As a basis of the meat Industry As has existed during the greater part of the present year. Possibly the real explanation of the decrease in the number of state fair entries was the High Price of feed Many breeders preferring to conserve their Grain and roughage rather than to use it in fitting Ani Mals for the show ring. On the other Liand the International which is the great closing event of the show circuit had the largest entry list of its entire history. Not Only was the list Large but it was a Well balanced one there being a Superb showing of horses cattle sheep and Swine. The drafters in harness proved to be one of the attractive features of the International. Into the minds of those interested in these mat ters practical methods so that each one shall become in the future a food conserved the instructors in charge of this department made a special plea for breaking Down sectional lines that have existed in the past in the matter of cookery and this school of instruction accomplished much by Way of bringing together the Best recipes obtained in the North in the South one of the unique features of the International this year was under the supervision of the Domestic science department of the Iowa agricultural College. A staff of experts was engaged during the entire week in a most important kind a 1 Foo non nil cd i of instructional work designed Pound pure bred Short Horn shown by Purdue the grand Champion steer merry Monarch work especially to show ways and Means of conserving those food products that Are especially needed by our allies. Much was accomplished Hoover that we reduce our present consumption of wheat at least 25 per cent using in its place other products of which Corn meal must be an important Factor. The management of the International is to be congratulated because of the Success that attended this feature of the exposition last week. The Experiment stations have always taken an important part in exhibiting live Stock particularly in the fat classes but superintendent Heide has been working diligently to extend the educational influences of these institutions. This year a considerable number of the stations installed educational exhibits that attracted a Large number of visitors. The exhibit of the Iowa station was designed to show the practicability of eliminating tuberculosis from the Breeding Herd by a system of quarantine that made it possible to retain valuable Breed ing animals even when they were diseased. By taking the calves away from their dams at birth it was found that very few proved to reactors and in this Way Good Breeding animals were utilized year after year even though they Are diseased sufficiently 10 react to the tuberculin test. The Iowa station also made a special exhibit de signed to show that self fed hogs will make More rapid gains and More economical gains than can be made by hand feeding thus eliminating an important labor item the Nebraska station by a series of charts brought vividly to the minds of visitors the nature of a in the East and in the West. The visitor who was privileged to hear the lectures and see the practical demonstrations was convinced that m University tons designed to give the Best results in feeding steers. It was shown that the use of a Small proportion of cottonseed meal in conjunction with Corn will a nip during the week to arouse m and More economic gains site of Usinger what might of Alipot Al _ daily diet than a straight Corn ration. Exceedingly instructive charts were also exhibited by the Ohio Pennsylvania and Texas stations and the International is to be commended for the fore sight displayed in obtaining these exhibits. Many foods thereby conserving those that Are trans ported with the least loss. The four things that must be saved Are wheat meats fat and sugar and the International live Stock Exposi this end much lilt i Tion last week did an important part in getting Cial emphasis of Llo valuable literature was distributed. The keen shown in this kind of work was a most Omen As to the attitude of our people the whole problem of on
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