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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - August 9, 1917, Des Moines, IowaOre than Cir Eulatio vol. Lxii. No. Des m01nes, Iowa August 9, 1917. Whole no. 8122 keen interest in Hose engaged in crop production Are accustomed to dealing first hand with the Law of averages. Where soil and climate Are favourable for High yields it Seldom happens that one poor crop follows an other or that two backward seasons come to Gether and this might Well be kept in mind by those who propose to give heed to the slogan ten acres of Winter wheat on every in certain parts of the Corn Belt last Winter was an unusually severe one on the Winter wheat crop and in View of this it May be reasonably expected that conditions will be favourable for the 1918 crop. The United states is several Hundred million bushels Short of her Maxi mum record in wheat production and at no time in the history of this country has there been such an urgent need for sowing a Large acre age. This does not mean that localities where the crop has never been tried out must take it up in anything like a wholesale Way but it does mean that thousands of farm ers in the Corn Belt who have never grown Winter wheat should under take a wheat growing program in a limited Way this year. Prospects Are very favourable for getting a High Price for the crop when it is marketed and incidentally the wheat grower will be doing his bit in a most effective Way. Those who have had an extensive experience As successful wheat growers need Little advice in regard to the manner of preparing the soil or of seeding the crop but those who have never grown Winter wheat can of whether the soil is dry or not. Every Condi Tion will favor the grower who plows Early be cause this gives him an Opportunity to get his land in shape by frequently harrowing or disk ing. Bear in mind that after blowing it is important to work the soil thoroughly so that the seed bed becomes firm. In some Way or other that is not easily explained a porous seed bed the Harrow is an Ideal implement for firming the soil. Well afford to familiarize themselves with sound principles of soil preparation for the crop. First and Foremost comes the matter of blowing. Usually Winter wheat follows oals or Barley and these crops Are not harvested before the first of August or even sometimes two or three weeks later. Just As soon As crop is harvested however the plow should be started regardless is exceedingly favourable to Winter killing and for that reason those who Are most successful in growing wheat emphasize the firming of the soil in a very marked degree. When the land is once slowed it is then in Ideal condition for storing up moisture whereas heavy Rains on hard stubble land will frequently run off the sur face in streams. In the Case of the slowed land heat growing. The rainfall is promptly absorbed and utilized later for fall growth of the wheat. This is important because a vigorous Root growth is an important Factor in the prevention of Winter kill ing. This was plainly indicated this season be cause in almost every Case where a Field came through in Good shape this resulted when there was a fairly Good Root and top development last fall. True it is that this is partly the outcome of reasonably Early seeding but even Early seeding will not accomplish this end unless there is enough moisture in the soil to in Duce vigorous growth. The Experiment stations advise rather deep blowing running All the Way from five to seven inches. On most to Oes of soil this is highly important and excepting Only on Sandy land it never pays to skim Over a three or four Inch Furrow and allow the matter to go at that. A deep soil that has been made firm by till age implements after blowing is what produces the wheat and that condition of the soil should be brought about by every Man who expects to produce a creditable crop of wheat. There will be very Little poor seed available this year because conditions have been very favourable for the production of plump Grain. Nearly All of the Winter wheat harvested in the Corn Belt will we presume weigh sixty pounds to the Bushel right from the threshing machine and there will not be the same urgent need for grading the seed that is ordinarily the Case. However we not like to lose an Opportunity to say that in the Case of All cereals it pays and pays Well to sow Only the Best and every Man who rotates his Corn crop with Small Grain should profit by the advantage that always comes from sowing plump Grain. There Are not enough fan Ning Mills in the Central West but wherever one concluded on Page 6. Wheat Fields Are returning enormous profits this year and the future holds Bright prospects for wheat growers
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