Page 4 of 26 Apr 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - April 26, 1917, Des Moines, Iowa 4 796 april 26, 1917 the Homestead poultry Man. Gardener and housekeeper by James m. Pierce James Atkinson editor in chief established in 1855 entered at Des Moines Post office As second class matter published every thursday member agricultural publishers association. Member audit Bureau of circulations. Subscription subscription 51.00 a year. In clubs of ten. 75 cents a year an extra copy to getter up of club. In clubs of 100 or More 25 cents a year. Single subscription Toree years in Advance five years in Advance c2.50 ten years in Advance. Subscription Price in Canada s1.50 a year. Re Mit by draft registered letter Post office or express Money order. In changing address Send both the old and new addresses. In renewing give the same name and initials As before or state oth the old and new names and explain Why you change. La Case of errors or failure to receive the paper within two weeks promptly notify tha publisher. Address the Homestead company pea Moines looking ahead to filling time. It is a Well known fact that in Many localities the labor problem connected with silo filling has been solved by groups of Farmers who work in a co operative Way at silo filling time. It is simply a question of Jones helping Brown and both Jones and Brown help ing Smith and so on until every silo is filled. This plan has worked Well and it has made possible the saving of a Large amount of roughage that ordinarily would be wasted. As a Rule silo owners plan definitely on putting the product of a certain Field into the silo. They use a variety of Corn that is Best adapted to that end and such a Field is usually planted so that it will reach maturity at a time when it will be most convenient to fill the silo. The Homestead has a suggestion to make to All those who Are members of these so called silo groups every Field should be planted so that it will mature so As to fit in Best with the silo filling operations. Ordinarily it will take from two to three to fill the silos in one group and if the individuals in a group will get to Gether and map out the order in which the silos will be filled then it will be Wise to take the precaution of planting the Fields in the same order in which the silos will be filled. If this plan is carried out it will mean that All the Corn will be put into the silo in the proper condition whereas if it is All planted at the same time a consider Able part of the fodder will be too mature to make the Best kind of ens Ilage. While it is practicable to add water to ens Ilage that is made from mature Corn it is nevertheless a Well known fact that the Best ens Ilage is made from a High yielding variety of Corn that is Cut just after the lower leaves begin to mature. There will be sufficient succulent be in the product to in sure it keeping Well and by putting it up in this condition one will avoid that loss that is always associated with the Complete maturity of the leaves and stalks. Six Iowa political traitors out of the struggles of the past two years to rid Iowa of its wasteful state printing system the Iowa Homestead Lias but one regret and it is the deep est of every Man who enters Public life to fight for what he thinks is right. That is the disappointment the loss of Faith the blasting of Confidence in men whose word and whose to do the right had been trusted. Gov. J. C. Milliman of Logan Iowa was once heard to remark that had he realized this fact in time he would never have gone into politics for nothing could compensate him for that loss. The Iowa Homestead cared Little about the details of state printing re form. As in everything the principle was the important thing and the Prin Ciple was vindicated when the Legisla Ture by the almost unanimous vote of both houses abolished the present monopoly system and substituted the competitive contract system for which we have been contending. But what we do care about is the fact that six men who had Given their written pledges Itiat they would vote for the immediate abolishment of the offices of state Printer and Binder deliberately violated their pledges by voting for a two year postponement of this re form during the Campaign last year when the Homestead was receiving re quests from voters All Over the state by every mail asking As to the Atti tude of their legislative candidates on the state printing and binding ques Tion a letter was sent to All Candi dates stating this fact and offering them the Opportunity of furnishing in formation on which replies to their constituents could be based. For this purpose the following Blank form was furnished or. James m. Pierce publisher Iowa Homestead Des Moines Iowa. You May give All persons in Quiring what my attitude will be on the state printing question in Case i am elected to the next legis lature information based on my reply to the question below signed. P. O. Address. Will you favor and vote for the immediate abolishment of the offices of state Printer and Binder and the substitution of the competitive contract system for hand Ling the state s work with proper Legal safeguards the word immediate was under lined in the pledges in order to give it emphasis. Yet when the question of immediate abolishment came up in the House on March 27th, six men who had answered the above question in the affirmative without any qualification whatever voted against imme Diate abolishment. Thus they repudiated their written secured and used for the purpose of giving in formation to their constituents whose votes they were seeking during the Campaign. Some of the six not con tent with merely affirming their willingness to vote for immediate abolish ment of these wasteful and unnecessary offices went further and added comments of their own thanking the Iowa Homestead for the fight it was waging against misrule and graft. The names and addresses of these six men Are As follows j. H. Darrah Hampton Frank Lin county. G. H. Dunkelberg Rockford Floyd county. Chris. Erickson Inwood Lyon county. A. W. Jackson Stanwood Cedar county. R. F. Price Milford Dickinson county. William Stuart Armstrong Emmet county. It is perhaps not a Mere coincidence that All of the above men voted against the Pitt Johnston Road Bill for the abolishment of the Highway commission As at present constituted and worked throughout the session with those who were seeking to discredit the administration at every turn and to prevent its carrying out the Campaign pledges and policies which the Farmers of Iowa endorsed so overwhelmingly last november. The Iowa Homestead does not like to state these facts. In the list of six men mentioned above Are old friends and subscribers of the Homestead. One of the finest letters Ever received by the publisher of the Homestead was from one of those men. Just be fore he came to Des Moines to attend the legislature. All of them stand Well at Home or they would not have been thus honoured with office. Among them Are highly successful Farmers and business men ones whose word is As Good As their Bond in private Busi Ness dealings. Yet when it came to choosing Between immediate Economy for the state on the one hand and the wishes of the political faction led by j. B. Weaver of Des Moines on the other hand they went squarely Back on their written pledges like political Judas Iscariot. Had these six men with three oth ers who were pledged equally strongly for immediate abolishment of the state printing system but who were listed absent or not voted As they promised the offices of state Printer and Binder would have been immediately abolished and Iowa saved Many thousands of dollars on this work during the next two years. These Are matters with which the constituents of these six men alone can Deal for their broken pledges were not so much a violation of the Homestead s Faith As of the Faith of those Back Home who elected them. The Homestead did not obtain this in formation for its own Sake so much As for the guidance of its read i Call tha Ireal patriotism the Hoe behind the Flag. Ers who were writing to it for information regarding these men s positions which we could not furnish on our own responsibility. This fact was clearly stated to these six men they were not coerced into making any statements Many candidates did not do so and that was their own Busi Ness but these men did reply and then failed to act in accordance with their pledges at the critical moment. If men ordinarily reliable and generally respected will do this then what is there on which the Farmer voters of Iowa can rely what Protection have the taxpayers against wolves in sheep s clothing who will go squarely Back on their Campaign promises none excepting to fight on and on and keep re Buking that sort of official every time one of them comes up for office and in the end there will be elected enough Good men and fearless to carry out the policies for which the Iowa Farmer taxpayers Are struggling. Sow rape in every spare Corner. In spite of the great demand for in creased production this year there will be lots of Idle land in the Corn Belt due to the fact that sufficient help is not obtainable to put in and take off a crop. When it comes to handling Corn there is a limit to what one Man can do and no amount of urging will materially increase that allotment. Those who use forage crops extensively thereby cutting Down the amount of Corn that will be fed this fall and win Ter will accomplish the same purpose As if they handled a greater acreage of Corn. In this connection too much emphasis cannot be placed upon the value of rape particularly by those who Are raising a considerable number of hogs. Rape pasture is Rich in flesh forming material and if used in conjunction with Corn very satisfactory gains May be made and these will be put on at a relatively Low Cost. The Ohio station pastured an acre of rape 119 Days last year and during this time the rape saved Corn to the value of of course a Small amount of Corn was fed every Day. In the face of this record one May safely conclude that it will be profitable this year to seed every foot of waste land to rape particularly those spots on the farm that can be conveniently used for hog pasture old feed lots can be used to great advantage in this Way and it is not even necessary to plow them up. Go to it with a disk As a satisfactory seed bed can be prepared in that Way. Five or six pounds rape seed per acre seeded broadcast will produce a Good stand and if the hogs can be kept out for five or Sis weeks there will then be an amazing amount of Good feed furnished during the balance of the season. It is doubtful if at any time since the Spring of 1899 has there been As much Clover killed out As was the Cage this year and As a result there will be a Light Hay crop harvested and there will be a Scarcity of pasture. There will be plenty of cases this year where Meadows will be left although they Are less than half a stand and in those instances it would be a profit Able venture to disk up part of the acreage and sow rape seed broadcast in them. Rape is not a Good pasture for Dairy cows but it can be used advantageously in pasturing Young cattle and As said before it is exceedingly satisfactory for hogs As it is both palatable and nutritious. Railroad expenses and earnings. The Homestead has recently received a Small pamphlet prepared by Hon. Clifford Thorne formerly chair Man of the Iowa state Railroad com Mission which clearly demonstrates that there is no occasion whatever for advances in freight rates being sought by the railroads of the country on the grounds that their operating expenses have increased faster than their earn Ings. Using the official figures of Railroad earnings and expenses compiled by the interstate Commerce commission Between the years 1888 and 1916, or. Thorne shows that the margin Between Railroad earnings and expenses in Stead of becoming smaller from year to year has grown enormously and that the average net earnings for every mile of Railroad in the country were Over 100 per cent larger for 1916 than for 1899 and were 50 per cent larger for 1916 than for the years immediately preceding. Between 1888 and 1899 the Public shared in the profits of modern railroading by decrease of 25 per cent in the freight charges but from on there has been no reduction what Ever the profits have increased

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