Page 1 of 26 Apr 1917 Issue of Des Moines Iowa Homestead in Des-Moines, Iowa

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Des Moines Iowa Homestead (Newspaper) - April 26, 1917, Des Moines, IowaMore than we Clerc Lalion de8 Koines Iowa april 26, 1917. Whole no. 3107 Alf a pasture As a Hoe food ment to determine rom of in Experiment to determine the most economical methods of growing and fattening pigs on Alfalfa forage and to com pare dry lot feeding with feeding on Pas t has been completed just recently by the Iowa Experiment station. For several years this station has been working along the line of reducing the Cost of pork production. Although Alfalfa was the forage crop used in it still the conclusions with regard to the Best methods of feeding Grain in addition will hold Good on any of the Standard Pas Ture crops commonly grown in the Corn Belt such for in stance As red Clover Clover and Timothy mixed rape and Blue Graf groups of pigs we used in the sex per nent which be Gan last july when the pigs were approximately two and one half months old and weighed about fifty five pounds each. All of them were Hampshire Duroc crosses and appeared to be Thrifty and in Good health throughout the feed ing period. Each group was fed until the average weight per hog reached 225 pounds and the groups which did not reach this weight when pasturing sea son closed shed in dry lots on Corn and meat meal Tankage supplied in separate self feeders. Free Access to Salt Bushel and Tankage at a ton the current of time the the cos was ?6 08 exclusive of pasture. Was allowed free in on Ai instead of Beins self they were equal Supply of we consumed by the self fed group with this method the Market weight of 225 pounds 7as reached in 130 Days or nine Days longer than the time required by the self fed group and for every 100 pounds Iain they con in favor of the free Choice method another were Given feed and treatment Sim except that they were fed Only twice a Day instead of three times allowed All the Corn they would eat Feedin-8 and Tankage equal to consumed by the self fed group. It took them 131.5 Days to attain the average weight of 225 pounds and for every 100 pounds gain they used 368.7 pounds of shelled Corn and 333 pounds of Tankage. The Cost of these feeds was .52, which was 44 cents More than the same Cost in the self fed group and 20 cents More than that of the group fed by hand three times a Day. A Short ration was Given to the next group of pigs which consisted of three pounds of shelled Corn daily for every 100 pounds live weight or practically three fourths of a full feed and the same amount of tank age that the other groups received. The Market weight of 225 pounds was reached b y these hogs in 147.5 Days which is 26.5 Days longer than the feed ing period of the self fed group and about seventeen Days longer than the time required by the two groups that were full fed by hand. For every 100 pounds self and water was allowed at All times. One group was put on Alfalfa and in addition was fed and meat meal separately self feeders thus they could eat whenever w chose of any of the feeds that were Avail t t were called the free Choice group. This lot of seven pigs reached an average weight of 225 pounds in 121 Days which was an average daily Gam of pounds. By the free Choice system they consumed 342.6 pounds of shelled Corn and 31.6 pounds of Tankage for every 100 pounds gain. Thus with Corn at 84 cents a pigs gathered around the self feeder. Sued 355.3 pounds of shelled Corn and 331 pounds of Tankage which were Worth 32 at ired pigs in this slower Sains than those of the n n so that the Cost of 100 pounds gain was about 24 cents groups were allowed the same forage and there was no apparent difference in their use of this feed. Since there was More labor connected with hand feeding than with self feeding and the hand fed group required nine Days longer time the advantage is very much gain 353.3 pounds of shelled Corn and 35.4 pounds of Tankage were consumed at a Cost of this for the group which was ecu twice a aay but the difference May be explained by the fact that this lot was fed Corn and Tankage by the free Choice system for about sixteen Days after the forage season was Over and in this time they made rapid strides. One other group was kept on Alfalfa and Short fed with a ration of two pounds of shelled Corn daily for every 100 pounds live weight and Tankage equal in amount to that concluded on Page 12 pigs on pasture make cheaper gains than pigs in

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