Page 1 of 19 Sep 1846 Issue of Delphi Western Republican in Delphi, Indiana

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Delphi Western Republican (Newspaper) - September 19, 1846, Delphi, Indiana A equal Anil exact Jestice to All Sien of whatever state of persuasion Elimous or Jefferts. Am. Vol. Delphi Carroll co., ind., saturday december to 1810. No. 29. Toot president s message. Fellow c Iii Sens of the Senate Hind House of in resuming your Tabors in flip service a of Hie people ii is a subject of congratulation that Thoro has been no period in our past history when All Tho elements of a Lineal Prosperity have been so fully developed. Since your last session no of hinting dispensation Bias visited our country general Good health has prevailed abundance has crowned inc the of Tho husband Matt and Tabor in Al its branches is receiving an ample Reward while education science Aud the arts Are rapidly enlarging the Means of social happiness. A pc Progress of our country in her Carcer of greatness not Only in the vast Extension of our territorial limits and the repts increase of Orr imputation but in resources Aud wealth and in Lim Happy condition of our Peop in is without sex a Tuple in tile Hest dry of nations. As the Wisdom strength and butt if cd acc of our free institutions Are unfolded every Day acids fresh motives to Conte no ment and fresh divers to it s to patriotism. Our devout and Bracero acknowledgement Are due to the gracious giver of All Good for the trim Ber Ess blessings which our behaved country enjoys. It is o source of High a it of Ichien to a know that the relations of the t cited states wit ii All Ether nation Wii ii a single exception Are of me meat amicable Char inter. Sincerely attached to tie policy of peace Early ado ipod Aud steadily pursued by the govern me it. I or thusly desired to cultivate and cherish Friend whip Aud Commerce with every foreign Power. The up Riis an h of the Anterica people arc a voluble to the in Iii tenancy of such by to adhering to the Wise policy by Aud Paramount duty obviously consists in the Protection or oar la Tioff interests from encroachment err sacrifice and our National Honor from n Jirouch. These must he maintained at any Hazard. They admit of no comparison or neglect and fist be scrupulously Ami Rcd ii it not a go in ded. Iii their vigilant Iii feat get a Coli Don and Conli cd with foreign papers my some tunes a Cumo no void Blo. Sin ii has been our scrupulous Ali Tranci to Tho dictates of Justice in Ai our foreign Intercourse lint though Stead y Aud pipe Ujj wdv3ncjt�g in prop Crity end pot or we have Given no just cause of complaint to any nation and have enjoyed to Bier sings of pose for Quioro than til by from a policy so sacred to humanity Ami so salutary in irs die cts Union cur political history of modern civilized there is reason to believe that if these wrongs lied Treu resented nod resisted in he first instance Tho Preterite War might in pc been avoided. One outrage however permitted to pass with impunity almost necessarily encouraged the preparation of another until at last Mexico seemed to attribute to weakness and indecision on our part a forbearance which wife hic offspring of magnanimity and a sincere Disic to preserve Friendly a relations with a sister Republic. Scarcely had Independence which the United slates were the first among the nations to acknowledge when slip commenced Tho system of insult and spoliation wide she has Ever Sinco pursued. Got citizens engaged in lawful Commerce were imprisoned. Their vessels sensed Abd our i in a suited in her ports of Money turns wattled the latvians seizure and confiscation of our merchant vessels Aud their cargoes was a ready resource Aud if to a comp so their purposes it became necessary to the owners captains and Crews it i we a Dune. Rulers superseded rulers in Mexico in. Jajnal Sucre?.inn, but still there was in Chance in this system of depredation. Thrower in Erst of Fie United states made re plated Mccla Tafoni on to it cent of its Cit tens hut there were answered or the preparation of m w outrages. Proud sos of redress made by Mexico to the Noet solemn forms were Post Pond cd or evaded rite files Aitel records of the t Arr reent of s c in in the priv to of it my runs in lc�5 nets perpetrated Itjin Lite property arid pot sons it or try Cit zeus by by Alt x Leo and a it of wan Fen inquire to our National log. inter it a of our gov Macut to obtain redress a it a again and a in in Token tinder Ireum Trace. Which no nation Orre it to disc ipod. It was hoped that these outrages would cease and Ilia Mexico would Quot be restrained by the Laws we cd regulates Tho con duct of civil. Of n Tifis in their intern course w Ith each other a fact the treaty of Amity Mortn Reric. End a alga ism of the 5th of Yff i Hill w s vomit tided be teem the two us Publes butt the Hope soon proved to be to in. The co arc of seizure and confiscation of tire properly of our citizens Tho Viola in of their per Uii met tire a instill to our tag pursued by Mexico Prev mis to that time were scarcely suspended for c a Brief a get r it a hitting. treaty so clearly Dt-4 Tuii the right and duties of the r Jakc calve parties Ali in if to impossible to in Sunder Sim or i s la in in. I in to so so president was referred fully sustained his views Cit he character of hic a. Pc system we should us Var to induced to warily to depart. Tile sex isling War with Mexico was neither desired nor provoked by the United states on the contrary nil honorable Means were resorted to to Avert it. After years of endurance of aggravated mid wrongs Oil our part Mexico in violation of solemn treaty stipulations a so of every principle of Judice recognised by civilized , commenced hostilities Aud thus by Ber own net forced tire Wai upon in. Long before the Advance of our army to Lite i i Bink of the Rio Grande we hand in pie cause of War Mexico and had tire United Stales resorted to this extremity we might have appealed to Tho whole civilized world for the Justice of our cause. I deem it my duty to present to Yon on Tiro present occasion a Sonde used re Xcvi Kwof the injuries to into sustained of the causes which led to the War and of its Progress since its this is rendered to More necessity because of the misapprehension which have to some extent prevailed As to its origin a of True character. Tho War has beaut represented As unjust and unnecessary Abd As one of aggression on our part upon a weak Aud injured enemy. Such erotic bus views thou entertained by bul few have been widely circulated not Only at borne Bot Havo been spread throughout Mexico and Tho tvs Iolo world. A More effectual Means could not have been devised to encourage the enemy and protract lbs War than to advocate and adhere to their cause and thus give them a said cud teem fort.�?�. a source of National Pride and exultation that the great body of our people have thrown no such obstacles in the Way of the govt Zinent Iii prosecution Tho War but have shown to ctn a Clytis to be eminently patriotic and Render to vindicate their country a Honor and interests at any sacrifice. The alacrity mud promptness with which our Volunteer Fortes rushed to Tho Field on their country Scall prove not Only their patriotism Bot Tebei up conviction that our cause to i. _ which we Liao suffered Ever Sinco she Borrower and the a which we have parallel in the i in the rot Elumn of Ilia treaty our my Rune j i grievance ired become in intolerable that a Folly in the of Mon of pres Lien j irk fun they should no longer to endured. In Iii Mimi Ign to lots gris in felt., i aft. Ire pre tiled i hem to tire Fen a duration of that Boily mid declared that a tire length of Lime which some of the injuries have ire n committed the repeated and unavailing applications for redress the Wanton character of Rome of the outrages upon the property and per Nii of oui citizen upon the officer and Ling of the United ted slate Independent of recent result to Thi government and people by the late extraordinary mexican minister would justify in lilt eyes of nil nations immediate War.7 in a spirit of Kindlien and forbearance however lie recommended reprisal As a Milder Mode of redness Ile declared that War should not be used As a remedy a by just and generous nations confiding in their strength for injuries committed if it can to Hon Olah y avoided a a and lidded a it Lins occurred to to that considering the present embarrassed condition of that country we should net with both win Dom and moderation by giving to Mexico one More oppor Tenity Tontoni for the past before we luxe redress into our own hands. To avoid nil misconception on the part of Mexico As Well at to protect our own National Cli at after Trofil reproach this Opportunity should be Given to till the avowed design and full prep station to take immediate satisfaction if it should not be obtained on a repetition of the demand for it to this end i recommend Styli an act be passed authorizing reprisals end the use of the naval Force of the United states by the executive against Mexico to in Furco them in the event of a refusal fit the mexican government to come to an amicable adjustment of Tho matters in controversy Between us upon another demand thereof made from or Board one of our vessels of War on the coast of committees of both houses of Congress to which this message of ibis a j wrongs which we had suffered from Mexico add a that another demand for in dress should he made before authorizing War or reprisals. The committee on foreign relations of tile Senate in their report say a after such a demand Boule prompt Justice be refused by the mexican government a May Appeal to All nations not Only for the equity and moderation with which we shall have acted toward a sister Republic hut for that be Cesidio which will then Sofij Pard us of seek redress for our wrongs f it Lier by actual War or by reprisal. The subject will then be presented before Congress at the commencement of the next Sci Ion in a Quot Clear Anil a taunt form and the committee cannot doubt but that such measures will by immediately adopted As May be necessary to vindicate the Honor of Ute country and insure ample reparation to our injured citizen. The com Mitre on foreign of the House of representatives made a similar rec orb i end Atren. In their report they say to t they a fully concur with the i redder tit lint ample eau Xit tor taking refine into entre Oivin Ham and relieve that a should be justified in the opinion of other nation for taking a ii step. Lot they arc n ii Ling to Fry tile cup rime tit of u no Titer Firma Ufi made. In the Natal solemn form upon the Justice of the mexican government in Ore Nix fur their proceeding Are adopted. A do ire re Nee of opinion Tho subject i believed to have existed in Uon Gross at trial time the fat cult e and la i Dative departments Coil Carrid and it nth Habern oar for Bearance Rind de i re to preserve peace Aith m t Xii re that the a Rongs of w Inch we then i.6iftpaiii a and which gave Rise to these solemn proceeding not Only remain unit dressed to this Day bul additional cables of complaint of an aggravated character have Ever Ime been a Rrt i final stir a. So portly after these proceeding a up to Al messenger a despatched to Mexico to make a Fin a i demand i r a Cdr a and on the a duh july i not the demand Warnat. Quot the reply of the mexican government Brar acc on he till of tin same month and contain assurances of the a anxious wish of the mexican govt in it a i t a not to delay the moment of that final nne equitable adjustment a blah i to terminate the existing i then i Taes Between lha two that nothing should be left undone which May contribute to the most Predy Anil a Quitaldi determination of the acct which have so seriously engaged Lite attention of the american govern mint that the a mexican government would adopt As the Only guide for its conduct the principles of Public right tile sacred obligations impost d by International Law and the religious Faith of treaties Aud that a whatever reason Abd Justice a dictate respecting each in a will lie the Assurance was further Given that the decision of the mexican government upon each cause of complaint for which redress has been demanded should be communicated to the government of tile United Stales by the mexican minister it Washington. These solemn assurances in answer to our demand for redress were disregarded. By making them however Mexico obtained further delay. President Van Huron in his annual in Sage to Una Grosu of the filth of f a Tribbey 1837, state Tom a although the Large number of our demands for redress and a Many of them ngg Tiva led cases of personal wrongs ivc Bacn Nowc foe years before the mexican government and some of the causes of National complaint and those of the most offensive character admitted of immediate dimple and satisfactory replies it is Only within a few Days past that any specific communication in answer to our last demand made five months ago hat been deceived from the mexican minister a and that a for not one of our Public complaints has satisfaction been Given or offered that but one of the Caes of personal wrong has been favourably considered and that but four eases of Noth descriptions out of All those formerly presented mid earnestly pressed have As yet been decided upon by the mexican president Van Buren believing that it would he vain to make any of hither attempt to obtain redress by the Ordinary Means within Tho Power of the executive communicated this opinion to .t�?Tdngre3, in the message referred to Iii w Hien he said a on a careful and deliberate examination of inc Content a of the correspondence of tile mexican government a and considering tire spit it a Uniford by the mexican government it has Bucom my painful duly to return the subject not it stand o Oungre to a Horn it belong to decide upon the time Tho Mode and the measure of redress.1�?T_ Ilid lire United states at that Iii fre a a a Jpn Lei compulsory measures and taken redress into heir own hands nil our i hic it i ies with Max co would probably ivc Bren lung Sinco adjusted tied the. Existing War have been averted. Magnanimity mid or Indira Ion on our part Only had the effect to complicate these difficulties Rind ran d r an St f Dement of them the More Chiba or is ing. That such measure of red re if Nev Shaffor no vocation is committed by any of tire powerful nation of i Iii rope would have been promptly resorted to by the United states Carmot be the National Honor and Hun of the National character mite a gift out the world a tvs la a our own self a Csc i nod the Protection d in to our own citizen would have rendered such u it sort . Fire id tory Al no civilized nation in modern a presented within so Brief a period so Many Wanton attack upon the Hanor of it Flag and noon the property mid person of it citizen As had at lint Lima been borne by the United states from the mexican authorities Sod people. Hut Mexico we a Sider Republic on the North american Echtin cwt occupying a territory Contido vhf of our own and a in a fee ble and distracted it ondi Ion and the considerations it i in a med India cd t Uii Grecu to forbear Atli Ion Istead of taking refine into our own hand a new was entered upon w till fair promises on the part of Mexico but with Tho real purpose As Tho event Lias proved of indefinitely postponing tire reparation which we demanded Aud which was so justly due. This negotiation after More than a year s delay resulted in the convention of the Lith of april 1831a for lire adjustment of claims of citizens of Lite United state of America upon the government of the mexican Tho joint Board of commissioner created by Iii convention co examine no decide upon these claim a not Orean Rcd until Tho Mouth of Latigu Tibio Aud under Tho terms of the convention they were to terminate their duties within eighteen month from that time. Four of the is months were consumed in preliminary Tacu amp Mon on frivolous and Clitia Lory Points raised by the mexican commissioners and it was not until the month of december 1810, that they commenced the examination of the Schims of our citizens upon Mexico. Fourteen month Only remained to examine Bud decide upon these numerous and complicated cases. In lie month of february 18 la the Forth of the commission expired leaving Many Ila in mid apexes of for wont of of Lime. The claims which were allow eel by the Board and by the Umpire authorized by the convention to Docic Iii Case of disagreement Between the mexican and Athur Rynn commissioner amounted to $2,03 y 130 �8. Theft were pending before the Umpire when the commission expired additional claims which had been Kyu mind and awarded by the american commissioners and and not been allowed by the mexican commissioner., amounting to .�920,07 88 upon which he did not decide alleging thai his authority had Censed with he terminal Ion of the joint commission. Restees these claims there were others of american citizens amounting to $3,339,837 01 which and been submitted to the Board and upon which they had not Lime to decide up Brt which they and to time to decide before their final turn of $2,026,139 of which had been awarded to the claimants was a liquidated and ascertained debt due by Mexico about which there could be no Quot dispute and which she was bound to pay according to the terms of the convention. Soon after the final awards for this amount had been made the mexican asked for a postponement of the lift of making payment alleging that it would lie inconvenient to make the payment at the time stipulated. In Lite spirit of forbearing kindness towards a fatter Republic which a Cut co has so Long abused the u. States promptly complied with Lief request. A second convention was accordingly concluded Between the two governments on the 30th of january 1843, which upon its face declares that a this new arrangement is entered into for the of or the terms of flus convention All the interest due on the awards which had been made in favor of the claimants under the convention of the Lith of april 1839, was to he paid to them on he cloth of april 1813, and a the principal of the said awards and the interest accruing thereon a w As stipulated to a be paid in live years in equal Wiist Alnita a yen three not this new convention a entered into at the request of Mexico and for the purpose of relieving i or from embarrassment the can unlit have received tire Juiciest due on the hot Ota pril 1843, and three of the Twenty instalment. Although tire pay Arent of the Surh thu lieu Uii to and confessedly due by Mea co to our citizen As indemnity for to knew lodged nets of outrage and wrung a secured by treaty. The obligation of which arc Cvar held sacred by Alt jut nations yet Mexico a violated this solemn engagement by failing and refusing to make the payment. The two instalments due in april and july 1841, under the Peculiar circumstances convert a d with them have been is lined by the United states and Dis barged to the claimants but they ate still due by my Xico. Hut this is no All of which in c have just cause of complaint. T6 provide a remedy for the claimants w Lio a cases were not decided by the joint commission under the convention of Apt ii the Lith 1839, it was expressly tip dilated by the sixth Natl Cie of the convention of the 30th of january lsi3, that a new convention Hall be entered into for the pc tile meat of nil claims of the government and citizens of the United slates against Tho Republic of Mexico which were not finally decided by tire late commission which met in the City of Washington and of till claims of the government and citizens of Mexico against tile United in conformity with tills stipulation a third convention was concluded and is gut d at the City of Mexico on the 20lh of nov., 1843, by Tho plenipotentiaries of the two governments by which provision wms made for ascertaining and paying these claims. Lit january 1844, this convention was ratified by the Senate of Tho United states with two amendments which were manifestly reasonable in their character. Upon a reference of the amendments proposed to the government of my Giro the same evasions difficulties Anc delays were interposed which have so Long marked the policy of that government towards Tho of. State. It has not even yet decided whether it would or would not accede 10 them although the subject has been repeatedly pressed upon its consider1 lied. Mexico has thus violated second time the Finith of treaties by failing or refusing to carry into effect Ute sixth article by the convention of january 1843 such is inc history of hi8 wrongs which we have suffered and patiently endured from Mexico throw a Long series of years. So far of Torti affording reasonable satisfaction Fot the injuries and insults we had borne 11 great aggravation of them consist in the fact that while the United states anxious to preserve a Good understanding with Mexico have been constantly but vainly employed in seeking redress for past wrongs Beitf outrages were constantly occurring Thich have continued to inc Ensti stir Caus of complaint and Tif id fail the

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