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Daily Tipton Tribune Newspaper Archives Jun 17 1975, Page 2

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Daily Tipton Tribune (Newspaper) - June 17, 1975, Tipton, Indiana Our Opinion On Feb. 7, 1973, the Senate Watergate Committee issued its final report, which contained 35 specific recommendations for ccHÍgressional action to prevent future ^>>^atergates. More than two years later, many of' these proposals - including some of the most sensible ones - have not been acted on. Some of the important proposals by the panel which Congress did approve include: -Establishing a federal elections commission to oversee and enforce campaign laws. The commission, which just recently came into being, replaces a hodge-podge of congressional offices which were understaffed and poorly administered. -Prohibiting cash contributions of more than $100 to candidates. This is to prevent the type of laundering of illegal cash contributions that was * corfimon in the 1972 Nixon campaign. —Setting strict limits on the amount an individual or group can contribute to any one candidate. -Setting limits on the amount of money a presidential candidate may spend during his campaign. (Congréss also set comparable limits for congressional races.) -Requiring candidates to have their campaign money funneled through one committee (rather than a maze of committees), so that the sources of their funds could be identified. —Making it illegal for any person “to fraudulently misrepresent by telephone in person that he is representing the candidate for federal office for the purpose of interfering with the election.” This was spurred by the Donald Segretti type of dirty tricks. While those are"not insignificant reforms, the Watergate Committee recommendations which the Congress did not act upon are probably as significant. For example, there has been much discussion but little movement on the proposal to set up a permanent Special Prosecutor’s Office. Perhaps Congress’ reluctance here is based on the feai that, while the Ervin committee foresaw the prosecutor’s job as uncovering wrongdoing ir. only the executive branch, the argument that the prosecutor’s purview should also include corruption in Congress might prove embarrassing. Another as yet unsuccessful recommendation was to prevent future plumbers’ operations by prohibiting any White House employe from engaging in intelligence operations relating to national or domestic security, without the approval of Congress. Another sensible proposal would have prevented any high level political appointee or White House employe from being involved in the solicitation or receipt of campaign contributions for a one— year period following his departure from the Administration. The purpose of this proposal was stated quite compellingly by the committee:    “During the 1972 campaign there was a widespread departure of key administration officials from the White House and from departments and agencies to high positions in the campaign effort. In certain cases, these officials or their \issistants went to the very persons over whom they previously wielded regulatory - or other power, to solicit campaign contributions. Particularly in the view that many of these officials would return to the government, solicitation by them may well have had undesirable coercive aspects.” The Ervin panel believed that all Justice officials, including the Attorney General, should be placed under the Hatch Act, which prohibits federal employes from participating in partisan politics. “Justice Department officials should administer the nation’s laws (while) totally removed from all political consideration,” the committee stated. Several reforms involving disclosure of confidential taxpayer information have also gone unheeded by Congress. For example, the committee said that Congress should require that any request by a White House employe for confidential information from the Internal Revenue Service be logged by both the White House and the IRS, and made available periodically to congressional committees. It also recommended that no one in the White House, including the President, should have access to income tax returns under any circumstances. While President Ford issued an executive order soon after taking office that significantly curbed the potential for abuse by the White House of the IRS, he did not go as far as the Ervin proposals. In any event, an executive order does not carry the full force of law and can be voided at any time by the flick of a presidential pen. Although Congress did pass one major reform that the Ervin committee specifically opposed-partial public financing of presidential elections— there are a number of other “good government” reforms recommended by the panel that have been lost in the great congressional abyss. In short, congressional response to the greatest political scandal in American history has been half— hearted at best. Possibly that*s because Congress is institutionally incapable of dealing with reform in a comprehensive manner over a period of time. Possibly, it’s because congressmen, like the rest of us, have short memories and yesterday’s headlines (no matter how big) tend to become today’s yawns. Texas has led all states in cotton production since 1880. The Worry Clinic MÍmm’ S«rvic« 'wE've BEEK CHEWIHQ »T OVER' AA. Stanton Evans WASHINGTON-era of “post- Ttiis is the Watergate morality” in American politics, meaning we have cleaned up our act and are intent on avoiding the slightest breath of scandal. Appearances, however, can be different from reality— as witness the none- too- savory business of the contested Senate election in New Hampshire, involving Democrat Jcrfin Durkin and Republican Louis Wyman. We here confront a rather bald attempt by Senate Democrats to CO- opt themselves an additional seat, with scant regard for the will of the people or the forms of popular government. When the voters of New Hampshire went to the polls last year, they left their senatorial choice in doubt. The original count showed Wyman the winner by 355 votes, a recount gave the nod to Durkin by 10. fuid a final tally by the state’s bipartisan Ballot Law Commission made Wyman the winner by two. This was the count that was certified to the Senate by.the authorities of New Hampshire. Durkin appealed his case to the Senate, which has been wrangling over it ever since. Most of the fighting has been conducted in the Committee of Rules and Administration, where contested matters produced a series of four- to- four votes, cast essentially on party lines (four Northern Democrats voting on the** Durkin- side, three Republicans and OHiservative Southern Democrat James Allen voting on the Wyman side.) This week the battle moved to the floor of the Senate, where the prospect was for nrwre of the same— with greater confusion and less attention to basic principle. Given the complexity of the issues and the inability of the Rules Committee to resolve them, it seems unlikely the Senate as a wbole will be able to reach an impartial judgment. A vote conducted along party lines Paul Harvey Tbe Army is purchasing beagle puppies. Within 60 days the Army will buy a hundred of these dogs for $104.50 each and ship them to Eldgewood Arsenal, Md. Subsequently^ the Army intends to purchase at least 250 more of these beagle puppies. Last year Cbngress passed an amendment to the Military Procurement Act specifically prohibiting the use of dogs in testing chemical and biological weapons. Yet the Army’s researchers are going right ahead anyway. TTiey say beagle puppies have a metatx>lic rate similar to that of man, so they are peculiarly useful in testing toxic chemicals. The Army scientists promise that if the dogs do not die during the tests they will be put to death afterward. Let’s talk about man and other animals. It is interesting how people, who could hot themselves plunge a knife into the stomach of a pet dog or cat, will nonetheless look the other way when it’s done in the name of science. Over the years. I’ve had mixed emotions on the subject of vivisection. I could not deny the importance of lab experiments on living animals in the development of serums and techniques which may ultimately benefit humans. But, with an admitted tendency to anthropomorphism where pets are concerned, I sought to straddle the vivisection issue by insisting^ that scientists and students should use lab animals, bred for the purpose, rather than pets which had been taught to trust humans. This got my conscience off the hook and allowed me to nod with appreciation in the direction of medical scientists while continuing to pet my cat. Then the other day I read something which has caused me to take sides. What I read was not one of the horror stories so frequently in the news. I receive more repoi^ than I can bring myself to repeat about high schoolers carving on live specimens and the neglect, starvation and cruelty to animals outside the laboratory and it has Hoosier Day DONALD D. WHITE Practical state and local government training is in the midst oi a second week’s session at Indiana State University. Some 900 boys from all comers of the state packed, and returned to their communities to complete the last year of high school education. They had been selected by school administrators as potential future leaders. Prior to leaving Terre Haute, they closed down business being conducted in a mythical state. Hardly had they cleared the dormitory doors before 700 Hoosier girls checked in to start operation of other mythical cities, county and state governmental units. Programs were the Boy’s and Girl’s State training under spomrship of The American Legion and its Auxiliary. The Boy’s program completed its 38th year, having spread to the state in 1937. For the girls, it was the 94th annual session. Having been a participant in the first Hoosier Boy’s State, returning as a Junior Counselor, and many years aaaainterestad observer, I retain an interest in the worthwhile program. As I write, my wife is busy on the telephone trying to find alternates to fill in for last minute cancellations. Idea for the program came from Illinois, where the first Boy’s State was held in 1935. Ohio, P«insylvania and West Virginia, adopted the program the following year, with Indiana joining in 1937. Some 30,000 boys have graduated from the Hoosier training program in practical government since the inception. Although records of graduates are sketchy, it is known many civic, community, political and governmental leaders developed interest from the early training. The Fieldhouse at Butler University was the site of the first program in Indiana. Army cots were set up in the practice gym, with sessions held on the temporary bleachers. The Cow Barn at the Indiana State Fairgrounds, provided space for straw filled mattresses the second year, as the program moved iiUo the building, the Deaf School, and Indiana University for future* training sessions. TTiis is the seventh year Indiana State University has hosted the week-long study. As participants arrive, they are assigned to city and county units where they will live during the session. Governmental units are organized, elections held, ordinances enacted, police forces and courts established, and the training program is underway. Instructors come from volunteer public officials who explain jobs, as well as from full-time counselors, usually drawn from High School government teachers. As participants arrive, they are alternately assigned to either the Nationalist or Federalist party, equal in size with no majority. Parties are organized under tutelage of experienced politicians. E^sther Bray, wife of the former long-term Congressman and Marvella Bayh. wife of the U.S. Senator and herself a product o^Girls State, have long been active in the state program as political advisors. Quididaies are srteofd and GEORGE W. CRANE Note Bob’s reaction to the lazy auto truck salesman. Actually, , the latter was merely an “order taker.” Star salesmen are superb IN*actical psychologists, whether in religion or commercial fields. CASE D-686: BobH., aged45, is a Hoosier farm neighbor (rf mine. ‘‘Dr. Oane,” his wife told me “Bob was up at Lafayette the other day. “Since he decided to replace t his present truck with a new one, he stopped at the auto agency. “A salesman was sitting in a chair when Bob altered. “He asked Bob what he could do for him. “Bob replied that he was interested in buying a new truck to take the place of the one he now had. “The salesman then inquired if Bob wished to trade- in his old one on the new truck. • “Bob said that was his plan, but added that he didn’t have the old truck with him. * “So the salesman exclaimed, “How the h- do you think I can make you a, deal when I haven’t seen the truck you wish to trade in! “Bob never replied but walked right out and went over to the rival automobile agency! “Dr. Crane, with auto appears to be the more probable outcome. Examples of partisan fervor abounded in committee, most notably in the case of the so-called “skip” ballots. TTie phrase refers to ballots in which voters indicated a party- line preference, but neglected to mark the spot for U.S. Senate. By New Hampshire’s statute, court decisions and traditional practice, such ballots are construed as ticket votes, and were counted last fall for Wyman and Durkin alike. The Rules Committee had 13 such ballots in its sights, 12 of vftich were cast for Wyman. The Northern Democrats wanted to disallow them all, a procedure that would throw the election to Durkin. The Wyman forces argued that if these selected ballots were omitted in contravention of New Hampshire law, then at a minimum all other “skip” ballots should be handled in similar fashion. That a U.S. Senate caught up in numerous other matters can fairly resolve such esoteric questions appears remote, the prospect of party- line division on the issues very real. Which means, when you boil it down, that the representation of the people of New Hampshire could turn on the partisan decision of the ruling group of Congress, rather than on the determination of the people themselves. This being so, the best apparent solution is to remand the issue to the citizens of New Hampshire and let them vote again. The legislature of the state has already made provisicxi for a special election, and merely awaits the say- so of the Senate to get started. For those who believe in government by the people, and truly want to put the shame of Watergate behind them, a special election seems the obvious and indeed the only answer. occurred to mé that the two may be related. I was rereading an author whom I have come to trust, C.S. Lewis, and I read this, viiich clarifies for me a feeling I had not been able to enunciate. Quote: “No argument for experiments on animals can be found which is not also an argument for experiments on inferior men. “If we cut up beasts because they cannot prevent us, and becau% we are backing our own side in the struggle for existence, then it is only logical to cut up imbeciles, criminals, enemies or capitalists for the same reason. Indeed, some such experiments on man have already begun. ” End quote. nominated, campaigns held to sway voters, platforms prepared, and a state election held. Every participant has a job, be it in city or county government, or service in the legislative body to debate current important issues. In other states, the program came under attack recently for failure to permit handicapped to enroll. Intensive training crammed into the full week’s schedule, makes it difficult to absorb. However, Indiana has accepted participants from both the Blind and Deaf Schools, with few problems. Non-partisan in approach, this year’s group heard Republican Congressman John T. Myers and DerTMxrrat Lee Hanúlton, as well as the Mayor of Terre Haute, the Governor of the State, and other officials. TTie program has been financially self-sustaining through the $50 registration fee. Many civic, fraternal and social groups join in sponsorship with local American Legion and Auxiliary groups. In another little known program, American Legion Baseball is in its 50th year. salesmen almost begging prospects to invest in new cars or trucks, don’t you think this first salesman was stupid?” ORDER TAKERS While teaching courses on “Sales Psychology’’ at Northwestern and George’ Washington Universities, I always stressed the marked difference between a real salesman vs. a mere ordertaker! Surveys have repeatedly shown that only about 25 per cent of supposed salesmen actually deserve that title. TTiose 25 per cent are star salesmen who dispose of 75 per cent of the merchandise or services. The lower 75 per cent of the sales force accoimt for only about 25 per cent of the total sales, whether of insurance or automobiles, stocks and bonds or magazine and newspaper subscriptions! And that 25 per cait figure for topnotchers in the sales field is likewise fairly typical of people who are teachers or clergymen. For those educator^ and ministers have the job of “selling” their courses or their religion. Yet 75 per cent t)f them are so woefully deficient, the students shun their classes or sleep in the church pews! And when you do find a superb teacher or preacher, his less successful colleagues usually damn him by faint praise. Why? Because, as Jesus diagnosed this situation, “A prophet is not without honor save in his own country and his own house. ” Here’s the psychology underlying such a situation: Suppose a classmate of Bishop Sheen, Dr. Peale, Billy Graham or other foremost clergymen hears laymen lauding those great pulpiteers. “They don’t rave about my preaching,” thinks this ignored colleague. “So they probably won^r why I’m not as famous as those TV pastors who are my age. ‘‘They’ll probably consider me stupid or lazy for not attaining the same eminence. “If I work hard and bum the midnight niazda for 20 years, maybe I can attain their lofty pinnacle of fame, but that will involve a lot of hard work. “However, if I can knock these topnotchers off their pedestal and reduce them to a lower position, then I’ll not appear to be such a secondrater. “Therefore, I’ll damn them by faint praise and verbally knife them behind their back albeit in a patronizingly subtle manner. ” Send for my booklet “The New Psychology of Advertising and Selling,’’ enclosing a long stamped, return envelope, plus 25 cents. (Always write to Dr. Crane in care of this' newspaper, enclos-ii^ a long stamped’ addressed typing and printing costs when you send for one of his booklets.) How Can Couple Tell Mom They're Childless by Choice? By Abigail Van Buren e 197S by Chicago Trlbun»-N.Y.N*wsSynd.. Inc. . DEAR ABBY: Your dictionary definition of “bachelor” is not sufficient. There are terms that legally define the marital status of a man or woman, and they are the following: A single man or single woman is one who has NEVER been married. An unmarried man or woman is one who has been legally divorced. (The status does not change to “unmarried” until the final decree is issued.) A married man or woman is one who is legally married. A widower or widow is one who has lost his or her spouse through death and has not remarried. And in conclusion, let me say that a divorced man who goes around calling himself a “bachelor” should be hauled into court and sued for misrepresenting himself. BROOKS NO NONSENSE DEAR BROOKS: You can haul a man into court, but it won’t do you any good unless you can prove damages. # DEAR ABBY: My husband and I have been married five years, and we’ve decided that we do not want any children. ; My husband had a vasectomy last year. We are happy i about it, but the problem is his mother. She is always bugging us about having a baby. 1 She has grandchildren from another son, so it’s not as though we’re depriving her of having any.) We just can’t tell my mother-in-law about the vasectomy. She’d never understand. She keeps asking us what’s wrong, whose fauli is it¡ or lots of similar questions. We keep putting her off. My parents know about the vasectomy. They understand and agree that we shouldn’t tell his mother. Help us, Abby. How can we tell her (in a nice way) that it’s none of her lousiness? CHILDLESS BY CHOICE DEAR CHILDLESS: There’s no “nice” way to someone it's none of his business. It is your right to remain childless, and your choice of contraception is strictly your own business. Tell your mother-in-law that you do not plan on having children because you don't want any. Don't apologize or explain. And if she doesn't understand, that's HER problem. ‘ DEAR ABBY: Last year I found a hat in a snowy field. It is a very good hat and, according to^the label, had been made in Inverness, Scotland. It is exactly my size, so I took it home, had it cleaned and blocked, and have become very fond of it. Today I wore it to a neighbor’s home. He remarked that he had had a hat just like mine for years and had lost it in a snowy field last year. I am convinced that it is his hat. My question: Who should have the hat? My wife says. “Finders, keepers.” I know the original owner would like it back, so I am asking for your advice. J.C. DEAR J.C. Had you not found the original owner. I'd have agreed, “Finders, keepers.” But since you also found the man ..who lost it, return it. Everyone has a problem. What’s yours? For a personal reply, write to ABBY: Box No. 89700, L.A., Calif. 90069. Enclose stamped, self-addressed envelope, please. Tipton TriEune mmam^KislL —iiiet m m pwt omm m    9m    mwrnmmmkm    % Kw 1» ifct# c—wB. mrnm t. im. PmSrtwS ÜWV mttm twitw sws HUSiw. • M t» fw «W» vssrs IM tM«m ISM Mr SM VMTS Mi mSM) ;MS

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