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Courier (Newspaper) - June 13, 1806, London, Middlesex 1; ^ JM-PEACtiMENT^' LOiib MELn � FIRST DAY, TVBStfAV, APRit 2^. ; 'v . After the^Cpmmon8> wilb.t^^itiJJpsai^t;.!;^ taken tbeii" seats, the Xo^4*;�9ft*oJ from t(>eir ovvn House � of 3Pafl�anwnt>riii^th^^ wittilhe forinalities, ijrhieh'hav6 already been; descri in this Paper, iilence having been proclaimed, and the usual Ptb-' clatnation. read by the Serjaant at Arms for all persons concefiiefd to comeforth, in order 10 make good j the' Charges against Lord Melville, who now stood ' Bpoi�his>trial, the Charges against the Noble Lord,-antt his, Lordship's Answer tp them, were read by th^Glerk of the Court. The following is the substance of the charges and answer's,;*- .-m -l : Aftef stitiag the,importance of the oRico of Treasurer of -the Na�y,'tet"las''n8*lW fes�'��o"* "'"'''''ceit'tiito that office, by Which ail monies issued from the Exchequer are, tequiffiUtaJje t>!|ld iftto^^ Btilk,' aaU not lifiiwn from thrnce bur �^t|5pBt�ficr�ifviJC��?r'tl1e ^apl)oinllnerlt of the Ri^ht Hon. HeftryOmitfas'ta -the atHoe of Treasurer of the Navy, ami the apitaiutment Off'AliiX&Iider Ti'otter to bshls Pay* i^Xtw Fkiu A'lMs Anties Lord^Melville with receivinR, vreviousto tkB leth January, 1786, ib.oeol. of the.public weiwyy aiMi-�'iHt^x�t^ iUei!al>)' crinvertiHg tlie' �tn�^ ovft i�iS,:�r tosomsotliit-crtrotifc'i' illegal pur-pose} with declariijg that lie never would reveal theappli-eatioB Of the said s\jm of xo.ooot. Reeling himself b.onnd by moiivrs of public .duty as well as ot private lionouf and The SeeeHdArtitltt'twfifii him with conniving at, and, per-juittitiK and luttisring Alexander Trotter to draw mqney out oftUe Uahlc for Other purposejtlun tor immediate services, and to,|�1iice :such Mioney in the Jiands of Menrs. Courts and Co. his pi^ivaie Bankers^ ivj h^sown intnei and�ut>J�Achiri?eS, that after passing the Aft for ' JleRulitiDifthc Office of rreasurer of theNavy, hrj^csums ofhjontywerc fironitims to time paid nnto the IJank, and plac the privity and perrni*siQn of i,ord Viscount Melville, did �pply the said sums of m 'ney ��.his ovw Rdvantage andcmbluincnf; tiiat the said Alcxan-ierTrotter did n^ix tite publiS inunies s > placed in lifs private bankers ihods vyxtll'his own |ir.>per money, V.'hereby ' 4he4>ublit)honey was nai only used for private eriwlumciit, ; but was exposed to Ktcat risk, and was withdrawn Jrom the  iowroill and disposition'ofthe Trcasuierof the Navv. , The\PiMrt/* cfiarKe*,-that after the xoth January, 9786; Alex; Troiterdid, with the pnvitv, or by the connivance and-psfni'ssionot Lord MeW.lIe, pli^tiO sums of money jiesued fmnV-tfte E*tlistjuer to ths Hiuik, and drawn trom the Bank I^Al^^x.. Trotter, in the hands of Mark ^|>ruti and, Bthert, anaaiMi^pply and use the same lor purposes of private protit/iMJf'tr'purposes othgrtlun naval purposes. The FtJ}^'A*Hch charges, that after tha icth, January, �7Jg6i Loru MeWiUedidfraUfluJentlyandilleKally, for the purpose ot advantage fto hfmtseltVorfOrsomt: other corrupt and illegal purpose.takein'd receivefrointhe Public jMoney,,placed at ihe Bank, lojoool; or some other large sum.or suni.s, and did convert th? samcto Iris own use, or to som: other corrupt and illegjl purpose. Ths Sixib .4r//fiSr cliarg?s� thit after the toth .January, 4786, L-Md Melvrtlie fraudulently cDncealin* the illegal u>e and application of the sam;, didprocu'c and obtain Tr�m Alexander' Trottks of account, contJinin^entriss of all the SuttiS iiiid and rcciivtfd by the said A. Irotier, on accnunt � '-  ' -� ., the saidl-otd liith and ajdof . actt'ed to cancel aui dastrrjy ait'v^HJcKers.aiul iaemoi;a:idu.Tis that had existed 01- passed bitwsen tJicin.;. which vouchers and menturandums were dostroycd-with.a view "to conceal and prevent the dis-fjvQry'ot'tjie *l^anas made to Loid.Melville, and ofthtf conr jMiriti^ns" f.)r," and upon which the monies were so-advanced.. ri�o Snj/piif >i-//V/V charges, that Lord Melviilu: received from A. Trotter 22,pool, or some other Ifirge sum without interesit, part whejeof was advanced tVoni Public Money, and' 'jMrt from the said nfixed Junil.. '\'h>: Eigsult An'clr c\wf:,ei, that Lord f�'l,elville.did re-eeive from'A. Trottsrai.oool. or some 01 liar large sum, tor. which it has been alleged by l.oid Melvill.-, lie was to pay interest, aiVd thaY for the purposi; of mare cUatluiilly con-CuMlins the slid advance,s, the b:ioks cf accounts and- vouchers were destroyed ^ , 'Vlk Ninth Article c\uTg,es that .M-iSandor Trotter did gra-tuitonslv and without salary transact the private business of Lord Mtlvrlle, and was from tin�a to tune in advance for Lord Melville in that respedl to thcamount of from lol. to j.baol. which advances weretaksn from the money placed in Messrs. Coutts'i hands ; whereby Lord Milville did derive binefit from the'sVid illegal a4U of .'Alexander Trotter. And thit Akxander Trotter didactj^ratuitously as agent to Lord Melville, and diif jdvance money, in consideration of the sai^l Xorvl Melvillscoip>�ivln-nivanee; tlj-. sdid Alexaiicler Trotter would not have been able to hiveihade suth" advances. All which ads were contrary to the duty oTthe office hel.l by Lord Melville, and a violation of the'laws. And by all and evsry one of the aforesaid atts, he, the Said |.ord M%lvillei was and is guilty of high crimes iind misdemeanours. To all these charges Lord Melville, saving fo himselfall advantage of exception to the inelHciancy ot the said articles in poirtt of Vw. and of not being prtjuilicfd bv any want of form in hisanswer, and SIso all lighu itnd priviieRCi as a Peer, faith, he isin no ^fcisegtiil'y of iill or any of the sup-WQSjBd crimes or iijisde.iqiaiws chafgcd u-.ion him ; and this ne is ready to prove, ana be humbly submits hiinsslf and the justice of his cduse to the Mouse, A.tter^.the, above^nsW^r hid bean given in, the C^mmriBs ^MlMSWille**^"'the tenth, against ^.TU\i Temh4rtieJf charges;thit after his appointment to r*^^'5?.^f r�easur�rot the Mavy, in August 19, 1782, lipfa.Me|ville diU, between th^tdt)! a�d tha fth of lanildry! �."t''^f**ei>*he.5*h'.l�">j�'y. '784. ai'l �st J-iniliry T7?6, dijl take anil ree�ive,�kver.s large sunisbf public money. ^TnmMmgtoaUfKes\im,ita wit^ay.oool. of thereabouts a|i*,drt.tra\tdulen,tly ani 'as^aooiifls the-Charts znA Answer had been resid*' rose, and Qpencd the Chargea ^J ' ^('W^ch the ioUowing is the iub- cl'*.'"Jr  :rte'^t�old1iave to dctaln.the at. the lo.?^ �^^�rXorf�hipi tot�long time, in tn,cing ti ink hcw^^^oU to tK;!^.'^':Loifd who w.. theoWee^of ��� wiufj^i viTM a n^jin ofijr�^ssessed any;' means of controverting.those proofs, so as to shew tlie Noble, Lord to be innocent, he should be one of the foremost in rejoicing at his acquittal. The Noble Lord had, at a v.ery early period of life, turned' his attention topoliticalohjeiasi He attached^himself to Lord North during the American war, and was one of the ablest and most zealous defenders of that 'Noble Lord*stn�asures. In 1785, wheoithat'brilliant luminary, whose extinilion every one lamented, wa? placed at the head of his Majesty's Councils, Mr." Dundas had a high offif^e assigned to him ; and from that time to rtie periodwhen, in consequence of the resolutions of the House of Commons laid arthe foot of the Throne, bis Majesty had thought fit to. re. move hiT from bis presence and eouncils, with the exception of a very short interval, he did not cease to possess a high sh-jre in the confidence of his Sove reign united with some of the most elevated offices in the state. In adverting to Mr. Pitt, and the close andintimate cohneition of Lord Melville with him, he wished to fix the recolleiftion of their Lordships not so much on that transcendant eloquence with which every one who heard it were f.iscinated, nor on that firmness amidit all the dangers and alarms of recent times, nor those o'ther eminent qualities which rendered his loss so particularly deplorable in thepre-sent eventful crisis ; there was in Mr, Pitt's character a trait superior to all these, and more apposite to the present occasion : it v^^as that unsullied purity in the management of the public moneyi which malice could never presunie to asperse. In being associated with sbcha man, Lord Melville had an example, if any example were wanting to enforce a pointso clear, peculiarly fitted to impress upoti him the }>roprietyqf abstaining from the conversion of the contents of the )Ublic purse to his own private purposes; and not to lave availed himselfof that example, but, on the contrary, to have violated the high public trust re-pdsed in him in the very face and presence of it, mu-st in every one's mind be a high aggravation of jhe crimes which he should prove the Njblc Lord to have condmitted. [Mr* Wiiitbread here .trac'ed the history of the office of Treasurer of the Navy from its origin in the beginningof the century before .tlie last, in the reign of James I. down  to the preseh t^ time. He also described the nature of the trujt reposed in the Treasurer^-a trust which he �?ds particularly calletl upon toexe/:ute with fidelity, as the; salary annexed to tic oflice \ras very liberal^ and, from the various-provisions of the Legislature with respeft to the subdrdinzlte departmsnts of th.e civil Administration of the NaVjv the duties were very light.] He then adverted to the incasures adopted on. the recomtsetidation of that sublime Oritdt and distinguished Patriot; Mi^. Burke, for the correaion of the monstrous abuses that prevailed in the public offices. On the suggestion of the Coirimissionefs of Pahlic ActciuntSi the'salary of .the Treasurer of the ifavyha^ Well raised a yearj oii theex. piVss-condition that he should not. e^iploy. the ptijblic money cdmirtltted' to jtis, charge to any purfwap^ of -privateemolunietJti, The j^ifttce of sp emph^Jfing -it could not at aiiy time haye bepn right or, legal j but-having .been used annf�blished, the Legiilaj-ttire, in insisting upon the 'discpntiniiance of it, gi-ahted, with its iMualUBeraltiy, an increastl of sa.; laryirt ipampensation. Mri Whitbread then adf�irti ed toLordM the so C9i][vcwc4i4MWnjJl the fiwt TieaaureiTihip t i*^ amount remaining diie Co the pti)>]|ic 00 his 1^)^ hip'i goiilg;.tt 'I'heir Lordships would think 'this part to be so material to .their own dignity .as 'to merit their particular attention; and when it should bo made appear; in' the manner he stated, they would .look upon it as no small aggravation of the offences laid in �be Articles of Charge, which he^had no doubt he, should be able to. make good, v/islied to peint the attentionof their Lordships par(ic.vilaTly to the 3utn'of io,oool. advanced by Lord Melville, as his Lordship said, 'for particular purposfs,.thenatui'e'of which \\q never would reveM. If'the pubjic motiey, were ijms diverted from tile services for which it was granted to purjjoses important perbapg only to the caprice of the persoii who'so diverted it, surely the kaysatrsl'aflion ' the public was entitled 'to, was an express staren^.ent of the purpose' to which the moneywas applied. To refuse -that expfanation, and to profess a positive and, contunjacious for ever persisted in, was itsclfan-offence of the greatest magnitude in a public accountant, whose first obligation was to make �to the public the application of every farthing of the committed, to his charge, lie had )een informed that within these few days the defen; dant's Cpthisel had in their hands the receipt given; frtr that 10,000!. � Let that receipt be produced- let Lord Melville have the full benefit of it, if the occasioo was of such a .nature as to justify,or excuse the ad-let the piibl'G now, at least, have the satis^ fadion, insulted as it Vlfas by the refusal of it hitherto, of a disclosure by means of whic'.i it ^vould-k^ow something of the use that had been made of its property.  If the receipt; had been so lately in "exist-ence,, but was now in existence no long'^r 5 if it was in existence, *and would not be produced, the world "would know what judgment to form of the nd-luxe of the tran'saftion to which it referred. But there was another discovery which his attention to thp duty entrusted 10 hifti by the. Reprpsentatiyes of the whole Commons of the United Kingdom had enabled him to make, and of the benefit ot wliich no art of defence the accused or his Counsel could devise, could deprive him. It was t.he discovery of some of the identical banknotes that had been used in thesa transaftions, which he would trace to the hands of Lord Melville's private Banker, where they iiad been paid in for his private account* When all this should be proved, he allowed that their Lordships must still pause with hesitation and astonishment* and ak themselves how it was possi'ole that a man of such high understanding, rank and station-a man unirifedled "with the love of money for its own  sake, could be guilty of such culpable dereliftion of His public/iuty> such gross violation of his public irustjfdr.ills private advantage I He aihnittcd the jncjnsistency of the aft with the character and sta. iion according to every principle of hum?n rcasori. But,unhappily, there wetc, in the historj.^^mankind, instances still more extraordinary anddgplPra.. fcie, oi the total oblivion of everything that was honourable and distinguished, for the fjake of sordid interest and base corruption. There wns in our own hislofy an inMinCe of a aianwhpse intelligent a,nd, "highly cultivated miiid might rank him with any of. the sages ot ancient or midern timss; wh'we writings 'abounded with every thing that was profound in sci-ericei with every thing that was pureand sublime in mpralitjr; yet this mah, eojoying the highest consideration, and filling the highest station in ths king-dB|{ii,h�d sunk into this base crime 2 otte of .the most ektraoidipary^ the most afflicting, and most hutntUw ating convictions in historj^, was that ot Sir'Francis fiacon, tound guilty at their Lc>rdsht|)s Bar of bribery and corruption intheadministratiooof his office brChanpello'r of England! There were- a number of mihiftr instances, more rebehia^ thoviglh the grcfatest anid bist interests iof mitiicind, a? lff�U,>a9 pyery principle of ptidcj honour, dijt-liitjr, and ccctitade,,wpald l^ajt coiuiseUed a'^ con; triry condMct. yet the suggeftloni of* these better 'ittcec^itsj ^hese exalted principles, had failed i^irid ipthedefence of iti^wn rights and thpse ef iht world .weresodiifiisedt were but tppgcneral and too pow-o to ifie iiitr'xiurtory matter; Thfey ftecoti'-ini.;ly djvired tne At1 of tii: iV.h Cca. 111. c. i^, to^bc read. TliB \ci \vm " fir appjiniii",; and embling t-ommissionets t.i exam ,c, fii^e, and .stat; the fnblic .Accounts of the kinniiom;' Tlisy then produced the Third and Tent.h Re- � vorrs ot ths Commissi nerj appointeJ U^dsr that Att: The;ers nas: pro.l;:cca evidence to prove the increase of t.Se salaryx)f Mt. barij, when '1 re.ifnrer of the Navy, from 2;oof. to 4033!, pjrnnnti.'n, in full sitisfailion of all wag-s and f,'e-nt cf; M/. Dj&glns as his Paymaster, and the provisiohs oftlie Ail by which all public iftoncy In the hands of thi Tiea^urer of tlie Navy, was required, to be kept at th: Uank. The Iknk books were also prodttcid to vuove thesignatuiesof Mr. DundasanJMr. U.>uglas. TriURSD.'iy, M.ay i.-TniRO. Day. ' Mr. Haworth, Mr. Sta::dert, and others, were call.rf, who proved that the Tre.mureroj the N ivy always received' public money at th* Exchequer tlirjugh the mevlinm ot hts t'aymaster. ^ �* The following certificate.'! of receipts of money from the Exchequer, si sued by Mr. IJougla^, were then read: 6th Nov. 1782, 4i,oool. Specityiag oat o; What funds and for whatservicrs. - aid Nov. 1781, jiino'il. Specifying same. 19'h Dec i-Si3, i;3.Sj9l. Siiccifyinjjsame. Mr. |ohn.f;iniinni);h.nn s-ated, that he was one of thij three cU-rks of the Hank Who attended at thcKxchequer. He was shewiia book fjundiin Mr Dooi^las's chest, which he knew asthc Knnk book, inaccount between the Uaukand Lonl Melville, as Trjasufet of tlic Navy. In referring to the above dales, he stated t|iat part of the payments were made in Bank notes, viz; on the 6:h of Nov. 5,000!. was pjid in Ilaak, No; 9, i,oool. No. to, i.oool. No.ii, tjoool. No. JI7, i,oool. No. 13, r,oool. audited the 14th of.t)dober, 1781-The note. No. 12, was shewn him, which h: said he had no doubt was one paid on that date. : l)n the 22d of November 3,000!. ^vas paid in Bank Notes, vii. Nos. 1j2, sij, 214 tor i,0!Hil. each. No. 213 was shewn to the witiies-:, which he s�id he had no doubt was the one paid on tlwt day. � ivlr. W'. Ileald, Glerkin the House of Messrs. Drummond, and was in tlie sain: situation in i782.--Ueferrins; to an entry m the Waste Hook, dated s^ih November, i7�Fi, he found an entry in his own hand-writin>;> of O.oool, ciedit (otite Hon. H.l)undas. The money pud tvy a Barik Nstcfot i.oool. No. 21a, L'ttrr K, Nl-rrhedilferencc"was paid In Bank N'otes and Cash, The witnesscoull not say 1'nm wh(�m lie received tills Rank note-but he sitppos.xl iri.ui some one Who imW it on acco"Unt of Mr. Difndas". He could not say front what l).ti\d-it might or mi^ht pot be Mr^ Dun.Lis: he had no rcculleoliou uf the transaction, iiidepen-> dent of the Books,: The note'vyas shevtn lum; heVsaid the number and the snm corrcspbnjIiPU wuh the entiy, atid th^ �m:n!ieraisd:stiin was the whole'ot* the entry. He said,' by. leSftrinR to other books it would -mt appear hy wlionr tho money wa� paid, all that nItouUI appear was, that it was pai(| tcrMr.Dundas's account; � j ' Mr. 'rhotnas Itucklef, anotherClerk, proved the entry in the tl'auk book. Theentry. wasa Bankttote i,oool.*, A. C. yth Nnvsmber. Keing sh^wn thenote^h�-sald ity^'Ciuh received of A. Douglas, E^q. jV^4>ftober4, t78vdit�,,aool.$s. Id. ... M-l)�em^�er.w,^^^^�loi A. Uou){las� Esq. t.oooJ." � Othepenrrl�|rMftU>�-<*d5pjr#�h� susequent year^weie reads - ;