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View Sample Pages : Courier, December 20, 1806

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Courier (Newspaper) - December 20, 1806, London, Middlesex s^uMDAY^ mcjmsm 1^06. j*rice S** T^(yntoia�liiJj�, _______ ercr^p)^(c iiovds.toak tho datiis aod thoir sca^s. Thijirptoyai Ili�Voesscs of Wams, ilukcs of f mut, Clakenc�^ X^hbcbIanp, a�d C.4,M8pioe5, were present TKo aslcniblage of La. rJSit' fmt' c?c\oe% Commissioners pilANCEi'LOfi^^^ Archbishop of Can-tekbuAy, 4He Bftrt 5pkN�^ the' Earl of Win. �n e^fcspj^), ailtltorisi^il to ^open the New Parliament, 4�rM!?l^*%,.y^P' oft^JcW-lcJiRott td require the ' $t^�P(iai^ of:the Hd'nsoof Coo^iilpi)s,ltlcSpeaker atii^dmjpailJIcd^^^^ whdfe Honse ^ppcirbd at the ,vai[?�ll|�e toBS^ CiiAMCELtoR rcd�t ilie'pom-jlMteionei-iSpcech. .  . " .'lr^=general3i!raftqttillity,4�n terms consistent with the intprrafs itiiifborioutor biS peaple,-and with thnt iitviolabtc grAJdfctitfitiwaru's'hbAiUes by which the conduct of this OoufAcy has SJn'oJ* hecn dlstiuguis lied. 'fhi flinliition aril: injdalice of; the eiicra^ disappointed these endca.v(Tur!i,'ditd in the ^me. moment kindled a fresh War In Europe J the progress of which lias been attended NKith the nios; caUmitonuevents; After ,wi;tnessiiij t'.ie subversion of the ancient Gonsti-tuiioii of Cicrmanyi aiidtlte subjugation of a large propor-lio'no/li�n\ost cousidcrabie States, Prussia found herself still wore nf�fly threatened by tliat danger which she liad vaiidy Tioj�,e4l6avc'rt by se resolution of openly -.rc-kictingtbls auHmili'cd system of aggrindizemciit and conquesti l^neitlttir^is determination nor the succeeding measures 'Wr^.gte^loUfijf crtncerled \vitH his Majesty. Nor had any i^ijmritloirbenifbcwn to oflTer ^ny adtc|uate satisf.ictlon for ^tijMl^ikgrcsiii^ which tiad placed tlie two Guuntrios i n a �^^^f^jpUtUH* llrtStiUty;. ,.fSj:^^tiu')rhi9 situation Ills Majesty did not hesitate to iidopfj without dejayj such nieasuresiis were West calculated tA unite,fUeirpauuciU sl^J interests agaiust tlic Common JincMy^.j.^-^ .-, ' �. - ,^ T^'fttpid.coMrse of, the calamities lyHich ensued of-p(^d,f^)jrm*�unta!)lc dlfficuUus to -the execution of this purpose' * Jii tl^e riiidst oftlicse disastrods evects, and Under the iiiost trying circumstanfcs, the good faith rif his MaJv'Etys Al\i(SiH.�Ven(iaintd Unshaken, Tlic conduct rff the King of Sweden l\i�S beet) distinguisbijn) by Ihe irfost honourable' iirin-n�3. Iktw^on liis Majesty olid the Eniperor^f Russia the K.ippiett ituion subsists';^tt lias Heen cemented by Reciprocal ptikf(sof-ptairfiH%^l�^^ Majpsty doubts nut that you wilif articipatc in hi* anxittj to cultivate and roiittrnt dn Alliance which affords the ouly remaining hope of Sifcty for the Go^itiuQnt of. Europe, GKNTtEMEJt OP THE liotJSE OF CdsiM*:�S, His Majesty lotiJts with cdnfidence to your assistafice ill th-of^.exerti^iis..which the holiour and,indL*pendencc of your uouatry. demand. The netesrsity of adding .to tlie public Karthenswiirbe painfull to'your feelitigSi and isdeepfy distressing to_l I is Majesty.^. In colisideripg the est mates for the various braocties oftftc public service, yrtu will best consult liisMaJesty's wishcs'l>y conibiiJiiig all pr.icticabte Economy M Uh th�4e.^^'orts which'it is necessary to make against the iomiirt^>reaml'incicasing power of the enemy; './jt^heloiygsuriea of misfortune which lists afflicted the 'Cahtfticiif �f Europe could not fad to allVct, in soine degree, rtftijjy'jMu^J'taht lirtert"sts of tills Conmry. ~ �* '*V jfiV'MiiJer l3tin him. His tnafulin'ess of cbaractetyes 6^ tIto'wWflti,'-am}^bjr humility to armtu to any cictravagant propositidilis,' would 'not only be a dcsei-tfon of gi>od faitit to our Allies, hilt a departure from the justice- of our cause. Her resources to mcetthe exigency of Ihcf case were greaf^ and when it was know^H (hat an honourable Peace could not be objainqd, a "cordial co^ioiperatioh to pursue the war with vigour must be the result. Whctl he regacded the situation pf aflairs on the Continent, and recollected that Prussia but a very short time ."lincc possessed an army great in numbers, and titen ulib'rakcn ; that she rifshed headlong to the contest, and in a few daystiie whole of th^t immense army was aiirtihi-fated : ho could not but rcUect, with the uttnost regret, that she should have sought her own ruin. There docs not exist, in the history of 'the world, a circumstance so unfortunate, nor coiiduct so blaincable, as that which acluafed the Councils of .Prussia, to contend with such an enemy as she had' to contend with. To reproacli them with thefo'Iy of| their conduct, and the dreadful calamities which were the consequences of it, was a task of. regret; but when it hatl been evidently on a former occa�' sion,thc(>bject of Prussia to temporise with fear, Great Britain had nothing loft but to lament the short fiiglilt'd policy which Prussia,' too lite, had found completely failed her. We had t!ie cons'o-lation to know^ lliat every thing had been done.on mir part to avert the calamities, but without effect. Prussta, as if cmitloiis of disgrace, had run into danger, and refused our assistance.-: ..Very different was the conduct of the King of Sweden; that Monarch remained lirm in his friendship-the noble example he had set was worthy of imitation. Wiili respvcl; to Russia, tlie hasty'comiuct of D'Oubril retarded tlie a.ssis^anGc which might pthcrwisi! have b;;on obtained,' we tlirveforc could not; cipcct that Ru.'j.sia would ,hare boon in a sittiatibn to the .YggrCtfsrort'Pf the crtAnyi No niua,"in looking at cveiits of such magnitude, coiilfci avoid fwliiig that: the interests of [lis Couiitry were nia!cri-dHy iiivolved ; but great as the'enciny we had to cico'intcr was, yet our resources, were powerful too.; We had ati army which we uiiglit be proud to boast of; that little part of it which liinded in Calabiia, had given the most unequivocal jiioofs of the bravery and skill of our soldiers. Our Navy would still guard ns from the secret macliinations of the foe ; and if v.!e were to make great sacrifices, it would be in sup^ port of liberties, the enjoyment Of which was the peculiar boast of Britain, defence of (iiose laws which were equally tht; right of tha peasant and the prince. That this was the feeling of the country was evident--a cry oj'heart hexirl) r^an unanimity prevailed, which alibi'dcd to his Majesty's Government the most unbounded satis-factiop. Though we'had within one year lost the talents and a.�istance of able men, whoseloss could not be easily replaci?d, we were still ill possession of men whose abiUties would conduce to the prosperity of the Country; , The salvation of it must depend on our united exertions ; anc-l he trusted those energies and spirit would be exerted in continuing the war, fully convinced, that we we're struggling for every tiling dear to us as a Nation. TherNoble Earl concluded with moving the Address, which was, as usual, a recapitulation of the leading points in the S|K;ech, and an assurance of supporting his Majesty in all that he required. The Address Being read by the Lono CiIAncel- LOR, ^ . Lord SGMERS iosc to second it. The Noble Lord most cordially agreed with the sentiments expressed by the Noble Mover. He was  pay a tribute of-applause to the Administration, whom, he was convinced, had but one object in view," namolyj the preservation of the public interests.; There wcra soirie topics' in Ids Majesty's Speech/which he would j,ust advert to, and first as to the negociation wUh France. He ho'pc,d that the c'ttnduct of that negociation was such as .iio-l^oble - Lord could object to. The intcrests'of Great. Bri-"tain had not bepn cotnpromisedj and the;papers  TVouldprove that his Majesty's Government enteral edirfto it with a' full determination:to proiinre  Peace ilpon just and hbiiourablo grounds.-^Thc. coiiduct of Prussia^ which had^been. afluded to-by his Noble-Friend j bore a similar ft'ature with'that" ef Austria, with this > diflereuce, that t|ie fall of -Prussia was absolute,'whereas that of Ailsttia was � recovered;--Prussia hatl jutlged it C3(pQ[li6nt to -avoid hostilities-wiih Fr^uuc,' When she ^ight have-had a chante- df cbnilvig put of the contest with honour, and when that ph^ncowaislos't, she rushati headlong into it> The ^I^jiiblc Jaord thoij, fl.dVei'ttJl to the topics noUcod by th� NobloMover, andojt. pressed the. utmuiit eati^iftctidn'^at- the' gopd faith |>tre�crved by the King of S^vcdcirt the skill, Ta.^ lOjii'r, atid^ discipline of Onr flctits aiiff armies ; the victory in Calibrhi;. ail df vthich united to inspire hini with.confidetice.tis to the result of tjie present cbntcst. Thc'^rcBonrces of the country, and^hc in. crease of her commerce, would tend to secure her safety. The principal aitcntion of Govcrriinent, ^ftcr having .provided for the safety-of the Coloi niesj shouUl be internal defence.-No doubt grelt exertions had becu made, and were making. . The Volunteers had not left their standards j and though the Act of the last session o^ tlie late Parliament had induced inany to quit their station; yet he trust, cdthfty would be made useful in the general mass; The whole of the Speech had' his unanimoiis approbation, . ~ LordllAWKESBUIiy could not avoid making- rtiight,, perhaps, have been omitted on- just and fefeiblcfTwrnls.' TbAtt^Mie wJioi�..�f the Speech wyuhT receive Jiis, support, he was coinj^lled to make'-the o'b^ci'vatiou^, from^ome remarks which f*ll from" the Noble Mover. The observations would relate to somi; points which were not. in the Address, and but remotely alluded tt� in theSpeeCli. He felt, however, he shouldnot do his duty, were be not to notice them V lod first,, as to the late (JisSolution of Parliatncnt. Though he could not be supposed io question theKiug's right and prero;i gativo to dissolve the Parliament, a right which he would admit in the strongest, he could not see the "necessity of having recourse to the measure on the late occasion. If l^ariium.nt h'ld any other than lawful permanency, it was true there could bono security for the existence of Monarchy, and therefore he must admit the right, ut all times, in his Majesty, to dissolve his Parliament. Ilaving staled thus much, he nrjst contend thatsucli riglit slioitld be exercised with sound ^liscretion, not uselessly or with levity; If such means were rosortctltOjMitiistorsof tijc Grown wereanswerable/or the^ conswiiiences. The late.Dissolution took place when Parliam'ent had not sat more than four years; consequfully nearly three years of "-the legal time were nut expired. It.would be see;i, by referring to. the Journals of the House, that from tlip lime of the first estal^lishment of Septennial Farliamants,' namely, in 1715, down to the present,a period of nuiii; than. DO yiMi-s (with the exception of a Sringlii instance in 17.Si), ii Parn.inient IiaJ btitMi di^^solv.-d without having gone through tlic sixth scsiiou. or in case of the" demise of the Crown. It tliaiofore became Ministers tu shoAv to the Country that they had stronji; and justifiable grounds, so as to render a dissolution indispensibly necessary. As for in. stance, a misunderstanding between Ihe King and the Hoiide of Common.s, when consequently a stop **ii>-pitt, to pnWlc-busiiwjia, au�;L, .in , pnc pf these casuM, either the Crown must yield, or the Parliament be dissolved ; Ministers ought to be prepared fo shew the necessity ; without such necessity, merely for thii sake of a littlt) conreiiicnce or adr vantage, for them to dissolve the Parliameuit, was a step wiiich, to say the best for it, was jicjv, and had not in any one instance beeii resorted to for near a century. The^ only reason which ta his miiul would be assigned by Ministers, as a grouna of necessity for the measure, was, the rujjture of tiie Negociation ; but how that could be held as a tenable ground, he was at a loss to conjecturCi^ There was ho difftTcnce of opinion as tw the necessity and proi)viety of prosecuting the  war. If any shade of ditference of opinion prevailed, it wa� to be found amongst those who were most strenuous for Peace, but who, on the failure, were anxious to cany on the War. If the declaration which iiad been ptiblishcd in his Majesty's name, proper to be published (and it was for Ministers to determine on the propriety), the country was not in a situation to judge, because that declaratioil was usiaccompanied by the papers necessary to explain the cause which led to the failure. Ho did not mean to impute blame, but It was usual to produce the necessary papers in order that the wliole of the Negociaiiou might be understood.-Supposing it was not advisable to give them to the public, ttsuroly was afai^and just ground for calling the existing Parliament together, and therr to lay the whole case before them... But what was ]Bie conduct of one of his Majcsty"'s Minister^ when' that discussion had ceased, and an 0|iiAipn had been cntcrtainsd that a dissolution woukl take place ? in a  letter to his constituents, but a few days before the Proclamation for dis-solving the Parliament ajjpeared, he declared that no such measure had been decided on. Having made these observations,. he ivould advert to some topics vvhich appeared of considerable importance; he alluded principally to the military measures un-der consideration and adopted the last session; measures which at this moment were not inforce-:-measuros which had for their'object -the ovcrtwrn-in^g of all our ^military cijt'ablishmcnts,. anil to �establish one grand military system^ at once permanent and most beuelicwl--(to^^say noihing: of the �cxpei�ce.)-^The trainui^ measure, a sort of  supplement "to � th6 VoJuutucr system, iius nerver been cstrriedinto- piloct in.any one part of .the fciug- 'dom;- and if his information was-corrcc.t, is quit�i ' iaipractic^bJe^ or at least "wHh th.>t kiiid of, prucii-cabillty, which ensures great ])ross�re and .incon- - tttnittnce. ' 'MiaisteVsj hb itVns^tthc (^ccuracyvf hh infomaUou u]ibja. this subject; btit with- alt these experibcnts atid liiAqnvenieitdcs, tlit: niilitary defence waS'stated, to him to be not so it wa.?'twelve months slttce-^(.>, it was nota little singular that an'Cxpedition tcmatncd in the l.)owns for ncarfy three, mdaths^: Without proccediiig okij in substance to the following effect: I can a^sorc your Lordships, said the Noble Baron, that ho.vo-ver anxious I lUay feel for an unanimous vote on what is this day submitted to your Lordships' consideration, I do not look for it on the gromuls stated by the Noble Lord : nor is it my wisii to pleagc Parliament to the adoption of any mea-uro or set of measures en the first day of their proceeding to business, or to any thing like an Ojol-nion upon any topic, before duo time has been alio wcd'thom for the lUaturo exiiniaatKni of ever/ thing Avhich the public interest miy prcscrtbo ai-.d require, in making tillsdecKifUti:.'!!, I tiiii'.k. mv Lords, I have snllkientiy answorcl vyhiitever tli-.; Noble Baron has advanced, with retV.rence to the. topics contained in the address ; and as to the ob-servations he has inda!gi>d in, widch Iraveik-d o'-t of (headdress, it is so iiilUcult to make them bear upon any subject connected wi(h it,- tha: it may be superhuous, or unseasonaliie, at present to rake any notice of (hem. 'J'ho lirst.p;>int (he Nolde Baron touched upon fs one. -.vlilch. if found ainiost in any mouthi inust have excited'much s:!ri;rjor'iJ or less accountable. But if there bo any with respect to which a greater degree c^f .reserve . and inana.^emeut ought bo obseiV.-dj ,it is. prccistjly that " one' which" mure iramctUately relates'to. Parliament. tnst?^d of assigning any one Vcason why such a measuco ougBt not'to have been resorted t9, the Noble Paron simply asks why it has.been done, and expresses amaze- ; Hiont at auy,thil�g'So unusual hating' been attempted, llio historical impre.Siiii^yi Uiider.Avluchtho . Noble llaroH's mind seeuis to lab.qur,j(:jyb^%e.>vhat diilerent frouithat which ndne ei)ti Vftrliamcnt 'shonld evht fall S63si confined to fouri If it bo thus hl\o, cause-Government interferes, dues ;ivot the history of (he couh| 'iu^ far back, inform us, that it w 'tion, wltcther Parliaments should* thr�e rears, and uivt four ? But up6 ;