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  • Location: Corsicana, Texas
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Corsicana Daily Sun (Newspaper) - January 2, 1959, Corsicana, Texas THE WEATHER LOCAL cloudi ness this afternoon considerably colder and windy with some freezing rain or snow late tonight and Saturday low tonight near Thermometer Readings 8 9 10 11 12 1 3 38 46 I 52 Complete Weather 56 58 Repon 01 60 62 Market t Home of heDaily Sun and SemiWeekly Mornirm I LEASED WIRES OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS UN ITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL MARKETS AT A GLANCE NEW er motors in gov ernments Cotton Higher trade and commission house CHICAGO brond erately higher late Higher with to 25 cents lower top Cattle Slaughter steers steady top AP TELEMATS 179 JANUARY PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS Triumphant Castro Units Enter Havana BOCKEFEIXER SWORN Nelson Rockefeller Is sworn in at the Executive Mansion in by Court of Appeals Judge Albert Rockefeller watches the AP Wirephoto Ike Asks Proof Red Intentions Jan Eisenhower has told Russian leaders their pro fessed desire for peace should be applied to their handling of the Berlin He made a pointed reply in cm exchange of New Years greetings with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and Pres ident Klimenti Their delivered to Elsenhowers farm home near expressed hope that 1959 would see an end to fears of of a new world watching a football game on television when the dangers Eisenhower league Against Pensions For Old Soldiers s 2 UPI national commander of the veterans of World War said Thursday his group has abandoned a bill it backed in the expiring 85th Congress to pension all World War I veterans at age He said that in the 86th Con gress the group will press in stead for passage of a revised version calculated to cost less and ease controversy over the original multibilliondollar mea Under the new version only those in need would be Hollenbeck Chairman Olin Teague D of the House Veterans who has been organ zing a fight against the big pension discounted Hollen becks He said the revised bill showed little improvement over the original that he believed the groups eventual goal was Hollenbeck reported his groups stand after Winston national command er of and organization of veterans of World War II and assailed the gener al pension bill for veterans of World War in a letter to Hoi warned that passage of the which the World War I group in the past has made its main would jeo See Page 8 ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Holiday Death Toll Climb Alarming he message came back a cablegram saying he shared the Russians He agreed that genuine efforts might well be He went on to say As of this moment it seems to us critically important to apply the sentimenls expressed in your message to the Berlin sit In this I cannot fail to recall your gov ernments declaration toward he people of He referred to the Russians announced intention to make Serlin a free would mean Western withdrawal from key city in this coun trys would then inevit ably come under Communist Eisenhower said the Russians moves to tafce over Berlin are not in accord with your express ed aspirations and hopes lor peaceful reiterated the stand taken by the United See Page 8 CHRISTMAS MASSACRE FORGOTTEN California Again Leading States Weather Factor By United Press International Auto deaths mounted at a rate of better than three an hour before the New Years holiday weekend reached the halfway and safety experts feared the toll would exceed 400 by midnight Sun The National Safety Council had estimated only 40 more traf fic fatalities for the fourday holiday than would occur during a nonholiday A com paratively safe New Years Eve driving record led council of ficials to believe their estimate was but New Years Day brought a spurt in highway fatalities and there was no slackening off by midday Well Over 200 A United Press International count at noon EST showed at least 149 persons killed in traf fic accidents since the holiday Jegan at 6 New Years Twentynine persons per ished in 8 in plane and 29 in miscellaneous acci See HOLIDAY Page 2 Texas Violence Continues High Toll Oi Lives Texas Due BoneChilling Weather series of huddles around House Rayburn d today to stamp ding revolt against f the House Rules The revolt is led by roup of selfstj The Rules Commi dominated by a either by a rules or by the eral Democrat to the now composed Democrats and Flag Design Gets Approval UPI President today gave his final approval to the new 49star American flag The design will not be made public until the flag is unfurled Saturday noon EST when Alaska is formally admitted to Designers and technical ex perts of the Army Quartermas ler the flagmaking branch of the flew lo the Eisenhower farm by heli copter this morning and put be fore the chief executive sev eral paintings of different flag One of the designs had been favored by a presidential ad visory The Presi dent gave his final and the Quartermaster Corps delegation flew back to Wash ington to get the new flag ready for its first public The President will leave his farm by helicopter tomorrow at about for a quick flight to the White House at he will sign the See Page 2 The A threat of snow and ice across much of the norther half of Texas posed new prob lems Friday for traffic officials trying to keep down a mount ing toll of violent Ther early Friday had risen to 22 with 6 of the dead counted in traffic acci Firea had killed six persons and nine others died in miscel laneous forms of Among the latest fatalities Miss Hllja Leminen of New York City was killed Thurs day when the car in which she was riding collided with a truck three miles east of Crosby on A car struck and killed Adolph about Thurs day night while he was cross ing Highway 123 near his home at 13 miles north of Se Earl wife of the ownerpublisher of the Alamo died at a McAllen See TEXAS Page 2 1IRST REPORTED BABY First birth of 1959 in Corsi cana reported is that of a son to and Johnny Almon 723 Avenue who arrived Fri day at in Memoria The newest citizen of Corsicana weighed four pounds 1114 URRUTIA PROCLAIMED Rayburn Squelching House Revolt day from his where he has b since Congress clear signs he next Tuesday Leaders of the active direclion State today with a government with well as a His New Years al speech refuel that he might c President Richard tho GOPs I960 Rocl fesses only inten Yorks linked those pr those facing the n He said the nat hope to spur e gress and prospe world unless such New York can America herself Even while the millionaire was ed before more Democratic me cabinet served Rockefeller would Moscow Fears Red China Communes Editors Note The Soviet Ihe aulhorita regime has ordered a slow down of the totalitarian drive toward Red Chinas communiza tion which has brought it into conflict with Soviet UPI chief diplomatic corre spondent Thaler deals with the explosive problem in the following dispatch on the basis of diplomatic reports from behind the iron curtain and an expert analysis of latest official By THALER 2 UPI Diplomatic dispatches from be hind the iron curtain reported today mounting tension between Moscow and Peiping over Red Chinas communes Success or failure could cause Russia serious Red China has just ordered a slowdown in the drive for the antheap communist society which it has been pushing with complete disregard for human But latest reports said the clowdown applied chiefly to whereas the communism now strategy remained in full Bping throughout Chinas coun Much is at stake for Red Chinas regime aa well as for live reports Success of Peipings forced system of communes would make Red China the first world communist society and steal the march on the Soviet Unions claim to Its on the other could seriously shake the Pei ping regime and thus have grave repercussions for the Soviet Un ion and the communist regimes in the satellite states in The Reports ciled slrong evi dence lhat the hastened develop menl towards a communist so ciety in Red China has caused considerable worries in Mos cow and above all to Soviet Nikita Khrushchev the Soviet Union has maintained a studied sil ence and litlle has been said in the But Moscow was understood to have cautioned Peiping in definite terms against its over hasty communes drive which Russia herself tried and quick ly dropped in the early stages of the Moscow was believed to have in effect urged Red China to abandon the explosive policy if this proved at least to go easy in her own in terest and in that of continued Russia under Khrushchevs di rective has in effect taken al most an opposite Her lalest sevenyear economic despite its ambitious has been officially termed merely the beginning of a new stage in the development of the Sov iet on the way to Some reports suggested that Ihe conflict has resulted in a headon collision between Khru shchev and Red Chinese leader Mao Last month Peiping in a sur prise move officially gave no tice of its intention to slow down the communes The decision was taken by the Central Committee of the ChS nese Communist party 10 and experts believed it was the result of a combination of Sov iet pressure and menacing in ternal These slresses apparently be came serious when Peiping de cided to extend the system of communes to the cities after it had been forced upon the coun tryside with appalling speed and Reports reaching the outside world revealed opposition in the cities from workers and Apparently sens ing the the Peiping au thorities swiftly called for a solidarity of world jslowdown and for modificalions in the general In grimness the scheme compares well with the nightmare phan lasy of Brilish writer George Orwells 1984 vision of a tolall larian the main Red Chi nese target has not been aban doned and there was no sugges tion of reversing the policy which has already engulfed 99 per cent of all the peasant households in according to aulhorilative The communes are formed by the merger stock and barrel of neighboring agri cultural Life is or ganized on mililary The last vestige of personal freedom is wiped out and home and fam ily life are totally The eslablishmenl of common mess halls and nurseries free all women for fulllime The crealion of induslry in rural areas as an integral part of the communes reduces the living standards of induslrial workers to the lower levels of agricul tural Official Chinese publications have revealed these develop menls Each commune includes up to households and in some cases even Members serve the state primarily in agrlcul See 5 2 m A es centering Speaker Sam was expectp out a budst the power es 1 by a sizable vied itttee now is coalition of outhern Demi to limit the to bottle up vould do this ge in House lition of a libthe commited of eight tour Republid late ThursTexas n vacationing djourned last nment on the ut there were would oppose tly was quietsituation and s for a showocraiic caucus liberal group that Rayburn 3 away SECVR EJ 2 fft A special advisory council has completed a yearlong study of the nations Social Security program and found it in good financial A new schedule of taxes voted y Congress last year makes adequate provision for meeting both shortrange and longrange the 13member group said in a report made mblic The tax on both employers and employes provides SYSTEM iPERTS S4V jenefits for elderly survivors of workers and disabled Effective noth the tax rate and the amount of salary on which it is paid were Other increases already in the aw provide for further tax increases in 1966 and The council said that under present the scheduled 1969 increase may not be The advisory group was comlosed of business and union eaders and experts in the fields of insurance and Congress directed that t be named to study the BANKS MAY BOAST RECORD CASH By The Associated press Preliminary reports from several cities indicated Friday hat Texas banks may have record amounts of money on The reports came when the federal comptroller of currency and the Texas Banking Department ordered banks to report their condition as of the end of business a West Texas oil reported desposits skyrocketed to a record Wants Bill To Move Negroes North 2 Richard Russell said today he will push for all ts worth his bill to encourage the migration of southern negroes to northern and northern whites to the John Sparkman said I will gladly support John Stennis CDMiss hailed it as a proposal to more pyenly ciUtuibulion anO stabilize tlie Russell said he will Introduce the bill after Congress convenes It would authorize the voluntary migration of nejroes from the South to resettle in Northern and ol white families from the North to Southern None of the however could be issued to assist the relocation of negroes in the South or of whites in northern The bills terms would re quire evidence that the resettlement held promise of improving the social or economic lot ol Russell has not estimated its but said it wouk not be prohibitive and Page Plunges From Plane As Bomb Fizzles from the same date a year also in West reported deposits of an increase of over a year In1 Taylor of which Abilene is the county deposits went over the 100million mark for the first The totals Included the Abilene Page and crew of an airliner narrowly escaped death today when a bridegroom attempted to blow the pjane The and bridegroom leaped into the a A spokesman for the AllJapan Airways said a confectioner Akira 31 tried to blow up himself and the plane with 25 sticks of He said Emoto and opened the planes door anc jumped to his death in the sea The spokesman said the dynamite and a burnedoud fuse were found in the lavatory and two more sticks in Emotos baggage The plane was flying at about feet when Emoto jumped He and his 19 were traveling to visit their Emoto was unable to give any coherent teller Ilk Of illenge 2 P new force assumed of New York a pledge of i a heart as Day inaugured speculation hallenge Vice d Nixon for presidential kefeller proest in New his address with lation and the tion could no1 conomic pro in the h a state as help to lead toward new eing and equa 1 our e 50yearold eing inaugural han per Capitols orn the onl iber of his notice that Id be compared with a year Sherman and the surrounding county of Grayson both Page 2 Traffic Around Leaking Butane Tanks 2 Traffic was routed arounc the small town of Brazos toda after a train derailment createc what officers said was an intense danger of an Thirtyseven cars of a Texas and Pacific freight train were derailed at about 5 and twc overturned cars containing liquid petroleum gas were leak There was no fire but officers said that the heavy gas was a potential source of a hamlet of about IOC is 10 miles south oi Mineral State Palo Pinto Coun ty sheriffs and mem hers of the Mineral Wells po lice and fire departments stooc Motorists and others were warned to slay away from the vicinity of the The heavy gas settled ir ditches and gullies around tin scene of the A and official said 1 would tako at least 36 hours tt clear wreckage from the mair line He said the acciden was caused by a general fall ure but did not Of the 125 cars In the f reign officials said that abou 100 each contained gallon of liquid petroleum Page In Leave Dead In Year 2 IT Fires killed at least persons In the United States In and caused a record property loss of tho National Fire Protection The loss of lives was an estimated 200 greater than in but lower than the 1964 record of The NFJA also estimated that while Canada experienced 620 fire a reduction of 20 from It experienced a greater property low 180 inllon Talks Set In Capital 2 UPI Federal mediators ar ranged a summit conference here today between the presl dents of American airlines and the striking Pilots Union in a new effort to end the 14day old Both company and Clarence Say head of the Air Line Pilots agreed to resume negotiations at National Media tion Board Board Chairman Leverett Ed announcing the meeting said Smith and Sayen wouk join with the threemembei board this afternoon to try and work out an Page By The Associated Tress Snow swirled in the Pan andle Friday as a severe new orther drove into Four ches of snow was expected to over the Panhandle and South lains by Saturday night with cozing rain and snow expect d to knife deep into the The Weather Bureau said the ew blizzard could rival the ne which struck the Southwest arlicr this leaving 14 ersons dead and stranding lousnnds ot Light snow grains peppered marillo and Dalhart shortly etore noon Friday with Dumas eporting occasional snow flur Fog at Anmrillo where the emperature stood at 25 ad reduced visibility to one uarter of a Rain fell at the edge of the which ran from Wichita alls to Winds up to 5 miles an hour whipped Child Forecasts called for freezing ain by if not Friday In East South enlral and North Ccn ral Temperatures as See Page 8 Keeping lose Tab On Developments 2 he government kepi vatch today on the safety of its itizens in Cuba and autiously for the formation of a new government Both the White House and he Stale Department discount d the possibility of major langer to citizens despite omo rioting and uncertainty vhlch followed collapse of the cgime ot Cubas President Ful gcncio They declined any Immediate omment on possibility steps oward recognition of a new now in process of ormation under the direction f rebel leader Fidel In the lobbies o ilush hotels were jammed to lay with throngs of milling See Pago 8 Big Narcotics Ring Smashed 2 Police and customs agents ar CHted 18 persons today and confiscated five cars in wha he police chief termed the smashing of a big narcotics ring hat was doing a year Police Chief Sid Jones said 14 of those arrested were from 3 from McAllen and rom All were charg cd with selling and passing The amount of narcotics con iscated was not His 1955 Program Included Castro Is Professional Rebel By GEORGE KAUFMAN 2 Rebel leader Fidel Castros last an nounced platform calls for Ihe nalionalizalion of American ulilities and sugar estates in The bearded guerrilla chief lain published his program in while in exile in It called for Nalionalizalion of fi nanced and operaled utilities in Cuba and division of American owned sugar estates among Cuban Confiscation of all proper lies acquired Ihrough corrupt Distribulion of 30 per cent of all industrial and utility en terprises to Cuban A public housing and rural clectrificalion Liberalion of Cuba from the egotistical Interests of half a dozen A speed up of industrializa lion and increased social securi Castro never doubted he would win the victory over strongman Fulgencio Now the 6foot 2 inch leader is a professional rebel who has been in revolt most of his He has been Involved in revolutionary move ments in the Dominican Re where Batista took re and in In 1947 he joined an expedi tion to the Dominican Republic aimed at overthrowing the dictatorship of Generalissimo Rafael It was a fail ure and Castro escaped by In 1948 Castro appeared In Colombia before the ninth In lernallonal Conference of Amer ican Slales protesting what he termed the nonLatin Influence in Latin He joined wilh a group of Colombian rebels and was He gained his reportedly largely through the Influence of the delegate to the con George Mar On July led bloody but unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in San tiago de capital of Ori ente province at the eastern en of For this allack he was sen lenced lo 15 years in prison Freed when Congress granted political amnesty to politic Castro later fled There he began plottln the campaign which resulted I Batislaa flighl to the Domln can Republic New Years Day He returned lo Cuba In DC cember 1956 in a leaky Mexlca yacht with 81 armed follower landing on the coast of Orient In the first few days aftc his arrival Batisla announce that most of his force had bee killed or but Castr escaped to a hideout in 1h mountains of Orlente and b gan his guerrilla Continues Striking He struck when and wher he disrupting communlc burning fields of sugu ambushing small arn sabolagln transportation and carrying o a propaganda See Page 2 Broadcast By Rebel Leader Is Expected Soon By FRANCIS MCCARTHY 2 UPI Fidel Castros rebel roops made a triumphal entry nto Havana Rebel militia still were dig ging out remnants of deposed President Batistas ollowcrs and occasional heavy Hirsts of rifle and machinegun ire echoed through the city vhich was also in the paralyz ng grip of a general The entry of his troops was he final symbol of victory for who earlier in the day proclaimed Manuel Urrutla irovislonal president and San de Cuba his provisional The Cuban armed forces accept ed Urrutla as president and pledged support to Some of the heaviest firing today occurred a few doora rom the United Press Interna headquarters which sealed in temporarily by the nllitia pending clarification of the The biggest battle In down awn Havana took place in the tfanzana de Gomez area between rebel militia and holdout Idliowers of Rolando Mas a supporter of tho now exiled This fight start id about and ended See Page 9 AP Reporters Questioned By Rebel Police 2 Cuban rebels fired today on the Havana Post building and temp orarily detained three Associat ed Press men covering the citys postrevolt The three were released after Larry roving AP corre spondent George Ha vana AP Bureau chief and Har old AP photographer from were taken to a police stallon but were freed 30 minutes Firo On Building Rebels carrying and other weapons open ed fire on the Post Several bullets smashed through the windows and into the walls of the Post editorial office ad joining the AP headquarters on the second Tho Post is an Englishlanguage Allen and Kaufman were working in the AP and Valentine was In the photo The front door of the build Ing was smashed and six rebels pounded up the stairs and leveled rifles at the AP They escorted them into the Post composing where See REPORTERSTPoge 5 EXILIOD PIUCSIDKNTS son of the for mer president of stands wllh a Cuban Army general in an Immigration Service conference room at air port while Immigration officials process The son with 51 other civilians and army officials had landed at the Jack sonville airport a few hours earlier after fleeing from Wirephoto ;