Page 1 of 12 Sep 1834 Issue of Connersville Watchman in Connersville, Indiana

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Connersville Watchman (Newspaper) - September 12, 1834, Connersville, Indiana Van Vilii it amp Stew Alir Fusili Shiells. Of Fick in Vinson Street. S. W. Parker amp b. Van Vleet annul in Advance 2,50 within the year 3,00 after the year expires. Quot civil Libe Urr can Oxly dwell with a people who kno a their rights and knowing dare . Vol. 1. To. 16. T i i e w a t c h a n. Gojii Fernville Friday september 12. 1334. Or. Webste is speech we Trust that no apology is requisite for publishing the excellent speech of the great new England senator. There is probably no Man in the United states Senate who participates less in the Petty strikes and Ranfors of party fijian or Webster. His course is always a honorable Noble and elevated. He Battles for his country Bis whole country and nothing but his country. Hence we sometimes see the great energies of his mighty mind zealously engaged in the advocacy of administration measures and then again As zealously engaged with the the speech we give is eminently Worth Reading and we Hope none will pass it without giving it an attentive and candid perusal. Accidents a Lay Sermon. Whoever will take the trouble of Hunting for our text will find it recorded in the 9th chapter and 12th verse of the Book of Ecclesiastes. It Readeth thus for Man also Knowels not his time As the fishes that Are taken in an evil net and As the Birds that Are caught in the snare so Are the sons of men snared in an evil time when i falleth suddenly upon them inconsiderable causes frequently produce magnificent effects. Small accidents frequently Lead to great and important discoveries. In the quot Fader land quot on a certain morning an old dutchman was quietly seated by his fireside smoking his pipe whilst his quot Good Dame quot was boiling her Tea Kettle a the generation of steam began to flutter the Jidy and the dutchman began to think and in the end the steam engine was invented. An englishman was musing in his Orchard an Apple loosed itself from a Branch and tumbled to the ground. The thought struck the musing Many Why did not that Apple fall upwards instead of Down Tvardos he thought on the great Laws of gravitation were presented to him and finally the whole machinery of the heavens were unfolded to his enraptured vision with its quot worlds on worlds innumerable quot quot forever singing As Uliey Liine the hand that made us is an american got himself a Glass Jar a conductor and an amalgam rubber and thus made an electrical machine. Experimental zing with his machine after dark he observed the Sparks of fire and he Bethought himself that it was a miniature display of a what he had seen amongst the Clouds when a storm was brewing. He constructed a paper Kite with an electrical conductor sent it up into a Thunder Cloud and proved the identity of lightning and electricity. And that is the Man As the frightened Frenchman said who bottles up Thunder and lightning quot the writer of this has made the important discovery for himself by actual Experiment that it is much safer to do a proper act at a proper than at an improper time. Being a slave to his Cigar he slipped off on Sundaie morning last to the Cigar factory for the purpose of replenishing his exhausted Box. He was conscious from Early teaching that it was an quot evil time quot to perform such an Aci. But the idea of passing a Rainy sunday without burning at least an half dozen cigars was horrid As the idea of being shut up in a Dungeon with a legion of quot Blue so off he dodged through the rain with an umbrella Over his head and his clean sunday clothes on his Back. Picking his Way through the by streets and alleys mud shoe deep be stepped on a stick and up went his foot and tumbling earthward went his Bead. He struggled Over the ground or rather through the mire about two rods thinking every instant that be would recover the Centre of Gravity but despairing Down he plunged. And the Way he picked himself up peaking first around to see who was looking and then at himself to see the mud and mire and water dripping off him from the Crown of his bared head to the sole of his wet foot was a caution. And then a Large contusion in the Palm of his right hand brought very Pun gently to his mind that he had been snared in an evil time when it falleth suddenly upon quot How careful docs the ii a Rev place his feet How pleasant is tiie aspect of his Eye. How Sweet Nis Converse should Jou Hap to rns etl of mud i leave you with a sight you cure the Meg rims really 1" we close this dirty Sermon from an sex Cellone. Text without singing. Major Downing. Washington aug. 12, 1831. To my old Friend or. Dwight of the new York daily advertiser. I got your letter three Days ago and i am right glad to find you understand considerable about the last letter i wrote to you. You say now that a Good Many folks in your parts have got a notion that the Constitution is agin All Banks and that Congress Saint got no right to make any Bank and you want to Larn if 1 have any thing to say on the matter. Well now this is considerable of a Job especially in such play hot weather and so 1 must take off my coat a spell and give you my notions. J in the first place then who and what i is Congress when we git that Well understood then things will work easy. According to my notion Congress is the people. Every Man in Congress acts for about 40 thousand list As you would bile Down a barrel of cider to a gallon and list according to the Nater of that barrel of cider will be the Nater of that Gal ion of Rale juice. Whatever Congress causes to do for the Good and Well Bein of the people it list the same As if the people did it no a floating Village the Steamboat North America capt. Hoyt arrived Here on tuesday Evenmo from new York with quot six Hundred passengers quot a few More such would empty the commercial Emporium. With such a Steamboat As the North America running for fifty cents it is so much cheaper to travel that people cannot afford to stay at evening journal is themselves. Then if the people Are Sovereign Congress act for them is Sovereign but Congress must act according to the Constitution. Well what is the Constitution it is the nature of a i Cree ment made a Good Many years ago list Arter the old War when All the old Continental states got together and agreed upon a government for the Hull scrape on pm. One state Given up a Beetle of its Powers to another and Takin something in turn and Arter a Long talk and agreeing on All matters made a Constitution or set of rules for the Good of the Hull people. If any Man takes up that Constitution and reads it Man and boy As i have if he dont say it is about As Complete a piece of work As was Ever put together then i la agree to give him my commission and throw in my regimentals and a in the bargain. There aint one thing that Congress can do according to that Constitution and do the people any harm no Way for the folks that make it seem d to look on All sides of every line ont. They know there was two sides to a Pewter Platter a and they turned every article Over and Over and examined both Side Back and front and sideways so that no possibility should happen for folks that Are Only actin two years for the people to do the people any great Startin pint was for Congress to have the Power acting for the people to do All the Good for the people possible and list As the people would do for themselves but then agin Knowin the Nater of a Man and that he might sometimes do harm when he meant to do Good they put in All kinds of Cheeks something Arter this fashion a Congress might get a notion to say that it would not do for some Mea to have too much property and it would be Best to scatter it so that some should not be too Rich and others too poor but to prevent this the Constitution says that no Man shall be deprived of his property i without compensation. Then agin Congress might take a notion that certain folks better quit the country or be put in prison and All quot Yor i Tepu iii Good quot but the same Constitution says no Man shall be deprived of his rights or Bis Liberty without regular trial by jury composed of men Jisi like himself and so it goes from one pint to another and wherever there was a possibility for Congress to make some mistake of this Nater the Constitution pins pm right Down and tells them not Only what they can do but what they can i do Ann this latter pint is by far the most important. The Constitution lets Congress do All the Good it can but it takes play Good care to keep it from doing too much Good which is often the Nater of our Public bodies to do and especially when they git heated list like those folks a spell ago in your City who got a notion of Doin so much Good they thought they d try and see if they could t made All the Black men White and White men Black Anc this though not agin Law that is there was no Law against it yet it was again Natur for if you mix Black Wool and White woo together it makes Gray All the world o ver but if you go to mix Black folks and White folks together it makes Yallow and that shows it is agin Nater if it aint agin Law and what is agin Nater ought to be agin Law. But it aint agin Law nor Nater for Congress actin for the people to do All the Good they can for the people providing in doing so there aint nothing in the Constitution agin it and that Bein Well understood we come now to consider what right Congress has to make a Bank. If i have a right notion on to at the time the Constitution was made the folks did it know so much of the Nater of Bank in As Thev do now some had tried it especially some of the old Continental states and made bad work on twist As some Folkes bad tried steam works but in the course of time what was considered unsafe and a possible is now considered the Best Way of Workin things. Twenty years ago 1 have beam my old Mother say she d rather walk afoot clean to Boston Afore she d go aboard one of them play steam boats. She said she had no Confidence in Ems Thea she d go round from the Kennebunk away to Marble head in an old fishing smack and with a head wind beat about for two Days till the Apple Sas and i gins was Good for nothing but things have changed considerable since then and every body now goes in steam boats and list so it is with Banks they Are the completes things Lor making things go Quick and smooth in this eternal wide spread country As Ever was invented but it is the Nater fbanks to go along rather too Quick and that was seen a Good spell ago and when this present u. S. Bank was chartered by Congress it was to put a Stop to this a Vii the country was overrun with paper Money As bad As old Continentals Congress knew this but they new that Banks Well managed was a Good to the country and the Only Way to keep pm from Doin evil was to make one to keep All the rest in order list like the balance wheel of a watch or a pendulum Ofa , take them away and you see a Mizzen right off. If any Man says Congress has no right to make a Bank for in some kind of order and so that All should have fair play. Your Friend j. Downing major Downingville militia 2d brigade. 1 am going to Sarat Ogue in a Day or two to see what is going on there among the folks of the next government Zekel Bigelow tells me or. Van Buren is there putting things in order among Ems them chaps when they git together there so nigh Albany with rail roads Runin every Way require Sharp looking Arter. Sarat Ogue for politicians is list like the Bush houses for Killin pigeons the folks All go that Way and when or. Van Buren gits there he can Fly his Stool pigeons Cunnin enuf. This purpose i should like him to show me where it is said a the Constitution that Congress aint got the right. Can t Congress pass a Law Sayin that no Steamboat shall be made with a Biler Down in the Middle on to or pass any Law regu latin steam boats for the safety of lives and property and Why not because there aint nothing in the Constitution a Gin it and if Congress thinks the Public Good requires it they can do it list As they have got the right of Sayin no for yer shall vote at elections unless he has Ben in the country a certain time or that no Fortner shall own vessels with our Flag or that no Forin vessel shall do any of in Coastin Trade and so on. But what lifts my Dander most is that such folks As or. Van Buren and his party says that Congress has got no right to make a Bank in which the Hull people own one fifth part of the capital and prof its and at the same time go for a Hull Batch of state Banks in which none but quot a he party can git a Finger when the Constitution says As Plaia As a b c that state shall have the right to Issue Bills of credit quot but Itiat Congress alone Lall have the right to a sue quot Bills of credit quot but that Congress alone shall Lave the right to quot regulate the now if a Bank Bill ant a Bill of credit i should like to know what kind a Critter it is. And if folks find paper Money sometimes More convenient than lard Money to Send about the country Istas they now find steam boats More Sartin than sail boats then if paper Money aint currency what on Earth is it let two list such country As we have e up right along Side of one about Here and let one uss hard Money and sail boats and Tother use Good Safe Bank paper and steam boats and see which win go ahead safest. It is a play curious piece of business when one comes to think on to to see How things have got twisted round right Rong Send first on this Bank questions and to understand it i must Tell you that Story about old Squire Peabody. When the Squire first went Down to Socco he bought a considerable of a Arm and Sein it was More than he wanted to Fence in at first he let a Good piece to out into commons and All the neighbors use to pasture their cattle ont but by rights the Squire s boys began to grow up and one of his sons who had been studying with lawyer Joslyn he come Home and just about that time the neighbors had Call d a town Meetin about this commons and one of these resolutions said that seeing that Squire Peabody s farm Lay right along Side this commons and other folks bad to drive their cows Over three Miles to pasture out Squire Peabody ought either to pay the differ ence for pasturing his cattle All on to and Ezra leasing that squint by d Chap you be heard me Tell on before and a Raal politician he went so far As to give a Toast Down in the bar room Arter the Meetin broke up saying quot eternal hostility agin old Squire Peabody and his cows and that the Honor of All the cattle in the neighbourhood required it. The Squire was a peaceable Critter As Ever was and never did nothing without Law on his Side and Bis son Bein now along Side on him As soon As they heard of this they begun to Muster up the old deeds and got the rumpus and Survey in chains and the next Day Here was a terrible to do about Socco when folks j began to see the posts and rails Goin up j round every acre of that common for there warn t an acre of t that the Squire showed pm what his right was and they i All had to Nock under he let pm Paster there cows on the common As before but to keep pm from taking too Many liberties he used to turn in a few of his old ring tail roamers list to keep the rest or. Webster s speech. At a dinner recently Given to senators Silsbee and Webster at Salem Massachusetts or. Webster made the following remarks respected jello i Eti Zens a my honorable and worthy colleague has preceded me As was his right and place in expressing to you his sense and my own of the great Honor conferred upon us by this Assembly. It snot to be doubted fellow citizens to he has properly and truly stated that next to the consciousness of an honest Endeavor to serve those whose servants we Are is the High satisfaction of receiving at their hands proof that they think our efforts Well intended. Gentlemen with a heart full of grateful acknowledgements for All the kindness which has been expressed towards us permit me to say that i know you mean by this meet ugh by this congregation of citizens to express your approbation not Only of on endeavours but also of those of tiie patriotic citizens composing the majority of the Senate with whom we have acted. Those distinguished men now gone to their Homes in every state of n. England in most of the Middle Southern and Western states will feel the same pleasure that we feel when they too shall hear that the efforts to stay the tide of mis government have found support in the just intelligent and patriotic population in the county of Essex. But gentlemen in All governments truly Republican men Are nothing principle is every thing and know that not men but principle not individuals but the great cause of civil Liberty has brought you hero to Day i know that the country and not the servants of the country has drawn together the Assembly by which i am surrounded i is with the cause to to pleaded amp not w Ith its impotent leaders that Jou have to do. Fellow citizens you Are assembled under a name that for a Century and a half past has designated the lovers of civil Liberty under a name which borne aloft has carried terror and dismay to the bosoms odes pots from the time of the stuarts Down to the present period. And How is it by what magic or Miracle is it that within the Short space of three months the appellation of whig has spread Over our country from the East to the West and from the North to tiie South embracing in its denomination All lovers of constitutional Liberty. How is it to be accounted for but by the fact that there is something in the condition of the country and in the purposes of the government on the one hand and the determination and spirit on the other hand that makes the name whig applicable that makes the name correctly characteristic of things As they Are and that makes its opposite appropriate and descriptive of men As they Are. Gentlemen it is As certain thit the appellation of whig and tory does not circulate in the political hemisphere without adequate cause As the lightning is not found in the Clouds without electricity. And now what the question which has Given Rise to the renewal of these distinctive names it can be no subordinate question no temporary measure no question of Mere political expediency that has had this effect. Such questions arise men take different views of them express their sentiments a decision takes place and the matter passes away forever. U must be some question which takes hold of the Constitution which is dear to the hearts of the people some question connected with that Liberty which the people of the United states have intelligence enough to know is the source of All the blessings they enjoy. What is the question then it is the question of resistance or non resistance to executive Power. The whigs go for resistance the tories following the principle of their predecessors go for non resistance. If however we May believe the oracles of the latter the whole is a question of Bank of the Bank a an institution of yesterday and that expires to Morrow. Why gentlemen it would not become me to Tell you that this is not the question. You know it is not. You know too Well that the question lies deeper. It has happened that the Bank has been the object upon which executive Power has been attempted t5 be exercised and who does not know that in All cases in which similar attempts have been made an object has been invariably chosen a hich was odious or might be made odious to the people. Despotism is Sharp sighted and whenever it commences its career of usurpation it makes Choice of something its first transgression will be against some institution which cannot command the sympathies of the people. It is our duty then to watch the principle of the movement and not to look at the Merit or Demerit of the object against which Power is directed. Allow me to recur Here to the Rise of this great the chief magistrate was re i repeat that the majority he had was very imposing. It seemed to say that it was the will of the people that this individual should still continue to be president of the United states and although some of us looked in a different direction yet we Felt ourselves bound to submit to this decision of the people. We did submit. And i cati 1 answer for myself and the other represent i lives of this state that nothing was further from our wishes than to be obliged to enter into a course of opposition. Events occur red during the session before last a great i crisis arrived in which we thought it our a duty to support the executive to maintain inviolate the Law and to uphold the just i Power of the government. We did support i him without hesitation and by our num a Bers if by nothing else we did so with some effect. Affairs however afterwards took a. Different direction and we also Felt it to be i oor duty subsequently to take a different course. This time twelve months the coun i try was in a High state of Prosperity and in this part of it there was assuredly no desire i to oppose the administration. 1 the president had just been among us he had received the strongest Marks of regard Andrad Brien treated As the chief Magirl trate of the quot United states he went Back and in september last took the Resolution i to interfere with the Treasury of the count it try. Foreseeing this event from the tone of an of Ibcal newspaper at the seat of gov a Ern ment i ventured As an individual of the Community to utter my voice beforehand j against any such attempt upon the Money of a the people. One of the last Acta of the i House of representatives bad been to express their satisfaction and Confidence in the Bank of the thirds of the House had voted thus the sentiments of the Senate were As Well known upon the subject As if they had been similarly expressed and yet 10 Days after the rising of Congress intimation was Given of the president s intention to remove the deposits. At that time i was so connected with Public men and measures that i did not deem it unfitting for me to express my sentiments in relation to this matter. I did so. In september last however the act was done the deed was consummated the president by his own authority by displacing a constitutional Oicer who refused to do his bidding and appointing another and More pliant instruments removed the Public treasures from a place assigned them by the Law and placed them in Banks chosen by himself and completely under his own control. This is but one out of a series of acts which evince the disposition of the executive to in croat i upon the legislative department of the government. It is now continued or. Webster two years since i spoke to you upon political subjects i last did so at Worcester and i said then what i now repeat Viz that the general course of the executive has been let to derogate from the Power of Congress and the common government and this on pretence of state right 2dly in relation to the general affairs of the government to take to himself the lion s part. The Early papera of the administration prove this to be the Case the veto message amp a. All go to curtail the Power of Congress. In this latter particular the president has pursued a course different from that of any of his predecessors from the time of Washington until the present moment. The Power of negative no the Laws is a Power which does exist in the executive but which is Only to be exercised on extraordinary occasions. If we go Back to the framers of the Constitution we shall find that the chief object of the veto was to secure the executive from any encroachment on the part of the Legia native department of the government it was to protect the president and his own a hts but it was never intended that thereto should admit the executive to a full participation in the Ordinary business of the legislature and with Power to put an end to the proceedings of both houses of Congress. This would be an absolute Power for what president with a party at his heels would be unable to obtain one third of one of the legislative branches and one third would be sufficient for his purpose to enable Hidi to arrest the Progress of legislation. This veto Power has been so frequently employed of late As to exceed in the occasions of its exercise the whole previous history of the government. Or. Webster Here alluded to the other the negative Power of veto possessed by the executive in withholding the expression of his assent or dissent from Bills until the time for acting on them bad past. There had been but one instance or. W. Said of this negative description of veto during the last session and that was in the cases flee Bills for cleansing the navigation of the Hudson and Wabash Rivers of these two Bills quot one had been taken and the other left quot a but he had never been a ble to ascertain the reason for the preference evinced excepting indeed that the Waters of the Hudson were a Little Salt while those of the Wabash were entirely fresh. But the most remarkable instance of actual executive encroachment was to be found in the Power claimed by the president of removal from office. The Constitu-1 tion said nothing about removal from Osce. I it was True that at an Early period it had 1 been decided that the president might i make a vacancy in cases of absolute Neces i Sily but so far was the executive from hav Ling the Power of dismissing an officer at his will and pleasure that or. Madison one i of the most Able expo unders of the Constitution had declared that any president who should remove a worthy Man from office up-1 on Mere party motives would be liable to impeachment. Necessity absolute necessity alone As in the Case of insanity amp a i on the part of an incumbent could justify the exercise of the Power of removal on the 1 part of the president of the . But what did they now Seei an extraordinary made an Ordinary Power. They question elected under circumstances Ofa very imposing character although it May be True Ponfer that he did not receive a majority of the saw the quot extreme Medicine of the Konsti votes of the whole people yet considering tuition made its daily yes it did the Complex manner in which the Voles quot seem to be the quot daily bread quot of the were taken the great Stales voting by states and the majority reckoned by states is ration to remove from office competent and worthy men and to fill the vacancies

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