Page 1 of 29 Nov 1834 Issue of Connersville Watchman in Connersville, Indiana

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Connersville Watchman (Newspaper) - November 29, 1834, Connersville, Indiana L Iowa we a Hil Mam 8tbwart t publisher inca on Madison Street. 8. W. Parker editor. Terms.�?2,00 pkg annul in Advance within the year i after the year expire. Min i grrr Tsakon. Void t a a civil 1,1. A to can owl dwell with a Foels a a Row Timi Fri Orvy a Quot a As Jug. A Aras a r a Tarasi. A rests. A Varaia Geatti my Oil iwum1 a say Lia Asar. Jari Sac ? �?~2?.tr ll-2, in Vaitai jicvai3�fc 29, 1334. Ivo. 27. The watch Haive a it a Nero to up err let j factly consistent with these herculean be perfectly simple and natural but al aah Ilys Lra in to the uppermost part of the habits of thinking to be a laborious ways to Good time to speak As the my j water for Wullum re medium in in prop Rio a student and to know All that books Simian and Well enunciated. A a co tit a raw but take it from the water Jenn teach. This extensive Acquini with regard it cannot be drawn up but with great diff saturday november 29. 1834. Lionis necessary not Only to teach you that you shall adopt that must depend cult to albeit beginning Oft Kia study teem _ How far science has advanced in every very much on your own Genius. You a a difficult yet when the professor of Ibe Law a direction and where the Terra incognito it Are not disposed i presume to be an wi1t�?l,. I begins into which Genius is to direct j Humble imitator of any Man if you the following extracts from theits future discoveries but to teach you j arc you May bid Farewell to the Hope also the strength and the weakness of of Eminence in this walk. None Are a of the accomplished Wirt will be reply devoured by every Reader of they Are taken from a letter writ by him a Short time previous to Bis ill to a Young gentleman who was about rave the Wall of a University and com nce the study of Law. The Young Man ugh not related to. Connected or even Umu. Vii met. Wirtz Yalj knowing a an ornament to his profession and country was induced by the High Esti j the be bad formed of Bis character and great Confidence that might be reposed toy advice that he would give to ask at had some instruction As to the course tudy beat to be pursued. Or. Wirt Date letter on the 30th dec. 1833�?and be by telling the Young Man that his let dated at the University a received the Day before and although it do him extremely Busy in preparing for supreme court of the United states As be was so much pleased with the rtt of the letter be could not reconcile himself to let it pass unanswered of contending Bat by education and Piscina we May invigorate and quicken any ult of the mind which is disproportion a weak and slow be says a Brave and pure a spirit is Worth Ore than half the Bat Lenot Only in a paring for life but in All its con cts. Take it for granted that there is excellence without great labor. No re aspirations for Eminence How ardent will do the business Ishing and sighing and imagining d dreaming of greatness will never be you great. If you would get to mountains top on which the Tom of Fame stands it will not do to we still looking admiring and wish g you were there. You must gird your loins and go to work with All indomitable Energy of Hannibal Aline the study and Wigent observation of the world Are the indispensable to the attainment Eminence. By the former you ust make yourself master of All that known of science and letters by e latter you must know Man at re and particularly the character id Genius of your own countrymen of must cultivate assiduously the bits of Reading thinking and observe understand your own language grammatically critically thoroughly Arning its origin or rather various gins which you May learn from Ihn Sony a and websters prefaces to air Large dictionaries. Learn All at is delicate and Beautiful As Well Strong in the language and master 1 its stores of opulence. You will and a Rich mine of instruction in the Len did language of Burke Ilis die on is frequently magnificent some-1 Mes too gorgeous i think for a Chaste and Correct taste but he will show you the wealth of your language. You the human intellect How far it is permitted us to go and where the penetration of Man is forced by its own impotence and the nature of the subject to give up the Pursuit a and when you have mastered All the past conquests of science you will understand what Socrates meant my saying that Mere imitators to whom nature a Given original Powers. The ape is a Lone Content with Mere imitations. If nature has bestowed such a portion of the spirit of oratory As can Advance you to a High rank in this walk tour manner will be your own. In what style of eloquence you Are Best fitted to sex nov he knew Only enough to be sure that you yourself if destined to excellence he knew nothing nothing compared with Are the Best judge i can Only Ciji you that illimitable tract that lies beyond the that the Florid and Asiatic style a snot the reach of our faculties. You must never j taste of the Strong and even be satisfied with the surface of things probe them to the Bottom and let Cess Ful. Bold propositions boldly and the rugged and abrupt Are far More sue nothing go till you understand it As thoroughly As your Powers will enable you. Seize the moment of excited curiosity on any subject to solve your doubts for if you let it pass the desire May never return and you May remain in ignorance. The habits which 1 have been recommending Are not merely for College but for life. Franklin a habits of constant and deep Excog tation Clung to him to his latest hour. From these habits now learn All that May be Learned at your University and bring All your acquisitions and your habits to the study of the Law which you say is to be your profession a and when you come to this study come resolved to master it not to play in shallows but to sound its Depths there is no knowing what a mind greatly and firmly resolved May achieve in this department of science As Well As every Olber. Resolve to be the first lawyer of your age in the depth extent variety and accuracy of your Legal learning. Master the science of pleading master Coke upon Littleton and cokes and Plowden a reports Mas ter Fearnc on contingent remainders and executory devises till you can sport and play familiarly with its most Sumple distinctions. Lay your found Tion deep and Broad and Strong and you will find the superstructure comparatively Light work. It is not by shrinking from the difficult parts of the science but by courting them grappling with them and overcoming them that a Man rises to professional greatness. There is a Deal of learning that is dry dark cold revolting but it is an old Feudal Castle in perfect preservation which the Legal architect who aspires to the first honors of his profession will Del Ghl learn All the uses to which its various parts used to be put and he will the better understand enjoy and relish the progressive improvements of the science in modern a a look at Brougham and see what Man can do if Well armed and Well resolved. With a Load of professional duties that would of themselves have been appalling to the most of our countrymen he St god nevertheless at the head briefly expressed Pithy sentences Nei Vous common sense Strong phrases a the Felicitee Addax both in language and conceptions Well compacted periods sudden and Strong masses of fight a an Apt adage in English or latin a keen sarcasm a merciless personality a a mortal thrust these Are the beauties and deformities that now make a speaker the most interesting. A gentleman and a Christian will conform to the reigning taste so far Only As his principles and habits of a comm will permit. The Florid and Asiatic was never a Good style either for a european or american taste. We require that a Man should speak to the purpose and come to the Point that he should instruct and convince. To do this his mind must move with great strength and Power reason should be manifestly his master faculty argument should predominate throughout but these great Points secured wit amp fancy May cast their lights around his path provided the wit be courteous As Well As Brilliant amp the fancy Chaste amp modest. But they must be kept Well in Hie Back ground for they Are dangerous allies Jaud a Man had better be without them than to show them in front or to show a ust by ardent study and practice of a is party in the House of commons quire for yourself a Mastery of the Guage and be Able both to speak id to write it prompt easily ele Nutly and with hat variety of style hich different subjects different hears and ancient readers Are continual must have such command of it As to be Able to a Apt yourself with intuitive quickness and ease to every situation in which of May Chance to be placed and a a will find no great difficulty in this f you have the Copia ver Borum and a or rect taste. With this study of the language you must take care to unite he habits already mentioned the dil gent observation of All that is passing around you and Active close and useful kinking a # a read the Legal and political arguments of chief Justice Marshall and those of Alexander Hamilton which Are coming out. Read them Suflay them and observe with what an omnipotent sweep of thought they Range Over the whole Field of every subject they take in hand and that with a scythe so ample and so keen that not a Straw is left standing behind them. Brace yourself up to these great efforts. Strike for this giant character of mind and leave prettiness and frivolity for is nothing in your letter that suggests the necessity of this admonition 1 make it merely with reference to that tendency to efflorescence which 1 have occasionally heard charged to Southern Genius. It is per and at the same time set in motion and superintended various primary schools and various periodical works the most instructive and useful that Ever issued from the British press to which he furnished with his own pen some of the most masterly contributions and yet found time not Only to keep Pace with the Progress of the arts and sciences but to keep at the head of those whose Peculiar and exclusive occupations these arts and sciences were. There is a Model of Industry and usefulness worthy of your a you ask for instructions adapted to improvement in eloquence. This is a subject for a treatise not for a letter. Cicero however has summed up the whole Art in a few word3 it is Apter disc Incles ornate dicer Quot a to speak to the purpose to speak clearly and distinct Lye to speak gracefully. To be Able to speak to the purpose you must understand your subject and All that belongs to it and then your thoughts and method must be Clear in themselves and clearly and distinctly enunciated and lastly your voice style delivery and gesture must be Graceful and delightfully impressive. In relation to this subject 1 would strenuously advise you to two things compose much and of ten and carefully with reference to this same Rule of a Apte distinct ornate a and let your conversation have reference to the same objects. 1 do not mean says the text Book a is a Rule of an Eastern writer whose great mind like that of Wirt could lift itself above the Iron harness of courts a said of Law. A its Home is in the bosom of god its voice the Harmony of worlds a the matchless Beauty and Sublimity of this Conception Are not greater than its truth j of All studies that Ever enlisted the Immor i Tal faculties of a human soul that of Law. Is the deepest the highest the longest the broadest the Sublime Cost and the most divine. In fact it embraces All science from that which discovers the vegetative blood of the smallest spire that Springs upon the landscape up to that which reveals the blood of that High and holy one a that was Heth away the sins of the whole a the Law that forms a tsar and Bius it trickle from its source that vary Law made Earth a up Here and rent it Wheeling in its As such Man May dive and dive forever into the fathomless Ocean of Law and let him pause where he May his reflections will but discover to him How Little he has Learned and Bow vastly ignorant be is. When the great Newton was about to die a although he had discovered the almighty so Charriot wheeled upon rolling worlds a a still he declared with significant Beauty that a the had Only been permitted to gather a few pebbles along the Shore of the illimitable Ocean of yes As such Law like the a ways of the almighty is past find ing but still take it in its More contracted its municipal meaning and it is even then the profoundest and amongst the Sublimes of All sciences. Lord Oke has some quaint though charming thoughts on this subject a if a says be a fall the reason that is dispersed into so Many several beads were United into one yet could he not make such a Law As the Law of England is because by Many successions of Ages it hath been fined and refined by an infinite number of grave and Learned men and by Long experience grown to such perfection for the government of this realm As the old Rule May be justly verified by it Eminem Poret Esse a Pien Torem Leibus no Man but of his own private reason ought to to Wiser than the Law which is the perfection of reason a a gain he says a your student shall observe can dive into the depth it is delightful easy and without any heavy Burthen so Long m be keep himself in his own proper who can gainsay the justness of these thoughts who will deny that there is an inimitable Felicity in their Conception and what ear does not drink in a Melody from them sweeter than that of poetic numbers. This same great Mao tells us that after a your student hath come from one of the universities where he hath Learned the Liberal arts a a til. Vim to mum Hocur. A rum Twenty Yeara of Lucu rations will scarcely make him an adept in the do Deuce of the common Law. Chancellor Kent in Bis commentaries on american Law aay of this common Law la its improved condition in England Aud especially in its improved and varied condition in this country under the benign influence of an expanded Commerce of an enlightened Justice of Republican principles and of sound philosophy the common Law has become a code of matured ethics and enlarged civil Wisdom admirably adapted to promote and secure the Freedom and happiness of social life it Baa proved to be a system Replete with vigorous and healthy principles eminently conducive to the growth of civil Liberty and it is in no instance disgraced by such a slavish political Maxim As that with which the institutes of Justinian Are introduced quod Principi Pla Cuil legis what the Prince wishes has the Force of Law. It it the common jurisprudence of the people of the United states and was brought with them As colonists from England and established Hare so far As it was adapted to our institutions and circumstances. It was claimed by the Cengr Essof the United colonies in 1774, at a Branch of Hose a indubitable rights and liberties to which the respective colonies Are it fills up every interstices and occupies every wide space which the statute Law cannot occupy. Its principles maybe compared to the influence of the Liberal arts and sciences Adversia Peru Ltd non impede int Foris per Octant Nob Iscum Peregrina tur Rustica tur. We live in the midst of the common Law we inhale it at every breath imbibe it at every pore we meet with it when we Wake and when we Lay Down to sleep when we travel 4 when we stay at Home and it is interwoven with the very idiom that we speak and we cannot learn another system of Laws without learning at Ilie same time another Lau Guage. To minister in such things is the High How that the knowledge of the Law is like Adeep Well out of which each Man drs Weth according to the strength of his understanding. He that reach eth deepest he Seebt the amiable and admirable secrets of the Law wherein i assure you the sages of the that you should be elaborate and formal Law in former times have had the deepest in your Ordinary conversation. Let it1 reach. And As the bucket in the depth is vocation of professors of the Law. Few can qualify themselves worthily to Dis charge the Learned profound varied and vast duties of such a professorship and How greatly less is the number who do so qualify themselves actual Eminence can be attained by but few. But How vast is the number who seem to be totally ignorant of the great and honorable endowments hich should belong to them As professors and practitioners of and Rath Deere it a paltry Trade of Low cunning and swindling legerdemain think that it is peculiarly becoming of them a for their own breakfast to project a schema nor take their the without a heaven save the land from the pest Ferous influence of such degraded and worthless souls they Are but a higher order of pickpockets a class of pirates licensed to cover and devour a the innocent the ignorant and unsuspecting with impunity. And yet they Are a so Wise so grave of so perplexed a Tongue and loud with All that would not wag nor scarce be still without a fee a and then when the fee a fobbed if they do not a give forked counsel take provoking Gold on either Side and put it up a it is because More of the cold can be secured on one Side than on both if this picture now be too deeply and darkly coloured it will not be so when the system is carried out of installing into the profession every Vagabond who becomes too Lazy Towpik at a Good Trade and every profligate who squanders his own substance or is too deplorable ignorant to manage his own business men whose souls have ossified and whose feelings have become callous As the yoked neck of an Oxx men who Are so far from having any previous intellectual discipline that they never dreamed any was requisite except it be a countenance made of steel and that it might be said of them All head he seems like Wall of brass and Brays be Meedous like an ass. Suppose such a steeled and braised ignoramus As we have imagined had applied to William Wirt or Edward Cooke for advice relative to the study of the Law what does the Reader surmise would be the advice Given by those sages the Reader has a More vivid imagination than can divine. Peradventure they would have read to the enquirer the act relative to vagrants and bankrupts and possibly they might have attempted to beat it into his obtuse conceptions that there a such a thing As a poor weak mortal s handing up unwed where an Angel would look bashful. Tiie Emigrant. A much valued Frie tid of ours recently transmitted us pamphlet copies of a couple of excellent speeches delivered by the late Thomas s. Chime Esq a Thev have been to it an intellectual banquet of surpassing Nefches. He i egret that their great length does not suffer us to permit our Reader to share in the sumptuous repast. Nothing comes from such exalted minds As that of the great the Good the Learned and the intellectual Grimke but what is a full of marrow and from one of these addresses made at Charleston s. Carolina in 1631, in behalf of sunday schools in the Mississippi Valley a we make the following extract. There is Many a heart in the great Valley that will beat a hallowed response to its glowing thoughts a if we look Back a Century in the history of the West what a wonderful change has it undergone a few thousand of europeans and some tens of thousand of indians were then its Only population. Its Waters rolled silently from the mountains to the Ocean save when they echoed the boat song of the Indian or the Battle shout of Savage warfare. The Chain of fortifications which extended from the St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico attested at once the fears the ambition and the Power of France. To the English colonists the whole Valley of the Mississippi was a land of terror and danger for the Savage and the civil sized had banded together against them. But the treaty of �?T63 annihilated the Power of the civilized Frenchman and prepared in the British colonies another master for the Savage Indian. The peace of �?T83 beheld a a a a Quot Vba la g. Eastern Hall of the Valley which Lay Between the father of Waters and the appalachian mountains. Although the Atlantic states still had ample room fora tenfold population yet the spirit of Enterprise the desire of improving their circumstances and the Prospect of a More advantageous provision for their families induced multitudes to abandon the Homes of their fathers and establish new Homes for their children. We who Are Content with our peaceful Homes and Are Well pleased to transmit them to our descendants can realize but imperfectly the Power of those motives which led that Host of emigrants from the polished cities and social villages and comfortable farm houses of the East to the wilderness and the Solitude and the log hut of the West. But the impulse was Given and while the Atlantic regions have been advancing in population and improvement beyond example in the history of our race they have sent Forth in fifty years a nation of four millions of people. Who that contemplates in a right spirit and with enlightened views the origin and Progress of the discovery of America of the colonization of our own country and of the settlement of the West can fail to recognize in them remarkable proofs that Providence a your actions uses nor controls our will a in the mysterious government of the moral world let us look backward in the history of emigration from the East to the West and consider the wonderful Progress of that Stream of population which from a few considerable rills became a mighty flood and covered our Western realm As with the Waters of another deluge. Let us behold the Farmer of the East preparing to leave the pleasant scenes of his native land for the toils and dangers and discouragements a fan unknown Region. He has sold the Patrimony provided by the love and frugality of his ancestors. His and their Home has passed forever into the hands of strangers. The sacred scat which had beheld him and his parents and his children fellow worshippers of the same heavenly father is abandoned and even the Graves of the departed most precious to their memory Are deserted for Ever. The touching recollections of he past the closing scenes of the present and All the uncertainties of the future affect his heart but shake not his constancy of purpose. All that was familiar and dear is left behind new

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